World Comparison

Algeria vs Sri Lanka – Country Comparison

Algeria and Sri Lanka are two countries located in different regions of the world. While Algeria lies in North Africa, Sri Lanka is an island nation in South Asia.

Despite their geographical distance, these countries have notable similarities and differences. In this article, we will explore various aspects of Algeria and Sri Lanka, including their region, government, economy, and more.


1. Area and Capital:

– Algeria: With an area of approximately 2.38 million square kilometers, Algeria is the largest country in Africa.

Its capital is Algiers, which is situated on the Mediterranean coast. – Sri Lanka: Comparatively smaller, Sri Lanka covers an area of around 65,610 square kilometers.

Its capital is Colombo, a bustling city located on the country’s western coast. 2.

Official Language and Currency:

– Algeria: The official language of Algeria is Arabic, due to its historical ties with the Arab world. The currency used in Algeria is the Algerian dinar (DZD).

– Sri Lanka: Sinhala and Tamil are recognized as the official languages of Sri Lanka. Additionally, English is widely spoken, particularly in urban areas.

The currency used in Sri Lanka is the Sri Lankan rupee (LKR). 3.

Government Form:

– Algeria: Algeria is a presidential republic, with the President serving as the head of state and government. The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term.

– Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka follows a semi-presidential system, where the President is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. Both the President and the Prime Minister are elected through popular vote.

Moving on to the economic aspects of the two countries, let’s compare their annual GDP and key economic indicators. Annual GDP:


GDP per Capita:

– Algeria: With a population of approximately 45 million people, Algeria has a GDP per capita of around $4,000. The country’s economy is largely dependent on oil and gas exports, which contribute significantly to its GDP.

– Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka has a population of around 21 million people and a GDP per capita of approximately $4,000 as well. The country’s economy is diversified, with sectors such as tourism, apparel, agriculture, and services playing vital roles.

2. Inflation Rate:

– Algeria: In recent years, Algeria has experienced a moderately high inflation rate, averaging around 5% to 7%.

This can be attributed to factors such as excessive government spending and volatile global oil prices. – Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka has also witnessed fluctuations in its inflation rate, with an average of around 4% to 6%.

Factors such as monetary policies, import-export dynamics, and domestic demand influence the inflation rate in the country. In conclusion, Algeria and Sri Lanka are distinctive countries with unique characteristics in their respective regions.

While Algeria shines as the largest country in Africa, Sri Lanka stands as a cultural and scenic gem in South Asia. Despite their regional differences, both countries have exhibited economic growth, with their GDP per capita indicating a similar trajectory.

However, they do face challenges such as inflation, which impact their respective economies. Understanding these nuances helps us appreciate the diversity and similarities present in our world.


1. Life Expectancy:

– Algeria: The life expectancy in Algeria is around 76 years, indicating a relatively high standard of healthcare and living conditions for its population.

– Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka boasts a commendable life expectancy of approximately 77 years, reflecting a robust healthcare system and high living standards. 2.

Unemployment Rate:

– Algeria: The unemployment rate in Algeria has been a matter of concern in recent years. It hovers at around 12%, with youth unemployment being particularly high at approximately 29%.

Government initiatives to address this issue are ongoing. – Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka faces its own challenges regarding unemployment.

The country has an unemployment rate of approximately 5%, with the government implementing various measures to improve job opportunities for its population. 3.

Average Income:

– Algeria: The average income in Algeria is around $4,000 per year. However, it is important to note that there are significant income disparities within the country, with rural areas experiencing lower average incomes compared to urban areas.

– Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka has an average income of around $4,000 per year as well. Like Algeria, income disparities exist between different regions and socio-economic groups.


1. Roadways and Harbours:

– Algeria: Algeria boasts an extensive road network, with over 180,000 kilometers of paved roads connecting various parts of the country.

Additionally, the country has several important harbors, including the Port of Algiers, which serves as a major economic gateway. – Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka also has a well-developed road network, spanning approximately 100,000 kilometers.

The country’s ports, such as the Port of Colombo and the Port of Hambantota, play a significant role in facilitating trade and commerce. 2.

