World Comparison

Antigua and Barbuda vs Eritrea – Country Comparison

Antigua and Barbuda vs Eritrea: A Comparative Overview

When it comes to exploring the diverse countries that make up our world, Antigua and Barbuda and Eritrea are two nations that may not immediately come to mind. Situated in different regions and boasting distinct characteristics, these countries offer a unique perspective on history, culture, and economic development.

In this article, we will delve into key aspects of each country, comparing and contrasting them to shed light on their similarities and differences.


Area and Capital:

– Antigua and Barbuda: Located in the Caribbean, Antigua and Barbuda covers an area of approximately 443 square kilometers. Its capital city is St. John’s.

– Eritrea: Situated in the Horn of Africa, Eritrea covers a much larger area of approximately 117,600 square kilometers. The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara.

Official Language and Currency:

– Antigua and Barbuda: English is the official language of Antigua and Barbuda, facilitating communication and enabling tourism. Its currency is the Eastern Caribbean dollar (XCD).

– Eritrea: Tigrinya, Arabic, and English are the official languages of Eritrea. Its currency is the Eritrean nakfa (ERN).

Government Form:

– Antigua and Barbuda: The country operates under a parliamentary democracy. The Prime Minister serves as the head of government, elected by popular vote.

– Eritrea: Eritrea is currently classified as a single-party presidential republic. The President, who is also the head of state, holds substantial power.

Annual GDP

GDP Per Capita:

– Antigua and Barbuda: In terms of GDP per capita, Antigua and Barbuda recorded approximately $17,700 in 2019. The country relies heavily on tourism and related services, contributing significantly to its economic growth.

– Eritrea: On the other hand, Eritrea’s GDP per capita was estimated to be around $1,200 in 2019. The nation predominantly relies on agriculture, mining, and remittances from overseas Eritrean workers to drive its economy.

Inflation Rate:

– Antigua and Barbuda: With a relatively stable economy, Antigua and Barbuda maintains a low inflation rate of around 1.3% as of 2021. Government policies and effective fiscal management have contributed to this stable economic environment.

– Eritrea: In contrast, Eritrea experiences a higher inflation rate, which stood at approximately 11% in 2019. Economic challenges, such as limited access to foreign exchange and high government spending, have contributed to this inflationary pressure.

In conclusion, despite their geographical and economic disparities, Antigua and Barbuda and Eritrea showcase distinct features that define their regions and shape their societies. While Antigua and Barbuda thrive as a tourist destination and enjoy a stable economic climate, Eritrea faces its own unique challenges, relying on other sectors to drive its growth.

By understanding these various aspects, we gain valuable insight into the diverse landscapes of our global community.


Life Expectancy:

– Antigua and Barbuda: The life expectancy in Antigua and Barbuda is relatively high, with an average of 77 years for men and 81 years for women. This can be attributed to the country’s focus on healthcare and access to medical facilities.

– Eritrea: Eritrea has a slightly lower life expectancy compared to Antigua and Barbuda, with an average of 65 years for men and 68 years for women. Various factors such as limited access to healthcare facilities and a history of conflicts have contributed to this lower life expectancy.

Unemployment Rate:

– Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda face challenges in terms of unemployment. As of 2021, the unemployment rate stands at around 10%.

The government has implemented initiatives to promote job creation and economic diversification to address this issue. – Eritrea: Eritrea also struggles with high unemployment rates.

However, obtaining accurate data on this topic is challenging due to limited information and a lack of transparency. Factors such as limited economic opportunities and political constraints contribute to the unemployment challenges faced by the country.

Average Income:

– Antigua and Barbuda: The average income in Antigua and Barbuda is relatively higher compared to many other Caribbean nations. The average annual income is approximately $22,000.

Tourism, offshore financial services, and construction contribute to the overall income level. – Eritrea: In contrast, Eritrea has a significantly lower average income compared to Antigua and Barbuda.

The average annual income in Eritrea is estimated to be around $890. Economic challenges, including limited job opportunities in rural areas and dependence on agriculture, impact the income levels in the country.


