World Comparison

Angola vs Papua New Guinea – Country Comparison

Angola vs Papua New Guinea: A Comparative Analysis

In this article, we will delve into the intriguing world of Angola and Papua New Guinea, two countries that, despite their geographical distance, share some interesting similarities and differences. By exploring various aspects of these countries, including their region, government form, and annual GDP, we hope to educate our readers and provide them with a captivating glimpse into these unique nations.

So, without further ado, let’s embark on this enlightening journey!



– Angola: With an expansive area of approximately 1,246,700 square kilometers, Angola ranks as the seventh-largest country in Africa. – Papua New Guinea: Nestled in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, Papua New Guinea spans an astounding 462,840 square kilometers, making it the second-largest island country.


– Angola: The vibrant city of Luanda serves as the capital and largest city of Angola. Besides being the political and administrative hub, Luanda is also a major cultural and economic center.

– Papua New Guinea: The capital city of Papua New Guinea is Port Moresby, a bustling metropolis that offers a blend of modernity and traditional tribal heritage.

Official Language and Currency


– Angola: Portuguese stands as the official language of Angola, a reminder of its colonial history. Indigenous languages such as Umbundu and Kikongo are also widely spoken.

– Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea exhibits remarkable linguistic diversity, with over 820 indigenous languages spoken throughout the country. English, however, serves as the official language, promoting unity among the various ethnic groups.


– Angola: The Angolan Kwanza (AOA) is the official currency of Angola. As of recent conversion rates, 1 USD is equivalent to approximately 650 AOA.

– Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea’s official currency is the Papua New Guinean Kina (PGK). At present, 1 USD equals around 3.4 PGK.

Government Form


Angola has adopted a presidential republic system of government. The President serves as the head of state and appoints the Prime Minister, who acts as the head of government.

Papua New Guinea:

Papua New Guinea follows a constitutional monarchy system, where the British monarch is the head of state. The Prime Minister, elected by the Parliament, serves as the head of government.

Annual GDP

GDP per Capita:

– Angola: With a population of approximately 32.9 million, Angola has a GDP per capita of around $6,120. Despite its vast natural resources, the country faces challenges in diversifying its economy and reducing dependency on oil.

– Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea, home to around nine million people, has a lower GDP per capita of roughly $2,900. The country’s economy relies heavily on agriculture, mineral resources, and liquefied natural gas production.

Inflation Rate:

– Angola: Angola has witnessed a relatively high inflation rate in recent years, averaging around 10%. – Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea’s inflation rate has been more manageable, averaging approximately 4% annually.

By examining the region, government form, and annual GDP of Angola and Papua New Guinea, we have gained valuable insights into these diverse countries. Despite their differences in size, language, and economic performance, both nations showcase unique characteristics that contribute to their cultural and socio-economic landscapes.

Angola’s colonial influence and large landmass offer a rich historical background, while Papua New Guinea’s linguistic diversity and natural resources make it a captivating destination. As we conclude this comparative analysis, it is worth acknowledging the complexity of these countries and the ongoing efforts to overcome their respective challenges.

Whether it be Angola’s endeavor to diversify its economy or Papua New Guinea’s aspiration to strengthen governance, these nations continue to strive for progress and create a better future for their citizens. Let us embrace the diversity and potential found within each country, celebrating the wonders that make Angola and Papua New Guinea truly remarkable.


Life Expectancy:

– Angola: The life expectancy in Angola is currently estimated to be around 61 years for males and 65 years for females. This lower life expectancy is influenced by various factors such as limited access to healthcare, high infant mortality rates, and the impact of diseases such as HIV/AIDS and malaria.

– Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea also experiences a relatively low life expectancy, with males having an average life expectancy of approximately 63 years, while females have a slightly longer life expectancy of around 67 years. Unemployment rate:

– Angola: Angola struggles with high unemployment rates, especially among its younger population.

The unemployment rate is estimated to be around 30%. This issue is partly due to the reliance on the oil sector, which has not generated sufficient employment opportunities.

– Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea also faces challenges in its job market, with an unemployment rate of approximately 4.8%. However, it is important to note that the informal sector plays a significant role in providing employment opportunities, which may not be reflected in official statistics.

Average Income:

– Angola: The average income in Angola is approximately $4,000 per year. However, it is crucial to acknowledge the significant wealth and income disparity within the country, with a small portion of the population earning significantly higher incomes compared to the majority.

– Papua New Guinea: The average income in Papua New Guinea is estimated to be around $3,200 per year. Like Angola, Papua New Guinea also experiences income inequality, with wealthier individuals residing in urban areas, while remote rural communities often face economic challenges.



– Angola: Angola has made significant investments in its road infrastructure in recent years. The country has a road network of approximately 76,626 kilometers, with major highways connecting different regions.

