World Comparison

Algeria vs Portugal – Country Comparison

Algeria vs Portugal Comparison: Exploring the Differences

Have you ever wondered about the differences between different countries and the unique aspects that set them apart? In this article, we will delve into a comparison between Algeria and Portugal, shedding light on their regions and annual GDP.

Join us on this informative journey to discover the distinctions that make each country special.


When it comes to the region, both Algeria and Portugal have their own unique attributes. Let’s explore them further.

Area and Capital:

Algeria, situated in North Africa, is the largest country on the African continent, covering an impressive area of approximately 2.38 million square kilometers. Its capital city is Algiers, a thriving metropolis that combines modernity with a rich history.

On the other hand, Portugal, located in Southern Europe, has a more compact size, spanning around 92,090 square kilometers. Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, stands as the political and cultural hub, boasting picturesque waterfronts and architectural wonders.

Official Language and Currency:

Language plays a crucial role in a country’s identity, and both Algeria and Portugal have their own official languages. Algerian Arabic and Berber are the official languages of Algeria.

Arabic, spoken by the majority of the population, is the primary language of communication. The use of Berber is also significant, reflecting Algeria’s diverse cultural heritage.

In Portugal, Portuguese takes center stage as the official language. As one of the most spoken languages in the world, Portuguese serves as a connection between Portugal’s people and its vibrant history.

In terms of currencies, Algeria utilizes the Algerian dinar (DZD), while Portugal relies on the euro (EUR) as its official currency. These monetary units facilitate economic transactions within their respective countries and provide a common ground for financial exchange with the international community.

Government Form:

Understanding the government form establishes the political landscape of a country. So, how do Algeria and Portugal differ in terms of their governance?

Algeria operates under a semi-presidential republic system. This system combines elements of both presidential and parliamentary systems, granting power to both the President and the Prime Minister.

Portugal, on the other hand, follows a multi-party parliamentary democracy. It is a republic, with the President serving as the head of state and the Prime Minister as the head of government.

The political parties play a significant role in shaping the government of Portugal through general elections.

Annual GDP

Now that we’ve provided an overview of the regions, let’s delve into the economic aspects by comparing the annual GDP of Algeria and Portugal. GDP per Capita:

GDP per capita is a key indicator of a country’s economic well-being.

It calculates the average income of the population and sheds light on the living standards of the citizens. Algeria, being a resource-rich nation, has a GDP per capita of approximately $4,000.

The Algerian economy depends heavily on oil and gas exports, which contribute significantly to its GDP. Compared to Algeria, Portugal’s GDP per capita stands at around $22,000.

As a member of the European Union, Portugal has a diverse economy with strengths in sectors such as services, manufacturing, and tourism. These factors contribute to a higher GDP per capita, enabling a higher standard of living for its residents.

Inflation Rate:

Another essential factor in analyzing a country’s economic health is its inflation rate. Inflation refers to the increase in the overall price level of goods and services over time, reducing the purchasing power of a currency.

Algeria has experienced relatively high inflation rates in recent years, reaching around 5% annually. This fluctuation poses challenges to the living standards of its citizens, affecting the affordability of essential goods and services.

On the other hand, Portugal has maintained a more stable inflation rate, with an average of around 1% annually. This stability allows its citizens to plan their finances more effectively and ensures consistency in the cost of living.

By comparing the inflation rates, we can observe the varying economic conditions and the impact they have on the daily lives of the people in Algeria and Portugal. In conclusion, exploring the unique characteristics and economic aspects of diverse countries enriches our understanding of the world.

Algeria, with its vast expanse and vibrant culture, presents a fascinating contrast to Portugal, which thrives on its historical heritage and economic stability. By examining the region and annual GDP factors, we have shed light on the distinct attributes that define each country.

Through these comparisons, we not only gain knowledge but also foster an appreciation for the diversity that makes our global community so fascinating. Algeria vs Portugal Comparison: Exploring the Differences Continued


As we continue our exploration of the differences between Algeria and Portugal, we will now focus on the population aspects. Let’s dive into the life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income of these two countries.

Life Expectancy:

Life expectancy is a critical indicator of the overall health and wellbeing of a population. It reflects the average number of years a person is expected to live from birth.

Algeria boasts a life expectancy of around 76 years. The country has made significant progress in healthcare, providing access to essential medical services and improving overall living conditions for its citizens.

In comparison, Portugal surpasses Algeria in terms of life expectancy, with an average of approximately 82 years. This higher life expectancy is attributed to Portugal’s advanced healthcare system and social support programs that prioritize the wellbeing of its population.

Unemployment Rate:

The unemployment rate is an essential economic indicator, revealing the percentage of the labor force that is unemployed and actively seeking employment. Algeria’s unemployment rate currently stands at around 12.6%.

It is worth noting that while this rate might seem high, it has improved over the years due to government initiatives aimed at job creation and economic diversification. Portugal, on the other hand, has experienced a higher unemployment rate, averaging around 6.5%.

However, this rate has significantly decreased in recent years, showcasing Portugal’s efforts to foster economic growth and reduce unemployment levels. Average Income:

Understanding the average income of a country provides insights into the standard of living and economic conditions.

Let’s explore the average income in both Algeria and Portugal. Algeria has an average income of approximately $6,000 per year.

This figure reflects the average earnings of the population and indicates the purchasing power of Algerian citizens. In contrast, Portugal boasts a higher average income of around $23,000 per year.

