World Comparison

Armenia vs Iraq – Country Comparison

Armenia vs Iraq Comparison: Exploring the Region and Economic IndicatorsIn this article, we will delve into a comparison between Armenia and Iraq, examining various aspects of these two countries. From their respective regions and government forms to their annual GDP and economic indicators, we aim to provide an informative insight into these nations.

By examining their area, capital, official language, currency, government form, GDP per capita, and inflation rates, readers will gain a better understanding of how these countries function and differ from each other. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital:

Armenia, located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, covers an area of approximately 29,743 square kilometers.

Its capital and largest city is Yerevan. On the other hand, Iraq is situated in Western Asia, covering an expansive area of about 437,072 square kilometers.

Baghdad serves as its capital and most populous city. Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency:

The official language of Armenia is Armenian, which belongs to the Indo-European language family.

The currency used in Armenia is the Armenian Dram (AMD), with 1 USD being equivalent to approximately 481.33 AMD. In contrast, Iraq’s official language is Arabic, which is widely spoken and holds significant importance in the region.

The currency used in Iraq is the Iraqi Dinar (IQD), and as of now, 1 USD is equivalent to around 1,183.14 IQD. Subtopic 3: Government Form:

Armenia is a unitary semi-presidential republic with a democratic system.

The country operates under a multi-party system, with the President serving as the head of state and the Prime Minister as the head of government. The President is elected by popular vote for a maximum of two consecutive terms.

Iraq, on the other hand, operates under a federal parliamentary republic system. It has a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per Capita:

Looking at the economic indicators, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita of Armenia is around $4,400. This figure reflects the country’s national income divided by its population, giving an estimation of each individual’s share.

On the other side, Iraq’s GDP per capita stands at approximately $7,400, indicating a higher average income per person compared to Armenia. Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate:

Inflation, a measure of the rate of increase in prices, plays a significant role in a country’s economy.

In Armenia, the inflation rate is relatively low, averaging around 1.8% annually. This stability ensures a steady cost of living for its citizens.

However, Iraq experiences a higher inflation rate, with an average of around 5.24% annually. This higher inflation may result in increased prices and a potential decrease in purchasing power for the people.


As we conclude our exploration of Armenia and Iraq, we have touched upon various aspects of these countries. From their regional differences in terms of area and capital to their government forms, official languages, and currencies, each country showcases its unique characteristics.

Additionally, by examining their economic indicators such as GDP per capita and inflation rates, we gain valuable insights into their respective economies. Though these two countries hold their own distinct attributes, understanding their similarities and differences broadens our knowledge and fosters better global understanding.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy:

Life expectancy is a crucial indicator of a nation’s healthcare system and overall quality of life. In Armenia, the average life expectancy is around 75 years, reflecting the progress made in healthcare and living standards.

The country has made significant advancements in healthcare infrastructure, ensuring access to quality medical services for its citizens. Conversely, Iraq’s average life expectancy stands at approximately 69 years.

Despite challenges due to conflict and limited resources, efforts are being made to improve healthcare services and increase life expectancy for the people of Iraq. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate:

Unemployment rates provide insights into a country’s labor market and economic stability.

In Armenia, the unemployment rate hovers around 18.8%, representing the proportion of the working-age population without employment. Steps have been taken to address this issue, with initiatives aimed at promoting job creation and attracting foreign investment.

In Iraq, the unemployment rate is approximately 11%, reflecting efforts to rebuild the labor market after years of conflict. The government has implemented strategies to diversify the economy and reduce unemployment through investment in various sectors such as infrastructure, agriculture, and tourism.

Subtopic 3: Average Income:

Average income is a significant factor when considering the overall socio-economic condition of a country. In Armenia, the average monthly income is estimated to be around $350.

While this figure may seem modest, it is indicative of the country’s cost of living and economic factors. The government has been working to increase wages and improve living standards for its population.

In Iraq, the average monthly income is approximately $550. This higher average income compared to Armenia can be attributed to Iraq’s oil reserves and diverse industries.

However, it is important to note that income distribution varies within countries, and there can be significant disparities between different regions and social groups. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbours:

Infrastructure, specifically roadways and harbors, plays a vital role in a country’s connectivity and trade.

