World Comparison

Angola vs Sri Lanka – Country Comparison

Angola vs Sri Lanka ComparisonWhen it comes to exploring different countries, we often find ourselves intrigued by their unique characteristics. Today, let’s embark on a journey and delve into a comparison between Angola and Sri Lanka.

From their regions to their annual GDP, this article aims to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of these two distinct nations. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital

– Angola, located in Southern Africa, spans an enormous 1,246,700 square kilometers, making it the 7th largest country on the continent.

– Luanda, the capital city of Angola, not only serves as the country’s political hub but also as its largest city with a population of over 2.9 million. – On the other hand, Sri Lanka, an island country situated in South Asia, occupies a smaller area of 65,610 square kilometers.

– Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is the legislative capital of Sri Lanka, while Colombo is its largest city and commercial capital, home to approximately 5.6 million people. Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency

– In Angola, Portuguese takes the spotlight as the official language, inherited during the colonial era.

– The Angolan Kwanza serves as the national currency, denoted by the currency code AOA. – Conversely, Sri Lanka’s official languages are Sinhala and Tamil, which bear equal recognition.

– The Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR) represents the country’s currency, known for its distinctive symbol, Rs.

Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Angola adopts a presidential republic system, wherein the President serves as both the head of state and government. – In contrast, Sri Lanka follows a semi-presidential form of government, ensuring a division of power between the President and Prime Minister.

– The President holds executive powers, while the Prime Minister focuses on parliamentary affairs. Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

– When it comes to GDP per capita, Angola stands at $4,763.34, placing it in the lower-middle-income country bracket.

– Conversely, Sri Lanka boasts a higher GDP per capita of $3,926.54, giving it a middle-income classification. – These figures highlight the economic disparities between the two nations.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

– Angola faces a significant challenge in managing its inflation rate, which stood at around 22.75% in 2020. – On the other hand, Sri Lanka has dealt with an inflation rate of roughly 3.2%, demonstrating its stability in this regard.


In conclusion, delving into the comparison between Angola and Sri Lanka reveals notable distinctions in various aspects of these two nations. From their regions to their annual GDP, it is evident that each country possesses its own unique character.

By understanding these differences, we gain a deeper knowledge and appreciation for the diverse world in which we live. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to life expectancy, a key indicator of the overall health and well-being of a population, Angola and Sri Lanka showcase contrasting figures.

In Angola, the average life expectancy at birth is approximately 60 years for both males and females. This relatively low number is influenced by various factors, including limited access to healthcare, high prevalence of infectious diseases, and a lack of comprehensive public health infrastructure.

However, it is worth noting that Angola has made significant progress in recent years in improving healthcare services and reducing child mortality rates. On the other hand, Sri Lanka boasts a much higher average life expectancy.

As of the latest data available, the average life expectancy at birth in Sri Lanka is around 77 years for males and 83 years for females. This impressive figure can be attributed to the country’s robust healthcare system, which provides accessible and affordable healthcare to its citizens, as well as its proactive efforts in disease prevention and health promotion.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates play a crucial role in understanding the economic dynamics and job market conditions within a country. Let’s compare the unemployment rates in Angola and Sri Lanka to gain insights into their respective labor markets.

In Angola, the unemployment rate stood at approximately 30% as of the latest available data. This high unemployment rate reflects the challenges faced by the country in generating sufficient employment opportunities and addressing the needs of its growing workforce.

Factors such as limited industrial diversification and an overreliance on the oil sector contribute to this situation. However, the Angolan government has been implementing various initiatives to stimulate job creation and reduce unemployment, with a focus on sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism.

Sri Lanka, on the other hand, maintains a lower unemployment rate compared to Angola. As of the latest data, the unemployment rate in Sri Lanka hovers around 4.4%, which is relatively favorable.

This figure showcases the country’s ability to create employment opportunities and absorb its workforce into various sectors, including services, manufacturing, and agriculture. Sri Lanka’s strong education system, investment in human capital, and entrepreneurial spirit have contributed to a better job market situation.

Subtopic 3: Average Income

Examining the average income in Angola and Sri Lanka allows us to understand the economic conditions and standards of living in these two nations. In Angola, the average income per capita is approximately $4,180.

While this figure may seem relatively high, it is essential to consider the significant income inequality within the country. Much of Angola’s population still faces poverty and limited access to basic services, despite the country’s significant oil reserves.

Efforts to diversify the economy and promote inclusive growth are ongoing to reduce income disparities and improve the overall well-being of its citizens. In Sri Lanka, the average income per capita is around $4,065.

This figure, while slightly lower than Angola’s, reflects a more balanced distribution of income within the population. Sri Lanka’s economy is characterized by a mix of industries, including agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing.

The country’s focus on human capital development, infrastructure improvement, and socio-economic policies has contributed to a relatively stable income distribution and overall standard of living. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors

Infrastructure development is essential for economic growth and connectivity.

Let’s explore the state of roadways and harbors in Angola and Sri Lanka. In Angola, road infrastructure plays a crucial role in connecting various regions.

Major projects have been undertaken to improve the country’s road network, including the construction and rehabilitation of national and regional highways. However, despite the efforts, challenges such as inadequate maintenance and an expansive geographic landscape still pose obstacles to efficient transportation.

