World Comparison

Austria vs Iceland – Country Comparison

Austria vs Iceland: A Comparative Analysis

In a world filled with diverse cultures and beautiful landscapes, two countries often stand out as hidden gems – Austria and Iceland. These European nations may seem small in size, but their impact on the global stage is undeniable.

In this article, we will delve into the unique characteristics of these countries, comparing them in terms of region, government form, and annual GDP. Buckle up for an informative journey!



– Area: Covering an area of approximately 83,879 square kilometers, Austria resides in the heart of Europe.

– Capital: Vienna, often called the “City of Music,” serves as Austria’s capital. With its magnificent architecture and rich history, it attracts countless visitors every year.


– Area: Spanning across 103,000 square kilometers, Iceland is a Nordic island nation with breathtaking landscapes, including volcanoes, glaciers, and geysers. – Capital: The northernmost capital in the world, Reykjavik, is Iceland’s beating heart.

Despite its small size, it is known for its vibrant arts and music scene. Official Language and Currency:


– Official Language: The official language of Austria is German.

However, many Austrians also speak English, making it easier for tourists to communicate. – Currency: The euro reigns supreme in Austria, facilitating seamless transactions for both locals and tourists alike.


– Official Language: Icelandic, with its ancient Norse roots, is the official language of Iceland. However, English is widely spoken, making it a comfortable environment for international visitors.

– Currency: Icelandic krna, denoted as ISK, is the official currency of Iceland. It’s worth noting that some establishments also accept major credit cards, ensuring convenient transactions.

Government Form:


Austria is known for its democratic government. The country operates under a federal parliamentary republic, with the President serving as the head of state, and the Chancellor leading the government.

This system ensures a balance of power and allows citizens to participate in the decision-making process. Iceland:

Similar to Austria, Iceland is also a democratic nation.

However, it operates under a parliamentary republic system. The President, as the head of state, is a symbolic figure, while the Prime Minister holds the executive power.

The Althing, Iceland’s parliament, plays a vital role in shaping the country’s future. Annual GDP:

GDP Per Capita:


Austria boasts a robust economy, with a GDP per capita of around $50,000.

This places it among the top 20 countries globally, reflecting its high standard of living and prosperous industries such as tourism, finance, and manufacturing. Iceland:

Despite its smaller population and land area, Iceland showcases an impressive GDP per capita of approximately $52,000.

This is largely attributed to its thriving tourism sector, renewable energy resources, and significant investments in technology and innovation. Inflation Rate:


Austria maintains stable economic growth and has successfully managed to keep inflation rates under control.

Currently, the inflation rate stands at a modest 2.1%, signifying prudent fiscal policies and effective economic management. Iceland:

Iceland’s inflation rate hovers around 4%, which is slightly higher compared to Austria.

It is important to note that this rate is influenced by various factors including global economic conditions and fluctuations in commodity prices. In conclusion, Austria and Iceland captivate the world with their distinct characteristics in terms of region, government form, and annual GDP.

Whether you long for the picturesque Austrian Alps or the awe-inspiring geothermal wonders of Iceland, both countries offer unique experiences for travelers. Furthermore, their stable governments and solid economic foundations ensure a prosperous future for their citizens.

So, the next time you plan a journey filled with adventure and cultural enrichment, keep Austria and Iceland at the top of your list. Population:


When it comes to population, Austria stands out as a vibrant country with approximately 9 million inhabitants.

This relatively small population allows for a close-knit community, where traditions and culture are deeply ingrained. Life Expectancy:

Austrians enjoy a high life expectancy, with men averaging around 79 years and women living up to 83 years.

This can be attributed to Austria’s excellent healthcare system, which provides accessible and quality medical care to its citizens. Unemployment Rate:

Austria boasts a relatively low unemployment rate of around 4%, reflecting its stable and robust economy.

The government actively promotes job creation and implements initiatives to support and train the workforce, ensuring opportunities for its citizens. Average Income:

Austria is known for its high standard of living, and this is further evident in the average income of its citizens.

The average net monthly income in Austria is around $2,800, which enables residents to enjoy a comfortable lifestyle. However, it is worth noting that income levels may vary depending on factors such as education, occupation, and location.


In contrast to Austria, Iceland has a smaller population of approximately 350,000 people. This makes it one of the least densely populated countries in Europe, allowing for vast areas of unspoiled natural beauty.

Life Expectancy:

Similar to Austria, Iceland boasts an impressive life expectancy. On average, men live up to 81 years, while women have a life expectancy of 84 years.

This can be attributed to Iceland’s emphasis on healthcare, physical activity, and a healthy diet. Unemployment Rate:

Iceland showcases a relatively low unemployment rate, hovering around 4% as well.

The government places great importance on creating a favorable business environment, attracting investments, and supporting entrepreneurship, which contributes to a stable job market and low unemployment rates. Average Income:

Iceland’s average income is slightly higher compared to Austria, with the median monthly salary amounting to around $3,500.

This can be attributed to Iceland’s strong tourism industry, which fuels economic growth and provides employment opportunities for its citizens. Infrastructure:


Both Austria and Iceland prioritize infrastructure development, ensuring well-connected road networks that enhance transportation efficiency and convenience.

Austria, known for its meticulous engineering skills, boasts an extensive highway system that crisscrosses the country, making traveling between cities and rural areas a breeze. In Iceland, road infrastructure is equally impressive.

The famous Ring Road, encircling the island, allows travelers to explore the breathtaking landscapes at their own pace. Harbours:

Austria, despite being a landlocked country, has built strategic harbors on the Danube River.

