World Comparison

Algeria vs Israel – Country Comparison

Algeria vs Israel: A Comparative Analysis


When comparing Algeria and Israel, it is important to consider various aspects of their respective regions. This includes their area, capital city, official language, currency, and government form.

Area and Capital:

Algeria, located in North Africa, covers an area of approximately 2,381,741 square kilometers. Its capital city is Algiers, a bustling metropolis situated on the Mediterranean coast.

On the other hand, Israel is a small country in the Middle East with an area of about 20,770 square kilometers. Jerusalem, one of the oldest cities in the world, serves as the capital and holds deep religious significance for Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike.

Official Language and Currency:

In Algeria, Arabic is the official language, with Amazigh also recognized as a national language. However, French is widely spoken and used in government, media, and business affairs.

The official currency is the Algerian dinar (DZD). Meanwhile, Israel has Hebrew as its official language.

Additionally, Arabic holds a special status and is used in various official capacities. The currency in Israel is the Israeli new shekel (ILS), which is commonly abbreviated as NIS.

Government Form:

Algeria has a semi-presidential system in which the President is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The President is elected by popular vote, while the Prime Minister is appointed by the President.

The Parliament consists of two houses: the National People’s Assembly and the Council of the Nation. On the other hand, Israel is a parliamentary democracy with a President serving as a ceremonial figurehead.

The Prime Minister is the head of government, selected by members of the legislative body called the Knesset. Annual GDP:

Understanding the economic situation in Algeria and Israel involves analyzing their gross domestic product (GDP).

GDP measures the total value of goods and services produced in a country within a given time. GDP per Capita:

In terms of GDP per capita, Algeria and Israel showcase stark differences.

As of 2020, Algeria’s GDP per capita is approximately $4,011. This figure reflects the lower average income and challenges faced by the nation.

Conversely, Israel boasts a significantly higher GDP per capita at around $43,439, showcasing a more prosperous economy. Inflation Rate:

The inflation rate is another significant factor to consider when assessing a country’s economic stability.

As of 2020, Algeria experienced an inflation rate of around 1.8%. This relatively low figure indicates a stable economic environment.

On the other hand, Israel recorded an inflation rate of approximately 0.6%, showcasing a strong control over price levels. Algeria and Israel possess distinct characteristics and unique aspects within their regions.

By examining their area, capital cities, official languages, currencies, and government forms, we can paint a comprehensive picture of both countries. Furthermore, analyzing their annual GDP, particularly their GDP per capita and inflation rate, provides valuable insights into their economic landscapes.

In conclusion, a comparison between Algeria and Israel reveals intriguing disparities and similarities. Each nation boasts its own set of strengths and challenges within different aspects of their regions and economies.

Understanding these differences fosters a broader perspective, deepening our knowledge and appreciation for the diversity that exists in our world. Population:

When examining the population of Algeria and Israel, various factors come into play.

Among these are life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income. Life Expectancy:

Life expectancy is a significant indicator of the overall well-being and quality of life within a country.

In Algeria, the average life expectancy is around 76 years for both males and females. Factors contributing to this relatively high life expectancy include improved healthcare services, access to clean water, and better sanitation facilities.

In comparison, Israel boasts a slightly higher average life expectancy of approximately 82 years. This can be attributed to the country’s advanced healthcare system, high-quality medical research, and emphasis on public health awareness.

Unemployment Rate:

The unemployment rate is a critical metric for evaluating a country’s economic health. In Algeria, the unemployment rate stands at around 11.4%.

While this figure indicates challenges in the job market, efforts are being made to reduce unemployment through various government initiatives. On the other hand, Israel has a relatively lower unemployment rate of approximately 4%.

This highlights the country’s strong job market and the impact of its innovation-driven economy, which fosters entrepreneurial opportunities and attracts foreign investment. Average Income:

Average income is an essential aspect to consider when assessing the economic well-being of a population.

In Algeria, the average income stands at around $5,977 per year. Although this figure reflects a relatively lower average income level, it is important to note that the cost of living in Algeria is comparatively lower than in many other countries.

In contrast, Israel boasts a higher average income of approximately $40,982 per year. This higher income level is a result of the country’s thriving high-tech industries, strong economic growth, and robust job market.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in the development and connectivity of a country. When comparing Algeria and Israel, it is noteworthy to analyze their roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.

Roadways and Harbors:

Algeria has an extensive road network that spans over 180,000 kilometers, facilitating transportation and trade throughout the country. The roadways connect various cities and regions, contributing to the economic growth of Algeria.

The country also boasts multiple major ports, such as the Port of Algiers and the Port of Oran, which serve as vital gateways for international trade. Similarly, Israel has a well-developed road network that spans over 18,000 kilometers, allowing seamless transportation across the country.

The major highways, such as Highway 1 and Highway 6, play a significant role in connecting major cities and facilitating efficient travel. In terms of harbors, Israel has two major ports, namely the Port of Haifa and the Port of Ashdod, which are crucial for international shipping and trade.

