World Comparison

Algeria vs Iran – Country Comparison

Algeria vs Iran: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to comparing countries, there are many aspects to consider. In this article, we will delve into the comparison between two fascinating countries, Algeria and Iran.

Both located in the Middle East and Africa region, these nations possess unique characteristics worthy of exploration. We will examine their geography, official language, currency, government form, and their annual GDP, including their GDP per capita and inflation rates.

By the end of this comprehensive analysis, you will gain a deeper understanding of the similarities and differences between Algeria and Iran. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital


– Occupying a substantial portion of North Africa, Algeria is the largest country on the continent.

– Spanning approximately 2.38 million square kilometers, it is almost three times the size of Iran. – The capital city of Algeria is Algiers, which is located along the Mediterranean coastline.


– Iran, on the other hand, is found in the Middle East and is the second-largest country in the region. – It covers approximately 1.65 million square kilometers, making it slightly smaller than Algeria.

– The capital city of Iran is Tehran, nestled in the northern part of the country. Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency


– As a result of its colonial history, Algeria’s official language is Arabic.

French is also widely spoken. – The currency used in Algeria is the Algerian Dinar (DZD), which is divided into 100 centimes.


– In Iran, Persian, also known as Farsi, is the official language spoken by the majority of the population. – The currency used in Iran is the Iranian Rial (IRR), where one rial is equal to 100 dinars.

Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Algeria follows a presidential republic system, where the President is both the head of state and the head of government. – The President is elected by popular vote and holds significant political power.


– Iran, on the other hand, operates under an Islamic Republic system. – The Supreme Leader holds the highest authority, and there is a President who is elected by popular vote.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per Capita


– In terms of GDP per capita, Algeria has a lower figure compared to Iran. – With a population of approximately 45 million people, its GDP per capita stands at around $4,000.


– Iran, with a population of around 82 million, boasts a higher GDP per capita than its counterpart. – Despite economic challenges, Iran’s GDP per capita is estimated at roughly $5,000.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– One crucial economic measure is the inflation rate, which refers to the increase in prices over time. – Algeria has experienced fluctuations in its inflation rate, averaging around 4% in recent years.


– Iran, too, has had to grapple with inflation, but at a higher rate compared to Algeria. – In the past years, its inflation rate has averaged around 10% annually.


In conclusion, Algeria and Iran are two intriguing countries that differ in various aspects. While Algeria reigns as the largest country in Africa, Iran claims the status of being the second-largest in the Middle East.

Both nations have distinctive official languages, currencies, and government forms, with Algeria adopting a presidential republic and Iran functioning as an Islamic Republic. In terms of economic indicators, Iran holds a higher GDP per capita figure, but grapples with a higher inflation rate as well.

By exploring and comparing these features, we gain a richer understanding of the unique characteristics that shape Algeria and Iran. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to life expectancy, both Algeria and Iran have made considerable progress in recent years.

In Algeria, the average life expectancy is around 77 years, which can be attributed to improvements in healthcare and a focus on public health initiatives. The government has invested in providing quality healthcare services to its citizens, resulting in a longer and healthier life expectancy.

In Iran, the average life expectancy is slightly higher, reaching approximately 76 years. The Iranian government has also prioritized healthcare and has made significant strides in improving access to medical services across the country.

These efforts have led to a longer life expectancy for its population. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates play a crucial role in a country’s economy, indicating the level of job availability and economic stability.

Algeria and Iran differ in their unemployment rates, reflecting their unique challenges and economic situations. In Algeria, the unemployment rate stands at around 12%, which is slightly higher than the global average.

Despite having a large labor force, the country faces some obstacles in terms of creating enough job opportunities for its population. The government has implemented various measures to address unemployment, including promoting entrepreneurship and attracting foreign investment.

In Iran, the unemployment rate hovers around 10% but has experienced fluctuations in recent years. The country faces similar challenges to Algeria in terms of creating sufficient employment opportunities.

However, like Algeria, Iran has also focused on encouraging entrepreneurship and foreign investment to stimulate job growth. Subtopic 3: Average Income

Average income is another critical indicator when comparing countries’ economic well-being.

Both Algeria and Iran have experienced changes in average income levels in recent years. In Algeria, the average income per person is approximately $5,000, reflecting the economic challenges faced by the country.

Despite being rich in oil and natural gas reserves, Algeria has faced economic volatility due to fluctuations in oil prices. This has impacted the average income levels, leaving room for improvement in terms of economic stability and income distribution.

In Iran, the average income per person is estimated to be around $4,800. Despite international sanctions impacting the economy, the country has made efforts to diversify its industries and reduce its dependence on oil revenue.

As a result, there have been improvements in average income levels, but there is still work to be done to enhance economic opportunities for all Iranians. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors

Both Algeria and Iran have invested in developing their infrastructure, with a focus on roadways and harbors to facilitate transportation and trade.

In Algeria, the road network spans over 108,000 kilometers, connecting various cities and ensuring smooth domestic movement. The government has made efforts to continue expanding and improving the road infrastructure to enhance connectivity and transportation efficiency.

Similarly, Iran boasts an extensive road network that stretches over 193,000 kilometers, facilitating domestic and international trade. Iran has focused on developing its road infrastructure to enhance connectivity between major cities, promote tourism, and support economic growth.

