World Comparison

Bahrain vs Zimbabwe – Country Comparison

Bahrain vs Zimbabwe: A Comparative AnalysisIn a world marked by diversity and contrast, Bahrain and Zimbabwe stand as two distinct countries, each with its own unique characteristics. This article aims to shed light on the differences and similarities between these two nations, focusing on various aspects such as region, government form, and economic indicators.

By delving into the intriguing facts surrounding these countries, readers can gain a broader understanding of the world we live in. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital

– Bahrain: Located in the Persian Gulf, Bahrain is an archipelago comprising 33 islands with a total land area of approximately 767 square kilometers.

Its capital city is Manama, a bustling metropolis that serves as the cultural and financial hub of the country. – Zimbabwe: Situated in southern Africa, Zimbabwe boasts a much larger land area of about 390,757 square kilometers.

The capital city is Harare, a vibrant urban center known for its historical landmarks and diverse cultural offerings. Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency

– Bahrain: Arabic is the official language of Bahrain, widely spoken and used in official documents, while English is also widely understood and used in business and tourism.

The currency of Bahrain is the Bahraini Dinar. – Zimbabwe: The official language of Zimbabwe is English, inherited from its colonial past under British rule.

However, there are 16 recognized regional languages spoken throughout the country. The currency of Zimbabwe is the Zimbabwean Dollar.

Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Bahrain: Bahrain operates under a constitutional monarchy, where the King is the head of state and holds significant political power. There is a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the elected Council of Representatives and the appointed Shura Council, providing a balance of power.

– Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe follows a semi-presidential system. While the President is the head of state and government and holds extensive powers, the country also has a bicameral Parliament, consisting of the Senate and the National Assembly.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

– Bahrain: Bahrain possesses a high GDP per capita, thanks to its thriving financial sector, oil reserves, and strategic location in the Gulf. As of 2020, the estimated GDP per capita stood at around $48,682.

– Zimbabwe: Conversely, Zimbabwe’s economic situation presents a stark contrast, with a much lower GDP per capita owing to a history of economic challenges. In 2020, the estimated GDP per capita was approximately $1,346.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

– Bahrain: Bahrain has maintained a relatively low inflation rate, allowing for greater stability in prices and a favorable investment climate. In recent years, the inflation rate has hovered around 1-2%.

– Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe has faced significant inflationary pressures in the past, with hyperinflation reaching catastrophic levels. The country’s economic turmoil has resulted in extreme inflationary spikes, with annual rates surpassing hundreds of percent.


In conclusion, Bahrain and Zimbabwe are two distinct nations that differ significantly in various aspects. While Bahrain, as a small Gulf country, boasts a prosperous economy and political stability, Zimbabwe, a larger African country, has faced its fair share of economic challenges.

By exploring these contrasts, we gain a deeper appreciation for the diversity that exists across the globe. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to life expectancy, there are noticeable differences between Bahrain and Zimbabwe.

Bahrain has made significant strides in healthcare and education, leading to a high life expectancy rate. As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Bahrain was approximately 77 years for males and 80 years for females.

This can be attributed to the country’s well-developed healthcare infrastructure, accessibility to quality medical facilities, and emphasis on public health awareness. On the other hand, Zimbabwe faces challenges in providing adequate healthcare to its population.

The average life expectancy in Zimbabwe stood at around 60 years for males and 63 years for females in 2020. This lower life expectancy can be attributed to various factors, including limited access to healthcare services in rural areas, a high burden of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, and economic instability that affects the healthcare system’s functionality.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates can give insight into the economic conditions and labor market dynamics of a country. In the case of Bahrain, the unemployment rate stood at approximately 4.3% in 2020.

The country benefits from a diverse economy, with a substantial focus on sectors such as finance, tourism, and manufacturing. This diversification has helped create employment opportunities for the Bahraini population and expatriate workforce.

Conversely, Zimbabwe has been grappling with high unemployment rates for years. In 2020, the unemployment rate reached around 7.9%, leading to widespread job scarcity and underemployment.

The country has faced significant economic challenges, including hyperinflation and political instability, which have contributed to the scarce job market and limited opportunities for its residents. Subtopic 3: Average Income

Average income is an essential factor in understanding the economic well-being of the population.

In Bahrain, the average income is relatively high compared to many countries around the world. As of 2020, the estimated average income in Bahrain was around $47,582.

This can be attributed to the country’s robust economy, driven by sectors such as finance, oil, and tourism, which provide employment opportunities and higher wages. In contrast, Zimbabwe faces economic challenges, leading to lower average incomes.

As of 2020, the estimated average income in Zimbabwe was approximately $1,440. Economic hardships, limited employment opportunities, and currency devaluation have contributed to this lower average income.

It is important to note that these figures do not accurately represent the income disparities within the population, as there are significant income inequalities in both countries. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors

Bahrain boasts a well-developed infrastructure, particularly when it comes to roadways and harbors.

The country has an extensive road network, with well-maintained highways connecting different parts of the archipelago. The King Fahd Causeway, a key infrastructural landmark, connects Bahrain to Saudi Arabia, facilitating trade and cultural exchange between the two countries.

Additionally, Bahrain has modern and well-equipped harbors, such as the Khalifa bin Salman Port and Mina Salman Port, which play a pivotal role in facilitating international trade and maritime activities. Zimbabwe’s infrastructure, while showing signs of development, faces challenges in terms of roadways and harbors.

The road network in Zimbabwe, particularly in rural areas, requires further investment and maintenance to meet the increasing demands of the population. However, major highways connecting major cities, such as the Harare-Bulawayo Highway, have been improved to enhance connectivity.