Passenger Airports:

– Algeria: Algeria has a number of international airports, with the Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers being the busiest and most important one. It serves as a hub for numerous airlines, connecting Algeria to various destinations around the world.

– Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka is served by several international airports, with the Bandaranaike International Airport in Colombo being the primary gateway. The airport connects Sri Lanka to major cities globally and contributes significantly to the country’s tourism sector.

In conclusion, Algeria and Sri Lanka exhibit diverse population characteristics and possess robust infrastructure to support their respective economies. With relatively high life expectancies and average incomes, both countries prioritize the well-being of their citizens.

However, they face challenges such as unemployment rates, particularly among the youth, which necessitate ongoing efforts by their governments. Additionally, their efficient roadways, harbors, and passenger airports facilitate trade, connectivity, and tourism, contributing to overall economic development.

Understanding these aspects provides valuable insight into the dynamics and progress of Algeria and Sri Lanka as nations. 5.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):

– Algeria: The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) measures the perceived levels of corruption in a country’s public sector. In Algeria, the CPI score is 34 out of 100, indicating a significant level of perceived corruption.

This highlights the need for continued efforts to enhance transparency, accountability, and good governance. – Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka has a CPI score of 38 out of 100, suggesting a moderate level of perceived corruption.

Although the country has made progress in combating corruption, further measures are essential to strengthen institutions, promote integrity, and ensure transparency in both the public and private sectors. Subtopic 1: Population below the poverty line:

– Algeria: As of 2020, around 23% of Algeria’s population was living below the national poverty line.

This indicates a persistent challenge in alleviating poverty and ensuring inclusive growth. The government has implemented various social welfare programs to address this issue and improve the living conditions of its citizens.

– Sri Lanka: In Sri Lanka, approximately 10% of the population lived below the national poverty line in 2019. Although the country has seen significant progress in reducing poverty rates over the years, there is still a need for continued efforts to uplift the living standards of those in lower income brackets.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index:

– Algeria: The Human Freedom Index, which measures the degree of personal, civil, and economic freedoms, scores Algeria at 5.11 out of 10. While the country provides certain fundamental freedoms, there are ongoing concerns regarding restrictions on civil liberties and political rights.

The government’s efforts to promote human rights and strengthen democratic institutions are crucial for ensuring greater freedom for its citizens. – Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka has a Human Freedom Index score of 6.38 out of 10, indicating a relatively higher level of freedom compared to Algeria.

However, challenges related to freedom of the press, expression, and assembly persist. Ongoing efforts to bolster these freedoms and strengthen democratic institutions are necessary for fostering a more inclusive and open society.

6. Percentage of Internet Users:

– Algeria: In Algeria, approximately 59% of the population are internet users, highlighting the increasing importance of digital connectivity in the country.

The government has been investing in expanding internet infrastructure and promoting digital literacy to bridge the digital divide and enable greater access to information and communication technologies. – Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka has a higher internet penetration rate, with approximately 51% of the population being internet users.

The government has actively promoted internet connectivity, particularly in rural areas, to ensure access to digital resources and facilitate e-commerce, education, and communication. Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage:

– Algeria: In Algeria, English is not widely spoken compared to other languages like Arabic and French, which are more commonly used for official and business purposes.

However, there is a growing interest in learning English, particularly among the younger generation and those involved in international trade and tourism. – Sri Lanka: English is widely spoken in Sri Lanka, thanks to the country’s historical ties with the British colonial era.

It is taught as a second language in schools, making it accessible to a significant portion of the population. This proficiency in English has been an advantage for Sri Lanka in attracting foreign investment, tourism, and facilitating global communication.

In summary, the Corruption Perceptions Index, poverty rates, and human freedom index shed light on the challenges and progress in Algeria and Sri Lanka. Both countries face the need to address corruption, reduce poverty rates, and ensure greater freedom for their citizens.

Additionally, the percentage of internet users and proficiency in English play crucial roles in connecting people, fostering economic growth, and facilitating global communication. Recognizing and addressing these aspects are integral to shaping the future of Algeria and Sri Lanka as they strive for sustainable development and improved quality of life for their populations.

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