World Comparison

Armenia vs Estonia – Country Comparison

Armenia vs Estonia: A Comparison of Two Unique NationsWhen it comes to exploring different countries and their cultures, Armenia and Estonia often find themselves in the shadows of more widely-known destinations. However, these two nations have their own distinctive charm and characteristics that make them worth exploring.

In this article, we will compare and contrast various aspects of Armenia and Estonia, shedding light on their regions, government forms, official languages, currencies, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rates. So, let’s dive in and discover what makes these two countries special!

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital


– Area: Armenia covers around 29,743 square kilometers, making it slightly smaller in size compared to Estonia.

– Capital: Yerevan, with its rich history dating back to the 8th century BC, serves as the vibrant capital of Armenia. The city boasts a blend of traditional and contemporary architecture, captivating visitors with its energy and charm.


– Area: Estonia spans approximately 45,227 square kilometers, making it larger in size compared to Armenia. – Capital: Tallinn, known for its preserved medieval old town, proudly stands as the capital of Estonia.

The city’s cobblestone streets and Gothic spires create a unique atmosphere that transports visitors back in time. Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency


– Official Language: Armenian is the official language of Armenia.

It belongs to the Indo-European language family and is written using its distinct alphabet. – Currency: The currency used in Armenia is the Armenian dram (AMD), which has been the national currency since 1993.


– Official Language: Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language, serves as the official language of Estonia. It is known for its distinct vowel sounds and linguistic similarities to Finnish and Hungarian.

– Currency: The Euro (EUR) is the official currency of Estonia since 2011 when it became a member of the Eurozone. Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Government Form: Armenia operates under a semi-presidential republic system.

It consists of a President, who is the head of state, and a Prime Minister, who is the head of government. The President exercises significant powers, while the Prime Minister oversees the day-to-day functioning of the government.


– Government Form: Estonia operates as a parliamentary republic. Under this system, the President is the head of state with mainly ceremonial duties, while the Prime Minister, who is elected by the Parliament (Riigikogu), holds executive power.

Estonia is known as a pioneer in e-governance, utilizing technology in various aspects of governance. Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita


– GDP per capita: As of 2020, Armenia’s GDP per capita was $4,274.

Though it is considered relatively low compared to some European countries, Armenia has shown consistent growth and development in recent years. Estonia:

– GDP per capita: Estonia’s GDP per capita stood at $25,624 in 2020, reflecting a higher economic standing compared to Armenia.

The country’s emphasis on digitalization, innovation, and a favorable business environment has contributed to its economic growth. Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– Inflation Rate: Armenia has experienced varying inflation rates over the years.

In 2020, the inflation rate stood at around 1.4%. The Armenian government has implemented measures to stabilize prices, promote growth, and ensure a stable economy.


– Inflation Rate: Estonia has maintained a relatively low inflation rate. In 2020, the inflation rate was approximately 1.2%.

The country’s prudent macroeconomic policies and commitment to fiscal responsibility have played a crucial role in keeping inflation in check. In conclusion, Armenia and Estonia, though different in many aspects, share the common goal of progress and development.

While Armenia may have a smaller area and lower GDP per capita compared to Estonia, its rich history and unique cultural heritage contribute to its appeal. On the other hand, Estonia’s larger size and higher GDP per capita align with its reputation as a technology-driven hub.

Whether you choose to explore Armenia’s ancient sites or immerse yourself in Estonia’s modern advancements, both countries have something remarkable to offer. So, pack your bags, and embark on a journey to these captivating nations that will leave a lasting impression on your mind and heart.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy


In Armenia, the life expectancy has been steadily increasing over the years. As of 2020, the average life expectancy for men is around 73 years, while for women, it is approximately 79 years.

The government has been investing in healthcare services, focusing on improving access to quality medical care and promoting healthy lifestyles. This has resulted in a longer lifespan for the population, contributing to the overall well-being of individuals in the country.


Estonia also boasts a commendable life expectancy rate. As of 2020, the average life expectancy for men is approximately 70 years, while for women, it stands at around 81 years.

The country places great emphasis on its healthcare system, ensuring accessibility and quality of medical services. This dedication to healthcare has played a significant role in increasing life expectancy and promoting a healthier society.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate


Armenia has been making strides in reducing unemployment rates and creating more job opportunities. As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Armenia was around 18.4%.

The government has implemented various measures to address unemployment, such as promoting entrepreneurship and attracting foreign investment. Additionally, initiatives have been launched to improve vocational training and education, equipping individuals with the skills needed to succeed in the job market.


Estonia boasts a relatively low unemployment rate compared to many European countries. As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Estonia was approximately 6.2%.

The government’s focus on entrepreneurship, innovation, and investment in technology has led to a diverse and dynamic economy, creating job opportunities for the population. Additionally, initiatives aimed at promoting digital skills and lifelong learning have contributed to a more skilled workforce, enhancing employability.

Subtopic 3: Average Income


The average income in Armenia has been steadily increasing, reflecting the country’s progress and economic development. As of 2020, the average monthly wage in Armenia was around $480.

While this figure may appear modest compared to some countries, it is essential to consider the cost of living and the relatively lower prices for goods and services in Armenia. The government continues to work on improving economic conditions and income distribution to enhance the quality of life for its citizens.


Estonia has experienced significant economic growth over the years, resulting in higher average incomes for its population. As of 2020, the average monthly wage in Estonia was approximately $1,700.