Roadways and Harbors:

– Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda have well-developed infrastructure when it comes to roadways and harbors. The country has a network of paved roads connecting various towns and villages.

The St. John’s Harbor serves as a major transportation hub, facilitating trade and tourism. – Eritrea: Eritrea has an extensive road network that connects major cities and towns.

The capital city of Asmara is particularly known for its well-maintained and picturesque roadways. Eritrea also has several ports, including the Massawa and Assab ports, which play a crucial role in its economic activities, such as import and export.

Passenger Airports:

– Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda have one international airport, the V.C. Bird International Airport, located near the capital city of St. John’s. This airport serves as a hub for international travel, connecting the country to various destinations across the globe.

– Eritrea: Eritrea has two international airports: the Asmara International Airport and the Massawa International Airport. These airports facilitate both domestic and international travel, connecting Eritrea with different parts of Africa and the Middle East.

In summary, examining the population and infrastructure aspects of Antigua and Barbuda and Eritrea provides a deeper understanding of the unique features and challenges faced by each country. While Antigua and Barbuda enjoy higher life expectancies, a relatively lower unemployment rate, and higher average incomes, Eritrea encounters difficulties in these areas.

Additionally, both nations have made strides in developing their infrastructure, with well-maintained roadways, harbors, and passenger airports that support their economic and social development. By analyzing these facets, we can appreciate the diversity of our global landscape and the efforts made by nations to uplift their societies.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Population below the Poverty Line:

– Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda has a relatively low percentage of its population living below the poverty line. As of 2021, the poverty rate stands at around 11%.

The country has implemented social welfare programs and initiatives to alleviate poverty and provide support to those in need. – Eritrea: Eritrea has a higher percentage of its population living below the poverty line.

As of 2021, approximately 69% of the population is classified as living in poverty. This can be attributed to a combination of factors, including limited economic opportunities, a history of conflicts, and political challenges.

Human Freedom Index:

– Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda ranks relatively well on the Human Freedom Index. The country values personal liberties and individual rights, providing a sense of freedom and opportunities for its citizens.

It is recognized as a democratic society that upholds fundamental human rights. – Eritrea: Eritrea has a significantly lower ranking on the Human Freedom Index.

The country has faced criticism for limited political freedoms and human rights violations. Restrictions on freedom of speech, press, and assembly have been reported, impacting the overall human freedom in the nation.

Percentage of Internet Users:

Internet Usage:

– Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua and Barbuda has a relatively high percentage of internet users. As of 2021, approximately 75% of the population has access to the internet.

The government has made significant investments in digital infrastructure, promoting connectivity and digital literacy among its citizens. – Eritrea: Eritrea has a lower percentage of internet users compared to Antigua and Barbuda.

As of 2021, it is estimated that around 7% of the population has access to the internet. Limited infrastructure, government restrictions, and economic challenges contribute to this low internet penetration rate.

English Speaking Percentage:

– Antigua and Barbuda: English is the official language of Antigua and Barbuda, and a significant percentage of the population can speak English fluently. This is primarily due to the country’s colonial history and the ongoing emphasis on English language education.

Approximately 90% of the population can communicate effectively in English. – Eritrea: In Eritrea, English is one of the official languages alongside Tigrinya and Arabic.

While English is taught in schools, the percentage of the population that speaks English fluently is relatively lower. It is estimated that around 15% to 20% of the population can communicate effectively in English.


Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) sheds light on the levels of corruption in various countries and how they are perceived both domestically and internationally. Understanding the percentage of the population living below the poverty line provides insight into the socio-economic challenges faced by Antigua and Barbuda and Eritrea.

Similarly, examining the Human Freedom Index helps us gauge the level of personal liberties and individual rights in each country. The percentage of internet users and the English-speaking population further highlight the digital divide and language proficiency, impacting communication, connectivity, and access to information in Antigua and Barbuda and Eritrea.

By delving into these aspects, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the social, economic, and technological landscapes of these nations.

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