However, road conditions, particularly in rural areas, can be challenging, affecting accessibility and transportation of goods. – Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea faces infrastructural constraints in terms of road connectivity due to its rugged and mountainous terrain.

The country has a road network of approximately 23,382 kilometers, with some regions lacking proper road access. The government has been working on infrastructure development projects to improve connectivity.


– Angola: Angola has a strategic advantage with its extensive coastline, which spans approximately 1,650 kilometers. The country has several major seaports, including the Port of Luanda and the Port of Lobito, which play a crucial role in facilitating trade and commerce.

– Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea’s coastline stretches over 5,152 kilometers, providing ample opportunities for port development. The country has several major ports, such as the Port of Port Moresby and the Port of Lae, which serve as vital gateways for international trade and transportation.

Passenger Airports:

– Angola: Angola has an extensive network of airports, with the main international airport being the Quatro de Fevereiro International Airport in Luanda. The country has a total of 32 airports, facilitating both domestic and international flights.

– Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea has a relatively smaller number of airports compared to Angola, with 578 airports spread across its diverse landscape. The main international airport in Papua New Guinea is the Jacksons International Airport in Port Moresby.

As we delve deeper into the intricate details of Angola and Papua New Guinea, we gain a comprehensive understanding of their population characteristics and infrastructure frameworks. While both countries face certain challenges in terms of life expectancy and unemployment rates, they also possess unique strengths and opportunities.

Improving healthcare access and creating employment opportunities remain critical objectives for these nations. Additionally, infrastructure development plays a vital role in enhancing connectivity, trade, and overall economic growth.

By constantly evaluating and addressing these crucial aspects, Angola and Papua New Guinea can work towards creating a better quality of life for their citizens and fostering sustainable development. It is through these collective efforts that these nations can continue to progress and embrace brighter futures.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Population below the Poverty Line:

– Angola: Angola faces significant challenges in addressing poverty within its population. As of recent estimates, around 41% of Angolans live below the poverty line.

Although the country has experienced economic growth due to its natural resources, much of the population still struggles with limited access to basic necessities such as clean water, healthcare, and education. – Papua New Guinea: Like Angola, Papua New Guinea also struggles with poverty.

Approximately 37% of the population lives below the poverty line. Poverty in Papua New Guinea is exacerbated by factors such as limited infrastructure, inadequate healthcare services, and high levels of inequality between urban and rural areas.

Human Freedom Index:

– Angola: Angola has made progress in terms of human rights and freedom, but challenges remain. The country’s Human Freedom Index score stands at around 4.95 out of 10, indicating a moderate level of freedom.

Concerns such as limited political freedoms, restrictions on freedom of expression, and issues related to corruption and governance contribute to this score. – Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea also grapples with human rights issues, but the country has seen improvements in recent years.

The Human Freedom Index score for Papua New Guinea is approximately 5.82 out of 10, reflecting a moderate level of freedom. Efforts to strengthen democratic institutions, promote press freedom, and address human rights concerns have been observed, but more work is needed to ensure greater respect for human rights.

Percentage of Internet Users:

Angola: Angola has witnessed significant growth in internet usage in recent years. As of the latest data available, approximately 31.7% of the population in Angola are internet users.

The accessibility and affordability of internet services have improved, contributing to increased connectivity and digital opportunities. However, there is still a digital divide, with disparities in internet access between urban and rural areas.

Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea faces challenges in terms of internet access and connectivity due to its rugged and geographically diverse terrain. As a result, the percentage of internet users in Papua New Guinea is relatively low, with approximately 12.5% of the population having access to the internet.

Efforts are being made to bridge this digital divide and improve internet infrastructure to ensure more widespread access. English Speaking Percentage:

Angola: English is not widely spoken in Angola, with the official language being Portuguese.

However, there is a growing interest in learning English, particularly among younger generations. Various language training programs and initiatives have been implemented to boost English proficiency, recognizing the significance of English as a global language for communication and economic opportunities.

Papua New Guinea: English holds the status of an official language in Papua New Guinea, alongside Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu. Approximately 2% of the population speaks English as a first language, while a larger percentage has varying degrees of English proficiency.

English plays a vital role in education, government, and business sectors, acting as a bridge between the country’s diverse linguistic groups. As we explore the

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), poverty rates, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and English-speaking populations in Angola and Papua New Guinea, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the socio-economic and cultural landscapes of these nations.

While they face challenges in various areas, both countries demonstrate resilience and determination in addressing these issues. Efforts to combat corruption, reduce poverty, improve human rights, enhance internet accessibility, and foster English proficiency are crucial stepping stones towards a more equitable and prosperous future.

By prioritizing these areas and continuing to work towards inclusive and sustainable development, Angola and Papua New Guinea can create opportunities for their citizens and build stronger foundations for the years to come.

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