World Comparison

Angola vs Namibia – Country Comparison

Angola vs Namibia Comparison: Exploring the Differences

If you are someone who loves to explore different regions and cultures, then Angola and Namibia are two countries worth adding to your travel list. Located in Southern Africa, these neighboring nations have their own unique features and characteristics that make them stand out.

In this article, we will compare Angola and Namibia across various aspects, giving you a comprehensive understanding of what each country has to offer. Region:

Area: Angola, with an expansive area of approximately 1.25 million square kilometers, is significantly larger than Namibia, which covers around 825,418 square kilometers.

This makes Angola almost 1.5 times bigger than Namibia, providing more opportunities for exploration and adventure. Capital: Luanda, situated on the Atlantic coast, serves as the capital city of Angola.

On the other hand, Windhoek is the capital and largest city of Namibia, located in the central part of the country. Official Language: While the official language of Angola is Portuguese, a relic of its colonial past, Namibia boasts English as its official language.

This distinction is essential for travelers, as it determines the lingua franca of communication in each country. Currency: Both Angola and Namibia have their own respective currencies.

Angola uses the Angolan kwanza, indicated by the symbol “Kz,” while Namibia employs the Namibian dollar, represented by the symbol “$.” It is crucial to be aware of the currency used in each country to facilitate financial transactions smoothly. Government Form: Angola follows a semi-presidential republic system, where the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

In contrast, Namibia operates under a unitary presidential constitutional republic, in which the President is both the head of state and government. Understanding the government form of each country provides insights into their political structures and decision-making processes.

Annual GDP:

GDP per capita: When it comes to GDP per capita, Angola and Namibia display notable differences. As of 2020, Angola’s GDP per capita stands at approximately $3,540, highlighting the considerable economic challenges faced by the country.

In contrast, Namibia’s GDP per capita is significantly higher at around $5,830. This difference underscores the varying levels of development and wealth distribution between the two countries.

Inflation rate: Another significant economic factor to consider is the inflation rate. Inflation erodes the purchasing power of a currency over time, impacting the cost of living for residents.

In Angola, the inflation rate was estimated to be around 22% in 2020, indicating a high level of price instability. Conversely, Namibia experienced a comparatively lower inflation rate of approximately 3.4% during the same year, suggesting a more stable economic environment.

By comparing Angola and Namibia, we can glean valuable insights into their regional and economic aspects. Understanding the distinctions in area, capital cities, official languages, currencies, government systems, GDP per capita, and inflation rates, enables us to appreciate the unique dynamics present in each country.

Whether you prefer the allure of Angola’s expansive landscape or the stability of Namibia’s economy, both nations offer captivating experiences for travelers. So, pack your bags, prepare your itinerary, and embark on a journey of discovery through these remarkable Southern African destinations.

Angola vs Namibia Comparison: Exploring the Differences (Continued)


As we delve deeper into the comparison between Angola and Namibia, it is crucial to understand the demographic aspects of each country. Factors such as life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income paint a picture of the quality of life and economic opportunities available to residents.

Life Expectancy: Life expectancy is an important indicator of the overall health and well-being of a population. In Angola, the average life expectancy is approximately 61 years, reflecting the challenges the country faces in providing adequate healthcare and promoting a healthy lifestyle.

On the other hand, Namibia boasts a higher life expectancy of around 65 years, indicating slightly better health outcomes for its residents. Unemployment Rate: The unemployment rate is a key economic metric that measures the percentage of the labor force unable to find gainful employment.

In Angola, the unemployment rate hovers around 30%, suggesting significant labor market challenges. Namibia performs better in this regard, with an unemployment rate of approximately 20%, indicating a relatively stronger job market.

Average Income: Another essential aspect to consider is the average income earned by individuals. In Angola, the average income is around $4,500 per year, highlighting the economic disparities present within the country.

Namibia, on the other hand, exhibits a higher average income of around $6,000 per year, offering a relatively higher standard of living for its residents. It is important to note that these figures represent average incomes, and disparities in income distribution can be significant within both countries.


Infrastructure plays a vital role in the development and connectivity of a nation. By examining the state of roadways, harbors, and passenger airports in Angola and Namibia, we can gain insight into their transportation systems and accessibility.

Roadways: Both Angola and Namibia have made significant investments in improving their road networks. Angola, with its vast expanse, has an extensive road system that covers approximately 51,429 kilometers.

However, the quality of some roads may vary, particularly in remote areas. Namibia, despite its smaller size, boasts a well-maintained road network of around 44,138 kilometers, ensuring convenient travel throughout the country.

Harbors: Situated on the Atlantic coast, Angola and Namibia have a strategic advantage when it comes to harbors and maritime trade. Angola is home to several significant ports, including the Port of Luanda, which serves as a critical gateway for trade and commerce.

Namibia, on the other hand, boasts the Port of Walvis Bay, a deep-water port that offers excellent infrastructure and facilitates maritime activities in the region. These ports play a crucial role in promoting economic growth and international trade for both countries.

