World Comparison

Austria vs China – Country Comparison

Austria vs China: A Comparative Analysis

With its exquisite landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture, Austria is a country that has captivated the hearts of travelers from around the world. And on the other side of the globe, China stands as a global powerhouse, known for its ancient civilization, rapid development, and immense influence.

In this article, we will delve into a detailed comparison of these two fascinating countries, exploring various aspects such as region and economy. By the end of this article, you will have gained a comprehensive understanding of what sets Austria and China apart.


Area and Capital

Austria, located in Central Europe, spans an area of approximately 83,879 square kilometres. Its capital city, Vienna, stands proudly as the cultural, economic, and political hub of the country.

China, on the other hand, is a vast country with a land area of 9.6 million square kilometres, making it the fourth largest country in the world. Beijing, the capital city of China, serves as the center for politics and governance, as well as being a historical and cultural treasure trove.

Official Language and Currency

The official language of Austria is German, a linguistic reflection of its close cultural ties with Germany. In addition to German, many Austrians also speak English, making it easier for international visitors to communicate.

Austria’s currency is the Euro, which facilitates economic integration with other European Union member countries. China, on the other hand, has Mandarin Chinese as its official language, with various dialects spoken throughout the country.

The Chinese currency is called the Renminbi, with the primary unit being the Yuan.

Government Form

Austria is a federal parliamentary republic, in which the President is the head of state and the Chancellor is the head of government. The Austrian political system values democracy, individual freedom, and social solidarity.

China, however, possesses a political system distinct from Austria’s. It is a one-party socialist republic, with the Communist Party of China holding the reins of power.

The President, who also serves as the General Secretary of the Party, is the head of state. The Chinese government places great emphasis on maintaining social stability and economic development.

Annual GDP

GDP per Capita

In terms of GDP per capita, Austria boasts a high-income economy with a strong focus on technological advancement, innovation, and a highly skilled workforce. In 2020, Austria’s GDP per capita was around $52,113, reflecting its prosperous economic conditions.

China, on the other hand, has experienced rapid economic growth over the past few decades, elevating millions of its citizens out of poverty. As of 2020, China’s GDP per capita stood at approximately $10,216, demonstrating the effect of its large population on the overall economy.

Inflation Rate

Inflation is a significant economic indicator that reflects the overall change in prices over time. Austria has generally maintained a stable inflation rate, which supports price stability and fosters economic growth.

In 2020, Austria’s inflation rate was a mere 1.5%. China, with its colossal consumer market and various economic factors, has faced different inflationary challenges.

In the same year, China’s inflation rate stood at 2.47%, signaling a slightly higher level of price growth compared to Austria. In conclusion, Austria and China are fascinating countries with unique characteristics that set them apart.

While Austria captivates with its rich culture and democratic values, China’s immense size and economic power make it a global force to be reckoned with. By exploring various aspects such as region and economy, we have uncovered the differences and similarities between these two remarkable nations.

Whether you’re drawn to Austria’s picturesque landscapes or China’s impressive economic growth, both countries have much to offer to the curious traveler. So, pack your bags and embark on an exploration of Austria and China; two worlds waiting to be discovered.


Life Expectancy

When it comes to life expectancy, both Austria and China have made significant progress in ensuring the health and well-being of their populations. In Austria, the average life expectancy is around 81 years, a testament to the high-quality healthcare system and overall standard of living in the country.

China, with its immense population, has also seen a remarkable increase in life expectancy over the years. As of 2020, the average life expectancy in China stood at around 76 years, reflecting the country’s efforts in improving healthcare accessibility and quality across its vast territory.

Unemployment Rate

Unemployment is a key economic indicator that showcases the state of a country’s labor market. In Austria, the unemployment rate has historically been low.

As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Austria stood at around 5.9%, a testament to the country’s robust economy and effective labor policies. China, with its unique economic structure and sheer population size, faces different challenges in managing unemployment.

In the same year, China’s unemployment rate was approximately 5.2%, showcasing its ability to generate jobs and absorb a significant portion of its workforce into the labor market.

Average Income

The average income in a country provides valuable insights into the economic well-being of its residents. In Austria, the average income per capita is relatively high, which reflects the country’s strong economy and high standard of living.

As of 2020, the average income in Austria stood at $53,032, demonstrating the country’s prosperity and ability to provide its citizens with a comfortable lifestyle. China, while still considered a developing country, has seen remarkable economic growth over the years.

As a result, the average income per capita has also increased. As of 2020, the average income in China was approximately $10,630, indicating the progress made in lifting millions of Chinese citizens out of poverty and improving their quality of life.


Roadways and Harbours

Austria boasts a well-developed and efficient transportation system, with an extensive network of roadways and well-maintained harbors. The country has approximately 40,000 kilometers of highways, ensuring smooth connectivity across cities and regions.

Additionally, the Danube River, which passes through Austria, serves as an important waterway, allowing for the transportation of goods and enhancing trade. China, with its vast territory, has invested heavily in infrastructure development.

