World Comparison

Angola vs Cape Verde – Country Comparison

Angola vs Cape Verde: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to exploring the diversity and uniqueness of African nations, Angola and Cape Verde undoubtedly stand out. Both countries have their own distinct characteristics in terms of region, government, language, currency, and economic performance.

In this article, we will delve into a detailed comparison of these two nations, shedding light on their similarities and differences. So, let’s embark on this journey of discovery and broaden our knowledge about these fascinating African countries.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital


– Angola is located in Southern Africa. – It covers an extensive area of approximately 1,246,700 square kilometers, making it the seventh-largest country in Africa.

– The capital of Angola is Luanda, situated on the Atlantic coast. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde is an archipelago consisting of ten islands and islets in the central Atlantic Ocean.

– The total land area of Cape Verde is around 4,033 square kilometers. – The capital city of Cape Verde is Praia, located on the largest island, Santiago.

Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency


– Portuguese is the official language of Angola, which is a remnant of the country’s colonial past. – The national currency is the Angolan Kwanza (AOA).

Cape Verde:

– The official language of Cape Verde is Portuguese as well. – Cape Verde utilizes the Cape Verdean escudo (CVE) as its national currency.

Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Angola has a presidential republic form of government. – The President of Angola serves both as the head of state and government.

– The parliament, known as the National Assembly, consists of 220 seats and plays a crucial role in the legislative process. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde is also a presidential republic.

– The President is the head of state and government. – The National Assembly of Cape Verde comprises 72 members and serves as the legislative body.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita


– Angola has a mixed economy, heavily reliant on oil production. – As of 2020, the GDP per capita stands at approximately $6,350.

– Despite being one of Africa’s top oil-producing nations, Angola faces economic challenges due to its dependency on oil exports. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has a service-oriented economy, with tourism, trade, and transportation being significant contributors.

– The GDP per capita in Cape Verde is around $3,900, as of 2020. – Although the country faces challenges in terms of limited natural resources and vulnerability to climatic conditions, it has witnessed steady economic growth.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– Angola has struggled with high inflation rates in recent years. – In 2020, the inflation rate was approximately 22.6%.

– Factors such as currency depreciation, government spending, and fluctuating oil prices contribute to this high inflation. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has managed to maintain a relatively low inflation rate.

– In 2020, the inflation rate was recorded at approximately 1%. – The country’s stable economic policies and prudent fiscal management have played a crucial role in keeping inflation under control.


In conclusion, Angola and Cape Verde exhibit unique characteristics while representing the diversity found within the African continent. From their distinctive regions and capitals to their shared official language of Portuguese, these two nations provide a rich cultural tapestry.

Furthermore, their differing government forms and economic performances demonstrate the complexities and challenges faced by African countries. By understanding the similarities and differences between Angola and Cape Verde, we can gain a deeper appreciation for the resilience and adaptability displayed by these remarkable African nations.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy


– Life expectancy in Angola has been gradually improving over the years. – As of 2020, the average life expectancy is approximately 63 years.

– However, disparities exist between urban and rural areas, with urban residents having a higher life expectancy than their rural counterparts. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde boasts a relatively higher life expectancy compared to many other African nations.

– The average life expectancy in Cape Verde is around 72 years. – Factors such as access to healthcare, improved living conditions, and effective public health programs contribute to this favorable life expectancy rate.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate


– Angola faces challenges in tackling unemployment, particularly among its youth population. – The unemployment rate in Angola was approximately 30% as of 2020.

– Efforts are being made to diversify the economy and create more employment opportunities to address this issue. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has made significant progress in reducing unemployment rates.

– As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Cape Verde stood at around 9%. – The country’s focus on sectors such as tourism, services, and entrepreneurship has contributed to the creation of jobs and the lowering of the unemployment rate.

Subtopic 3: Average Income


– Despite being rich in natural resources, Angola faces income inequality. – The average income in Angola is approximately $4,600 per year.

– Income disparities are more pronounced in rural areas, where agricultural communities often have lower average incomes compared to urban areas. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has experienced steady economic growth, leading to an improvement in average income.