Angola also boasts several harbors, including the Port of Luanda, which serves as a vital transport hub for international trade. Similarly, Sri Lanka has been investing in enhancing its road infrastructure.

The country’s road network spans across the island, connecting its various cities and regions. The development of expressways and highways has significantly improved connectivity and reduced travel time between major urban centers.

In terms of harbors, Sri Lanka boasts the strategic advantage of being located on major international shipping routes. The Port of Colombo, in particular, stands as one of the busiest container ports in South Asia, facilitating trade and connectivity for Sri Lanka and the region.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Efficient air transportation is crucial for connectivity, tourism, and international trade. Let’s explore the passenger airports in Angola and Sri Lanka.

In Angola, Quatro de Fevereiro International Airport in Luanda serves as the primary gateway for international air travel. It is one of the busiest airports in the region, connecting Angola to various destinations worldwide.

The country also has several domestic airports, facilitating internal travel and connectivity to remote areas. Sri Lanka possesses multiple international airports, with Bandaranaike International Airport near Colombo being the main gateway.

This airport connects Sri Lanka to numerous global destinations and serves as a hub for international airlines. Additionally, Sri Lanka has domestic airports in various regions, ensuring efficient connectivity within the country.


Exploring the population dynamics, infrastructure, and economic indicators of Angola and Sri Lanka allows us to appreciate the unique characteristics and challenges faced by each nation. From life expectancy and unemployment rates to average income levels and infrastructure development, these areas provide insights into the overall social and economic conditions within each country.

Understanding these nuances offers a broader perspective on the diverse world we live in. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line

Examining the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) alongside the percentage of the population below the poverty line provides valuable insights into the socio-economic landscape of Angola and Sri Lanka.

According to the latest CPI, Angola ranks 142nd out of 180 countries, indicating a relatively high perception of corruption within the country. This perception of corruption has a direct impact on the country’s efforts to alleviate poverty.

In Angola, approximately 41% of the population lives below the poverty line. These individuals face significant challenges in accessing basic necessities such as food, clean water, education, and healthcare.

The corruption perception and the high poverty rate highlight the need for comprehensive anti-corruption measures and targeted poverty reduction strategies in Angola. Shifting our focus to Sri Lanka, the country ranks higher on the CPI, at 94th place.

However, corruption still persists, albeit to a lesser extent. While the corruption perception is relatively lower than in Angola, Sri Lanka faces its own set of challenges in terms of poverty.

Approximately 4.1% of the population in Sri Lanka lives below the poverty line. This figure, while significantly lower than in Angola, highlights the need for continued efforts to improve income distribution, enhance social safety nets, and enable inclusive economic growth.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

Examining the Human Freedom Index sheds light on the level of personal freedom and civil liberties available to individuals in Angola and Sri Lanka. In Angola, the Human Freedom Index ranks the country in the lower range, reflecting a significant scope for improvement in various areas.

Despite high economic growth due to the oil sector, civil liberties and political freedom face limitations. Restrictions on freedom of expression, assembly, and association persist, which hinders the overall promotion of human rights and democratic values.

Efforts to strengthen human rights institutions, promote media freedom, and foster inclusive political participation are necessary to improve the human freedom index in Angola. Sri Lanka performs comparatively better in terms of the Human Freedom Index.

The country ranks higher and showcases a more favorable assessment of civil liberties and political freedom. Sri Lanka maintains a vibrant democratic system with regular elections and a range of civil society organizations that contribute to public discourse.

However, it is important to address ongoing concerns regarding human rights issues and ensure the protection of minority rights and freedom of expression for all citizens. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage

Analyzing the percentage of internet users, specifically the English-speaking population, provides valuable insights into the digital landscape of Angola and Sri Lanka.

In Angola, the percentage of internet users has been growing steadily in recent years. As of the latest available data, approximately 29% of the population uses the internet.

However, it is worth noting that English proficiency remains relatively low in Angola. English is not widely spoken or understood by the majority of the population, which hampers the accessibility and usability of online content and services.

This language barrier poses challenges for communication, e-commerce, and participation in the global digital economy. Efforts to promote digital literacy and expand access to information in local languages are crucial to bridge this gap.

On the other hand, Sri Lanka boasts a higher percentage of internet users, with approximately 35% of the population connected to the internet. The country has witnessed significant growth in internet connectivity, primarily driven by affordable mobile data plans and improved infrastructure.

English proficiency is relatively higher in Sri Lanka, with English being taught in schools and widely used in business and administrative contexts. This linguistic advantage facilitates access to information, digital services, and international opportunities for Sri Lankan internet users.


Examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, percentage of the population below the poverty line, Human Freedom Index, and percentage of internet users, including the English-speaking population, provides valuable insights into the socio-economic and digital landscapes of Angola and Sri Lanka. Understanding these factors allows us to appreciate the challenges and opportunities these countries face in areas such as governance, poverty reduction, human rights, and digital inclusion.

By addressing these areas, both Angola and Sri Lanka can strive towards creating a more inclusive, fair, and prosperous future for their citizens.

Popular Posts