World Comparison

Angola vs Vanuatu – Country Comparison

Angola vs Vanuatu ComparisonIn this article, we will explore and compare Angola and Vanuatu, two countries that are vastly different in terms of geography, culture, and economy. From their regions to their annual GDP, we will delve into various aspects and shed light on the similarities and differences between the two.

Let’s embark on this educational journey and learn more about these intriguing nations. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital


– Located in Southern Africa, Angola is the seventh-largest country on the continent.

– It spans an impressive area of approximately 1.2 million square kilometers. – The capital city of Angola is Luanda, which is not only the largest city in the country but also serves as a major cultural and economic hub.


– Situated in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, Vanuatu is an archipelago made up of 80 islands. – Its total land area amounts to around 12,189 square kilometers.

– The capital city of Vanuatu is Port Vila, a charming town that overlooks a picturesque harbor and offers a blend of Melanesian and French influences. Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency


– Portuguese is the official language of Angola due to its colonization by the Portuguese.

– The Angolan Kwanza (AOA) serves as the country’s official currency and is managed by the National Bank of Angola. Vanuatu:

– The official languages of Vanuatu are Bislama, English, and French.

Bislama, a Creole language, is widely spoken by the majority of the population. – The currency used in Vanuatu is the Vanuatu Vatu (VUV), which is issued by the Reserve Bank of Vanuatu.

Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Angola follows a presidential republic system. – The president of Angola, elected by popular vote for a five-year term, serves as the head of state and government.


– Vanuatu is a parliamentary republic, where the prime minister is the head of government. – The president of Vanuatu, elected by an electoral college for a five-year term, serves as the head of state.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita


– Despite having immense natural resources, Angola’s GDP per capita is comparatively low. – As of 2020, the GDP per capita of Angola stands at approximately $6,826.


– Vanuatu has a considerably lower GDP per capita as compared to Angola. – As of 2020, the GDP per capita of Vanuatu is estimated to be around $3,613.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– Angola has a high inflation rate, partly attributed to its heavy reliance on oil exports. – In recent years, the inflation rate in Angola has hovered around double digits, creating economic challenges for the country.


– Vanuatu experiences a relatively low inflation rate, contributing to a more stable economic environment. – The country has managed to keep its inflation rate in the low single digits, ensuring a favorable economic climate for its citizens.


In this article, we explored and compared Angola and Vanuatu, shedding light on various aspects such as their region, annual GDP, and government form. From Angola’s vast land area and Portuguese influence to Vanuatu’s mesmerizing islands and multilingual society, these countries offer a unique blend of culture and natural beauty.

While Angola’s higher GDP per capita and inflation rate may present challenges, Vanuatu’s lower figures contribute to a more stable economic environment. Through this comparison, we have gained a deeper understanding of these contrasting nations and their fascinating attributes.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life expectancy


– Angola has made significant progress in improving life expectancy over the years. – As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Angola is approximately 64 years.

– Factors such as improved healthcare services and increased access to education have contributed to this positive trend. Vanuatu:

– Vanuatu’s life expectancy has also seen notable improvement.

– As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Vanuatu is around 72 years. – The government of Vanuatu has prioritized healthcare infrastructure and services, resulting in better health outcomes for its population.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment rate


– Angola has faced challenges related to unemployment, particularly among its youth population. – As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Angola stands at around 32%.

– Economic diversification and job creation initiatives are being implemented to tackle this issue and provide more employment opportunities for the population. Vanuatu:

– Vanuatu has a considerably lower unemployment rate compared to Angola.

– As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Vanuatu is estimated to be around 4%. – The tourism industry plays a significant role in providing employment opportunities in Vanuatu, with the government focusing on sustainable tourism development to support local livelihoods.

Subtopic 3: Average Income


– Angola is rich in natural resources, particularly oil and diamonds. However, the benefits of these resources have not fully translated into higher average incomes for its population.

– As of 2020, the average income in Angola is approximately $4,085. – The government is working towards reducing income inequality and improving living standards through economic diversification and inclusive growth strategies.


– Vanuatu has a lower average income compared to Angola, mainly due to its smaller economy and limited resources. – As of 2020, the average income in Vanuatu is estimated to be around $3,126.

– The government is focusing on sustainable development initiatives, including agriculture and tourism, to enhance incomes and improve the quality of life for its citizens. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors


– Angola’s infrastructure, particularly its roadways, has seen significant development in recent years.

– The country has an extensive road network, connecting major cities and facilitating trade and transportation. – Angola also boasts several deep-water ports, such as the Port of Luanda and Port of Lobito, which play a crucial role in international trade and the export of commodities.


