World Comparison

Angola vs Djibouti – Country Comparison

Angola vs Djibouti: A Comparative Analysis of Two African NationsAfrica, a continent known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse landscapes, is home to many nations with unique characteristics. In this article, we will delve into the comparison of two such nations Angola and Djibouti.

While these countries may seem worlds apart in terms of geographical location, they are both located in Africa and share certain similarities as well as notable differences. By exploring various aspects such as region, government, and economic indicators, we aim to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of these two nations.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital:

Angola, the seventh-largest country in Africa, occupies an impressive land area of approximately 1,246,700 square kilometers. Its capital, Luanda, is not only the countrys largest city but also serves as its economic and cultural hub.

On the other hand, Djibouti, a small country located in the Horn of Africa, covers an area of around 23,200 square kilometers. The capital and largest city of Djibouti is also named Djibouti.

Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency:

Portuguese is the official language of Angola, a linguistic legacy of its colonial past. However, there are over 40 languages spoken throughout the country, reflecting its ethnic diversity.

Angola’s currency is the Angolan kwanza (AOA). In contrast, Djibouti recognizes French and Arabic as its official languages.

The Djiboutian franc (DJF) is the currency used in Djibouti. Subtopic 3: Government Form:

Angola’s government is structured as a Republic with a multi-party system.

The President, who serves as both the head of state and head of government, is elected by popular vote. Djibouti, on the other hand, has a semi-presidential system.

The President, who holds executive power, is elected by popular vote, while the Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Djibouti’s government also operates under a multi-party system.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita:

When it comes to the economic performance of the two countries, GDP per capita is a crucial indicator. As of 2020, Angola had a GDP per capita of approximately $3,500, making it one of the lower-middle-income countries.

On the other hand, Djibouti’s GDP per capita stood at around $2,900, placing it in a similar economic bracket. These figures highlight the need for further development and economic diversification in both nations.

Subtopic 2: Inflation rate:

Another vital economic aspect to consider is the inflation rate, which directly impacts the purchasing power of citizens. In 2020, Angola experienced an inflation rate of approximately 25%.

This high inflation rate contributes to the rising cost of living for Angolan citizens. In contrast, Djibouti had a relatively lower inflation rate of around 1.8%, indicating more stability in prices.


As we conclude our comparative analysis of Angola and Djibouti, we have explored various aspects of these two African nations. We examined their regional characteristics, government forms, and economic indicators such as GDP per capita and inflation rates.

Although Angola and Djibouti have their own unique identities, they also face similar challenges in terms of economic development and stability. By understanding the similarities and differences between these nations, we stand to gain a deeper appreciation for the diverse tapestry of Africa and its many nations.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy:

Life expectancy is an important indicator of the overall well-being and healthcare accessibility within a country. In Angola, the average life expectancy is approximately 62 years.

This figure is influenced by various factors such as access to quality healthcare, nutrition, and socio-economic conditions. However, it is important to note that Angola has made significant progress in improving life expectancy over the years, thanks to increased healthcare investments and initiatives.

In Djibouti, the average life expectancy stands at around 66 years, which is slightly higher than Angola. This is partly due to Djibouti’s relatively better healthcare infrastructure and access to medical facilities.

The government of Djibouti has been making efforts to improve healthcare services, including the expansion of healthcare facilities, increasing the availability of medical professionals, and implementing public health programs. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate:

High unemployment rates are a challenge faced by many countries, and Angola and Djibouti are no exceptions.

In Angola, the unemployment rate was recorded at around 26% in 2020. This high unemployment rate can be attributed to several factors, including a lack of diversified industries, limited job opportunities, and a growing young population.

The government of Angola is working towards addressing this issue through initiatives that promote entrepreneurship and job creation. In Djibouti, the unemployment rate is higher than in Angola, at around 40%.

This figure highlights the pressing need for increased employment opportunities and adequate skill development programs. The government of Djibouti has been focusing on economic diversification and attracting foreign investments to generate employment opportunities and reduce dependence on the service sector.

Subtopic 3: Average Income:

Average income or per capita income is an important indicator of the economic well-being of a nation’s citizens. In Angola, the average income is around $4,000 per year.

While this indicates progress, it also demonstrates the need for further economic growth and income redistribution to reduce poverty and increase the standard of living for the population. In Djibouti, the average annual income is approximately $3,500.