In terms of harbors, Algeria has numerous vital ports along its Mediterranean coastline, including the Port of Algiers and the Port of Oran. These ports play a crucial role in facilitating international trade, providing access to both European and African markets.

Iran also possesses strategically important harbors, including the Port of Bandar Abbas and the Port of Chabahar. These harbors have been instrumental in expanding Iran’s trade relations with other countries, particularly for its oil and gas exports.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Air transportation is a crucial aspect of a country’s infrastructure, allowing for domestic and international travel. Both Algeria and Iran have invested in developing their airports to accommodate increasing passenger numbers.

In Algeria, there are more than 30 operational airports, including the Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers, which serves as the primary international gateway to the country. These airports facilitate both domestic and international flights, connecting Algeria to various destinations around the world.

In Iran, there are also numerous airports, including the Imam Khomeini International Airport in Tehran, which is the largest and busiest airport in the country. Iran’s airports serve as important transportation hubs, connecting the country to global destinations and promoting tourism and trade.


In this expanded comparison of Algeria and Iran, we have explored the topics of population and infrastructure. While both countries have made strides in improving life expectancy and addressing unemployment, challenges still persist.

Algeria and Iran also exhibit varying average income levels, with room for further economic growth and stability. Additionally, both countries have invested in developing their infrastructure, particularly in roadways, harbors, and airports, to facilitate transportation and trade.

By analyzing and understanding these aspects, we gain a comprehensive view of the similarities and differences between Algeria and Iran, highlighting their unique characteristics and challenges. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an important indicator used to assess the level of corruption within a country.

It provides valuable insights into the transparency and integrity of a nation’s public sector. Additionally, examining the population below the poverty line offers a glimpse into the socio-economic conditions and disparities within a country.


In terms of the Corruption Perceptions Index, Algeria has faced challenges in recent years. In the latest CPI report published by Transparency International, Algeria scored 35 out of 100, indicating a moderate level of corruption.

The government has acknowledged the need to address corruption and has taken steps to improve transparency and accountability. Regarding the population below the poverty line, it is estimated that approximately 23% of Algerians live below the poverty line.

While this figure demonstrates progress compared to previous years, poverty remains a significant issue that the Algerian government continues to address through various social programs and economic reforms. Iran:

Iran, on the other hand, has faced similar challenges in terms of corruption.

According to the CPI, Iran scored 25 out of 100, indicating a higher level of perceived corruption. The Iranian government has recognized the importance of combating corruption and has implemented measures to increase transparency and improve governance.

In terms of the population below the poverty line, Iran has made remarkable progress in recent years. The poverty rate in Iran currently stands at around 9% of the population.

The government has implemented socio-economic policies, including cash transfer programs and job creation initiatives, to alleviate poverty and reduce income inequality. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) is a measure of personal freedom within a country, examining various factors such as the rule of law, freedom of expression, and economic freedom.

Assessing the HFI can provide valuable insights into the level of individual liberties enjoyed by the citizens of a country. Algeria:

In terms of the Human Freedom Index, Algeria has received mixed ratings.

While there have been improvements in certain areas, significant challenges remain. According to the latest report by the Cato Institute, Algeria ranks 152nd out of 162 countries assessed for their level of personal freedom.

The Algerian government has implemented reforms to enhance individual liberties and protect human rights. Iran:

Iran, on the other hand, has faced criticism in terms of human rights and personal freedoms.

According to the same report, Iran ranks 155th out of 162 countries in terms of personal freedom. The Iranian government has faced international scrutiny for its restrictions on freedom of expression, assembly, and religion.

Efforts have been made to address these issues, but further progress is needed to ensure and protect human rights in the country. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %

Access to the internet plays a crucial role in connecting individuals, sharing information, and fostering economic growth.

Examining the percentage of internet users within a country provides insights into its digital literacy and connectivity. Algeria:

In Algeria, the percentage of internet users has been steadily increasing over the years.

Currently, around 61% of the population has access to the internet. This growth can be attributed to infrastructure development, increased availability of affordable smartphones, and the government’s efforts to expand internet connectivity across the country.

When it comes to English proficiency, however, Algerians generally have lower proficiency levels compared to other countries. According to the EF English Proficiency Index, Algeria ranks 85th out of 100 countries assessed for English proficiency.

English education is not widespread in Algeria, and the majority of the population primarily communicates in Arabic or French. Iran:

Iran has also witnessed a significant rise in internet usage, with approximately 77% of the population having access to the internet.

The Iranian government has invested in internet infrastructure, resulting in improved connectivity and accessibility for its citizens. In terms of English proficiency, Iran ranks 73rd out of 100 countries.

Similar to Algeria, English education is not as prevalent, and most Iranians primarily communicate in Persian. However, there are efforts to promote English language learning, particularly among the younger generation.


By examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, comparing populations below the poverty line, exploring the Human Freedom Index, and analyzing the percentage of internet users, we gain a deeper understanding of the socio-economic and digital landscapes of Algeria and Iran. Both countries face challenges in combating corruption and improving human rights.

While Algeria has made progress in reducing poverty rates, Iran has demonstrated advancements in promoting personal freedoms. Additionally, both countries have witnessed an increase in internet usage, but face linguistic barriers in terms of English proficiency.

Through continued efforts and reforms, Algeria and Iran can further enhance transparency, economic well-being, and personal freedoms for their populations.

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