Zimbabwe also has several smaller ports along the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, allowing for inland trade and transportation. Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Both Bahrain and Zimbabwe have international airports that serve as vital gateways for travelers.

Bahrain is home to Bahrain International Airport, a modern and well-equipped facility located in Muharraq. The airport serves as a regional aviation hub, connecting Bahrain to various destinations worldwide.

An expansion project, known as Bahrain International Airport Modernization Program, is underway to further enhance its capacity and efficiency. In Zimbabwe, the primary international gateway is the Robert Gabriel Mugabe International Airport, located in Harare.

This airport underwent significant renovations and expansions to meet international standards. Other prominent airports in Zimbabwe include the Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo International Airport in Bulawayo and the Victoria Falls International Airport, which serves the popular tourist destination of Victoria Falls.


In this comparative analysis, we have explored various aspects of Bahrain and Zimbabwe, shedding light on their differences and similarities. From population indicators such as life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income to infrastructure development including roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, these countries present unique characteristics and challenges.

By understanding the diverse qualities of different nations, we can gain a better appreciation for the complexity and richness of our global community. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) provides insight into the perceived levels of corruption within a country’s public sector.

In terms of the CPI, Bahrain and Zimbabwe have seen contrasting rankings and experiences. Bahrain has consistently fared well in terms of corruption perception.

In the 2020 CPI, Bahrain ranked 68th out of 180 countries, indicating a relatively low level of corruption compared to many other nations. The country has implemented measures to combat corruption, including the establishment of the Anti-Corruption Commission and the Whistleblower’s Protection Act.

While Bahrain faces some corruption challenges, its strict legal framework and commitment to transparency have helped address these issues. In contrast, Zimbabwe has encountered difficulties in curbing corruption.

The country ranked 157th out of 180 countries in the 2020 CPI, indicating a higher perceived level of corruption. Corruption is a pervasive issue in Zimbabwe, affecting various sectors of society.

This has resulted in significant negative consequences, including the erosion of public trust, economic disparity, and impediments to sustainable development. The Zimbabwean government has recognized the need for anti-corruption efforts and has established institutions such as the Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission.

However, more robust measures and rigorous enforcement are required to address this persistent problem effectively. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) evaluates the level of personal, civil, and economic freedom within a nation.

It takes into account factors such as the rule of law, security, freedom of expression, and economic liberty. The rankings of Bahrain and Zimbabwe on the HFI demonstrate notable differences.

Bahrain has been ranked relatively high on the HFI, indicating a comparatively higher level of human freedom. The country benefits from strong legal frameworks that safeguard personal liberties and promote economic growth.

Bahrain’s commitment to human rights is reflected in its labor laws, criminal justice system, and respect for individual freedoms. However, there have been some concerns raised by human rights organizations over restrictions on freedom of expression and assembly, prompting calls for further improvement.

Zimbabwe, on the other hand, faces challenges in terms of human freedom. The country has struggled with limitations on civil liberties and political rights in the past.

Concerns have been raised regarding restrictions on freedom of speech, assembly, and press freedom. Furthermore, a volatile political environment has had an impact on the overall climate of human freedom.

The Zimbabwean government has made efforts to address these issues, but there remains room for improvement to fully safeguard the rights and liberties of its citizens. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %

Access to the internet and digital connectivity is an increasingly crucial aspect of modern life.

Both Bahrain and Zimbabwe have made strides in improving internet accessibility, albeit with varying degrees of success. In Bahrain, the percentage of internet users has been steadily increasing.

As of 2020, approximately 98.6% of the population had access to the internet. This high level of connectivity can be attributed to the country’s strong infrastructure, investment in technology, and efforts to promote digital literacy.

Moreover, Bahrain has positioned itself as a regional digital hub, attracting tech startups and multinational companies to establish their operations in the country. In Zimbabwe, the percentage of internet users has also been on the rise, but at a slower pace.

As of 2020, around 51.8% of the population had internet access. Despite challenges such as limited infrastructure in rural areas and the affordability of internet services, the Zimbabwean government has made efforts to expand internet connectivity and bridge the digital divide.

Initiatives such as the National Broadband Plan aim to improve internet access and affordability for all citizens. However, there is still work to be done to ensure that internet connectivity becomes more accessible and affordable to a larger portion of the population.

Subtopic 2: English Speaking %

English serves as an essential language for global communication and business. In both Bahrain and Zimbabwe, English plays a significant role, albeit to varying degrees.

Bahrain has a high level of English proficiency. English is taught in schools and widely used in business, education, and tourism.

The country’s multilingual environment, which includes a large expatriate population, has further contributed to the prevalence of English as a common language. This linguistic ability has helped Bahrain establish itself as an attractive destination for international investors and businesses.

In Zimbabwe, English is the official language inherited from the colonial era. It is widely used in government, education, and media.

However, it is important to note that while English proficiency exists among the urban population and the educated elite, there are significant language variations and regional languages spoken by different communities throughout the country. This linguistic diversity adds to Zimbabwe’s rich cultural fabric but can present challenges in terms of national communication and cohesion.


In this expanded analysis, we have delved into additional topics, namely the Corruption Perceptions Index, Human Freedom Index, and Internet Usage, that shed further light on the contrasting characteristics of Bahrain and Zimbabwe. These aspects provide us with a broader understanding of the social, economic, and political dynamics at play within these countries.

By exploring these facets, we enhance our knowledge of the unique challenges and opportunities they face, ultimately deepening our appreciation for the diversity of our global landscape.

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