World Comparison

Argentina vs Oman – Country Comparison

Argentina vs Oman: A Comparative Analysis


Area and Capital:

– Argentina is located in South America and is the second-largest country in the continent, spanning over 2.7 million square kilometers. Its capital city is Buenos Aires.

– Oman, on the other hand, is situated in the Middle East and covers an area of 309,500 square kilometers. Its capital city is Muscat.

Official Language and Currency:

– The official language of Argentina is Spanish, reflecting its colonial history. The currency used in Argentina is the Argentine peso (ARS).

– In Oman, Arabic is the official language, reflecting the cultural heritage of the region. The currency used in Oman is the Omani rial (OMR).

Government Form:

– Argentina follows a federal presidential representative democratic republic system. It has three branches of government – the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, ensuring the separation of powers.

– Oman follows an absolute monarchy, with Sultan Haitham bin Tariq Al Said as the current monarch. The Sultan has executive and legislative power, although the state council plays an advisory role.

Annual GDP

GDP per capita:

– Argentina has a relatively high GDP per capita, estimated to be around $12,900 as of 2021. This places it in the upper-middle income category according to the World Bank.

– Oman, a country known for its oil reserves, has a higher GDP per capita than Argentina. As of 2021, its GDP per capita was approximately $35,600, classifying it as a high-income country.

Inflation rate:

– Argentina has struggled with a high inflation rate over the years. As of 2020, its inflation rate was around 36.1%.

This has posed challenges for the country’s economy and led to fluctuations in prices. – In contrast, Oman has maintained a relatively low inflation rate.

As of 2020, its inflation rate was around 0.1%, indicating stability in prices and a favorable economic environment. Argentina and Oman, despite being geographically distant and having distinct cultural backgrounds, have unique characteristics that contribute to their individual development and economic performance.

Argentina’s large size, diverse population, and democratic political system have shaped its trajectory, while Oman’s oil wealth, absolute monarchy, and stable economy have driven its growth. In terms of region, Argentina’s vast land area provides abundant resources, including fertile agricultural land, mineral deposits, and a diverse ecosystem ranging from the Andes Mountains to the Pampas plains.

Its capital city, Buenos Aires, serves as the economic and cultural hub of the country, attracting investors, tourists, and intellectuals alike. Oman, on the other hand, is nestled on the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, overlooking the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman.

Its strategic location has facilitated trade for centuries, and its capital city, Muscat, continues to be a major port and commercial center. Oman’s diverse geography showcases stark contrasts, from its rugged mountains in the north to its coastal plains and deserts in the south.

Language and currency play critical roles in defining national identity and facilitating economic transactions. Argentina’s official language, Spanish, is a remnant of its colonial past under Spanish rule.

This linguistic heritage has influenced its cultural expressions, literature, and political discourse. The Argentine peso is the national currency, with its value fluctuating in response to economic pressures.

Oman’s official language, Arabic, reflects its historical and cultural ties to the Islamic world. The Omani rial serves as the country’s currency, and its stability is bolstered by the nation’s oil wealth.

Despite facing recent challenges due to fluctuations in global oil prices, Oman has maintained a relatively robust economy, allowing for a high GDP per capita compared to Argentina. When it comes to the government form, Argentina operates under a federal presidential representative democratic republic.

This system ensures the balance of power between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, ultimately fostering accountability and transparency. In contrast, Oman follows an absolute monarchy, where the Sultan holds executive and legislative authority.

However, the presence of the state council offers advisory input, allowing for some degree of participation from selected members of society. An examination of the annual GDP highlights the contrasting economic realities between the two nations.

Argentina, with its high GDP per capita in the upper-middle income category, faces the challenge of managing inflation. The country’s history of economic instability, which includes debt crises and currency devaluation, has resulted in intermittent growth and recession periods.

In contrast, Oman’s high-income status and diversified economy, which includes sectors such as tourism, manufacturing, and logistics, contribute to its stable economic environment. The country’s relatively low inflation rate and prudent fiscal policies have been key factors in maintaining economic growth.

