World Comparison

Austria vs Eritrea – Country Comparison

Austria vs Eritrea Comparison: Exploring Two Diverse WorldsTwo countries, Austria and Eritrea, may seem worlds apart, both geographically and culturally. Situated in different regions and continents, these nations have their own unique characteristics that define them.

In this article, we will take a closer look at the key aspects of each country, including their region, government form, official language, currency, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate. By examining these factors, we aim to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of how Austria and Eritrea differ from one another.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital

In terms of area, Austria encompasses approximately 83,879 square kilometers, making it a landlocked country located in Central Europe. Its capital, Vienna, situated on the banks of the Danube River, is not only Austria’s largest city but also serves as its political, economic, and cultural center.

On the other hand, Eritrea, a country located in the Horn of Africa, covers roughly 121,100 square kilometers. Asmara, known for its vibrant architecture and Italian colonial influence, is the capital of Eritrea.

Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency

In Austria, German is the official language, with the Austrian variant spoken by the majority of the population. The currency used in Austria is the Euro (), which became the official currency in 2002.

In contrast, Eritrea recognizes Tigrinya, Arabic, and English as its official languages. The currency used in Eritrea is the Eritrean nakfa (ERN), which was introduced in 1997 to replace the Ethiopian birr.

Subtopic 3: Government Form

Austria has a parliamentary democracy, with its government operating under a federal republic system. The country is led by a federal president and a chancellor, who is the head of government.

Eritrea, in contrast, employs a single-party presidential system, with the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) as the ruling party. The president holds significant power, both as the head of state and the head of government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

When it comes to annual GDP, Austria holds a significantly higher position compared to Eritrea. Austria’s GDP in 2020 stood at around $417 billion, resulting in a relatively high GDP per capita of approximately $47,000.

This places Austria among the top-ranking countries globally in terms of GDP per capita. On the other hand, Eritrea’s GDP in 2020 was estimated to be around $7 billion, resulting in a relatively low GDP per capita of around $1,200.

This disparity highlights the economic differences between these two nations. Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

Inflation rates also vary between the two countries.

Austria, with its stable and developed economy, experienced a relatively low inflation rate of 1.4% in 2020. This figure reflects Austria’s ability to manage its economy and maintain price stability.

Conversely, Eritrea faced a higher inflation rate of around 6.1% in 2020. This higher rate can be attributed to various factors, including economic challenges and limited resources compared to a developed nation like Austria.

In conclusion, Austria and Eritrea, although distinct in their regions, languages, currencies, government forms, and economic situations, offer us a glimpse into two different worlds. Through exploring the area, capital, official language, currency, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate of these nations, we gain valuable insights into their characteristics.

Understanding these distinctions not only broadens our knowledge of diverse countries but also fosters a greater appreciation for the uniqueness of each nation’s history, culture, and economic landscape. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

Austria and Eritrea have notable differences in life expectancy, reflecting variations in healthcare infrastructure and overall well-being.

In Austria, the average life expectancy is around 81 years, indicating a high standard of healthcare and quality of life. The country’s well-established healthcare system ensures that citizens have access to comprehensive medical services and preventive care.

In contrast, Eritrea’s average life expectancy stands at approximately 65 years, which is significantly lower than Austria. This discrepancy can be attributed to several factors, including limited access to healthcare facilities, inadequate medical resources, and socioeconomic challenges.

While Eritrea has made efforts to improve its healthcare system in recent years, it still faces significant hurdles in providing adequate healthcare services to its population. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rates in Austria and Eritrea reveal further disparities between these two countries.

In Austria, the unemployment rate stands at around 4%, indicating a relatively low level of unemployment. The country’s strong economy, diverse job opportunities, and comprehensive labor laws contribute to its low unemployment rate.

Additionally, Austria’s investment in education and training programs equips its workforce with relevant skills, increasing employability. In contrast, Eritrea faces a much higher unemployment rate of approximately 50%.

This alarming figure highlights the considerable challenges the country faces in generating sufficient job opportunities for its growing population. Factors such as limited industrial development, lack of infrastructure, and youth migration contribute to the high unemployment rate in Eritrea.

Addressing this issue remains a significant priority for the Eritrean government. Subtopic 3: Average Income

When comparing the average income in Austria and Eritrea, stark differences become evident.

In Austria, the average income stands at around $54,000 per year, reflecting the country’s robust economy, high productivity, and well-paid job opportunities. This level of income allows Austrian citizens to enjoy a relatively comfortable standard of living and access a wide range of goods and services.

On the contrary, Eritrea has a significantly lower average income of approximately $780 per year. This low income level stems from several factors, including limited job opportunities, lower productivity rates, and economic challenges faced by the country.

The low average income in Eritrea often results in financial hardships for many citizens, making it difficult to afford basic necessities and access essential services. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors

Austria boasts a well-developed and extensive road network, with approximately 146,200 kilometers of roadways.

