World Comparison

Andorra vs Latvia – Country Comparison

Andorra vs Latvia: A Comprehensive Comparison


Andorra: nestled in the Pyrenees mountains between Spain and France, Andorra is a microstate with a total area of just 468 square kilometers. Its capital city is Andorra la Vella, the highest capital in Europe at an elevation of 1,023 meters.

Latvia: located in the Baltic region of Northern Europe, Latvia covers a larger area of approximately 64,589 square kilometers. Its capital city is Riga, the largest city in the Baltic states.

Official Language:

Andorra: Andorra has two official languages, Catalan and Spanish. However, Catalan is the predominant language spoken by the majority of the population.

It reflects Andorra’s shared history with Catalonia, a region in northeastern Spain. Latvia: Latvian is the sole official language in Latvia.

With its historic ties to the Baltic countries, Latvian serves as the language that unifies the diverse ethnic groups within the country. Currency:

Andorra: Andorra uses the euro as its official currency.

This makes it a convenient destination for tourists from the eurozone, as there is no need for currency exchange. Latvia: Latvia also adopted the euro in 2014, replacing its former currency, the Lat.

The switch to the euro aimed to promote economic stability and enhance integration with the European Union. Government Form:

Andorra: Andorra has a unique form of government known as a parliamentary co-principality.

This means that the country is ruled jointly by two co-princes – the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell in Catalonia, Spain. The co-princes have representatives in the country’s parliament, known as the General Council.

Latvia: Latvia, on the other hand, is a parliamentary republic with a democratically elected president. The President of Latvia serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Latvia has a multi-party system, ensuring representation and political diversity. Annual GDP:

Andorra: As a small and mainly tourist-oriented economy, Andorra’s GDP per capita stands at a remarkable level.

In 2020, it was estimated at around $43,223. However, it is essential to consider that Andorra’s GDP heavily relies on the service sector, particularly tourism.

Latvia: Latvia, being a larger country with a more diversified economy, has a lower GDP per capita compared to Andorra. In 2020, Latvia’s GDP per capita amounted to approximately $16,958.

While Latvia has a stronger manufacturing and services sector, it is still in the process of catching up with more established European economies. Inflation Rate:

Andorra: Andorra has experienced a relatively stable inflation rate in recent years.

In 2020, the inflation rate was recorded at 0.5%. This stability can be attributed to Andorra’s strong economic ties with neighboring countries and its adoption of the euro, which contributes to monetary stability.

Latvia: Latvia has witnessed fluctuating inflation rates over the years, influenced by both domestic and international factors. In 2020, the inflation rate in Latvia was 0.7%.

The country’s central bank actively monitors and takes measures to manage inflation, ensuring price stability within its borders. In conclusion, Andorra and Latvia may be vastly different in terms of size, language, and government form, but both countries have their unique strengths and challenges.

Andorra shines with its strong tourism-oriented economy and stable inflation rate, while Latvia’s larger size and more diverse economy contribute to its economic growth potential. Whether you are seeking a picturesque mountain hideaway or a vibrant Baltic experience, these two countries offer distinct charms worth exploring.

Andorra vs Latvia: A Comprehensive Comparison (Continued)



Andorra has a relatively small population compared to Latvia. As of 2021, the population of Andorra stands at around 77,000 people.

However, despite its small size, Andorra boasts a high life expectancy rate. The average life expectancy in Andorra is approximately 83 years, making it one of the highest in the world.

This can be attributed to factors such as a high standard of living, access to quality healthcare, and a healthy lifestyle. Latvia:

With a significantly larger land area, Latvia has a larger population of approximately 1.9 million people.

Latvia also has a respectable life expectancy rate, with an average life expectancy of around 75 years. While slightly lower than Andorra, Latvia has made significant strides in improving healthcare and living conditions over the years, contributing to increased life expectancy for its residents.

Unemployment Rate:


Andorra boasts an impressively low unemployment rate. As of 2021, the unemployment rate in Andorra is estimated to be around 3.9%.

This can be attributed to the country’s strong focus on the service and tourism sectors, which provide ample employment opportunities for its residents. The availability of jobs and a stable economy contribute to a high standard of living and a low unemployment rate.


Latvia, being a larger country with a more diverse economic structure, experiences a slightly higher unemployment rate compared to Andorra. As of 2021, the unemployment rate in Latvia is estimated to be around 6.5%.

While this figure is higher than Andorra, Latvia has shown improvement in recent years, with efforts focused on encouraging entrepreneurship, attracting foreign investment, and diversifying its economy. Average Income:


The average income in Andorra is relatively high compared to many other countries.

As of 2021, the average income in Andorra is estimated to be around $46,000 per year. This is due to the country’s strong economy, as well as the presence of many high-paying jobs in sectors such as finance, tourism, and retail.

The high average income contributes to a high standard of living for Andorran residents. Latvia:

In comparison to Andorra, Latvia has a lower average income.

As of 2021, the average income in Latvia is estimated to be around $18,000 per year. However, it is important to note that the cost of living in Latvia is relatively lower as well, making the average income more comparable.

Latvia has been focused on raising the average income and reducing income inequality, with efforts made to attract foreign investment, improve the business environment, and enhance job opportunities for its citizens. Infrastructure:


Andorra may be a small country, but it boasts a well-developed infrastructure.

The road network in Andorra is extensive and well-maintained, making it convenient for residents and visitors to travel throughout the country. Additionally, Andorra has no airports due to its rugged mountainous terrain, but it is easily accessible from neighboring countries such as Spain and France.

