World Comparison

Angola vs United Arab Emirates – Country Comparison

Angola vs United Arab Emirates: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to comparing countries, it’s always important to consider various aspects that contribute to their overall development and progress. This article delves into a comparison between Angola and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), shedding light on their region, government form, GDP, and other relevant factors.

By examining these key elements, we can gain a better understanding of the similarities and differences between these two nations. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital

– Angola, located in Southern Africa, covers an expansive area of about 1.25 million square miles.

Its capital city is Luanda, an energetic metropolis known for its vibrant culture and impressive architecture. – The UAE, on the other hand, is situated in the Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

Its total land area is approximately 32,300 square miles. The capital city of the UAE is Abu Dhabi, an urban hub that boasts modern infrastructure and spectacular skyscrapers.

Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency

– The official language of Angola is Portuguese, a legacy of its colonial past under Portuguese rule. The national currency is the Angolan Kwanza (AOA).

– In the UAE, the official language is Arabic, reflecting its cultural heritage. However, due to its cosmopolitan nature, English is widely spoken as well.

The currency used in the UAE is the UAE Dirham (AED). Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Angola operates under a presidential republic system, with the President serving as both the head of state and the head of the government.

The country also has a multi-party political system. – The UAE, however, follows a different form of government known as a federal absolute monarchy.

It consists of seven emirates, with each emirate having its own ruler. The President of the UAE is elected from among the seven emirate rulers and serves as the head of state.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

– When it comes to comparing the GDP per capita of Angola and the UAE, there is a significant disparity. As of 2021, Angola has a GDP per capita of around $4,128, making it a lower-middle-income country.

– In contrast, the UAE boasts a much higher GDP per capita of approximately $43,000, classifying it as a high-income country. This stark difference can be attributed to the UAE’s vast oil reserves and its focus on diversifying its economy.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

– Angola has been grappling with high inflation rates, with the annual inflation rate reaching over 26% in recent years. Factors like currency devaluation and reliance on oil exports have contributed to this economic challenge.

– In contrast, the UAE has maintained relatively low inflation rates, averaging around 1-3%. This stability can be attributed to the UAE’s prudent economic policies, diversification efforts, and efficient financial management.


This comparative analysis has shed light on key aspects of Angola and the UAE, encompassing their region, government form, GDP, and inflation rates. While Angola spans a vast area and operates under a presidential republic system, the UAE is known for its smaller size and federal absolute monarchy.

In terms of GDP, the UAE surpasses Angola by a significant margin, thanks to its thriving economy and extensive oil reserves. Additionally, unlike Angola’s high inflation rates, the UAE has managed to maintain stability through effective economic measures.

By understanding these differences, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the unique characteristics and development trajectories of each country. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to life expectancy, Angola and the UAE exhibit notable differences.

In Angola, the average life expectancy is around 63 years for males and 68 years for females. This relatively low life expectancy can be attributed to various factors, including limited access to quality healthcare, high prevalence of diseases, and a history of civil unrest.

In contrast, the UAE boasts a significantly higher life expectancy, with males averaging around 78 years and females around 82 years. This can be attributed to the country’s robust healthcare system, which provides widespread access to quality medical services.

The UAE has invested heavily in healthcare infrastructure, ensuring its population can benefit from advanced treatments and preventive measures. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates also present contrasting figures in Angola and the UAE.

In Angola, the unemployment rate stood at around 30% as of 2021. This high unemployment rate is a concern for the country’s labor market, particularly among the youth population.

Challenges such as limited job opportunities, weak education systems, and underdeveloped industries contribute to the high unemployment rate in Angola. On the other hand, the UAE maintains a significantly lower unemployment rate, estimated to be around 2.5%.

The UAE’s proactive approach to job creation and economic diversification has led to a thriving job market and ample employment opportunities. The country has attracted a significant number of expatriate workers who contribute to its diverse workforce.

Additionally, the UAE prioritizes talent development and offers a range of training programs and initiatives to enhance the skills and employability of its citizens. Subtopic 3: Average Income

When examining average income, Angola and the UAE show substantial disparities.

In Angola, the average income is relatively low, with the gross national income per capita standing at approximately $4,070 as of 2020. This income level reflects the economic challenges faced by the country, including a heavy reliance on oil exports and limited economic diversification.

Conversely, the average income in the UAE is considerably higher. The country’s gross national income per capita was estimated to be around $42,810 in 2020.

This is mainly due to the UAE’s diversified economy, with sectors such as finance, tourism, real estate, and logistics contributing significantly to its overall income. The UAE’s robust economic growth and high standard of living have helped elevate the average income of its residents.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors

When it comes to infrastructure, both Angola and the UAE have made significant investments, albeit with varying levels of development. Angola’s road network has seen substantial improvements over the years, connecting major cities and regions.

However, there are still challenges in terms of road quality and accessibility, particularly in rural areas. In terms of harbors, Angola is blessed with a natural deep-water coastline that supports several ports, enabling it to be a vital player in regional trade.