This higher income level reflects the country’s favorable business environment, innovation-driven economy, and quality job opportunities. The government’s focus on fostering entrepreneurship and nurturing a skilled workforce has contributed to the country’s economic success and improved standards of living for its people.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors


Armenia has been investing in its infrastructure, including the development of roadways and the expansion of its transportation network. The country has a road system that spans over 8,500 kilometers, connecting various regions.

Some notable roads include the North-South Highway, which facilitates transportation between Yerevan and the country’s southern regions. In terms of harbors, Armenia does not have direct access to the sea.

However, neighboring countries such as Georgia and Iran serve as key transit routes for trade through land and sea connections. Estonia:

Estonia places great importance on its infrastructure, including its roadways and harbors.

The country boasts a well-maintained road network, covering approximately 58,412 kilometers. The road system includes highways and expressways that connect major cities and towns, facilitating smooth transportation throughout the country.

As for harbors, Estonia has multiple ports along its Baltic Sea coastline. Ports like Tallinn, Paldiski, and Muuga serve as vital gateways for trade and shipping, contributing to the country’s economic growth and connectivity.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports


Armenia has an international airport, Zvartnots International Airport, located near the capital city of Yerevan. It serves as the primary gateway for international travelers coming to Armenia.

The airport offers connections to various destinations worldwide, making it convenient for tourists and business travelers to access the country. Zvartnots International Airport features modern facilities, ensuring a comfortable and efficient travel experience for passengers.


Estonia boasts several airports that cater to both domestic and international travel. Tallinn Airport, located near the capital city, serves as the main international gateway for the country.

It offers connections to numerous European cities and serves as a hub for various airlines. Additionally, Estonia has regional airports such as Tartu Airport, Prnu Airport, and Kuressaare Airport, which provide domestic flights and enhance accessibility within the country.

These airports play a crucial role in facilitating tourism, business travel, and connectivity. In summary, Armenia and Estonia showcase distinct characteristics in terms of their population, infrastructure, and standard of living.

While Armenia has made significant progress in increasing life expectancy and addressing unemployment, Estonia boasts a lower unemployment rate and higher average income. In terms of infrastructure, both countries have invested in roadways, with Estonia having a more extensive network and direct access to harbors.

Moreover, both countries have passenger airports that facilitate domestic and international travel, contributing to their connectivity and accessibility. Whether one seeks cultural richness in Armenia or the innovative spirit of Estonia, these countries offer unique experiences that captivate and leave a lasting impression.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line


Armenia has been making efforts to reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for its citizens. As of 2020, it is estimated that around 26% of the population in Armenia lives below the poverty line.

The government has implemented social programs and initiatives to support vulnerable groups, provide targeted assistance, and promote economic opportunities. However, persistent challenges such as high unemployment rates and income inequality continue to contribute to poverty levels in certain areas.


Estonia has made great strides in reducing poverty and ensuring a prosperous society. As of 2020, only around 21% of the population in Estonia lives below the poverty line.

The government has implemented comprehensive social welfare policies, including targeted programs to support those in need and promote social inclusion. The country’s focus on economic development, innovation, and education has played a significant role in reducing poverty and improving standards of living for its citizens.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index


Armenia has been taking steps to promote human rights and protect individual freedoms. According to the 2020 Human Freedom Index, Armenia ranked 43rd out of 162 countries.

This index takes into account various factors such as the rule of law, personal freedoms, and economic freedoms. Armenia’s commitment to democratic reforms, freedom of speech, and freedom of expression has played a crucial role in its ranking.

However, challenges such as corruption and limitations on media freedoms still pose obstacles to achieving higher rankings. Estonia:

Estonia is known for its strong commitment to democracy, individual freedoms, and respect for human rights.

According to the 2020 Human Freedom Index, Estonia ranked 28th out of 162 countries. The country’s emphasis on the rule of law, freedom of speech, and a vibrant civil society have contributed to its high ranking.

Estonia’s reputation as a digital society and its commitment to digital privacy and security have also played a role in promoting individual freedoms and protecting human rights. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %


Armenia has embraced the digital age, with a significant number of its population being internet users.

As of 2021, it is estimated that approximately 80% of the population in Armenia uses the internet. While the majority of the population speaks Armenian, a relatively small percentage of Armenians are English speakers.

It is estimated that around 10% of Armenians are fluent or proficient in the English language. However, with the growing importance of English as a global language, there is an increasing emphasis on English language education in schools and universities.


Estonia is at the forefront when it comes to internet connectivity and digitalization. As of 2021, approximately 94% of the population in Estonia uses the internet.

With a focus on e-governance and digital innovation, the country has fostered a technologically advanced society. English proficiency in Estonia is relatively high, with approximately 70% of the population having a good command of the English language.

This high level of English proficiency is attributed to Estonia’s commitment to education, where English is taught as a second language from an early age. In conclusion, while Armenia and Estonia differ in certain aspects, both countries are working towards improving the well-being of their populations.

Armenia has made progress in reducing poverty and promoting human rights, but challenges such as corruption persist. Estonia, on the other hand, has achieved lower poverty rates and boasts a strong commitment to individual freedoms.

Both countries have a significant percentage of internet users, with Estonia leading the way in digital connectivity and English proficiency. Whether one seeks to experience the rich cultural heritage of Armenia or the technologically advanced environment of Estonia, these countries showcase unique qualities and opportunities for exploration and growth.

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