World Comparison

Australia vs Sudan – Country Comparison

Australia vs Sudan: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to comparing countries, their regions and economic factors play a significant role. In this article, we will compare Australia and Sudan, two countries with contrasting characteristics.

From their geographical regions to their government forms and annual GDP, we will delve into the details to provide you with an informative analysis. So, let’s dive in!

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital

– Australia: Spanning a vast area of approximately 7.7 million square kilometers, Australia is the world’s sixth-largest country.

Its capital is Canberra, located in the southeastern part of the country. – Sudan: With an area of around 1.86 million square kilometers, Sudan is the third-largest country in Africa.

Its capital is Khartoum, situated at the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers. Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency

– Australia: The official language of Australia is English, making it easier for English-speaking visitors to navigate the country.

The currency used in Australia is the Australian Dollar (AUD). – Sudan: Arabic is the official language of Sudan, reflecting its historical ties with the Arab world.

The currency used in Sudan is the Sudanese Pound (SDG). Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Australia: Australia operates under a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, which means it has a parliamentary system of government with a constitutional monarchy.

The monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the ceremonial head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. – Sudan: Sudan’s political system is classified as a federal presidential republic.

It has a multi-party system but has experienced political instability in the past, leading to changes in leadership. Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

– Australia: Known for its strong economy, Australia has a high GDP per capita.

As of 2021, it stands at approximately 49,781 USD, reflecting the country’s wealth and standard of living. – Sudan: Sudan, on the other hand, has a significantly lower GDP per capita compared to Australia.

As of 2021, it is estimated at around 4,314 USD, which indicates a lower standard of living and economic challenges. Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

– Australia: Australia has generally maintained a low and stable inflation rate.

In recent years, it has ranged from 1.0% to 2.5%, demonstrating the country’s economic stability and prudent monetary policies. – Sudan: Sudan, however, has struggled with high inflation rates.

In 2020, the inflation rate skyrocketed to around 168%. Economic instability, political factors, and international sanctions have contributed to Sudan’s high inflation.


In this article, we have explored the region, government form, and annual GDP of both Australia and Sudan. While Australia boasts a large land area and a stable political system, Sudan faces economic and political challenges.

The significant disparity in GDP per capita and inflation rates further emphasizes the contrasting economic conditions. By understanding these differences, we gain valuable insights into the unique characteristics and challenges faced by each country.

Remember, a thorough analysis of countries allows us to appreciate their diversity and understand how various factors shape their present situations. Whether it’s the region, government, or economic performance, every country has a story worth exploring.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is a crucial indicator of overall health and well-being within a population. Let’s compare Australia and Sudan in terms of their life expectancy rates.

– Australia: Australia has one of the highest life expectancy rates in the world. As of 2021, the average life expectancy in Australia is approximately 83.4 years.

This can be attributed to several factors, including a highly developed healthcare system, access to clean water, and a generally healthy lifestyle. – Sudan: Sudan, unfortunately, has a lower life expectancy compared to Australia.

As of 2021, the average life expectancy in Sudan is estimated to be around 65.3 years. This disparity can be attributed to various factors, including limited access to quality healthcare, inadequate sanitation infrastructure, and poverty.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment is a significant economic indicator that reflects the ability of the workforce to find productive employment. Here’s a comparison of the unemployment rates in both countries:

– Australia: Australia has a relatively low unemployment rate.

As of 2021, the unemployment rate in Australia stands at around 4.9%. This low rate can be attributed to Australia’s robust economy, diverse job opportunities, and government initiatives aimed at job creation and workforce development.

– Sudan: Sudan, unfortunately, faces high levels of unemployment. As of 2021, the unemployment rate in Sudan is estimated to be around 10.6%.

Factors such as political instability, limited job opportunities, and a lack of economic diversification contribute to this high unemployment rate. Subtopic 3: Average Income

Average income provides insight into the economic well-being of a population and their purchasing power.

Let’s compare the average incomes in Australia and Sudan. – Australia: Australia has a relatively high average income, reflecting its strong economy and high standard of living.

As of 2021, the average income in Australia is estimated to be around 61,713 USD per year. This enables Australians to enjoy a comfortable lifestyle and have access to various amenities and opportunities.

– Sudan: In contrast, Sudan has a lower average income compared to Australia. As of 2021, the average income in Sudan is estimated to be around 3,408 USD per year.

This income disparity can be attributed to factors such as a struggling economy, limited job opportunities, and widespread poverty. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors

Infrastructure plays a crucial role in economic development and connectivity.

Let’s compare the roadways and harbors in Australia and Sudan. – Australia: Australia has a well-developed infrastructure, including extensive road networks and efficient harbors.

The country has a total road network of approximately 913,000 kilometers, connecting various cities and towns across the vast land. In addition, Australia boasts many modern and well-equipped harbors, such as the Port of Melbourne and the Port of Sydney, facilitating domestic and international trade.

– Sudan: Sudan’s infrastructure, including roadways and harbors, is relatively less developed compared to Australia. The total road network in Sudan is approximately 50,000 kilometers.