Passenger Airports:

The availability and quality of passenger airports are vital for both domestic and international travel. In Algeria, the country is served by several international airports, including the Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers, which is the busiest airport in the country.

Other significant airports include the Oran Es Snia Airport and the Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport, providing convenient air travel options for both locals and visitors. Israel also boasts multiple passenger airports, with Ben Gurion Airport being the primary international gateway.

Located near Tel Aviv, Ben Gurion Airport is one of the busiest airports in the Middle East, handling millions of passengers each year. Additionally, the country’s secondary airports, such as Ovda Airport and Eilat Ramon Airport, serve as popular tourist destinations and support domestic air travel.

In summary, analyzing the population and infrastructure of Algeria and Israel provides valuable insights into the well-being of their citizens and the connectivity within their respective regions. Factors such as life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income shed light on the socio-economic conditions of each country.

Similarly, examining the roadways, harbors, and passenger airports highlights the accessibility and connectivity that Algeria and Israel offer their residents and visitors. Understanding these aspects contributes to a comprehensive understanding of these nations and fosters a deeper appreciation for their unique characteristics.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a widely recognized global indicator that assesses the perceived levels of public sector corruption in various countries. Understanding the CPI for Algeria and Israel helps shed light on the transparency and accountability of their respective governance systems.

Population below the Poverty Line:

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is a crucial measure of economic inequality and social welfare. In Algeria, approximately 23% of the population is estimated to live below the poverty line.

This figure highlights the economic disparities and challenges faced by a significant portion of Algerians. Efforts to combat poverty include social welfare programs, subsidized housing, and initiatives to stimulate economic growth in underprivileged regions.

In contrast, Israel has a lower percentage of the population below the poverty line, estimated at around 21%. While still a concern, this figure suggests comparatively better social welfare systems and economic opportunities for vulnerable individuals.

The Israeli government has implemented measures such as income support programs, housing assistance, and vocational training to uplift those in poverty and reduce income inequality. Human Freedom Index:

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) measures the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms for individuals within a country.

It assesses factors such as the rule of law, freedom of expression, property rights, and access to justice. Algeria ranks lower on the Human Freedom Index, indicating a relatively higher level of restrictions on personal freedoms and limited civil liberties.

Issues such as restrictions on freedom of speech, limited media independence, and controversial legislation impacting personal freedoms have been raised as areas of concern. However, it is important to note that Algeria has made progress in recent years, with increased political participation and reforms aimed at strengthening human rights.

Israel, on the other hand, ranks higher on the Human Freedom Index, indicating a greater level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms. The country has a robust legal system that upholds individual rights, freedom of expression, and a free press.

Additionally, Israel’s pluralistic society ensures equal rights and protections for its citizens. Percentage of Internet Users:

In today’s digital age, the percentage of internet users is a crucial indicator of a country’s connectivity, digital literacy, and accessibility to information and communication technologies.

In Algeria, the percentage of internet users has been steadily increasing in recent years, reaching approximately 61% of the population. The government has been actively investing in expanding internet infrastructure and promoting digital literacy to bridge the digital divide, especially in rural areas.

This increased connectivity has facilitated access to information, online services, and economic opportunities for Algerians. Israel boasts a higher percentage of internet users, estimated at around 88% of the population.

The country is known for its technological prowess and advanced digital infrastructure. The Israeli government has been at the forefront of fostering innovation and entrepreneurship in the tech sector, leading to widespread internet adoption and usage.

The highly connected population contributes to Israel’s technology-driven economy and thriving start-up ecosystem. English Speaking Percentage:

English is a widely spoken language globally and serves as a lingua franca in various domains, including business, academia, and international communication.

Understanding the percentage of English-speaking individuals in Algeria and Israel provides insights into their language proficiency and potential advantages in these domains. In Algeria, a former French colony, French remains the dominant foreign language, with only a minority of the population speaking English fluently.

However, there has been a growing interest in learning English, particularly among the younger generation. The Algerian government has recognized the importance of English as a global language and has taken steps to enhance English language education at schools and universities.

Israel, a country with a diverse immigrant population, showcases a higher percentage of English-speaking individuals. English is taught as a second language in schools, and many Israelis are fluent in English due to exposure and proficiency required for international business and academic collaborations.

This linguistic advantage has played a crucial role in Israel’s success in the global high-tech industry and its ability to attract foreign investments and partnerships. In summary, analyzing the Corruption Perceptions Index, population below the poverty line, Human Freedom Index, percentage of internet users, and English-speaking percentage provides valuable insights into Algeria and Israel’s social, economic, and cultural landscapes.

It helps understand the level of corruption perception, socio-economic disparities, governance transparency, digital connectivity, and language proficiency within each country. These factors contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the strengths and challenges faced by these nations and foster appreciation for their unique characteristics.

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