Passenger Airports: Air travel is an integral part of modern transportation, and both Angola and Namibia have focused on expanding and improving their passenger airports. Angola has several international airports, including Luanda International Airport, a major hub for air travel in the region.

Namibia also boasts several international airports, with Hosea Kutako International Airport serving as the primary gateway to the country. These airports provide convenient access for travelers, both domestic and international, facilitating tourism and business activities.

By examining the population dynamics and infrastructure in Angola and Namibia, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of the social and economic landscapes of these countries. The differences in life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income shed light on the quality of life experienced by residents.

Furthermore, the state of roadways, harbors, and passenger airports illustrates the accessibility and connectivity offered by each nation. As you plan your journey through Southern Africa, consider these factors to customize your experience according to your preferences and priorities.

Whether it’s exploring the diverse cultures or enjoying the natural wonders of the region, Angola and Namibia are sure to leave a lasting impression on any traveler. Angola vs Namibia Comparison: Exploring the Differences (Continued)

As we continue our exploration of the comparison between Angola and Namibia, there are additional factors that help to shape the socio-political landscape of each country.

Taking into account the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), the percentage of the population below the poverty line, human freedom index, and the percentage of English-speaking internet users provides a more nuanced understanding of societal issues and technological connectivity. Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a global measure that assesses the perceived levels of corruption within a country’s public sector.

A higher score indicates lower levels of corruption, while a lower score suggests higher levels of corruption. Angola has faced significant challenges with corruption in the public sector.

In the most recent CPI, Angola scored 26 out of 100, indicating a relatively high level of perceived corruption. Efforts have been made to combat corruption, but progress has been slow.

Addressing corruption is vital for promoting transparency, good governance, and attracting foreign investment. In contrast, Namibia has fared better in terms of corruption perceptions.

With a CPI score of 52 out of 100, Namibia is considered to have relatively lower levels of corruption compared to many other countries in the region. The Namibian government has taken steps to combat corruption through legislation, systems for accountability, and transparency initiatives.

This has helped to improve the integrity and reputation of the country’s public sector. Population Below the Poverty Line:

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is an essential indicator of socio-economic well-being.

It sheds light on the prevalence and severity of poverty in each country, highlighting the challenges faced by vulnerable communities. Angola has a relatively high percentage of its population living below the poverty line.

Approximately 32.7% of Angolans live below the poverty line, struggling to access basic necessities and services. This disparity in wealth distribution presents significant social and economic challenges for the country.

In Namibia, the percentage of the population below the poverty line is comparatively lower. Approximately 18.2% of Namibians live below the poverty line, indicating a relatively better socio-economic situation for a significant portion of the population.

However, it is important to address income inequality and ensure equitable distribution of resources to further alleviate poverty. Human Freedom Index:

The Human Freedom Index measures the degree of personal freedom and economic freedom within a country, considering factors such as the rule of law, freedom of speech, property rights, and access to justice.

It provides insights into the level of political and civil liberties enjoyed by citizens. Angola performs modestly on the Human Freedom Index, with a score of 5.86 out of 10.

While the country has made strides in increasing political freedom in recent years, there are still challenges to be addressed regarding freedom of speech and press freedom. Namibia, on the other hand, ranks higher in terms of human freedom with a score of 6.85 out of 10.

The country is known for its respect for civil liberties and political rights, providing a relatively more favorable environment for individuals to exercise their freedoms. Percentage of Internet Users:

In today’s digital age, access to the internet is crucial for communication, education, and economic opportunities.

The percentage of internet users in a country reflects its level of connectivity and access to information and resources. Angola has made significant progress in terms of internet penetration.

As of 2021, approximately 27.6% of the population in Angola are internet users, indicating a growing digital landscape and increased access to online platforms and services. However, further efforts are needed to enhance connectivity, especially in rural areas.

Namibia boasts a higher percentage of internet users, with approximately 57.4% of the population having access to and utilizing the internet. This higher connectivity rate reflects the country’s commitment to expanding digital infrastructure and promoting technological advancements.

English Speaking Internet Users:

English is considered the lingua franca of the internet, enabling greater access to information and communication across borders. The percentage of English-speaking internet users provides insights into the language barriers that individuals may encounter online.

In Angola, approximately 20% of internet users are proficient in English, indicating a significant language barrier for the majority of the population accessing online content. This language challenge may limit access to educational resources and online opportunities for Angolans.

Namibia, on the other hand, has a higher percentage of English-speaking internet users, with approximately 37% of internet users being proficient in English. This higher proficiency in English enables better access to a vast array of online resources, enhancing educational and economic opportunities for Namibians.

As we explore the Corruption Perceptions Index, the percentage of the population below the poverty line, the Human Freedom Index, and the percentage of internet users in Angola and Namibia, we gain a better understanding of the social, political, and technological landscapes of these countries. Addressing issues of corruption and poverty is crucial for fostering inclusive development and improving the lives of citizens.

Moreover, striving for higher human freedom and increasing internet access can empower individuals, promote knowledge-sharing, and drive economic growth. By considering these factors, we can continue to learn and appreciate the unique dynamics and challenges faced by Angola and Namibia.

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