World Comparison

Armenia vs Sri Lanka – Country Comparison

Armenia vs Sri Lanka: A Comparison of Region and Annual GDPArmenia and Sri Lanka may be worlds apart geographically, but exploring the unique features of each country enables us to appreciate the diversity found across our planet. In this article, we will compare and contrast these two intriguing nations, delving into their regions, government forms, official languages, currencies, and annual GDPs. By the end, you will gain a deeper understanding of these distinct countries and their contributions to the global landscape.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital


– Nestled in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia lies Armenia, spanning an area of approximately 29,743 square kilometers. – Yerevan stands proud as its capital and largest city, serving as the cultural, economic, and administrative hub.

Sri Lanka:

– Sprawling across an area of around 65,610 square kilometers, Sri Lanka lies to the south of the Indian subcontinent. – Colombo, the commercial capital, reigns supreme as the largest city, while Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte plays the role of administrative capital.

Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency


– Armenian claims the title of the official language, known for its unique script and Indo-European roots. – The national currency is the Armenian dram, abbreviated as AMD, making transactions simple for locals and visitors alike.

Sri Lanka:

– Sinhala and Tamil serve as the two official languages, reflecting the cultural diversity of the country. – The Sri Lankan rupee, symbolized by LKR, takes center stage as the official currency.

Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Armenia embraces a democratic form of government, ensuring that power is in the hands of its citizens. – The country functions as a unitary multiparty republic, where the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister leads the government.

Sri Lanka:

– Sri Lanka echoes Armenia’s democratic spirit with its own approach to governance. – The country operates as a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, where the President holds executive powers, and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita


– The GDP per capita in Armenia sits at around $4,415, signifying the economic status of the nation. – Though lower compared to some other countries, steps are being taken to strengthen and diversify the Armenian economy.

Sri Lanka:

– With a GDP per capita of approximately $3,852, Sri Lanka showcases its own economic landscape. – Known for its agricultural exports, including tea and rubber, Sri Lanka’s economy continues to evolve in sectors such as tourism and IT services.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– Armenia has maintained a relatively low inflation rate, hovering around 1-2% in recent years. – The stability in its economy has, in turn, fostered an environment conducive to business investment and growth.

Sri Lanka:

– Sri Lanka has experienced slightly higher inflation rates, with figures ranging from 4-6% in recent years. – As the country continues to develop, measures are being taken to keep inflation in check and ensure sustainable economic growth.

In conclusion, exploring Armenia and Sri Lanka reveals a tapestry of uniqueness within our diverse world. From their regions and government forms to their languages and currencies, each country presents its own distinct flavor.

Similarly, their annual GDPs, differentiated by GDP per capita and inflation rates, illustrate their respective economic landscapes. As we continue to learn about and appreciate the complexities of different nations, we foster a deeper understanding and connection with the global community.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy


Armenia boasts a respectable life expectancy, with an average of around 76 years for both males and females. This can be attributed to the country’s healthcare system, which focuses on providing affordable and accessible medical services to its citizens.

Additionally, Armenia places great importance on health education and disease prevention, further contributing to the overall well-being and longevity of its population. Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka has made significant strides in improving its healthcare system over the years, resulting in an impressive life expectancy of approximately 77 years.

The country has made notable progress in reducing infant mortality rates and combating infectious diseases, making healthcare accessible to its diverse population. Investments in health infrastructure, as well as disease prevention and control programs, have played a crucial role in increasing life expectancy in Sri Lanka.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate


Armenia has encountered its fair share of economic challenges, which have had an impact on its unemployment rate. As of 2020, the country’s unemployment rate stood at around 18%.

However, the Armenian government has been actively implementing policies to stimulate job creation and attract foreign investments to boost employment opportunities. Additionally, efforts have been made to support entrepreneurship and foster innovation, providing alternative avenues for individuals to create their own job opportunities.

Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka has historically faced issues of high unemployment, primarily due to factors such as population growth and a lack of diverse job opportunities. As of 2020, the country’s unemployment rate was around 4.4%.

In recent years, the Sri Lankan government has prioritized initiatives to tackle unemployment, focusing on sectors such as tourism, manufacturing, and information technology. This has resulted in the creation of new jobs, particularly in urban areas, and has provided opportunities for the country’s growing workforce.

Subtopic 3: Average Income


The average income in Armenia is lower compared to many developed nations, with an annual per capita income of around $4,000. However, it’s important to note that this figure has been gradually increasing in recent years.

The government has implemented measures to address income inequalities and promote sustainable economic growth. Additionally, the country has been actively pursuing opportunities for foreign direct investment and diversification to strengthen its economy and improve living standards for its population.

Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka represents a middle-income country, with an average income of approximately $4,065 per year. The country has experienced consistent economic growth, which has positively influenced average income levels.

However, income disparities still exist, particularly between urban and rural areas. Efforts are being made to bridge this gap by investing in infrastructure development, enhancing agricultural productivity, and promoting inclusive economic policies.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbours


Armenia has made significant investments in its infrastructure, particularly in the expansion and improvement of its road network. The country has a well-developed system of highways and regional roads that connect various regions and cities.

