World Comparison

Azerbaijan vs Georgia – Country Comparison

Azerbaijan vs Georgia Comparison: Exploring the Key Differences

When it comes to comparing Azerbaijan and Georgia, two countries nestled in the South Caucasus region, there are several aspects that stand out. From their geographical characteristics and government forms to their economic performance, these countries offer a wealth of fascinating differences.

In this article, we will delve into the region, language, currency, government form, GDP per capita, and inflation rate of both Azerbaijan and Georgia, providing you with a comprehensive overview of these intriguing nations.


Azerbaijan, located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, boasts an area of approximately 86,600 square kilometers. Its capital and largest city is Baku, which lies on the shores of the Caspian Sea.

On the other hand, Georgia encompasses around 69,700 square kilometers, making it slightly smaller than its neighbor. Tbilisi, the capital and largest city of Georgia, sits on the banks of the Kura River.

Official Language and Currency

Azerbaijan’s official language is Azerbaijani, a Turkic language, while Georgia’s official language is Georgian. The Azerbaijani language is written in the Latin script, while Georgian is written in its own unique script.

As for currency, Azerbaijan uses the Azerbaijani manat, while Georgia employs the Georgian lari.

Government Form

Azerbaijan and Georgia differ in their government forms. Azerbaijan follows a presidential republic system, where the President serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

They are elected by popular vote and hold significant power. On the other hand, Georgia operates under a semi-presidential republic system.

The President serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. This division of power allows for a more balanced system of governance.

Annual GDP

When comparing the two countries’ Gross Domestic Product (GDP), it is interesting to note that Azerbaijan has a larger economy than Georgia. In recent years, Azerbaijan has experienced steady economic growth due to its oil and gas reserves.

In 2020, Azerbaijan’s GDP reached approximately $45 billion. On the other hand, Georgia’s GDP stood at around $17 billion in the same year.

GDP per Capita

While Azerbaijan may have a larger GDP, Georgia performs better when analyzing GDP per capita. GDP per capita is a measure of a country’s economic output per person.

In 2020, Azerbaijan had a GDP per capita of around $4,700, while Georgia’s GDP per capita was approximately $3,700. This indicates that the average person in Azerbaijan has a higher economic output than their Georgian counterpart.

Inflation Rate

In terms of inflation, both Azerbaijan and Georgia have seen fluctuations. However, Azerbaijan has experienced higher inflation rates compared to Georgia in recent years.

In 2020, Azerbaijan’s inflation rate was around 3.5%, while Georgia’s was approximately 2.3%. These figures demonstrate that Azerbaijan has faced higher price increases, impacting the purchasing power of its citizens.

In conclusion, Azerbaijan and Georgia differ in various aspects, from their geographical characteristics to their government forms and economic performance. While Azerbaijan boasts a larger economy, Georgia exhibits a higher GDP per capita.

Understanding these distinctions is key to appreciating the unique qualities and potential that each country holds. Whether you are fascinated by the rich history and culture of Azerbaijan or the breathtaking landscapes of Georgia, these South Caucasus nations undoubtedly have much to offer.

Azerbaijan vs Georgia Comparison: Unveiling More Contrasts

In our previous discussion, we explored the region, language, currency, government form, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate of Azerbaijan and Georgia. Continuing our journey of comparison, we will now delve into the population dynamics and infrastructure of these two captivating nations.

By examining their life expectancy, unemployment rates, average income, as well as their infrastructure, we can further unravel the unique characteristics and disparities between these South Caucasus countries.


Understanding the population dynamics is essential to comprehending the social fabric of any country. Azerbaijan, with its larger land area, also boasts a larger population than Georgia.

As of 2021, Azerbaijan has an estimated population of over 10 million, while Georgia has a population of approximately 3.7 million. This difference arises from Azerbaijan’s higher birth rate and a more significant inflow of international migrants.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is a vital indicator of the overall health and well-being of a nation. In recent years, both Azerbaijan and Georgia have witnessed an increase in life expectancy.

As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Azerbaijan was around 74 years, while in Georgia, it was slightly higher at approximately 76 years. These figures suggest that the citizens of both countries can expect to live relatively long and fulfilling lives.

Unemployment Rate

Examining the unemployment rates of Azerbaijan and Georgia sheds light on the economic opportunities available in each country. In Azerbaijan, the unemployment rate has been in decline in recent years, reaching around 5% in 2020.

This indicates a relatively stable job market and a lower risk of unemployment for its citizens. On the other hand, Georgia has faced higher levels of unemployment, with a rate of approximately 12% in the same year.

This disparity in unemployment rates highlights the differing economic opportunities and challenges faced by each nation.

Average Income

The average income of a country’s population is a crucial factor in assessing their living standards and quality of life. In Azerbaijan, the average income stands at around $340 per month, while in Georgia, it is slightly lower at approximately $320 per month.

These figures signify the income levels that individuals can expect to earn on average, portraying the economic disparities and living conditions prevalent in each nation.


Infrastructure plays a pivotal role in a country’s development and connectivity. Let us now delve into the infrastructure of Azerbaijan and Georgia, focusing on roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


Both Azerbaijan and Georgia invest significantly in their road networks to enhance transportation and trade. Azerbaijan has an extensive road system, with approximately 40,000 kilometers of paved roads connecting major cities and towns across the country.

