World Comparison

Angola vs Estonia – Country Comparison

Angola vs Estonia Comparison



– Area: With an area of approximately 1,246,700 square kilometers, Angola is the seventh-largest country in Africa. – Capital: The capital city of Angola is Luanda, located on the country’s Atlantic coast.


– Area: Covering an area of approximately 45,227 square kilometers, Estonia is one of the smallest countries in Europe. – Capital: The capital city of Estonia is Tallinn, situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland.

Official Language and Currency


– Official Language: The official language of Angola is Portuguese, which reflects the country’s historical connection to Portugal. – Currency: Angola’s currency is the Angolan Kwanza (AOA), which is divided into 100 centimos.


– Official Language: The official language of Estonia is Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language that is closely related to Finnish. – Currency: Estonia adopted the Euro (EUR) as its currency in 2011, becoming the 17th member of the Eurozone.

Government Form


Government Form: Angola is a presidential republic, which means that the President is both the Head of State and the Head of Government. The President is elected by popular vote for a maximum of two five-year terms.


Government Form: Estonia is a parliamentary republic, where the President serves as the ceremonial head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The President is elected by Parliament for a five-year term.

Annual GDP


– GDP per capita: As of 2020, Angola has a GDP per capita of approximately $4,187. Despite having vast natural resources, the country struggles with high poverty rates and economic inequality.

– Inflation rate: Angola has experienced high inflation rates in the past, reaching a peak of 41.89% in 2017. However, the government has implemented measures to stabilize the economy, and the inflation rate has since decreased.


– GDP per capita: Estonia has a higher GDP per capita compared to Angola, with approximately $22,548 as of 2020. The country has experienced significant economic growth since gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

– Inflation rate: Estonia has maintained relatively low inflation rates in recent years. In 2020, the inflation rate was 1.1%, demonstrating the country’s stable economic conditions.

In summary, Angola and Estonia differ in various aspects, including their region, official language, currency, and government form. Angola is a large country in Africa with Portuguese as its official language and the Angolan Kwanza as its currency.

It has a presidential republic government form and struggles with high poverty rates and economic inequality. On the other hand, Estonia is a small country in Europe with Estonian as its official language and the Euro as its currency.

It operates as a parliamentary republic and has experienced significant economic growth since gaining independence. Estonia also has a higher GDP per capita and maintains stable economic conditions with low inflation rates.

Understanding these differences helps shed light on the unique characteristics and challenges faced by each country.



– Life expectancy: The life expectancy in Angola is relatively low, with an average of around 61.2 years as of 2020. This can be attributed to various factors, including inadequate healthcare infrastructure and limited access to quality healthcare services.

– Unemployment rate: Angola has a high unemployment rate, reaching 28.8% in 2020. This is partly due to the country’s heavy dependence on oil exports, which have been impacted by fluctuating global prices and economic downturns.

– Average income: The average income in Angola is relatively low, with an average monthly wage of around $200 as of 2020. This highlights the economic challenges faced by many Angolans, with a significant portion of the population living below the poverty line.


– Life expectancy: Estonia has a higher life expectancy compared to Angola, with an average of approximately 77.7 years as of 2020. The country boasts a well-developed healthcare system and invests in promoting a healthy lifestyle and disease prevention.

– Unemployment rate: Estonia has a relatively low unemployment rate, standing at 7.7% in 2020. The country has made significant progress in diversifying its economy and creating job opportunities in various sectors, including information technology and manufacturing.

– Average income: Estonia has a higher average income compared to Angola, with an average monthly wage of around $1,450 as of 2020. This reflects the country’s stronger economy and higher standard of living for its population.



– Roadways: Angola has an extensive road network, covering approximately 76,626 kilometers. However, many roads are in poor condition, particularly in rural areas, which poses challenges for transportation and trade.

– Harbors: Angola boasts several major ports, including the Port of Luanda, which is the largest and busiest port in the country. These ports play a crucial role in facilitating international trade and are vital for the country’s economy.