Additionally, Armenia has been actively investing in the development of its harbors, such as the port of Poti in neighboring Georgia, which provides access to international trade routes. Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka boasts a well-connected road network that spans across the country, ensuring efficient transportation between major cities and towns.

The Southern Expressway and the Colombo-Katunayake Expressway are notable examples of major road infrastructure projects that have significantly improved connectivity. Furthermore, Sri Lanka’s strategic location has made its harbors crucial for both domestic and international trade.

The Port of Colombo, in particular, serves as a significant hub in the Indian Ocean region. Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports


Armenia has invested in the development of its airports, catering to both domestic and international travel.

The Zvartnots International Airport, located near Yerevan, is the country’s main international gateway and acts as a hub for various international airlines. This modern airport offers a range of facilities and services, providing a comfortable experience for travelers.

Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka boasts several international airports that serve as key entry points for tourists and facilitate commercial travel. The Bandaranaike International Airport, located close to Colombo, is the country’s primary international airport.

Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport, located in the Hambantota district, serves as an additional regional airport. These airports offer a range of services and facilities, ensuring convenient travel for passengers.

As we delve into the population and infrastructure aspects of Armenia and Sri Lanka, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of these nations’ dynamics. The life expectancy reveals the progress made in delivering quality healthcare, while the unemployment rate and average income provide insights into economic conditions and disparities.

Similarly, examining the infrastructure highlights their commitment to connectivity and facilitating efficient transportation. Understanding these details underscores the unique attributes and challenges each country faces, contributing to the rich tapestry of our global community.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the poverty line


Armenia faces certain challenges when it comes to corruption and poverty. According to the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), Armenia’s score for 2020 was 36 out of 100, indicating a perception that corruption is relatively high.

However, it’s important to note that the government has taken steps to combat corruption and improve transparency, aiming to enhance the business environment and attract foreign investments. Despite these efforts, a significant portion of the population, around 26.4%, still lives below the poverty line, struggling to meet basic needs and access essential services.

Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka has also grappled with corruption, yet its CPI score for 2020 was slightly higher at 39 out of 100. Recognizing the importance of fostering a corruption-free environment, the Sri Lankan government has implemented measures to enhance accountability, streamline administrative processes, and improve governance.

Additionally, the country has made impressive strides in reducing poverty. As of 2019, the percentage of the population living below the poverty line fell to 4.1%, demonstrating significant progress in alleviating poverty and improving living conditions for its citizens.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index


Armenia has made notable progress in terms of human freedom and civil liberties. The Human Freedom Index (HFI) provides insight into various aspects of personal, political, and economic freedoms enjoyed by citizens.

In the latest report, Armenia ranked 63rd out of 162 countries, reflecting the country’s commitment to protecting individual rights and fostering democratic values. However, challenges persist, and ongoing efforts are required to ensure the preservation and enhancement of human freedoms.

Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka has also made strides in promoting human freedom and upholding civil liberties. The country is ranked 119th out of 162 in the Human Freedom Index, indicating room for improvement.

Sri Lanka has been working towards strengthening democratic institutions, promoting societal inclusiveness, and accommodating diverse perspectives. However, there have been concerns about restrictions on freedom of expression and media independence.

Continued efforts are necessary to further enhance human freedoms and ensure equal opportunities for all. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %


Armenia has seen remarkable growth in internet usage over the years.

As of 2021, approximately 78.2% of the total population in Armenia are internet users, reflecting the country’s increasing digital connectivity. English proficiency in Armenia is relatively high, making it an advantage when it comes to accessing and utilizing online resources.

By embracing a global language like English, Armenians can explore a wide range of information and engage with a global community, expanding opportunities for trade, education, and cultural exchange. Sri Lanka:

Sri Lanka has witnessed a significant surge in internet usage, with around 40.3% of the population being active internet users in 2021.

Although this figure may seem lower compared to other countries, Sri Lanka’s internet penetration has increased steadily over the years, contributing to digital inclusion and connectivity. English proficiency plays a crucial role in internet usage, as it allows the population to access a vast array of online content, communicate with a wider audience, and explore educational and career opportunities beyond their borders.

Expanding access to affordable and reliable internet services remains a priority for both Armenia and Sri Lanka. While these countries have made strides in improving connectivity and embracing the digital age, there is room for growth in terms of internet penetration and access to online resources for all sections of the population.

Encouraging digital literacy programs, investing in infrastructure, and promoting affordability are key steps to ensure that more individuals can harness the power of the internet for personal and economic development. In conclusion, examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, Human Freedom Index, and Percentage of Internet Users provides us with a deeper understanding of Armenia and Sri Lanka’s socio-economic and technological landscapes.

The challenges and progress related to corruption perceptions and poverty levels shed light on the efforts undertaken by both countries to improve transparency, accountability, and living conditions. Similarly, analyzing human freedom and internet usage reveals the importance placed on personal liberties and digital connectivity.

As Armenia and Sri Lanka continue their journeys of development, addressing these areas will be crucial in shaping a brighter and more inclusive future for their citizens.

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