World Comparison

Algeria vs Iraq – Country Comparison

Algeria vs Iraq: A Comparative Analysis

When it comes to comparing countries, a multitude of factors come into play. In this article, we will delve into the key differences and similarities between two fascinating nations: Algeria and Iraq.

From the region they are located in to their government forms, and from their annual GDP to the inflation rates, we will explore these topics in detail. By the end of this article, you will gain valuable insight into both countries, broadening your knowledge and understanding of the world.


Firstly, let us examine the region in which these countries are situated. Algeria is located in North Africa, making it the largest country on the continent and the tenth largest in the world.

On the other hand, Iraq finds itself in Western Asia, sharing its borders with six countries. While Algeria’s capital is Algiers, Iraq’s capital is Baghdad.

These two bustling cities serve as the political and cultural hearts of their respective nations.

Official Language and Currency

Moving on, language and currency play a significant role in a country’s identity. Algeria’s official language is Arabic, reflecting its deep-rooted Arab heritage.

Similarly, Arabic holds a prominent place in Iraq as well. However, it is worth mentioning that Kurdish is also recognized as an official language in Iraq, reflecting the country’s linguistic diversity.

When it comes to currency, both countries have their distinct currencies. Algeria uses the Algerian dinar (DZD), while Iraq’s currency is the Iraqi dinar (IQD).

Government Form

As we turn our attention to governance, we find that Algeria and Iraq have different government forms. Algeria boasts a republican form of government, where the President serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

On the other hand, Iraq follows a federal parliamentary democratic republic system. In Iraq, the President holds the position of head of state, whereas the Prime Minister holds the position of head of government.

These diverse government forms reflect the unique political landscapes of both countries.

Annual GDP

Now, let us dive into the economic aspect of Algeria and Iraq. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) serves as an important indicator of a country’s economic performance.

GDP per capita helps in assessing the average income and living standards of the population. In this regard, Algeria’s GDP per capita stands at around $4,000, indicating a moderate level of prosperity.

Conversely, Iraq’s GDP per capita is around $5,000, showcasing a slightly higher standard of living.

Inflation Rate

To truly understand a country’s economic health, we must also examine the inflation rate. Inflation, the general rise in prices, can have a significant impact on a nation’s economy and the populace.

As of the latest available data, Algeria’s inflation rate stands at 5.4%, while Iraq’s is slightly higher at 7.5%. Both countries face the challenge of managing inflation and ensuring stable economic growth.

In conclusion, comparing Algeria and Iraq brings to light various nuances and distinctive features. From their geographic location and official language to their government forms, each country possesses its unique identity.

Furthermore, analyzing the annual GDP and inflation rates provides valuable insights into their economic landscapes. By understanding and appreciating these differences, we gain a broader perspective on the diverse cultures and economies across the globe.

Whether it is Algeria’s rich North African heritage or Iraq’s linguistic diversity, both countries offer a captivating journey into their dynamic worlds.


Turning our attention to the population aspect of Algeria and Iraq, we will now explore the subtopics of life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy serves as an essential indicator of the overall health and well-being of a country’s population. In Algeria, the average life expectancy is around 75 years, reflecting the significant advancements in healthcare and living standards.

The government has prioritized healthcare infrastructure, leading to improved access to medical services and increased life expectancy. Similarly, Iraq has also made remarkable strides in improving life expectancy over the years.

The average life expectancy in Iraq is approximately 70 years, demonstrating positive progress in healthcare accessibility and quality. Despite the challenges posed by years of conflict and instability, Iraq’s healthcare system has managed to provide adequate care to its citizens.

Unemployment Rate

Next, let us delve into the issue of unemployment rates in Algeria and Iraq. High unemployment rates pose a significant challenge for any nation, affecting the economic stability and social welfare of its population.

In Algeria, the unemployment rate stands at around 11%, signaling a moderate level of joblessness. The government has implemented various policies to address this issue, such as promoting entrepreneurship, investing in education and vocational training, and creating job opportunities in different sectors.

Alternatively, Iraq faces a higher unemployment rate, currently estimated at approximately 16%. This can be attributed to various factors, including the aftermath of wars and conflicts, lack of job opportunities, and inadequate infrastructure.

The government has recognized the importance of tackling unemployment and has been actively working towards creating more jobs, particularly in the private sector, to stimulate economic growth and reduce unemployment rates.

Average Income

The average income of a country’s population is a crucial determinant of their standard of living and economic well-being. In Algeria, the average income per household is around $10,000 per year.

However, it is important to note that there is a significant income disparity between urban and rural areas, with urban areas generally having higher incomes. The government has been implementing policies to bridge this gap and ensure more equitable distribution of wealth.

In Iraq, the average income per household is approximately $7,000 per year. Similar to Algeria, income disparities exist across different regions within the country.

However, the government’s focus on diversifying the economy and attracting foreign investments aims to create more employment opportunities and improve the average income levels for all Iraqis.


Infrastructure development plays a critical role in a country’s overall progress and economic growth. A well-built infrastructure system enables efficient transportation, enhances connectivity, and improves the quality of life for its citizens.

In terms of roadways, both Algeria and Iraq have invested in expanding and maintaining their highway networks. Algeria has an extensive road network extending over 108,302 miles, connecting major cities and regions across the country.

Iraq, too, has invested in its road infrastructure, with approximately 30,000 miles of paved roadways promoting domestic connectivity and facilitating trade. Harbors also play a significant role in facilitating international trade and boosting economic activity.

