World Comparison

Andorra vs Saudi Arabia – Country Comparison

Andorra and Saudi Arabia are two vastly different countries, each with its own unique characteristics and qualities. In this article, we will explore and compare these two nations in terms of region and annual GDP, delving into key areas such as area, capital, official language, currency, government form, GDP per capita, and inflation rate.

By doing so, we hope to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of these two countries, shedding light on their similarities and differences.


Andorra, nestled in the Pyrenees Mountains between France and Spain, is a small landlocked country with a total area of just 468 square kilometers. Its capital, Andorra la Vella, is also the largest city in the country.

On the other hand, Saudi Arabia is a massive country spanning an area of approximately 2,149,690 square kilometers, making it the largest country in the Middle East. Riyadh serves as the capital of Saudi Arabia, a bustling city that is an important economic and political center in the region.

Official Language and Currency

Andorra has two official languages: Catalan and Spanish. Catalan is the predominant language and is widely spoken by the majority of the population.

Euro (EUR) is the official currency of Andorra, making it part of the Eurozone. In contrast, Saudi Arabia has Arabic as its official language.

The Saudi riyal (SAR) is the national currency, which is further divided into halalas. These stark differences in language and currency reflect the unique cultural and historical backgrounds of the two countries.

Government Form

Andorra is a parliamentary democracy, with the head of government being the Prime Minister. It also has two co-princes as heads of state: the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell.

This unique form of government stems from Andorra’s historical ties with both France and Spain. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia operates under an absolute monarchy, with the country being ruled by a king.

The king holds significant power and authority and is responsible for making major decisions pertaining to the country’s affairs.

Annual GDP

When discussing the economy of a country, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) plays a crucial role. While Andorra and Saudi Arabia are both known for their distinct economic landscapes, there exists a significant disparity in terms of GDP figures.

GDP per Capita

Andorra, despite its small size, boasts a high GDP per capita, which serves as an indicator of the country’s overall wealth. With a population of approximately 77,000 people, Andorra has a remarkably high GDP per capita of around $48,000.

This can be attributed to its thriving tourism industry, which attracts visitors from around the world who come to witness its picturesque landscapes and experience its ski resorts. On the other hand, Saudi Arabia, with its vast oil reserves and large population, possesses an equally impressive GDP.

However, when adjusted for its population, the GDP per capita of Saudi Arabia stands at around $23,500, which is considerably lower than that of Andorra. This discrepancy can be attributed to the fact that Saudi Arabia’s wealth is heavily reliant on oil exports, making it vulnerable to the fluctuations in global oil prices.

Inflation Rate

The inflation rate, which measures the percentage increase in the overall price level of goods and services within a country, is another crucial economic indicator. In the case of Andorra, it enjoys a relatively stable and low inflation rate, hovering at around 1.5%.

This is largely driven by its small, well-regulated economy and prudent fiscal policies. Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, has experienced higher inflation rates in recent years.

Due to various factors, such as increasing government spending and the introduction of value-added tax (VAT), the inflation rate in Saudi Arabia has been hovering around 5%. This has led to increased pressure on the average Saudi household, as the cost of living rises.

In conclusion, Andorra and Saudi Arabia present an interesting dichotomy of countries with unique characteristics and economic profiles. While Andorra may be small in size and known for its thriving tourism industry, Saudi Arabia stands out as a vast nation with significant oil resources.

Understanding the region, official language, currency, government form, GDP per capita, and inflation rate of these two countries offers valuable insights into their respective economic and cultural identities.


The population of a country is a key indicator of its social and demographic makeup. Andorra and Saudi Arabia have significantly different population sizes, which has implications for various aspects of the countries’ social and economic structures.

Life Expectancy

When it comes to life expectancy, Andorra ranks among the highest in the world. The average life expectancy in Andorra is approximately 83 years, reflecting the country’s robust healthcare system and high standard of living.

The government invests heavily in healthcare infrastructure, ensuring its citizens have access to quality healthcare services and promoting a healthy lifestyle. In contrast, Saudi Arabia has a slightly lower life expectancy compared to Andorra, with an average of around 75 years.