The country’s highways, known for their excellent quality and efficient traffic management, ensure seamless connectivity within Austria and across its neighboring countries. Additionally, Austria’s strategic location between Eastern and Western Europe has led to the development of efficient harbors, enabling the country to serve as an important transport hub for goods across the continent.

In contrast, Eritrea’s road infrastructure remains relatively underdeveloped, with approximately 4,010 kilometers of roadways. Although efforts have been made to improve road networks in recent years, primarily focusing on key routes linking major cities, the overall road connectivity and quality are still limited in many regions.

Similarly, due to its geographical location and access to the Red Sea, Eritrea has the potential to develop harbors as significant transport gateways. However, the country’s current harbor infrastructure is relatively limited and requires further investment for optimal efficiency.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Austria has a well-established aviation sector, with several international and domestic airports serving millions of passengers each year. Vienna International Airport, Austria’s largest airport, connects the country to over 200 destinations worldwide and serves as a major hub for international travel within Europe.

In addition to Vienna, other key airports in Austria, such as Salzburg Airport and Innsbruck Airport, cater to tourists visiting the country’s picturesque regions. In contrast, Eritrea has limited passenger airport infrastructure, with Asmara International Airport being the primary gateway for international and domestic travel.

The airport connects Eritrea to a few international destinations and plays a crucial role in facilitating tourism and business travel to the country. However, further development of passenger airport infrastructure is essential to expand air connectivity and support Eritrea’s growing tourism industry.


By examining the population-related factors of life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income, as well as the infrastructure elements of roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, we gain a holistic understanding of the differences between Austria and Eritrea. These variations reflect the contrasting social, economic, and developmental contexts of the two countries.

Acknowledging and studying such disparities enable us to appreciate the distinctive qualities and challenges each nation faces in its journey towards progress and prosperity. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line

When it comes to the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), Austria and Eritrea show significant differences in their rankings.

The CPI is a global measure that assesses the perceived levels of corruption in different countries. Austria consistently performs well on the CPI, indicating a low level of perceived corruption.

In the 2020 CPI, Austria ranked 11th out of 180 countries, highlighting its strong governance, transparency, and effective anti-corruption measures. This positive ranking is a testament to Austria’s commitment to upholding ethical practices and maintaining a corruption-free environment.

On the other hand, Eritrea faces challenges regarding corruption. In the same CPI ranking, Eritrea was placed at 160th position, indicating a higher level of perceived corruption.

Corruption in Eritrea has been attributed to various factors, including limited institutional accountability, lack of transparency, and inadequate anti-corruption measures. These challenges, when combined with limited resources and socioeconomic constraints, further exacerbate the negative impact of corruption on the population.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) provides insights into the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms in different countries. Austria tends to fare well on the HFI, reflecting its strong commitment to individual liberties and human rights.

The country’s robust legal system, protection of civil liberties, and respect for political rights contribute to its high ranking on the index. In the latest HFI, Austria secured the 18th position out of 162 countries, showcasing its dedication to maintaining a free and open society.

Conversely, Eritrea faces significant challenges in terms of human freedom. The country’s restrictive political environment, limited freedom of expression, and suppression of civil liberties contribute to its lower ranking on the HFI.

In the same index, Eritrea was placed at 151st position, highlighting the restrictions faced by its citizens in exercising their fundamental rights. Encouraging progress in ensuring human freedom remains a crucial area for improvement for Eritrea.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage

Access to the internet has become increasingly crucial in today’s interconnected world. In Austria, approximately 94% of the population has access to the internet, reflecting the country’s high level of digital connectivity.

This widespread internet access allows Austrian citizens to benefit from various online services, education platforms, and economic opportunities. Eritrea experiences a lower percentage of internet users compared to Austria, with approximately 1.1% of the population having access to the internet.

Several factors contribute to this limited internet penetration, including infrastructural challenges, government restrictions, and economic constraints. As a result, internet usage in Eritrea remains relatively low, hindering individuals’ ability to access information, engage in online communication, and leverage the educational and economic benefits offered by the internet.

Subtopic 2: English Speaking Percentage

English proficiency plays a crucial role in accessing and utilizing online resources, as it is the predominant language used on the internet. In Austria, a significant percentage of the population (around 70%) has a good command of the English language.

This high English proficiency enables Austrians to navigate the internet effectively, communicate with a global audience, and engage in international business and academic networks. In contrast, the percentage of English speakers in Eritrea is relatively lower, with only a small portion of the population having proficiency in English.

The emphasis on local languages and limited exposure to English-language education contribute to this discrepancy. However, it is worth noting that the Eritrean government has recently shown some commitment to improving English-language education, recognizing its importance in a globalized world.


By exploring the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) and the Human Freedom Index (HFI), as well as analyzing the percentage of internet users and English speaking population, we unravel further differences between Austria and Eritrea. While Austria demonstrates strong governance, low corruption levels, high human freedom, and high internet penetration, Eritrea faces challenges in each of these areas.

Understanding and acknowledging these distinctions allows us to comprehend the diverse sociopolitical landscapes and the impact they have on the lives of individuals in each country.

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