World Comparison

Algeria vs Syria – Country Comparison

Algeria and Syria are two countries located in different regions of the world with their own unique characteristics. In this article, we will compare these two nations in terms of their region, including area, capital, official language, currency, and government form.

We will also delve into their annual GDP, including GDP per capita and inflation rate. By exploring these aspects, we hope to provide a comprehensive understanding of the similarities and differences between Algeria and Syria.



– Algeria is the largest country in Africa and the 10th largest in the world, covering a vast area of 2.38 million square kilometers. – Syria, on the other hand, is relatively smaller, with an area of 185,180 square kilometers.


– The capital of Algeria is Algiers, which is also the country’s largest city. – Damascus is the capital of Syria and has a rich history dating back thousands of years.

Official language:

– Arabic is the official language of both Algeria and Syria.

– However, Algeria is also home to the Berber language, which is recognized as a national language alongside Arabic.


– The currency of Algeria is the Algerian dinar (DZD), while Syria uses the Syrian pound (SYP). Government form:

– Algeria is a semi-presidential republic, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.

– Syria, on the other hand, is a unitary republic, with a president serving as the head of state and the head of government. Annual GDP:

GDP per capita:

– In terms of GDP per capita, Algeria has a higher value compared to Syria.

As of 2020, Algerias GDP per capita was $4,042, while Syria’s was $2,752.

– This difference can be attributed to various factors, including natural resources, economic policies, and geopolitical circumstances.

Inflation rate:

– Both Algeria and Syria have experienced high inflation rates in recent years.

– As of 2020, Algeria’s inflation rate was around 1.9%, while Syria’s was significantly higher at 60.1%.

– These inflation rates can have significant implications for the cost of living and overall economic stability in each country. By comparing these two countries in terms of region and annual GDP, we can gain valuable insights into their respective characteristics.

While Algeria is larger in size and has a higher GDP per capita, Syria has a rich historical capital and faces higher inflation rates. These differences highlight the unique aspects of each country and the complexities of their economies.

It is important to note that these statistics may vary over time and are subject to change based on various economic and political factors. In conclusion, Algeria and Syria are two nations with distinct features and characteristics.

Despite their differences, both countries have rich histories and vibrant cultures. It is through understanding and appreciating these unique qualities that we can foster a more informed and interconnected global community.


Life expectancy:

– Life expectancy is an important indicator of the overall well-being and healthcare system of a country. – In Algeria, the average life expectancy is currently around 77 years, indicating a relatively high standard of living and access to healthcare.

– On the other hand, Syria has a lower life expectancy, with an average of 73 years. This can be attributed to various factors, including ongoing conflicts and limited access to healthcare services.

Unemployment rate:

– The unemployment rate is a crucial economic indicator that reflects the availability of jobs and the overall strength of the labor market. – In Algeria, the unemployment rate stands at around 12%.

While this is relatively high, the government has implemented various policies to address unemployment and promote job creation. – Syria, on the other hand, has a significantly higher unemployment rate, hovering around 50% due to the long-standing conflict and economic instability.

Average income:

– Average income is an essential parameter to assess the standard of living in a country. – In Algeria, the average income is around $5,000 per year, which is relatively higher compared to other countries in the region.

However, it is important to note that income distribution in Algeria is not evenly spread, with significant income disparities between the urban and rural areas. – Syria, due to the ongoing war and economic challenges, has a lower average income of around $1,800 per year.

This low income level contributes to the overall economic struggles faced by the population. Infrastructure:

Roadways and Harbours:

– Algeria has a well-developed infrastructure network, with an extensive road network covering approximately 180,000 kilometers.

This includes both highways and secondary roads, connecting major cities and rural areas. – The country also boasts an extensive coastline along the Mediterranean Sea, giving it access to several ports and harbors, facilitating trade and commerce.

– Syria, although affected by the ongoing conflict, had previously invested in infrastructure development. The country has a road network encompassing around 69,873 kilometers, connecting major cities and towns.

However, due to the destruction caused by the conflict, the state of the roadways has deteriorated significantly. – Syria also has several harbors, including the ports of Tartus and Latakia, which play a critical role in facilitating trade.

Passenger Airports:

– Algeria has a well-developed aviation sector, with 41 airports operating throughout the country. The Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers is the busiest and serves as the primary gateway to the country.