In conclusion, Argentina and Oman differ significantly in terms of region, government form, and economic performance. Argentina’s large size, Spanish-speaking culture, and democratic system shape its resilience and potential for growth.

Oman, with its strategic location, Arabic-speaking society, and oil-based economy, has achieved high levels of development. Understanding these differences sheds light on the unique opportunities and challenges faced by each country.


Life Expectancy:

– Argentina has a relatively high life expectancy, with an average of 76.2 years for both males and females. This can be attributed to improvements in healthcare, access to education, and a generally high standard of living.

– Oman also has a good life expectancy, with an average of 77.8 years for males and 81.9 years for females. The country has made significant strides in providing quality healthcare services to its population, resulting in improved life expectancies.

Unemployment Rate:

– Argentina has been grappling with high unemployment rates in recent years. As of 2021, the country’s unemployment rate stands at around 10.8%, which has been exacerbated by economic fluctuations and structural issues within the labor market.

– On the other hand, Oman has a relatively low unemployment rate. The country’s government has implemented policies aimed at creating employment opportunities for its citizens, resulting in an unemployment rate of approximately 3.8% as of 2021.

Average Income:

– In terms of average income, Argentina faces income inequality, with a significant portion of the population earning low wages. The average income in the country is around $10,500 per year.

However, it is important to note that this figure is heavily influenced by a small, wealthy segment of the population. – Oman, as a high-income country, has a higher average income compared to Argentina.

The average income in Oman is approximately $45,200 per year. The country’s oil wealth contributes to a higher standard of living for its citizens.


Roadways and Harbors:

– Argentina boasts a well-developed transportation infrastructure, including an extensive network of roads and highways. The country has over 231,000 kilometers of roadways, which facilitate both domestic and international trade.

Additionally, Argentina has several major seaports, such as the Port of Buenos Aires, which serves as a crucial hub for maritime commerce in the region. – In Oman, the government has invested heavily in developing its road network to facilitate connectivity and economic growth.

The country has over 22,000 kilometers of paved roads. Oman also has a number of well-equipped harbors, including the Port Sultan Qaboos and the Port of Salalah, which play a vital role in Oman’s imports and exports.

Passenger Airports:

– Argentina is home to several major airports, with Ezeiza International Airport in Buenos Aires being the busiest. This airport serves as a gateway for international travelers and is a hub for domestic flights as well.

Argentina also has a number of regional airports located throughout the country. – Oman has invested significantly in expanding its aviation infrastructure in recent years.

The Muscat International Airport, located in the capital city, has undergone extensive renovations and expansion to accommodate the increasing number of visitors to the country. In addition to Muscat, Oman has other airports strategically located throughout the country, serving both domestic and international flights.

The population of a country plays a significant role in its social and economic development. Argentina and Oman exhibit differences in various population indicators.

Argentina has a relatively high life expectancy, indicating a generally healthy and well-supported population. Oman, too, boasts a good life expectancy, reflecting a focus on healthcare provision and improvements in quality of life.

In terms of unemployment rates, Argentina faces challenges with high levels of unemployment, which can have adverse effects on the economy and social cohesion. Conversely, Oman has implemented policies to address unemployment, resulting in a relatively low unemployment rate and a more stable labor market.

When it comes to average income, Argentina experiences income inequality, with a significant wealth gap between the affluent and the lower-income segments of society. Oman, as a high-income country, boasts a higher average income, reflecting the benefits of its oil wealth and efforts to provide a decent standard of living for its citizens.

Infrastructure plays a crucial role in facilitating economic growth and connectivity within a country. Argentina’s well-developed road network and extensive harbor facilities contribute to its ability to engage in domestic and international trade.

Similarly, Oman has made significant investments in its infrastructure, particularly in expanding and improving its road network and developing modern seaports, to support its economic growth. Airports are vital gateways for international travelers and play a crucial role in promoting tourism and economic development.

Argentina’s Ezeiza International Airport serves as a major aviation hub, facilitating both domestic and international travel. Oman has also focused on expanding its aviation infrastructure, with Muscat International Airport undergoing extensive upgrades to accommodate the growing number of visitors to the country.

