World Comparison

Angola vs Turkmenistan – Country Comparison

Angola vs Turkmenistan: A Comparative Analysis


Angola and Turkmenistan are two countries located on different continents. Angola is situated in Southern Africa, while Turkmenistan is found in Central Asia.

Let’s delve deeper into the region and explore some key aspects. Subtopic 1: Area and Capital

– Angola covers an extensive area of approximately 1,246,700 square kilometers, making it the seventh-largest country in Africa.

– The capital of Angola is Luanda, which is not only the largest city in the country but also serves as its administrative, cultural, and economic hub. – On the other hand, Turkmenistan spans an area of about 488,100 square kilometers, placing it as the 53rd largest country globally by area.

– The capital city of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat, renowned for its stunning white marble buildings and fascinating architecture. Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency

– The official language in Angola is Portuguese.

This colonial influence stems from Angola’s history as a former Portuguese colony. – As for the currency, Angola uses the Angolan kwanza (AOA) as its official monetary unit.

– In Turkmenistan, the official language is Turkmen, a language belonging to the Turkic family. Russian and Uzbek are also widely spoken.

– Turkmenistan’s official currency is the Turkmenistan manat (TMT), which replaced the Russian ruble following independence. Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Angola’s government is a presidential republic, with the President of Angola serving as both the head of state and the head of government.

– The political landscape in Angola is dominated by the ruling party, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). – Turkmenistan, on the other hand, is a presidential republic as well, with the President of Turkmenistan acting as the head of state and government.

– However, Turkmenistan has been criticized for its authoritarian regime, with limited political freedoms and a lack of multi-party democracy.

Annual GDP

Now let’s turn our attention to the economic aspect of both countries and examine their annual GDP. Subtopic 1: GDP per Capita

– Angola, despite being rich in natural resources, has faced significant challenges in economic development.

As a result, its GDP per capita is relatively low. According to the latest data available, Angola’s GDP per capita stands at approximately $4,200.

– Turkmenistan, on the other hand, has enjoyed significant economic growth due to its abundance of natural gas reserves. Consequently, its GDP per capita is comparatively higher, standing at roughly $7,900.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

– In terms of inflation rate, Angola has faced considerable instability. The Angolan economy has been largely dependent on oil exports, making it vulnerable to global oil price fluctuations.

This vulnerability has contributed to high inflation rates, reaching double digits in recent years. – Turkmenistan, on the contrary, has implemented strict state control over its economy, including currency exchange rates and price controls.

As a result, the country has managed to maintain a relatively low inflation rate. In conclusion, this comparative analysis between Angola and Turkmenistan has shed light on various aspects of the two countries.

While Angola boasts a larger land area and has Portuguese as its official language, Turkmenistan stands out with its impressive GDP per capita and controlled inflation rate. By understanding these differences, we gain valuable insight into the unique characteristics and challenges faced by these nations.

Topic 3: Population

Population is a fundamental aspect of a country’s development and societal dynamics. In this section, we will explore the population of Angola and Turkmenistan, focusing on their life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income.

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is an important indicator of a nation’s overall well-being and healthcare standards. In Angola, the life expectancy is relatively low compared to global averages.

As of the latest data, the average life expectancy for Angolans is approximately 62 years. This lower life expectancy can be attributed to several factors, including inadequate healthcare infrastructure, a high prevalence of communicable diseases, and limited access to quality healthcare services in rural areas.

On the other hand, Turkmenistan boasts a higher life expectancy. The country’s healthcare system has made significant progress in recent years, resulting in an average life expectancy of around 70 years.

This improvement is primarily due to advancements in medical facilities, access to healthcare services, and a focus on preventive healthcare measures. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates provide insights into a country’s labor market and the ability of its population to participate in the workforce.

In Angola, the unemployment rate has been a persistent challenge, particularly among the youth population. According to recent data, the overall unemployment rate in Angola stands at around 25%.

This high unemployment rate can be attributed to factors such as limited job opportunities outside the oil industry, inadequate educational system, and a growing population that outpaces job creation. Turkmenistan, on the other hand, has a relatively low unemployment rate compared to many other countries.

The latest figures indicate that the unemployment rate in Turkmenistan is around 5%. This low rate is primarily due to the government’s strict control over the labor force, with a significant portion of the population being employed in state-administered industries and public sector jobs.

Subtopic 3: Average Income

The average income of a population reflects the overall economic well-being and living standards. In Angola, the average income is relatively low compared to many countries around the world.

The latest data shows that the average income in Angola is approximately $4,000 per year. This low average income can be attributed to a combination of factors, including high levels of poverty, limited job opportunities, and an economy heavily reliant on oil exports.

In Turkmenistan, the average income is higher, but still modest compared to global standards. As of the latest data, the average income in Turkmenistan stands at around $7,200 per year.

This relatively higher average income can be attributed to the country’s significant natural gas reserves, which have contributed to economic growth and created employment opportunities. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s development and its ability to facilitate trade, transportation, and communication.

Let’s explore the infrastructure of Angola and Turkmenistan, focusing on roadways, harbors, and passenger airports. Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors

Angola has made significant investments in road infrastructure in recent years, improving connectivity within the country.

The national road system spans over 51,000 kilometers, with major highways linking cities and regions. However, road conditions beyond the main highways can be challenging, particularly in rural areas.

In terms of harbors, Angola benefits from a strategic coastal location that provides access to the Atlantic Ocean. The Port of Luanda, located in the capital city, is the largest and busiest seaport in the country.

It serves as a vital gateway for international trade, facilitating the import and export of goods. Similarly, Turkmenistan has been focusing on developing its road infrastructure to enhance domestic and regional connectivity.