In contrast, the UAE prides itself on a world-class infrastructure. The country has developed an extensive and well-maintained road network, including modern highways and bridges that facilitate efficient transportation across its emirates.

The UAE is also home to several major ports, such as Jebel Ali Port in Dubai, which is one of the largest container ports in the world. These ports serve as crucial gateways for international trade and contribute to the UAE’s position as a global logistics hub.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Both Angola and the UAE have made significant progress in developing their passenger airports, albeit with different scales and capacities. Angola’s main international airport is Quatro de Fevereiro Airport in Luanda, which serves as the gateway to the country.

The government has undertaken initiatives to improve and expand airport facilities to accommodate increasing passenger traffic. However, further developments are required to meet international standards and accommodate the expected growth in the aviation sector.

On the other hand, the UAE is renowned for its state-of-the-art airports, particularly Dubai International Airport and Abu Dhabi International Airport. These airports are among the busiest in the world, offering an extensive network of flights to destinations across the globe.

The UAE has also invested in the expansion of its airports and the development of new ones, such as the under-construction Al Maktoum International Airport in Dubai. These efforts reinforce the UAE’s status as a global aviation hub.

In conclusion, a comparison of Angola and the UAE reveals striking differences in population, infrastructure, and economic indicators. Angola faces challenges such as a lower life expectancy, high unemployment rates, and relatively low average income.

However, the UAE excels in these areas, boasting a higher life expectancy, significantly lower unemployment rates, and a higher average income. Furthermore, the UAE’s infrastructure, including its roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, stands out for its world-class standards and efficient connectivity.

By examining these factors, we gain valuable insights into the diverse characteristics and developmental trajectories of these two nations. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line

One crucial aspect of comparing countries is to examine the level of corruption and the impact it has on the socioeconomic development of a nation.

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) provides a measure of perceived corruption in the public sector. When considering Angola and the UAE, there are clear differences in perceived corruption and poverty levels.

In Angola, corruption has long been a significant concern. As of 2020, Angola scored 27 out of 100 on the CPI, indicating a high level of perceived corruption.

This has had a detrimental effect on the country’s socioeconomic development, with a significant portion of the population living below the poverty line. Approximately 41% of the Angolan population lives below the national poverty line, struggling to access basic necessities such as clean water, education, and healthcare.

Corruption and mismanagement of resources have hindered progress in poverty reduction and have perpetuated inequality within the country. Contrastingly, the UAE has made significant strides in combating corruption and upholding transparency in its public sector.

With a CPI score of 69 out of 100 in 2020, the UAE is considered to have relatively lower levels of perceived corruption. This commitment to integrity and good governance has resulted in a more favorable environment for economic development and poverty reduction.

In the UAE, less than 1% of the population live below the national poverty line, indicating efforts towards providing a decent standard of living for its citizens. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

Assessing the level of human freedom in a society provides valuable insights into the overall quality of life experienced by its citizens.

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) takes into account various indicators related to personal, civil, and economic freedoms. Comparing Angola and the UAE in terms of human freedom reveals differing circumstances.

In Angola, the HFI score is relatively low, reflecting significant restrictions on personal liberties, civil rights, and economic freedom. Factors such as political instability, limited access to justice, and weak rule of law contribute to the constraints on freedom experienced by Angolan citizens.

This lack of freedom hampers socioeconomic progress and inhibits the flourishing of a vibrant civil society. Conversely, the UAE demonstrates a comparatively higher level of human freedom.

While the country may have certain limitations on personal freedoms and political participation, it has made considerable progress in providing a conducive environment for economic opportunities, individual choices, and social liberties. The UAE’s commitment to fostering personal freedom and economic empowerment has attracted international investments, promoted cultural diversity, and ensured a relatively high standard of living for its residents.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %

With rapid advancements in technology, the internet has become an essential tool for communication, education, and economic growth. Examining the percentage of internet users and the English-speaking population provides insights into digital access and connectivity.

In Angola, the percentage of internet users stands at about 32.4% as of 2021. The country has made significant progress in improving internet infrastructure, but challenges such as limited access in rural areas and high costs still persist.

However, the English-speaking population in Angola is relatively low, making up a minority of the overall population. While efforts are being made to promote English language education, Portuguese remains the dominant language in the country.

In contrast, the UAE boasts a significantly higher percentage of internet users, with around 98% of the population having access to the internet. The country has invested heavily in building a robust digital infrastructure, ensuring widespread connectivity and access to online services.

Additionally, the UAE has a relatively high English-speaking population due to its expatriate workforce, which contributes to the country’s multicultural and cosmopolitan nature. English serves as a widely used language for business, education, and everyday communication in the UAE.


Examining the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), poverty levels, human freedom index, and internet usage paints a comprehensive picture of the disparities and similarities between Angola and the UAE. Angola faces challenges related to perceived corruption, high poverty rates, limited human freedom, and lower internet penetration.

Conversely, the UAE demonstrates progress in combating corruption, reducing poverty, ensuring greater human freedom, and providing extensive internet access. By understanding these factors, we can appreciate the diverse developmental paths and opportunities that shape the lives of individuals in these two nations.

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