However, the condition and connectivity of these roads are often inadequate, making transportation challenging, especially in rural areas. Sudan also has ports along the Red Sea coast, such as Port Sudan, which serves as a vital commercial gateway.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Airports are crucial for international and domestic travel, fostering trade and tourism. Here’s a comparison of passenger airports in Australia and Sudan.

– Australia: Australia has numerous passenger airports spread across the country, servicing both domestic and international flights. The major airports include Sydney Airport, Melbourne Airport, Brisbane Airport, and Perth Airport.

These airports offer a high level of connectivity and modern facilities, catering to the growing travel demands of the population. – Sudan: Sudan has several passenger airports, though they may not be as extensive or well-developed as those in Australia.

Khartoum International Airport, located in the capital city, is the busiest airport in Sudan. It serves as a hub for domestic and international flights, connecting Sudan to various destinations worldwide.

Other notable airports include Port Sudan International Airport and El-Fashir Airport, among others. Conclusion:

In this expanded section, we have delved into the topics of population, including life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income, as well as infrastructure, encompassing roadway networks, harbors, and passenger airports.

These factors shed light on the social and economic conditions in Australia and Sudan. While Australia enjoys higher life expectancy, lower unemployment rates, and higher average income, Sudan faces challenges in these areas.

Similarly, Australia boasts well-developed infrastructure, including extensive roadways and efficient harbors, along with numerous passenger airports. Sudan, meanwhile, has infrastructure that is relatively less developed, with limitations in road connectivity and airport facilities.

By exploring these aspects, we gain a deeper understanding of how these countries differ in terms of population dynamics and infrastructure development. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) measures the perceived levels of corruption in the public sector of different countries.

Let’s compare Australia and Sudan in terms of their CPI and population below the poverty line. – Australia: Australia consistently ranks high on the CPI, reflecting its low levels of corruption.

In the 2020 CPI, Australia scored an impressive 77 out of 100, indicating a strong public sector governance and transparency. Additionally, Australia has a relatively low population below the poverty line.

According to recent data, around 12.5% of Australians live below the poverty line, demonstrating a relatively low poverty rate. – Sudan: Sudan, on the other hand, fares lower on the CPI and faces higher levels of corruption compared to Australia.

In the 2020 CPI, Sudan scored 16 out of 100, indicating significant challenges in governance and corruption control. Unfortunately, Sudan has a higher percentage of its population living below the poverty line.

As per recent statistics, around 35.4% of Sudanese people are considered to be living below the poverty line, experiencing economic hardships and limited access to basic necessities. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index measures the overall freedom enjoyed by individuals within a country, including personal, economic, and civil liberties.

Let’s compare Australia and Sudan based on their Human Freedom Index. – Australia: Australia ranks high on the Human Freedom Index, indicating a high level of personal and economic freedom.

In the most recent report, Australia ranked 5th out of 165 countries, reflecting its democratic institutions, rule of law, and respect for individual freedoms. Australians have the freedom to express their opinions, participate in political processes, and enjoy a wide range of economic opportunities.

– Sudan: Sudan, unfortunately, scores lower on the Human Freedom Index compared to Australia. The country faces challenges in terms of personal and economic freedoms, stemming from political instability and limited civil liberties.

In the same report, Sudan ranked 153rd out of 165 countries, highlighting restrictions on freedom of expression, association, and economic opportunities. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %

Access to the internet plays a pivotal role in today’s digital age, providing opportunities for communication, commerce, and knowledge sharing.

Let’s explore the percentage of internet users and English speaking populations in Australia and Sudan. – Australia: Australia has a high percentage of internet users, with the latest data showing that approximately 88% of the Australian population has access to the internet.

This high penetration rate is facilitated by a well-developed telecommunications infrastructure and the widespread availability of internet services. Additionally, a significant portion of the Australian population is proficient in English, the dominant language used on the internet.

– Sudan: In Sudan, the percentage of internet users is lower compared to Australia. According to recent statistics, around 30% of the Sudanese population has access to the internet.

The lower rate can be attributed to factors such as limited infrastructure, geographical challenges, and socio-economic disparities. Additionally, while English is widely understood and spoken in Sudan, the percentage of English-speaking individuals may be lower compared to Australia.

Arabic is the dominant language in Sudan, and local languages also play a significant role in daily communication. Conclusion:

In this expanded section, we have analyzed the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) and population below the poverty line in Australia and Sudan.

The comparison reveals Australia’s strong performance in terms of low corruption levels and a relatively low percentage of the population living below the poverty line. Sudan, however, faces challenges in these areas, with higher perceived corruption levels and a higher proportion of the population living in poverty.

Additionally, we explored the Human Freedom Index, highlighting Australia’s high level of personal and economic freedom, while Sudan faces limitations in this regard. Lastly, we examined the percentage of internet users and the English-speaking population, with Australia exhibiting higher rates in both categories compared to Sudan.

These factors impact various aspects of society, from governance and socio-economic conditions to digital connectivity and language accessibility. By considering these aspects, we gain valuable insights into the dynamics and challenges faced by Australia and Sudan.

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