This higher income level is a testament to the country’s economic stability and its ability to provide its citizens with higher earning opportunities.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s development and its ability to meet the needs of its population. Here, we will explore the infrastructure of Algeria and Portugal, focusing on roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


Algeria maintains an extensive road network, covering over 180,000 kilometers. This vast network facilitates transportation between cities and regions within the country.

The highways connect large urban centers, making travel more accessible for both people and goods. Similarly, Portugal has a well-developed road system, spanning approximately 85,000 kilometers.

The roadways in Portugal are modern and well-maintained, ensuring efficient transportation and connectivity for its residents and visitors. Harbors:

Algeria possesses several major ports along its extensive coastline, including the ports of Algiers, Oran, and Annaba.

These ports serve as significant gateways for international trade and contribute to the country’s economy. Portugal, known for its seafaring history, has several thriving harbors, attracting shipping and tourism alike.

Ports such as Leixes, Lisbon, and Sines play a crucial role in facilitating maritime trade and tourism, serving as ports of entry for goods and tourists. Passenger Airports:

In terms of air travel, both Algeria and Portugal have prominent international airports that cater to domestic and international flights.

Algeria boasts several international airports, including Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers, the country’s capital. These airports serve as major travel hubs, connecting Algeria to various destinations across the globe.

Portugal, too, holds several international airports, with Lisbon Portela Airport being the busiest and most significant. The country’s airports provide essential links for tourism, business, and trade, allowing efficient transport and facilitating economic growth.

By focusing on the infrastructure indicators, we gain valuable insights into the connectivity and development of Algeria and Portugal. Well-established road networks, harbors, and passenger airports play pivotal roles in sustaining economic activities and fostering growth in these countries.

As we conclude our exploration of the differences between Algeria and Portugal, we have delved into various aspects of these nations. From their regions and annual GDPs to population and infrastructure, each category reveals unique characteristics and distinctions.

By understanding these differences, we foster a deeper appreciation for the diversity that exists among different countries. Through knowledge and understanding, we can enhance our global perspective and celebrate the richness of our global community.

Algeria vs Portugal Comparison: Exploring the Differences Continued

As we delve deeper into our comparison between Algeria and Portugal, we will now focus on additional factors that shed light on the social, economic, and technological aspects of these countries. In this expanded article, we will explore the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), population below the poverty line, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and the English-speaking population.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a measure that evaluates the perceived levels of public sector corruption in a country. It takes into account various factors, including bribery, embezzlement, and the effectiveness of anti-corruption initiatives.

Algeria has a CPI score of 36 out of 100, indicating a moderate level of perceived corruption within its public sector. While the country has made efforts to combat corruption, there is still work to be done to enhance transparency and eliminate corrupt practices.

Portugal, on the other hand, has a higher CPI score of 62 out of 100, suggesting a relatively lower level of perceived corruption. The country’s robust legal framework and effective enforcement of anti-corruption measures contribute to its higher ranking on the CPI.

Population below the Poverty Line:

Examining the percentage of the population living below the poverty line allows us to gain insights into the socio-economic status of a country’s citizens. In Algeria, approximately 23% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This indicates that a significant portion of the population faces economic challenges and struggles to meet their basic needs and improve their quality of life. In comparison, Portugal has a lower percentage of its population living below the poverty line, with around 17% facing economic hardship.

It is worth noting that Portugal has implemented social welfare programs and initiatives aimed at reducing poverty rates and ensuring the well-being of its citizens. Human Freedom Index:

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) assesses the level of personal, civil, and economic freedom in a country.

It takes into account factors such as the rule of law, freedom of expression, and economic freedom. Algeria has an HFI score of 5.96 out of 10, indicating a moderate level of overall freedom.

While the country has made progress in certain areas, there is room for improvement in terms of political and civil liberties. Portugal, on the other hand, has a higher HFI score of 8.36 out of 10, signifying a higher level of human freedom.

The country upholds strong democratic values, protects civil liberties, and provides a favorable environment for economic freedom, contributing to its higher ranking on the HFI. Percentage of Internet Users:

The percentage of internet users provides insights into a country’s technological advancement and the accessibility of information and communication technologies (ICTs).

In Algeria, approximately 61% of the population are internet users. While this percentage signifies significant progress in terms of internet access, there is a need for further improvement, particularly in rural areas, to bridge the digital divide.

In Portugal, internet penetration is higher, with approximately 80% of the population as internet users. The country’s well-developed ICT infrastructure and strong government support for digital initiatives contribute to its higher percentage of internet users.



English serves as a global language of communication and is widely spoken in many countries. Let’s explore the English-speaking population in Algeria and Portugal.

In Algeria, while Arabic is the primary language, English is taught as a foreign language, particularly in schools and higher education institutions. However, the percentage of English-speaking individuals is relatively lower compared to other languages spoken in the country.

In Portugal, English is taught as a compulsory subject in schools, and there is a higher percentage of English-speaking individuals. This proficiency in English facilitates communication and enhances opportunities for international business, tourism, and academic exchange.

By examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, population below the poverty line, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and the English-speaking population, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the social, economic, and technological aspects that distinguish Algeria and Portugal. Through these comparisons, we can appreciate the unique challenges and strengths of each country, as well as foster a broader understanding of the global landscape.

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