World Comparison

Armenia vs Bosnia and Herzegovina – Country Comparison

Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina may not be the first countries that come to mind when you think about international comparisons, but these two nations have intriguing aspects that are worth exploring. In this article, we will delve into various aspects of Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, including their regions, annual GDP, and other key information.

By the end of this piece, you will have a better understanding of what sets these nations apart. Region:


– Armenia is located in the South Caucasus region, bordered by Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Iran to the south, and Turkey to the west.

– The country covers an area of approximately 29,743 square kilometers. – Yerevan, Armenia’s capital and largest city, is known for its rich history and stunning architecture.

– The official language is Armenian, and the currency is the Armenian Dram (AMD). – Armenia has a parliamentary democracy, which means that the government is elected by the people.

Bosnia and Herzegovina:

– Situated in the Balkans, Bosnia and Herzegovina is a landlocked country surrounded by Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. – The total area of the country is around 51,209 square kilometers.

– The capital and largest city is Sarajevo, which gained global attention during the 1984 Winter Olympics. – Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian are the three official languages, and the currency is the Bosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Mark (BAM).

– Bosnia and Herzegovina has a complex political system, with a rotating presidency and a parliamentary democracy. Annual GDP:


– Armenia’s economy has been growing steadily over the past decade, with a focus on industries such as information technology, tourism, and agriculture.

– The country’s GDP per capita was approximately $4,200 in 2020. – Inflation rates have been relatively low in recent years, with an average rate of around 1.7%.

Bosnia and Herzegovina:

– Bosnia and Herzegovina has a diverse economy, with sectors such as industry, services, and agriculture contributing to its GDP. – The country’s GDP per capita was around $6,100 in 2020.

– Inflation rates in Bosnia and Herzegovina have been relatively stable, averaging around 1.4%. When comparing the GDP per capita of Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is clear that Bosnia and Herzegovina has a slightly higher income level.

However, it is important to note that both countries have made significant progress in improving their economies and living standards. In conclusion, Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina may have their unique features, but they both have much to offer.

From their vibrant capital cities to their evolving economies, these nations are working towards a better future for their citizens. By understanding and appreciating their differences, we can celebrate the diversity and resilience of these fascinating countries.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life expectancy

Life expectancy is an important indicator of the overall health and well-being of a nation. In Armenia, the average life expectancy is around 75 years for both males and females.

Despite some improvements in recent years, this figure is still relatively low compared to international standards. Factors such as a high prevalence of non-communicable diseases, limited access to quality healthcare services, and lifestyle habits contribute to this lower life expectancy.

On the other hand, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a slightly higher life expectancy than Armenia. The average life expectancy in Bosnia and Herzegovina is around 77 years for males and 82 years for females.

This may be attributed to factors such as better healthcare services and a higher overall standard of living. Subtopic 2: Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate is a key economic indicator that reflects the percentage of people in the working-age population who are actively seeking employment but unable to find jobs.

In Armenia, the unemployment rate stands at around 18%. This high unemployment rate poses significant challenges for the country, especially for its young population.

However, efforts are being made to address this issue, including promoting entrepreneurship, attracting foreign investments, and supporting the growth of key industries. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the unemployment rate is slightly lower than in Armenia, standing at around 16%.

While this figure still represents a significant portion of the population, the country has seen some improvements in recent years. The government has implemented policies to stimulate job creation and has focused on attracting foreign direct investments to support economic growth and reduce unemployment rates.

Subtopic 3: Average income

Average income is an essential factor that influences the overall economic well-being of individuals and households. In Armenia, the average monthly income is around $350.

Although this figure may seem low compared to some other countries, it is important to consider the cost of living in Armenia, which is relatively less expensive than in many developed nations. However, there are still significant income disparities within the country, with a high percentage of the population living in poverty.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the average monthly income is slightly higher, reaching around $500. Similar to Armenia, the cost of living in Bosnia and Herzegovina is relatively lower than in some other European countries.

However, income inequality is a persistent issue, with certain regions and populations experiencing higher levels of poverty and lower income levels. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors

In terms of infrastructure, both Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina have made substantial progress in improving their transportation networks.