– These airports connect Algeria to various destinations around the world, facilitating tourism, trade, and business activities. – Syria, despite the ongoing conflict, still has a few operational airports.

Damascus International Airport is the busiest and serves as the main airport for international and domestic travel. However, due to security concerns, much of the civilian air traffic has been greatly reduced.

By examining the population and infrastructure of Algeria and Syria, we can gain a deeper understanding of the challenges and opportunities facing each country. While Algeria has a higher life expectancy and average income, Syria struggles with high unemployment rates and a lower average income due to the ongoing conflict.

Additionally, Algeria boasts a well-developed infrastructure network, while Syria has experienced significant infrastructure damage. These factors illustrate the complexities of each country’s social and economic landscape, highlighting the unique circumstances they face.

In conclusion, the population and infrastructure of Algeria and Syria offer valuable insights into the challenges and strengths of each nation. With a focus on life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income, we can understand the socio-economic aspects of each country’s population.

Furthermore, by examining the roadways, harbors, and airports in each nation, we can gain a clearer picture of their infrastructure capabilities. As these countries continue to navigate their respective journeys, it is crucial to consider their unique circumstances and work towards fostering stability, growth, and development.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a widely recognized indicator that assesses the level of corruption in a country’s public sector. It provides valuable insights into the integrity and transparency of government institutions, as well as the effectiveness of anti-corruption measures.

Population below the poverty line:

– The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is an important socio-economic indicator that reflects the level of income inequality and the overall well-being of a nation. – In Algeria, approximately 23% of the population was estimated to be living below the poverty line as of 2018.

While this figure has decreased over the years, poverty remains a significant challenge for the country. – Syria, due to its ongoing conflict and economic instability, has seen a sharp increase in poverty rates.

As of 2021, it is estimated that around 82% of the population in Syria is living below the poverty line. Human Freedom Index:

– The Human Freedom Index (HFI) is a comprehensive measure that assesses the level of personal, civil, and economic freedom in a country.

It takes into account various factors, including the rule of law, freedom of expression, and economic liberty. – Algeria has a moderate score on the Human Freedom Index, indicating a moderate level of personal and civil liberties.

However, the country faces challenges in terms of political freedom and government control. – Syria, due to its ongoing conflict and authoritarian regime, has a significantly lower score on the Human Freedom Index.

The country lacks essential freedoms, such as freedom of speech, press, and assembly, leading to significant limitations on human rights. Percentage of internet users:

– The percentage of internet users is a crucial indicator of a country’s digital connectivity and access to information and communication technologies.

– In Algeria, the number of internet users has been steadily increasing over the years. As of 2021, approximately 68% of the population has access to the internet.

This growth has been facilitated by government initiatives and increased private sector investments in digital infrastructure. – Syria, despite its ongoing conflict, has also witnessed an increase in internet usage.

As of 2021, approximately 31% of the population has access to the internet. This number, although lower compared to Algeria, highlights the resilience and adaptability of the Syrian people amid challenging circumstances.

English-speaking population:

– English proficiency is an important factor in the globalized world, as it facilitates international communication, trade, and access to global opportunities. – In Algeria, English proficiency is relatively low, with only a small percentage of the population speaking English fluently.

Arabic and French are the dominant languages in the country. – Syria, similar to Algeria, has a limited English-speaking population.

Arabic is the primary language spoken, with some citizens having a basic understanding of English. By evaluating the Corruption Perceptions Index, the percentage of the population below the poverty line, the Human Freedom Index, and the percentage of internet users, we can gain a deeper understanding of the social, economic, and technological landscapes of Algeria and Syria.

While Algeria has made progress in terms of reducing poverty rates, enhancing digital connectivity, and achieving a moderate level of personal and civil liberties, Syria faces significant challenges in all these areas due to its ongoing conflict and authoritarian regime. These differences underscore the diverse realities and complexities faced by each country.

In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index, the percentage of the population below the poverty line, the Human Freedom Index, and the percentage of internet users provide crucial insights into the socio-economic and technological aspects of Algeria and Syria. By highlighting the disparities and challenges faced by these nations, we can foster a better understanding of their unique circumstances.

It is through comprehensive analysis and examination of these indicators that policymakers, stakeholders, and citizens can work towards addressing the challenges and collaboratively building a brighter future for both countries.

Popular Posts