The harbors of nearby Spanish cities, such as Barcelona and Tarragona, provide easy access for both commercial and leisure maritime activities. Latvia:

Latvia, being a larger country with a strategic location in Northern Europe, has a well-established infrastructure.

The road network in Latvia is extensive and of high quality, allowing for efficient transportation of goods and people. Furthermore, Latvia has several well-connected passenger airports, with Riga International Airport being the largest and busiest in the Baltic states.

This airport serves as a hub for various international flights, connecting Latvia to destinations worldwide. In conclusion, the comparison between Andorra and Latvia reveals not only the contrasting aspects of these two countries, but also their unique strengths and opportunities.

Andorra impresses with its high life expectancy rate, low unemployment rate, and high average income, which contribute to a high standard of living for its small population. On the other hand, Latvia, with its larger population and diverse economy, showcases improvements in life expectancy, employment, and average income.

Both countries have invested in their infrastructure, ensuring efficient transportation and connectivity. Whether you seek the tranquility of the mountains or the vibrancy of the Baltic region, Andorra and Latvia offer distinct experiences worth exploring.

Andorra vs Latvia: A Comprehensive Comparison (Continued)

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):


Andorra has consistently performed well on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). The CPI measures the perceived level of corruption in the public sector of a country.

In 2020, Andorra scored 76 out of 100, indicating a low level of corruption. This is a testament to Andorra’s transparent governance and strong institutions.

The country’s commitment to combating corruption has contributed to its reputation as a safe and trustworthy destination for doing business and investing. Latvia:

Latvia has made significant progress in combating corruption over the years.

In 2020, Latvia scored 57 out of 100 on the CPI, reflecting moderate levels of perceived corruption. While there is still room for improvement, Latvia has implemented various anti-corruption measures, including strengthening its legal framework, establishing specialized anti-corruption bodies, and promoting transparency and accountability in public institutions.

Population Below the Poverty Line:


Andorra has a relatively low percentage of its population living below the poverty line. Owing to its strong economy and high average income, the poverty rate in Andorra is estimated to be around 0.5%.

This indicates a very small proportion of the population facing financial hardships. Andorra’s well-developed social welfare system plays a crucial role in ensuring that its citizens have access to basic necessities and a high standard of living.


Latvia has undergone significant changes since gaining independence in 1991, including the transition to a market economy. While Latvia has made progress in reducing poverty, there are still segments of the population facing economic challenges.

As of 2020, approximately 21.8% of the population in Latvia lives below the poverty line. However, the Latvian government is actively working to address this issue by implementing various social programs, enhancing the labor market, and promoting inclusive growth.

Human Freedom Index:


Andorra consistently ranks high on the Human Freedom Index (HFI), which measures the level of personal, civil, and economic freedom in a country. In the latest report, Andorra ranked 16th out of 162 countries, indicating a high level of human freedom.

This is attributed to factors such as respect for individual rights, a robust legal framework, and a well-functioning rule of law. Andorra’s commitment to personal and economic freedoms attracts individuals from around the world.


Latvia also performs well on the Human Freedom Index, reflecting a high level of personal, civil, and economic freedom. In the most recent report, Latvia ranked 39th out of 162 countries.

The country has made significant strides in promoting human rights, including equal treatment, individual liberties, and economic freedom. Latvia’s commitment to democratic values and its efforts to protect and promote human rights contribute to its standing on the Human Freedom Index.

Percentage of Internet Users:


Andorra has a high level of internet penetration and a significant percentage of its population actively using the internet. As of 2021, it is estimated that around 98% of the population in Andorra are internet users.

This high percentage can be attributed to the country’s strong infrastructure and access to high-speed internet services. The widespread use of the internet in Andorra has contributed to the growth of e-commerce, digital services, and online communication.


Latvia is known as one of the most digitally advanced countries in Europe. The country has a high level of internet usage, with around 85% of the population being active internet users.

Latvia has invested significantly in developing its digital infrastructure and promoting digital literacy among its citizens. This has led to a thriving digital economy, innovation in information technology, and a high level of online connectivity.

English Speaking Percentage:


While Andorra has two official languages, Catalan and Spanish, English is also widely spoken throughout the country. As a popular tourist destination, many Andorrans have learned English to communicate with international visitors.

Additionally, English is often taught in schools as a second or third language. As a result, a significant percentage of the Andorran population is proficient in English, making it easier for tourists and expatriates to communicate.


English proficiency in Latvia has been steadily increasing in recent years. As part of its efforts to integrate into the global economy and promote international communication, English language education has become more widespread.

Many Latvians, especially the younger generation, have a good command of English. This proficiency in English helps facilitate international business relations, educational exchanges, and collaboration across borders.

In conclusion, as we delve deeper into the comparison between Andorra and Latvia, we observe distinct patterns in terms of corruption perceptions, poverty rates, human freedom, and internet usage. Andorra’s strong performance on the Corruption Perceptions Index, low poverty rate, high human freedom index ranking, and high percentage of internet users highlight the country’s commitment to transparency, well-being, and digital connectivity.

Latvia, on the other hand, demonstrates remarkable progress in combating corruption, addressing poverty, promoting freedom, and fostering a digitally advanced society. Both countries showcase their unique strengths and provide favorable environments for residents and visitors alike.

Whether you seek a safe and transparent destination or a digitally advanced society, Andorra and Latvia offer compelling opportunities.

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