In Armenia, the road network is well-developed, with major highways connecting various parts of the country. However, the quality of some secondary roads and rural areas still needs improvement.

Armenia is a landlocked country, so it does not have any harbors or access to the sea. However, it has been investing in the development of logistics centers and transportation hubs to improve its connectivity with neighboring countries.

Bosnia and Herzegovina also has a well-developed road network, with highways connecting major cities and regions. The country benefits from its access to the Adriatic Sea, with harbors such as Ploe and Neum providing vital transportation links for trade and tourism.

These harbors serve as important gateways for goods and passengers traveling to and from Bosnia and Herzegovina, facilitating economic growth and development. Subtopic 2: Passenger airports

Armenia has one main international airport, Zvartnots International Airport, located near the capital city of Yerevan.

Zvartnots Airport offers domestic and international flights, connecting Armenia to various destinations in Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. The airport has undergone significant renovations in recent years, improving its infrastructure and services to accommodate the increasing number of travelers.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are two international airports: Sarajevo International Airport and Banja Luka International Airport. Sarajevo International Airport is the busiest airport in the country, serving as a major hub for domestic and international flights.

It offers connections to various European cities, as well as destinations in the Middle East. Banja Luka International Airport is located in the northern part of the country and provides additional transportation options for travelers.

In conclusion, when considering Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, differences exist across various aspects, including population statistics and infrastructure development. Understanding these variations highlights the unique characteristics of each country.

Both nations continue to work towards improving the well-being of their citizens and promoting economic growth. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the poverty line

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an important measure that reflects the perception of corruption within a country’s public sector.

In both Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, corruption remains a significant concern. According to the 2020 CPI, Armenia scored 49 out of 100, indicating a moderate level of corruption.

Similarly, Bosnia and Herzegovina scored 38, suggesting a higher level of corruption compared to Armenia. The high level of corruption in both countries has adverse effects on their citizens, particularly those living below the poverty line.

In Armenia, approximately 28% of the population is below the poverty line, struggling to meet their basic needs. The situation is similar in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where around 17% of the population lives in poverty.

This disparity highlights the need for greater transparency, accountability, and anti-corruption measures in both countries. Subtopic 2: Human freedom index

The Human Freedom Index is an important tool that measures the level of personal, civil, and economic freedom within a country.

In terms of human freedom, both Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina have made significant progress since their independence. However, there are still areas where improvement is needed.

According to the 2020 Human Freedom Index, Armenia was ranked 111th out of 162 countries, indicating a moderate level of personal, civil, and economic freedom. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the ranking was slightly lower, with the country placed at 114th.

These rankings reflect ongoing challenges related to democratic governance, individual rights, and the rule of law in both countries. Topic 6: Percentage of internet users

Subtopic 1: English speaking %

The internet has become an essential part of our daily lives, connecting people from different parts of the world.

In both Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the percentage of internet users has been steadily increasing, reflecting the growing importance of digital connectivity. While the exact percentage of internet users may vary, it is essential to consider the English-speaking population in each country.

In Armenia, English proficiency is relatively low, with around 5% of the population being proficient in English. However, efforts are being made to improve English language education and promote digital literacy to bridge the gap and increase English proficiency.

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, English proficiency is slightly higher, with approximately 16% of the population being proficient in the English language. This relatively higher rate of English proficiency can be attributed to various factors, including a history of English language education and the influence of international organizations operating in the country.

The increase in the percentage of internet users and efforts to improve English language skills in both countries will contribute to enhanced digital connectivity, global communication, and access to information and opportunities. It opens pathways for economic growth, technological advancements, and cross-cultural understanding.

In summary, the Corruption Perceptions Index, the percentage of the population below the poverty line, the Human Freedom Index, and the percentage of internet users are essential factors in understanding Armenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina’s current standing and prospects. By addressing corruption, poverty, and improving human freedom in, these countries can make significant strides towards prosperity and a better quality of life for their citizens.

Additionally, increasing internet usage and English proficiency will further enhance their participation in the digital world, creating more opportunities for growth and development.

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