Factors such as lifestyle habits, healthcare accessibility, and socioeconomic disparities contribute to this difference. Saudi Arabia has made significant progress in recent years in improving healthcare facilities and services nationwide, resulting in a noticeable increase in life expectancy.

Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate in a country provides insights into its labor market dynamics and the availability of job opportunities. Andorra boasts a remarkably low unemployment rate, estimated to be around 2.5%.

This can be attributed to the country’s diverse economy, which includes sectors such as tourism, banking, and retail. The government has also implemented policies to promote employment and attract foreign investment, offering job opportunities to both citizens and expatriates.

Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, has a higher unemployment rate compared to Andorra, standing at approximately 12%. Despite having a thriving oil industry, which contributes significantly to the country’s economy, Saudi Arabia grapples with a lack of employment opportunities for its ever-growing population.

The government has recognized this challenge and has taken measures to diversify the economy and promote job creation through initiatives such as Vision 2030.

Average Income

The average income figures in a country shed light on its citizens’ purchasing power and the overall economic well-being of the population. Andorra boasts a relatively high average income, with estimates placing it at around $49,000.

This can be attributed to the country’s strong economy and the presence of various sectors, including tourism and finance, that provide well-paying jobs. The high average income contributes to the country’s high standard of living.

In contrast, Saudi Arabia has a lower average income when compared to Andorra, with estimates placing it at around $20,000. This discrepancy stems from the difference in economic structures, whereby Saudi Arabia relies heavily on oil exports, which can result in income inequalities.

However, the government’s efforts to diversify the economy through initiatives like Vision 2030 aim to address this gap and improve the overall income levels in the country.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s development and its ability to connect with the rest of the world. Both Andorra and Saudi Arabia have made significant investments in infrastructure, albeit in different areas and to varying extents.

Roadways and Harbors

Andorra, being a mountainous region, has limited road connectivity. However, the country has a well-maintained road network of approximately 269 kilometers, allowing for transportation within the country and easy access to neighboring countries, particularly France and Spain.

While Andorra does not have a harbor due to its landlocked nature, it has established strong trade relationships with its neighboring countries and relies on their ports for international trade. In contrast, Saudi Arabia has an extensive road network that spans over 221,372 kilometers.

This network connects major cities and regions within the country, facilitating the movement of goods and people. Additionally, Saudi Arabia boasts several major ports situated along its Red Sea and Arabian Gulf coastlines.

These ports, including Jeddah Islamic Port and King Abdulaziz Port, are crucial for the import and export of goods, contributing significantly to the country’s economy.

Passenger Airports

Andorra does not have its own airport due to its challenging topography. However, the country has an agreement with neighboring countries, primarily Spain and France, to provide access to international airports.

The closest airports to Andorra are Barcelona-El Prat Airport in Spain and Toulouse-Blagnac Airport in France, both of which have good connectivity to various international destinations. Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, boasts a robust aviation infrastructure.

The country has several international airports, including King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, King Fahd International Airport in Dammam, and King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah. These airports serve as major hubs, connecting Saudi Arabia to various countries around the world and facilitating domestic and international travel.

In conclusion, the population, comprising factors such as life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income, reflects the social and economic landscape of a country. Andorra excels in areas such as life expectancy and low unemployment rates while boasting high average incomes.

Saudi Arabia faces different challenges, with lower life expectancy, higher unemployment rates, and comparatively lower average incomes.

Infrastructure-wise, Andorra’s road connectivity and trade dependence on neighboring harbors differ from Saudi Arabia’s extensive road network and reliance on its own harbors and international airports.

Understanding these aspects of Andorra and Saudi Arabia allows for a comprehensive picture of their respective societies and economies.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Corruption can have severe implications for a country’s development, affecting everything from its economy to its governance. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) measures the perceived levels of corruption in public sectors worldwide.

Andorra consistently ranks high on the CPI, indicating low levels of corruption within the country. This can be attributed to its strong governance, transparency, and accountability mechanisms.