Additionally, Azerbaijan is a vital transit hub for international trade, linking Europe and Asia. On the other hand, Georgia has made significant progress in improving its road infrastructure in recent years.

The Georgian government has invested in the construction of modern highways and expressways, such as the East-West Highway, connecting major cities like Tbilisi and Batumi. These efforts have improved connectivity and boosted economic growth within the country.


Given their coastal locations along the Caspian and Black Seas, Azerbaijan and Georgia both possess harbors that serve as essential gateways for international trade and maritime activities. Azerbaijan is home to the Port of Baku, strategically positioned on the Caspian Sea.

This port serves as a vital link in the transportation of oil and gas, connecting Azerbaijan with global markets. Similarly, Georgia’s Port of Poti, located on the Black Sea, serves as a crucial hub for seaborne trade.

With its modern facilities and strategic location, the Port of Poti has steadily grown in importance, facilitating international freight and fostering economic development.

Passenger Airports

In terms of air connectivity, both Azerbaijan and Georgia have made significant investments in their airports. Azerbaijan’s Heydar Aliyev International Airport, located in Baku, is the busiest airport in the country, serving as a major regional hub for both passenger and cargo flights.

It offers direct connections to various international destinations, facilitating tourism and business travel. Similarly, Georgia’s Tbilisi International Airport is a prominent aviation hub, providing flights to multiple domestic and international destinations.

These airports not only support tourism but also contribute to the development of various sectors, such as trade and logistics. In conclusion, a deeper exploration of population dynamics and infrastructure further illuminates the contrasts between Azerbaijan and Georgia.

Differences in life expectancy, unemployment rates, average income, as well as the quality of infrastructure, highlight the unique pathways and challenges faced by each country. By understanding these variations, we can gain a more nuanced perspective on the societal and economic landscapes of Azerbaijan and Georgia and appreciate the richness and diversity of these South Caucasus nations.

Azerbaijan vs Georgia Comparison: Shedding Light on Transparency and Digital Connectivity

In our previous discussions, we have explored various aspects of Azerbaijan and Georgia, including their region, language, government form, GDP, infrastructure, and population characteristics. As we continue our journey of comparison, we will now delve into the

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), population below the poverty line, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and English speaking percentage in both countries.

These factors shed light on transparency, societal well-being, digital connectivity, and the linguistic landscape of Azerbaijan and Georgia.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Transparency and good governance are essential pillars of a well-functioning society. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in a country.

According to the latest CPI report, Azerbaijan received a score of 30 out of 100, indicating a relatively high level of perceived corruption in the country. On the other hand, Georgia performed significantly better, with a score of 56 out of 100, reflecting a lower level of perceived corruption.

These scores signify the efforts made by each country in tackling corruption and fostering an environment of transparency and accountability.

Population below the Poverty Line

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line provides insights into the economic well-being of the citizens. In Azerbaijan, an estimated 5.3% of the population lives below the poverty line, indicating a relatively low level of poverty.

The government has implemented various social welfare programs and policies to alleviate poverty and improve living conditions. Conversely, Georgia faces a higher level of poverty, with approximately 20% of the population living below the poverty line.

Efforts are being made to address poverty through targeted social assistance programs and inclusive economic policies.

Human Freedom Index

Assessing the human freedom index helps evaluate the level of civil liberties and individual freedoms within a country. Azerbaijan and Georgia differ in their rankings on this index.

Azerbaijan ranks lower in terms of human freedom, with restrictions on civil liberties and a limited level of political rights. On the other hand, Georgia ranks higher on the human freedom index, offering a more open and liberal environment for its citizens.

These rankings demonstrate the disparities in the level of personal freedoms and rights experienced by individuals in both countries.

Percentage of Internet Users

Digital connectivity plays a fundamental role in today’s interconnected world. The percentage of internet users provides insights into the level of digital connectivity and access to information within a country.

In Azerbaijan, approximately 80% of the population has access to the internet, demonstrating a high level of digital connectivity. The country has witnessed significant advancements in its telecommunication infrastructure and internet penetration rate.

In contrast, Georgia has a slightly higher percentage of internet users, with approximately 82% of the population connected to the internet. This reflects the commitment of both countries in fostering digital inclusion and harnessing the benefits of technology.

English Speaking Percentage

The linguistic landscape of a country also plays a pivotal role in international communication and cultural exchange. When considering English as a global language, Azerbaijan and Georgia differ in their English speaking percentages.

In Azerbaijan, English proficiency is steadily increasing, with approximately 25% of the population being able to speak English to some degree. Efforts have been made in recent years to enhance English language education and promote English as a second language.

On the other hand, in Georgia, English proficiency is more widespread, with approximately 62% of the population having some command of the English language. This difference underscores the varying levels of English language proficiency and its impact on international communication and opportunities.

In conclusion, a deeper examination of the Corruption Perceptions Index, poverty levels, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and English speaking percentage provides further insights into the transparency, societal well-being, digital connectivity, and linguistic landscape of Azerbaijan and Georgia. While Azerbaijan faces challenges in terms of corruption perceptions and poverty levels, it excels in digital connectivity.

Georgia showcases a higher level of transparency, relatively lower poverty rates, and higher human freedom index. These disparities not only demonstrate the complexities of each country’s socioeconomic fabric but also shed light on the potential for growth, development, and international engagement in both Azerbaijan and Georgia.

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