– Vanuatu’s road infrastructure is relatively limited due to its archipelagic geography. – However, efforts are underway to improve road connections between islands to enhance transportation and access to essential services.

– Vanuatu’s harbors, such as the Port Vila and Luganville, are vital for maritime trade and tourism activities, serving as gateways to the islands’ natural beauty. Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports


– Angola has several international airports, with the Quatro de Fevereiro Airport in Luanda being the busiest and most important.

– The airport serves as a major hub, connecting Angola to various destinations around the world. – Other significant airports in Angola include the Aeroporto da Catumbela and Aeroporto de Lubango, serving domestic and international flights.


– Vanuatu has a few airports spread across its islands, catering to domestic and international travel. – The Bauerfield International Airport in Port Vila is the main air gateway to Vanuatu, offering connections to major cities in the region.

– Other key airports in Vanuatu include the Santo-Pekoa International Airport and Tanna Airport, providing accessibility to popular tourist destinations within the archipelago. In conclusion, as we have delved deeper into the comparison between Angola and Vanuatu, we have gained valuable insights into various aspects such as population, infrastructure, and the socioeconomic landscape of these nations.

Angola’s higher unemployment rate and average income, coupled with its ambitious infrastructure projects, amplify the country’s efforts to overcome economic challenges and improve the lives of its citizens. On the other hand, Vanuatu’s lower unemployment rate and average income, coupled with its focus on sustainable development and tourism, showcase the nation’s commitment to balanced growth and preserving its natural beauty.

Overall, this comparison illustrates the uniqueness and diversity of these two countries, each with its own set of opportunities and challenges. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the poverty line


– Angola has a high percentage of its population living below the poverty line.

– As of 2020, approximately 32.7% of the population in Angola is classified as living in poverty. – The government has implemented poverty reduction programs and initiatives to address this issue and improve the standard of living for its citizens.


– Vanuatu also faces challenges related to poverty, albeit to a lesser extent than Angola. – Around 12.7% of the population in Vanuatu lives below the poverty line.

– The government, along with international organizations and NGOs, is actively involved in poverty alleviation efforts, focusing on improving access to education, healthcare, and economic opportunities. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index


– Angola ranks relatively low on the Human Freedom Index, which measures various factors such as civil liberties, political rights, and the rule of law.

– The country’s history of internal conflict and its impact on human rights have contributed to this ranking. – The government has been implementing reforms to promote and protect human rights, with a particular focus on freedom of expression and democratic reforms.


– Vanuatu has a higher ranking on the Human Freedom Index compared to Angola. – The country is known for its political stability and respect for civil liberties and human rights.

– Vanuatu’s commitment to democracy, transparency, and the rule of law has played a significant role in its favorable ranking. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English speaking %


– While Portuguese is the official language of Angola, English is also widely spoken.

– As of 2020, the percentage of English speakers in Angola is approximately 29%. – English proficiency in Angola has been increasing due to its importance in international business and trade.


– In Vanuatu, English is one of the official languages, alongside Bislama and French. – As of 2020, the percentage of English speakers in Vanuatu is estimated to be around 40%.

– English plays a crucial role in education, government, and business sectors in Vanuatu, contributing to its higher percentage of English speakers compared to Angola. Expanding access to the Internet is an essential aspect of global connectivity and information sharing.

While both Angola and Vanuatu face challenges in this area due to factors such as infrastructure and geography, efforts to increase internet penetration have been ongoing. Angola:

– As of 2020, the percentage of internet users in Angola is approximately 27% of the population.

– The government has recognized the importance of digital connectivity and has taken steps to promote internet access, particularly in urban areas. – Private and public initiatives are being implemented to expand internet infrastructure and services, bridging the digital divide within the country.


– In Vanuatu, the percentage of internet users is higher compared to Angola, with approximately 53% of the population having access to the internet. – The government has been working towards improving internet accessibility in both urban and rural areas.

– Initiatives such as the Vanuatu Interchange Project, which aims to enhance internet connectivity and e-services, have been successful in increasing internet usage among the population. In conclusion, as we delve further into the comparison between Angola and Vanuatu, we gain a comprehensive understanding of aspects such as corruption perceptions, poverty rates, human freedom, and internet usage.

Angola’s higher poverty rate and lower human freedom index indicate the challenges the country faces, although its efforts towards poverty reduction and human rights reforms show a commitment to improvement. On the other hand, Vanuatu’s lower poverty rate, higher human freedom index, and higher percentage of internet users highlight the country’s progress in these areas.

Through continued efforts, both Angola and Vanuatu strive to build better societies and create opportunities for their respective populations.

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