– The average income in Cape Verde is estimated to be around $4,000 per year. – While the country has made progress, efforts are ongoing to raise income levels further and reduce income inequality through inclusive economic policies.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors


– Angola has an extensive road network connecting major cities and towns. – Notable highways include the Trans-African Highway, linking Angola to neighboring countries.

– The country also boasts several well-equipped harbors, such as the Port of Luanda, which serves as a major hub for trade and maritime activities. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has invested in developing road infrastructure, particularly on the main islands.

– While road networks on smaller islands are limited, the larger islands have well-maintained roads connecting key areas. – Cape Verde also has several harbors, including the Port of Praia, enabling maritime transportation and trade opportunities.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports


– Angola has multiple international airports, with the largest being Quatro de Fevereiro Airport in Luanda. – Quatro de Fevereiro Airport serves as a major gateway for both domestic and international flights.

– Other notable airports include Huambo Airport and Lubango Airport, catering to regional air travel. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has international airports on several islands, facilitating convenient travel options for both locals and tourists.

– Amlcar Cabral International Airport on Sal Island is the country’s busiest airport. – Other significant airports include Nelson Mandela International Airport on Santiago Island and Cesria vora International Airport on So Vicente Island.

In conclusion, exploring the population and infrastructure aspects of Angola and Cape Verde reveals further insights into these African nations. While both countries experience improvements in life expectancy, Cape Verde maintains an advantage in terms of higher rates.

Though Angola faces challenges with unemployment, Cape Verde has made remarkable strides in reducing its unemployment rate. Both nations also exhibit differences in average income, reflecting the need for continued efforts to address income inequality.

Deepening our understanding of their infrastructure, we see that Angola and Cape Verde have made significant investments in their roadways, harbors, and airports to support transportation and trade. By recognizing these aspects, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the progress, challenges, and potential of these remarkable African countries.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line


– Angola struggles with poverty, with a significant portion of its population living below the poverty line. – Approximately 41% of the population in Angola lives in poverty, facing challenges such as limited access to basic services, education, and healthcare.

– This high poverty rate is attributed to factors such as income inequality, limited economic diversification, and the impact of past conflicts. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has managed to make notable progress in reducing poverty levels.

– As of 2020, the proportion of the population living below the poverty line is approximately 24%. – Efforts to promote inclusive growth, expand social protection programs, and invest in education and infrastructure have contributed to poverty reduction in Cape Verde.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index


– Angola faces challenges in terms of human freedom, including limitations on freedom of expression, assembly, and press. – The country’s Human Freedom Index score is relatively low, reflecting restrictions on civil liberties and political rights.

– Efforts are ongoing to address these limitations and promote a more inclusive and open society. Cape Verde:

– Cape Verde has established a reputation for being one of Africa’s most politically stable nations.

– The country boasts a higher level of human freedom compared to many other African countries. – Cape Verde’s commitment to democracy, respect for human rights, and rule of law contributes to its favorable Human Freedom Index score.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %


– While English is not widely spoken in Angola, there is a growing interest and adoption of the language. – As of 2021, approximately 21% of the population in Angola speaks English to some extent.

– The government has recognized the importance of English proficiency and its role in global communication and is making efforts to promote English language education. Cape Verde:

– English has a more significant presence in Cape Verde compared to Angola.

– Approximately 30% of the population in Cape Verde speaks English, reflecting its historical ties to Portuguese and English-speaking countries. – This relatively higher English proficiency among the population contributes to Cape Verde’s ability to engage with global markets and attract international tourists.

In conclusion, delving into the Corruption Perceptions Index, poverty levels, human freedom index, and the percentage of internet users sheds light on further aspects of Angola and Cape Verde. While Angola faces challenges in terms of corruption perceptions and a significant population below the poverty line, Cape Verde has made commendable progress in these areas.

Both countries possess varying levels of human freedom, with Angola working towards greater inclusivity and openness. Additionally, English proficiency, although relatively low, shows promising growth in both nations, with Cape Verde having a slightly higher English speaking percentage.

By comprehending these dimensions, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of the social, economic, and cultural landscapes of these African countries.

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