The country has built an extensive network of highways and expressways, with a total road length exceeding 5.8 million kilometers. China’s harbors, such as the Port of Shanghai and the Port of Shenzhen, are among the busiest in the world, facilitating international trade and contributing to China’s economic growth.

Passenger Airports

Both Austria and China possess modern and bustling passenger airports, catering to the needs of domestic and international travelers. In Austria, the Vienna International Airport, located in the capital city, serves as the country’s primary international gateway.

It offers direct flights to various destinations worldwide and handles millions of passengers annually. China, with its vast size and booming tourism industry, has numerous airports that cater to both domestic and international flights.

Beijing Capital International Airport, located in the capital city, is one of the busiest airports globally, accommodating a significant number of passengers and connecting China with destinations around the globe. Other notable airports in China include Shanghai Pudong International Airport and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, among many others.

In this expanded article, we have delved into additional aspects of Austria and China’s comparison, focusing on population and infrastructure. By exploring information on life expectancy, unemployment rates, average income, roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, we have gained valuable insights into the respective countries’ social and economic aspects.

Austria, with its high life expectancy, low unemployment rates, and relatively high average income, showcases its commitment to the well-being of its citizens and its prosperous economy. China, on the other hand, with its growing prosperity, increasing life expectancy, and impressive infrastructure development, demonstrates its ability to effectively manage its vast population and foster economic growth.

As we continue to explore the unique characteristics of these two countries, we gain a deeper appreciation for the diverse world we live in.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Corruption is a pervasive issue that affects societies and economies around the world. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) provides valuable insights into the perception of corruption in different countries.

Austria and China, in this regard, showcase contrasts in terms of their CPI scores.

Population below the Poverty Line

Poverty is a pressing issue that affects millions of individuals globally. Austria has a relatively low percentage of its population living below the poverty line.

As of 2020, the poverty rate in Austria stood at around 12%. The country’s strong social welfare system, combined with its emphasis on equitable wealth distribution and access to quality education and healthcare, has contributed to reducing poverty levels.

China, on the other hand, faces different challenges due to its massive population size. As a developing country, China has made significant strides in reducing poverty over the years.

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line has declined from around 10% in 2012 to less than 1% in 2021. This achievement is the result of China’s effective poverty alleviation programs, which have focused on rural development, education, and targeted support for vulnerable populations.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index (HFI) measures various indicators related to personal and economic freedom. Austria consistently ranks high on the HFI, reflecting the country’s commitment to individual liberties, rule of law, and economic freedom.

As of 2020, Austria ranked 15th out of 180 countries in terms of its HFI score. The country’s strong democratic institutions, respect for civil liberties, and high degree of economic freedom contribute to its favorable ranking.

China, with its different political system and government control, scores lower on the HFI. As of 2020, China ranked 129th out of 180 countries.

The country’s authoritarian regime, restrictions on freedom of expression, and limited political freedoms contribute to its lower HFI score. However, it is important to note that China has experienced substantial economic liberalization, with increasing economic freedom and opportunities for entrepreneurship and innovation.

Percentage of Internet Users

The advent of the internet has revolutionized the way people communicate, access information, and conduct business. In Austria, the percentage of internet users is relatively high, reflecting the country’s technological advancement and digital infrastructure.

As of 2021, approximately 93% of the Austrian population had access to the internet. This high internet penetration rate highlights the country’s commitment to digitalization and the availability of online services for its citizens.

In China, the percentage of internet users is even higher, making it one of the largest online communities in the world. As of 2021, around 66% of the Chinese population had access to the internet.

Given China’s massive population, this percentage translates into hundreds of millions of internet users. China has made significant investments in expanding internet access, particularly in rural areas, and fostering a digital ecosystem that supports e-commerce, mobile payments, and innovative digital services.

English Speaking Percentage

English is widely considered the global lingua franca, facilitating international communication and business. In Austria, English proficiency is relatively high, particularly among the younger generation and those working in international industries.

Approximately 75% of Austrians can speak English to some degree, making it easier for tourists and foreigners to communicate and navigate the country. China, on the other hand, has a lower percentage of English speakers.

English is not as widely spoken or understood, particularly in rural areas. However, there are efforts to promote English education in schools and universities, recognizing the importance of English proficiency in the globalized world.

Additionally, major cities and tourist destinations in China often have English-speaking locals and services to cater to international visitors. The Corruption Perceptions Index, poverty rates, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and English-speaking percentages provide valuable insights into the social, economic, and cultural aspects of Austria and China.

Austria, with its low levels of corruption, low poverty rates, and high levels of human freedom, showcases its commitment to good governance, social welfare, and personal liberties. China, as a developing country, has made substantial progress in reducing poverty and expanding internet access but faces challenges in terms of corruption perceptions and political freedoms.

By exploring these aspects, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the unique characteristics that define these two nations.

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