– Passenger airports: Angola has several international and domestic airports, including Quatro de Fevereiro International Airport in Luanda. These airports connect Angola to various destinations worldwide and contribute to the country’s transportation infrastructure.


– Roadways: Estonia has a well-developed road infrastructure, with approximately 58,412 kilometers of paved roads. The country has made significant investments in road construction and maintenance, allowing efficient transportation within Estonia and to neighboring countries.

– Harbors: Estonia has multiple harbors, including the Port of Tallinn, which is one of the busiest and most important ports in the Baltic Sea region. These harbors play a significant role in facilitating trade and transportation, particularly for goods going to and from Estonia.

– Passenger airports: Estonia has several airports, including Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport, which is the main international gateway for the country. These airports provide convenient connections for both domestic and international travel, contributing to Estonia’s accessibility and tourism industry.

In conclusion, when comparing Angola and Estonia in terms of population and infrastructure, significant differences emerge. Angola has a lower life expectancy, higher unemployment rate, and lower average income compared to Estonia.

These factors underscore the challenges faced by Angola in providing healthcare services, creating job opportunities, and improving the standard of living for its citizens. Additionally, while both countries have invested in their infrastructure, Estonia boasts better road conditions and a more diverse and developed transportation network, including harbors and passenger airports.

Understanding these differences provides valuable insights into the socio-economic landscapes of Angola and Estonia and the efforts required to address their respective challenges and opportunities.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)


Population below the poverty line: Angola has a significant portion of its population living below the poverty line. The poverty rate stands at approximately 41% as of 2020.

This highlights the socio-economic challenges faced by a large number of Angolans, including limited access to basic necessities and services. – Human freedom index: Angola scores relatively low on the human freedom index, indicating limited political and civil liberties.

Factors such as restricted freedom of speech, expression, and assembly contribute to this lower score. Efforts to improve human rights and promote inclusive governance are ongoing in Angola.


Population below the poverty line: Estonia has a lower population below the poverty line compared to Angola, with an estimated 21.9% as of 2020. This reflects the country’s stronger economy and social welfare initiatives.

Estonia has implemented various measures to reduce poverty and support vulnerable populations, such as providing social benefits and promoting inclusive growth. – Human freedom index: Estonia ranks higher on the human freedom index, indicating a greater degree of political and civil liberties.

The country is known for its democratic governance, respect for human rights, and strong rule of law. Estonians enjoy a high degree of freedom of speech, press, and assembly, contributing to the country’s positive human freedom index score.

Percentage of Internet Users


– The percentage of internet users in Angola has been gradually increasing in recent years. As of 2021, approximately 25% of the population has access to the internet.

However, this percentage is still relatively low compared to global standards, highlighting the digital divide and limited internet infrastructure in certain areas of the country. Estonia:

– Estonia is renowned for its advanced digital infrastructure and high-speed internet connectivity.

The country is at the forefront of digital innovation, with approximately 90% of the population having access to the internet as of 2021. Estonia has heavily invested in e-governance and digital services, making it one of the most digitally advanced nations in the world.

English Speaking Percentage


– English proficiency in Angola is relatively low compared to Estonia. English is not widely spoken or understood by the majority of the population.

The official language, Portuguese, is more commonly used in various domains, including government, commerce, and education. Estonia:

– Estonia has a higher English-speaking percentage compared to Angola.

English is taught as a foreign language in schools, and a significant portion of the population has a good command of English. This contributes to Estonia’s international communication and the ease of integration into the global economy and workforce.

In summary, when examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, Angola faces higher levels of poverty and lower scores on the human freedom index compared to Estonia. Estonia, on the other hand, displays a stronger socio-economic standing and higher rankings in terms of political and civil liberties.

When it comes to internet penetration rates, Angola has a lower percentage of internet users due to limited infrastructure, while Estonia stands out as a leader in digital innovation and connectivity. Furthermore, Estonia has a higher percentage of English speakers, accentuating its ability to engage in global communications and foster international relationships.

These indicators reflect the socio-economic, technological, and linguistic disparities between Angola and Estonia, highlighting the importance of addressing these differences in order to promote inclusivity and development.

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