Similar to Angola, Djibouti faces income inequality and a considerable wealth disparity. The government has been implementing policies to address this issue, including investment in education and vocational training to improve job prospects and income levels.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbours:

Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s economic development and connectivity. Angola has been investing significantly in improving its infrastructure, including the development of roadways and harbors.

The country has a road network of approximately 76,626 kilometers, connecting major cities and facilitating transportation. Angola also possesses several major ports, such as the Port of Luanda and the Port of Lobito, which serve as vital gateways for international trade.

Djibouti, due to its strategic location, has invested heavily in developing its infrastructure to become a regional logistics hub. The country boasts an extensive road network, with around 4,700 kilometers of roads connecting its various regions.

Djibouti is also home to the Doraleh Container Terminal, one of the most efficient and modern transshipment ports in East Africa. Its proximity to international trade routes makes Djibouti a key player in facilitating global commerce.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports:

Air transportation is crucial for connectivity and tourism, and both Angola and Djibouti have made efforts to strengthen their passenger airport infrastructure. Angola has several international airports, with the Quatro de Fevereiro International Airport in Luanda being the busiest and most well-known.

It serves as a major gateway for travelers entering and leaving the country. Other notable airports in Angola include the Huambo Airport and the Lubango Airport.

Djibouti, being a regional trade and logistics hub, has invested in modern airports to facilitate air travel and boost its economy. The Djibouti-Ambouli International Airport, located near Djibouti City, is the primary international airport in the country.

Its strategic location offers connections to various international destinations, making Djibouti an important air travel hub in the region. In conclusion, the comparison of Angola and Djibouti reveals similarities and differences in various aspects of population and infrastructure.

While Angola has a slightly lower life expectancy, it has a lower unemployment rate compared to Djibouti. Both countries face challenges in terms of income inequality and job creation.

In terms of infrastructure, Angola has a larger road network and a significant presence of major ports, while Djibouti has invested heavily in becoming a logistics hub with modern airports. By understanding these facets, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of these two African nations and their unique characteristics.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line:

The level of poverty within a country can have a significant impact on its political and economic stability. In Angola, a substantial portion of the population lives below the poverty line.

Approximately 41% of Angolans were classified as living in poverty in 2020. This figure highlights the need for inclusive economic policies and targeted interventions to address the root causes of poverty and uplift vulnerable communities.

In Djibouti, the percentage of the population living below the poverty line is relatively lower, standing at around 21%. Although this figure is an improvement compared to Angola, poverty remains a pressing issue.

The government of Djibouti has been implementing various social programs and initiatives aimed at reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index:

The Human Freedom Index measures the level of individual freedom within a country, taking into account factors such as personal civil liberties, the rule of law, and economic freedoms.

In Angola, the Human Freedom Index score is relatively low, indicating limitations on individual freedoms. Factors such as weak governance, limited access to justice, and restricted civil liberties contribute to this score.

Angola faces the challenge of further strengthening its institutions and promoting a culture of freedom and human rights. Djibouti also scores lower on the Human Freedom Index, reflecting challenges regarding individual freedom and civil liberties.

Limitations on freedom of expression and limited political pluralism are some of the factors contributing to this score. The government of Djibouti has recognized the importance of addressing these issues and has taken steps towards promoting greater political inclusivity and respect for human rights.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking:

English proficiency and usage play a significant role in access to digital platforms and communication on the internet. In Angola, the percentage of English speakers is relatively low.

The majority of the population predominantly speaks Portuguese, the official language. However, there is an increasing awareness of the importance of learning English, especially among the younger generation, as it enhances educational and employment opportunities in the globalized world.

Djibouti, on the other hand, also has a relatively low percentage of English speakers. The official languages in Djibouti are French and Arabic, reflecting its colonial history and regional linguistic influences.

However, English has gained importance as a global language and is being taught in schools to ensure broader access to international communication and opportunities. Although English proficiency may be relatively lower in both Angola and Djibouti, it is worth noting that the internet provides diverse language options, making information and communication accessible to non-English speakers as well.

In conclusion, the comparison between Angola and Djibouti in terms of corruption perceptions, poverty levels, human freedom, and internet usage reveals areas of improvement and progress for both nations. While Angola faces challenges in addressing corruption and reducing poverty, Djibouti focuses on political inclusivity and human rights.

Both countries recognize the importance of English as a medium of global communication and are taking steps to enhance English proficiency among their populations. By understanding these aspects, we gain insights into the social, economic, and political landscapes of Angola and Djibouti.

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