Algeria is blessed with several ports, with the Port of Algiers being the largest and busiest. Additional ports, such as the Port of Oran and the Port of Arzew, provide valuable infrastructural support for Algeria’s export-import industry.

Iraq, while landlocked, has access to the Persian Gulf through its port city of Basra. The Port of Basra serves as a vital hub for Iraq’s maritime trade and provides a gateway to regional and global markets.

Passenger airports are essential for international travel and tourism, fostering cultural exchanges and economic growth. Algeria has an extensive network of airports, with the Algiers Houari Boumediene Airport being the busiest and most important in the country.

Iraq, too, has multiple international airports, with the Baghdad International Airport serving as a major gateway to the country. These airports cater to both domestic and international travel, promoting tourism and facilitating business activities.

In conclusion, the population and infrastructure aspects of Algeria and Iraq offer valuable insights into the socio-economic dynamics of these nations. From life expectancy and unemployment rates to average income levels, each country’s unique circumstances shape the well-being and opportunities available to its citizens.

Additionally, infrastructure development, including roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, enables regional and international connectivity, contributing to economic growth and regional integration. By understanding these facets, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of Algeria and Iraq, appreciating their strengths and challenges as they strive for progress and development.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Examining the

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) sheds light on the level of corruption within a country’s public sector. The CPI ranks countries based on perceived levels of corruption, providing valuable insights into the transparency and integrity of their governments.

Both Algeria and Iraq face significant challenges in combating corruption. In the latest CPI rankings, Algeria scored 36 out of 100, indicating a relatively high level of perceived corruption.

This underscores the importance of implementing robust anti-corruption measures and strengthening governance institutions to enhance transparency and accountability. Similarly, Iraq also faces corruption-related issues, with its CPI score standing at 30 out of 100.

This indicates a significant need for reforms to address corruption and reinforce trust in public institutions. Both countries recognize the detrimental impact of corruption on their economies and are actively working to combat this issue through increased transparency, legal reforms, and anti-corruption initiatives.

Population Below the Poverty Line

Determining the population below the poverty line offers insight into the economic disparity within a country. Poverty eradication is a key objective for governments worldwide, with a focus on enhancing social welfare and ensuring equitable distribution of resources.

In Algeria, the percentage of the population living below the poverty line is approximately 23%. This highlights the challenges faced by a significant portion of the population, particularly in terms of access to basic needs and decent living standards.

The government of Algeria has implemented various poverty alleviation programs, including social assistance schemes and targeted initiatives, to address this issue and uplift the vulnerable segments of society. In Iraq, approximately 21% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This indicates a similar situation of economic disparity and the need for targeted interventions. Iraq’s government aims to alleviate poverty through social welfare measures, employment creation, and improving access to education and healthcare.

Addressing poverty remains a priority for both Algeria and Iraq, as they strive to improve the well-being of their citizens and create a more inclusive society.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index provides a comprehensive measurement of personal, civil, and economic freedoms in a country. It encompasses essential aspects such as the rule of law, freedom of expression, individual rights, and economic liberties.

Algeria ranks 159th out of 162 countries in the

Human Freedom Index, indicating limited freedom in various domains. While progress has been made in recent years, challenges remain in ensuring the protection of individual liberties and fostering an environment conducive to free expression and economic opportunities.

The Algerian government faces the task of further promoting and safeguarding human rights and fundamental freedoms. In Iraq, the

Human Freedom Index ranking stands at 144th out of 162 countries.

Similar to Algeria, Iraq faces significant challenges in protecting human rights, ensuring the rule of law, and providing a conducive environment for economic freedoms. The government of Iraq, in collaboration with international partners, is working towards strengthening institutions and promoting a culture of respect for human rights.

Percentage of Internet Users

With the rapid advancement of technology and connectivity, the percentage of internet users has become a crucial indicator of a country’s digital development and access to information. In Algeria, approximately 64% of the population has access to the internet.

The government has recognized the importance of digital connectivity and has been taking steps to increase access through infrastructure development and initiatives aimed at bridging the digital divide. Efforts are underway to expand internet coverage, particularly in rural and remote areas, to ensure equal opportunities for all Algerians.

Iraq has seen significant progress in internet accessibility, with approximately 84% of the population having internet access. The country has actively worked towards developing its digital infrastructure and fostering a digital economy.

Efforts have been made to enhance connectivity, improve internet speeds, and promote digital literacy to empower citizens and promote economic growth through the use of technology.

English Speaking Percentage

English, as the global lingua franca, plays a vital role in international communication, trade, and access to information. Understanding the percentage of English-speaking individuals within a country offers insights into their linguistic capabilities and potential global engagement.

In Algeria, English proficiency levels are relatively low, with only around 12% of the population having a basic command of the English language. However, efforts are being made to promote English language education and increase proficiency levels to enhance global communication skills and facilitate international interactions.

In Iraq, the percentage of English-speaking individuals is slightly higher, with around 23% of the population having a basic understanding of the language. Recognizing the importance of English in a globalized world, Iraq has been focusing on improving English language education and promoting bilingualism to facilitate international exchanges and opportunities.

In conclusion, examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, population below the poverty line, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and English-speaking percentage reveals important aspects of Algeria and Iraq’s socio-economic and cultural landscapes. Addressing corruption, poverty, and enhancing human rights and freedoms will contribute to inclusive development.

Improving internet access and promoting digital literacy will ensure both countries can tap into the vast opportunities presented by the digital age. Additionally, fostering English language proficiency will enhance global communication and facilitate international engagement.

Algeria and Iraq continue to navigate these challenges while aspiring to create fairer, more connected, and prosperous societies.

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