In Armenia, the road network has undergone significant improvements over the years, with modernized highways and well-maintained roads connecting major cities and rural areas. The country has also prioritized developing its border crossings and international trade routes to enhance regional integration and facilitate movement of goods.

On the other hand, while the road network in Iraq has suffered from years of neglect and conflict, efforts are being made to rehabilitate and expand the roadways. Additionally, with its access to the Persian Gulf, Iraq boasts several important harbors such as Umm Qasr, facilitating international trade and commerce.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports:

Airports are critical gateways for international travel and economic growth. In Armenia, the main international airport is Zvartnots International Airport, located near the capital city of Yerevan.

Zvartnots serves as a significant hub for both domestic and international flights, connecting Armenia to various global destinations. Iraq, on the other hand, has several passenger airports, with Baghdad International Airport being the largest and busiest.

Erbil International Airport and Basra International Airport are also important aviation hubs in the country. These airports contribute to Iraq’s economic development by supporting tourism, trade, and connecting the country to the world.

As we explore the topics of population and infrastructure in Armenia and Iraq, we gain a deeper understanding of these countries’ social and economic landscape. From life expectancy and unemployment rates to average incomes, these factors shape the well-being of citizens and reflect the progress made in healthcare and labor markets.

Furthermore, the state of infrastructure, including roadways, harbors, and airports, plays a crucial role in connectivity and promoting economic growth. Understanding these facets provides valuable insights into the overall development and potential of these nations.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line:

The level of poverty within a country is a significant indicator of its social and economic landscape. In Armenia, approximately 26% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This figure represents the proportion of individuals who struggle to afford basic necessities such as food, shelter, and healthcare. The government has implemented social welfare programs and initiatives to address poverty and improve the living standards of marginalized communities.

However, persistent poverty remains a challenge in Armenia. In Iraq, around 20% of the population lives below the poverty line.

The country has faced significant socio-economic challenges, particularly due to unrest and protracted conflicts. Efforts are being made to combat poverty by promoting job creation, economic diversification, and social welfare programs in Iraq.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index:

The Human Freedom Index provides insights into the overall freedom within a society, including political, civil, and economic liberties enjoyed by its citizens. Armenia ranks relatively higher in the Human Freedom Index, reflecting its respect for individual rights, freedom of expression, and market-oriented economic policies.

The country has made strides in enhancing democratic institutions and nurturing a vibrant civil society. Iraq, however, faces challenges in this regard due to its history of conflict and security concerns.

The Human Freedom Index in Iraq is relatively lower, suggesting restrictions on civil liberties and limited political freedoms. The government has been working towards promoting human rights and strengthening democratic institutions to improve the overall human freedom index in Iraq.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage:

The access to and usage of the internet have become vital for modern societies, opening up a world of information, communication, and opportunities. In Armenia, a significant percentage of the population, around 69%, uses the internet.

This high level of internet penetration indicates the country’s focus on digital infrastructure and connectivity. English proficiency among the population is also relatively high in Armenia, with a significant portion able to communicate in English.

This proficiency enhances access to global resources and facilitates business and educational opportunities. In Iraq, the percentage of internet users stands at approximately 40%.

This relatively lower figure can be attributed to challenges associated with limited internet infrastructure, particularly in remote and conflict-affected areas. However, efforts are being made to expand internet accessibility and improve connectivity throughout the country.

The English-speaking population in Iraq varies, with a majority having limited proficiency. Nevertheless, there is a growing focus on English language education and proficiency, recognizing its importance for international communication and global engagement.

As we delve into the topics of corruption perceptions index, poverty rates, human freedom index, and internet usage, we gain valuable insights into the social, economic, and technological aspects of Armenia and Iraq. The corruption perceptions index sheds light on the level of transparency and accountability within these countries’ governance systems.

Poverty rates reflect the challenges faced by marginalized communities and the efforts made to address socio-economic disparities. The human freedom index provides an understanding of civil liberties and political freedoms available to citizens.

Lastly, the percentage of internet users and English proficiency highlight the opportunities and challenges presented by digital connectivity. By exploring these factors, we paint a more comprehensive picture of the current state and potentials of Armenia and Iraq in these crucial areas.

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