These harbors facilitate trade and transport, connecting Austria to the larger European waterway network. As for Iceland, its location as an island nation makes harbors crucial for international trade and fishing.

Ports such as Reykjavik Harbor and Akureyri Harbor serve as vital connections to the global shipping industry and play a significant role in Iceland’s economic development. Passenger Airports:

Austria is served by numerous international airports, with Vienna International Airport being the largest and busiest.

This airport offers direct flights to destinations worldwide, making Austria easily accessible for tourists and business travelers. Iceland, on the other hand, is well-known for its Keflavik International Airport, located just outside Reykjavik.

This airport has experienced a surge in passenger numbers in recent years, mainly due to Iceland’s popularity as a tourist destination and a convenient layover point between Europe and North America. In conclusion, Austria and Iceland excel in various aspects of their population characteristics and infrastructure development.

Austria’s larger population provides a dynamic and diverse society, while Iceland’s smaller population showcases the country’s commitment to preserving its natural beauty. Both countries prioritize healthcare, resulting in high life expectancies for their citizens.

With low unemployment rates and comfortable average incomes, Austria and Iceland offer prosperous living conditions. Moreover, their well-developed infrastructure, including extensive road networks and efficient harbors and airports, ensures seamless transportation and connections.

Whether you’re seeking cultural immersion in Austria or exploring the wonders of Iceland’s natural landscapes, both countries provide unique experiences for travelers. Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):


Austria takes pride in its low levels of corruption, as reflected in its rankings on the Corruption Perceptions Index.

The country consistently scores high marks, showcasing its commitment to transparency and accountability in public affairs. With a score of 75 out of 100 in the 2020 CPI, Austria demonstrates its strong legal framework, effective anti-corruption measures, and ethical governance practices.

Population below the Poverty Line:

Austria is known for its welfare state, which prioritizes social welfare and ensures that its citizens have access to basic needs and services. As a result, the percentage of the population living below the poverty line is relatively low, standing at around 12%.

Comprehensive social security programs, affordable healthcare, and strong support for education and job training contribute to Austria’s success in reducing poverty levels and income inequality. Human Freedom Index:

Austria excels in safeguarding human rights and promoting individual freedoms.

The country consistently ranks high on the Human Freedom Index, which assesses civil liberties, social tolerance, and the rule of law. Austrian citizens enjoy freedom of expression, a free press, and a democratic society that values human rights.

This commitment to human freedom contributes to the overall well-being and quality of life in Austria. Iceland:

Similar to Austria, Iceland also maintains an impressive track record in terms of low levels of corruption.

With a CPI score of 77 out of 100, Iceland demonstrates its commitment to transparency, integrity, and good governance. The country has worked diligently to combat corruption, fostering a culture of trust and accountability.

Population below the Poverty Line:

Iceland’s social welfare system provides a safety net for its citizens, resulting in a low percentage of the population living below the poverty line. The poverty rate in Iceland stands at approximately 10%, a testament to the government’s emphasis on social equality and inclusive policies.

Accessible healthcare, quality education, and programs promoting social mobility contribute to Iceland’s success in reducing poverty levels. Human Freedom Index:

Iceland is renowned for its strong commitment to human rights and individual freedoms.

The country consistently ranks high on the Human Freedom Index, reflecting its respect for civil liberties, political rights, and the rule of law. Freedom of speech and press freedom are integral components of Icelandic society, fostering an environment where citizens can freely express their opinions and engage in democratic processes.

Iceland’s dedication to human freedom enhances the overall well-being and democracy of the nation. Percentage of Internet Users:


Austria embraces the digital age, with a significant portion of its population utilizing the internet for various purposes.

As of 2020, approximately 86% of Austrians are internet users, enabling them to connect with others, access information, and engage in online activities. This high internet usage rate is a reflection of Austria’s advanced telecommunications infrastructure and the government’s efforts to promote digital literacy and connectivity.


Iceland has one of the highest rates of internet usage in the world, with nearly 100% of its population being active internet users. The country has invested heavily in developing advanced digital infrastructure and providing widespread internet access to its citizens.

This high rate of internet usage fosters a digitally inclusive society, enabling Icelanders to benefit from online services, e-commerce, and digital communication platforms. English Speaking Percentage:


English proficiency is relatively high in Austria, with many Austrians being proficient in the English language.

While German is the official language, English is widely taught in schools, and fluency in the language is common among younger generations. This English-speaking proficiency enhances communication with international visitors and promotes participation in the global economy.


Similar to Austria, English proficiency in Iceland is also high. English is taught as a compulsory subject in schools, and Icelanders generally have a strong command of the English language.

This proficiency facilitates communication between Icelanders and visitors from around the world, contributing to Iceland’s thriving tourism industry and international collaborations. In summary, Austria and Iceland continue to impress in terms of corruption perception, poverty rates, human freedom, internet usage, and English proficiency.

Both countries prioritize good governance, resulting in low levels of corruption and poverty. Furthermore, their commitment to safeguarding human rights and promoting individual freedoms contributes to their high rankings on the Human Freedom Index.

With advanced digital infrastructure and widespread internet access, Austria and Iceland boast high rates of internet usage, enhancing communication and connectivity. Additionally, English fluency is common in both countries, facilitating interactions with international visitors and fostering cultural exchange.

Whether you find yourself exploring the majestic Alpine landscapes of Austria or getting lost in the stunning natural wonders of Iceland, these countries offer a harmonious blend of progress and tradition.

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