In conclusion, the population and infrastructure of Argentina and Oman have unique characteristics that shape their socioeconomic development. Argentina’s high life expectancy, albeit marred by high unemployment rates and income inequality, is supported by a well-developed transportation infrastructure.

Oman, with its focus on healthcare provision, low unemployment rates, and higher average income, has made significant investments in its infrastructure, including roadways, harbors, and airports. These factors contribute to the overall development and quality of life in each country.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)


Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a measure that assesses the perceived level of corruption in a country’s public sector. It is determined by various factors such as bribery, embezzlement, and abuse of public office for personal gain.

Let’s compare Argentina and Oman in terms of their CPI scores, as well as explore the percentage of population below the poverty line and the human freedom index in each country.

Population below the Poverty Line:


– Argentina has a significant percentage of its population living below the poverty line. As of 2021, approximately 42% of the population is considered to be living in poverty.

This figure highlights the challenges faced by a significant portion of the population, including limited access to basic necessities such as food, healthcare, and education. Economic fluctuations, income inequality, and job insecurity contribute to the high poverty rates in the country.


– Oman has made significant strides in reducing poverty and improving the standard of living for its citizens. As of 2021, only around 1.6% of the population in Oman is living below the poverty line.

The government has implemented various social welfare programs, including educational initiatives and healthcare provisions, which have played a crucial role in reducing poverty rates. Oman’s focus on inclusive economic policies and equitable distribution of resources has led to these positive outcomes.

Human Freedom Index:


– The Human Freedom Index (HFI) is a measure that assesses the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms individuals enjoy in a particular country. Argentina has made progress in this regard, ranking 67th out of 165 countries in the 2020 index.

The country scores relatively well in terms of civil liberties and personal freedom but faces challenges related to the rule of law, property rights, and the size of the state. Persistent corruption and institutional weaknesses have contributed to some limitations on individual freedoms.


– Oman has performed reasonably well in terms of the Human Freedom Index, ranking 99th out of 165 countries in the 2020 index. The country has made significant progress in recent years in terms of political and civil rights, providing its citizens with increasing freedoms.

However, there are still areas for improvement, particularly in terms of economic freedom and the participation of citizens in the political process. Oman has been taking steps towards diversifying its economy and encouraging entrepreneurship, which may positively impact its future ranking.

Percentage of Internet Users:


– In Argentina, there has been a significant increase in the number of internet users in recent years. As of 2021, approximately 86% of the population has access to the internet.

This high percentage reflects the country’s investment in digital infrastructure and the increasing popularity of smartphones and other devices. Internet usage has been instrumental in fostering communication, facilitating access to information, and driving economic growth through e-commerce and digital services.


– Oman has also witnessed a significant growth in internet usage among its population. As of 2021, around 78% of the population has internet access.

The country has been actively investing in digital infrastructure and promoting internet connectivity, particularly in remote areas. This increase in internet usage has contributed to advancements in e-government services, online education, and the overall digital economy in Oman.

English Speaking



– In Argentina, English proficiency levels vary among the population. English is commonly taught in schools, and many individuals have a basic understanding of the language.

However, the level of fluency and usage of English differs across different regions and age groups. In major cities and among the younger generation, English proficiency is generally higher due to increased exposure to English through media, travel, and international interactions.


– In Oman, English is widely spoken and understood, particularly among the younger generation. English is taught as a second language in schools, and there is a good level of fluency among Omanis, especially in urban areas.

This proficiency in English has facilitated international trade, investment, and fostered cultural exchanges with English-speaking countries. In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index scores highlight the challenges that both Argentina and Oman face in terms of corruption, with Argentina having a relatively lower score compared to Oman.

The percentage of the population below the poverty line is higher in Argentina, indicating the need for more comprehensive social welfare measures. However, both countries have made progress in terms of personal freedoms, with Oman scoring relatively well in terms of poverty reduction and human freedom.

The high percentage of internet users in both countries demonstrates their commitment to digital connectivity, which has facilitated economic and social development. Finally, while English proficiency levels vary, both countries have a significant portion of their population that can communicate in English, enabling global interactions and fostering economic opportunities.

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