The government of Andorra has implemented stringent anti-corruption measures, including strict financial regulations and robust oversight institutions. These efforts have fostered trust and confidence among citizens and investors alike.

In contrast, Saudi Arabia has been making notable strides in combating corruption. The country has taken significant steps to address corruption cases, such as establishing the National Anti-Corruption Commission (Nazaha) and implementing policies that promote transparency and accountability.

The government’s efforts have resulted in improved rankings in recent years. However, there is still room for improvement, as corruption remains a challenge in some sectors.

Population Below the Poverty Line

The percentage of the population below the poverty line provides insights into a country’s economic inequality and the well-being of its citizens. Andorra boasts a relatively low poverty rate, with less than 1% of its population considered to be below the poverty line.

This can be attributed to the country’s strong social welfare system, high average incomes, and access to quality education and healthcare. Saudi Arabia, on the other hand, faces socioeconomic disparities, with a noticeable percentage of the population living below the poverty line.

Approximately 12.7% of the Saudi population is considered to be below the poverty line. The government has recognized this issue and has implemented various initiatives to alleviate poverty and improve social conditions, including the implementation of social assistance programs and increased investment in education and healthcare.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index measures the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms in a country. Andorra ranks consistently high on the

Human Freedom Index, reflecting its commitment to individual liberties and civil rights.

The country ensures freedom of speech, press, and assembly, allowing citizens to express their opinions and participate in public discourse. Additionally, Andorra promotes economic freedom, with a favorable business environment that encourages entrepreneurship and innovation.

Saudi Arabia has witnessed notable improvements in human freedoms in recent years. The government has implemented several reforms aimed at enhancing personal freedoms and societal tolerance.

These reforms include granting women the right to drive, relaxing restrictions on entertainment and cultural activities, and promoting open dialogue on social issues. While Saudi Arabia continues to make progress, there are still areas where further improvement is needed to enhance human freedoms.

Percentage of Internet Users

The percentage of internet users serves as an important indicator of a country’s digital connectivity and access to information. Andorra boasts a high percentage of internet users, with approximately 98% of its population having access to the internet.

The country has invested heavily in telecommunications infrastructure, ensuring widespread access to high-speed internet services. This heightened connectivity has transformed various sectors, including education, healthcare, and business, while also promoting digital innovation and entrepreneurship.

Saudi Arabia has also witnessed significant growth in internet usage in recent years. With approximately 95% of its population having internet access, the country has made substantial investments in expanding its telecommunications infrastructure and promoting digital inclusion.

The government has actively encouraged the development of the digital economy, fostering a favorable environment for startups and tech companies. This increased connectivity has facilitated the access to information, communication, and e-commerce for Saudi citizens.

English Speaking Percentage

English proficiency plays a crucial role in global communication, trade, and access to educational resources. Andorra’s linguistic context contributes to its high English-speaking percentage.

Due to its location between France and Spain, Andorra has a multilingual society where both Catalan and Spanish are spoken widely. Additionally, many Andorran citizens have a good command of English, allowing them to communicate effectively with international visitors and participate in global conversations.

In Saudi Arabia, the English-speaking percentage is relatively lower. Arabic is the dominant language spoken in the country, and while English is taught in schools and used in business settings, fluency levels can vary.

However, the government of Saudi Arabia recognizes the importance of English proficiency for global communication and has made efforts to improve English language education in schools and universities. In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index provides insights into the levels of corruption in Andorra and Saudi Arabia, with Andorra consistently ranking high and Saudi Arabia making ongoing progress.

Andorra maintains low poverty rates and excels in personal freedoms, while Saudi Arabia continues to address socioeconomic disparities and enhance human freedoms. Both countries boast a high percentage of internet users, although Andorra has a higher percentage due to its well-developed telecommunications infrastructure.

Andorra’s linguistic diversity contributes to its high English-speaking percentage, while Saudi Arabia continues to invest in English language education to enhance global communication. These factors collectively shape the social, economic, and digital landscapes of Andorra and Saudi Arabia.

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