The country has an extensive road network of over 58,000 kilometers. These roads play a crucial role in connecting towns and cities within Turkmenistan, as well as facilitating trade with neighboring countries.

Regarding harbors, Turkmenistan’s access to the Caspian Sea provides opportunities for maritime trade. The Port of Turkmenbashi, located on the southeastern coast of the Caspian Sea, is the country’s main port and acts as a vital hub for international shipping.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Angola has several international airports, with the busiest and most well-known being Quatro de Fevereiro International Airport in Luanda. This airport serves as the primary gateway for international air travel, connecting Angola to various destinations around the world.

Other airports, such as Huambo Airport and Lubango Airport, provide domestic and limited regional air connectivity. Turkmenistan also has a well-established network of airports, facilitating both domestic and international air travel.

Ashgabat International Airport, located in the capital city, is the country’s main international airport. It serves as a vital transportation hub, connecting Turkmenistan to numerous destinations globally.

Additionally, Turkmenbashi International Airport and Mary International Airport provide further options for air travel within the country. In conclusion, while Angola and Turkmenistan differ in various aspects of their population and infrastructure, understanding these differences helps us gain insights into the unique characteristics and challenges faced by each country.

Despite their disparities, both nations strive to improve their people’s quality of life and continue developing their infrastructure to support their economic growth and well-being. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Corruption is a critical issue that can hinder a country’s progress and erode public trust in its institutions.

In this section, we will compare Angola and Turkmenistan based on their Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), population below the poverty line, and human freedom index. Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty line

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is a crucial measure of economic inequality and social well-being.

In Angola, a significant portion of the population faces poverty. According to recent data, approximately 32.3% of Angolans live below the poverty line.

This high poverty rate is due to various factors such as limited job opportunities, inadequate access to basic services, and social disparities. However, it is worth noting that the Angolan government has been implementing poverty reduction programs aimed at alleviating this issue.

Turkmenistan, on the other hand, has a relatively low poverty rate. The latest data suggests that approximately 2.2% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This low poverty rate can be attributed to the government’s extensive control of the economy and its efforts to invest in social welfare programs. Turkmenistan’s policies aim to ensure that the benefits of economic growth are more evenly distributed among the population.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index measures the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a country. Angola has faced challenges in terms of human freedom.

Factors such as political repression, limited free speech, and restricted civil liberties contribute to a lower ranking on the Human Freedom Index. However, there have been recent efforts to promote human rights and expand freedoms in Angola, indicating a positive trajectory.

Turkmenistan, on the other hand, has been criticized for its limited political freedoms and human rights record. The government exerts strict control over media, limits freedom of expression, and restricts political dissent.

These factors contribute to Turkmenistan’s lower ranking on the Human Freedom Index. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

In an increasingly connected world, access to the internet is essential for economic development, education, and information exchange.

Let’s explore the percentage of internet users in Angola and Turkmenistan, as well as the percentage of English-speaking individuals within their populations. Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage

English is a widely spoken language and serves as a means of global communication.

The percentage of English-speaking individuals within a population can significantly impact international interactions and economic opportunities. In Angola, Portuguese is the official language, and while English is not widely spoken, there is a growing number of English speakers, primarily among the younger generation and those in urban areas.

English proficiency is particularly important in industries such as tourism, international trade, and technology. In Turkmenistan, Turkmen is the official language, and Russian is widely spoken due to historical reasons.

English proficiency in Turkmenistan is relatively low, with limited emphasis on English language education within the country. However, there is a growing recognition of the importance of English as a global language, and efforts are being made to improve English language education.


The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an important measure that assesses the perceived levels of corruption in the public sector of different countries. It provides crucial insights into the trustworthiness and transparency of a nation’s government and public institutions.

Angola and Turkmenistan have varying performance on the CPI. According to the latest report, Angola is ranked 142nd out of 180 countries, with a score of 27 out of 100.

This score indicates a high perception of corruption, highlighting the need for greater transparency and efforts to combat corruption within the country. In contrast, Turkmenistan ranks 165th out of 180 countries, with a CPI score of 19 out of 100.

This lower score suggests a greater perceived level of corruption in Turkmenistan’s public sector. The government’s tight control over various sectors and limited transparency contribute to this perception.

Moving on to internet penetration, access to the internet is a critical factor in a country’s development, fostering economic growth, educational opportunities, and information exchange. In Angola, the percentage of internet users has been steadily increasing in recent years, reaching approximately 26.4% of the population.

This growth can be attributed to improved telecommunications infrastructure and increased availability of mobile internet services. In Turkmenistan, the percentage of internet users is lower, with approximately 22.1% of the population having access to the internet.

The government maintains strict control over internet access, imposing censorship and surveillance measures. As a result, Turkmenistan ranks among countries with limited internet freedom, hindering access to information and online communication.

Regarding the percentage of English-speaking individuals, it is worth noting that English proficiency can greatly facilitate international communication, business opportunities, and cultural exchange. In Angola, while Portuguese is the official language, there is a growing number of English speakers, particularly among the younger generation and the urban population.

English proficiency is essential for sectors such as tourism, international trade, and technology, which require communication with international partners and customers. In Turkmenistan, while Turkmen is the official language, Russian is also widely spoken due to historical reasons.

However, English proficiency remains relatively low, with limited emphasis on English language education. Efforts to improve English language education are essential to enhance international communication and access to global opportunities.

In conclusion, a comprehensive analysis of Angola and Turkmenistan highlights significant differences in corruption perceptions, internet penetration, and English language proficiency. While Angola faces challenges in corruption and internet access, efforts are being made to address these issues.

Turkmenistan, on the other hand, struggles with limited human freedom and lower internet penetration. Recognizing these differences enables a better understanding of the unique challenges and opportunities faced by each country in their journey towards development and international integration.

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