World Comparison

Algeria vs Iceland – Country Comparison

Algeria and Iceland may seem like two completely different countries, both in terms of geography and culture. However, upon closer inspection, these two nations share some intriguing similarities and differences.

In this article, we will explore various aspects of these countries, including their regions, governments, official languages, currencies, annual GDPs, and more. So grab your metaphorical passport and let’s embark on this enlightening journey!


When it comes to their regions, Algeria and Iceland couldn’t be more distinct. Algeria is the largest country in Africa, spanning an impressive area of 2.38 million square kilometers.

Its capital city is Algiers, a vibrant metropolis located on the Mediterranean coast. On the other hand, Iceland is a small island nation situated in the North Atlantic Ocean, occupying just 103,000 square kilometers.

Reykjavik, its capital, is known for its captivating natural beauty and cozy Nordic charm.

Official Language and Currency

Another area where Algeria and Iceland differ significantly is their official language and currency. In Algeria, the official language is Arabic, which reflects the country’s rich cultural heritage.

However, due to its colonial history, French also holds a significant presence in daily life and is widely spoken. The official currency is the Algerian dinar (DZD), which is subdivided into 100 centimes.

In Iceland, the official language is Icelandic, a unique North Germanic language with Nordic roots. Despite its small population, the Icelandic language is fiercely protected and holds great historical significance.

The currency used in Iceland is the Icelandic krna (ISK), which is divided into 100 aurar.

Government Form

When it comes to governance, Algeria and Iceland also differ in their approaches. Algeria operates under a semi-presidential republic, where the President is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.

The Algerian government is known for its strong executive powers, with the President appointed by popular vote. On the other hand, Iceland boasts a parliamentary republic, with a President serving as the ceremonial head of state, while the Prime Minister holds executive powers.

Iceland has a multi-party system, with frequent coalition governments formed among political parties.

Annual GDP

Now, let’s dive into the economic landscape of Algeria and Iceland. Although their GDPs may differ significantly, both countries have their own unique economic challenges and strengths.

GDP per Capita

In terms of GDP per capita, Algeria has an estimated nominal value of around $4,124, making it one of the wealthier countries in Africa. However, it is important to note that income inequality remains a concern in Algeria, with significant disparities between urban and rural areas.

In contrast, Iceland has a higher GDP per capita, estimated at around $67,289. This can be attributed to the country’s well-developed economy, which is primarily driven by tourism, fishing, and renewable energy.

Inflation Rate

When it comes to inflation, Algeria has been grappling with relatively high rates in recent years. In 2020, the inflation rate was estimated at around 1.9%, indicating a stable economic environment despite inflationary pressures.

On the other hand, Iceland has managed to maintain low inflation rates, hovering around 2% in recent years. This stability can be attributed to prudent monetary policies, strong economic management, and effective fiscal measures implemented by the Icelandic government.

In conclusion, Algeria and Iceland may be worlds apart in terms of geography and culture, but their unique characteristics make them intriguing subjects of comparison. From their contrasting regions and official languages to their distinct government forms and economic landscapes, it is clear that both countries have their own stories to tell.

Whether you’re fascinated by Algeria’s rich history or Iceland’s breathtaking natural wonders, these nations offer a wealth of knowledge and a deeper understanding of our diverse world. So, pack your bags and explore the wonders of Algeria and Iceland both on the map and in your imagination.


When it comes to population, Algeria and Iceland showcase significant variations in their demographics. Let’s take a closer look at their life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average incomes to gain a better understanding of their respective societal landscapes.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy serves as an essential indicator of a nation’s overall health and well-being. In Algeria, the average life expectancy stands at approximately 77 years.

This figure is a testament to the country’s improving healthcare infrastructure and efforts to enhance public health awareness. However, it is worth noting that there are disparities between urban and rural areas, with access to healthcare facilities being more limited in remote regions.

On the other hand, Iceland boasts an impressive life expectancy of around 83 years. Icelandic society places a strong emphasis on health and wellness, resulting in high-quality healthcare services and a culture that promotes an active and healthy lifestyle.

These factors contribute to the country’s remarkable longevity statistics.

Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate is a crucial economic indicator that provides insight into a nation’s labor market and the well-being of its workforce. In Algeria, the unemployment rate hovers around 11%.

This figure reflects the challenges faced by the country in terms of job creation and creating sustainable employment opportunities for its growing population. Youth unemployment, in particular, remains a pressing issue, with a significant percentage of young Algerians struggling to find gainful employment.

In contrast, Iceland enjoys a considerably lower unemployment rate of around 3%. This figure highlights the country’s strong economy and robust labor market.

Iceland has managed to foster a diversified and resilient job market, enabling its citizens to have a higher degree of economic stability. However, it is essential to acknowledge that economic fluctuations, such as the global financial crisis, can still impact the country’s employment landscape.

Average Income

Average income serves as an essential metric for measuring the economic well-being of individuals within a country. In Algeria, the average income is around $6,140 per year.

While this figure may seem low in comparison to many developed nations, it is crucial to consider Algeria’s lower cost of living. Factors such as affordable housing, subsidized basic goods, and social welfare programs play a role in ensuring a certain standard of living for citizens.

Conversely, Iceland boasts a higher average income of approximately $50,000 per year. This figure reflects the country’s well-developed economy and the ability of its labor force to command higher wages.

However, it is important to note that the cost of living in Iceland is also relatively high, partly due to the country’s remoteness, limited resources, and reliance on imported goods.


When it comes to infrastructure, both Algeria and Iceland have made strides in developing and maintaining essential facilities that contribute to their economic growth and societal progress.

Roadways and Harbors

In Algeria, the road network spans around 104,000 kilometers, connecting various regions of the country. The construction and improvement of roadways have played a pivotal role in facilitating trade, improving transportation links, and connecting rural areas to major urban centers.

Additionally, Algeria boasts numerous harbors along its Mediterranean coastline, facilitating maritime trade and playing a crucial role in the country’s economic development. Iceland, despite its smaller size, also boasts an extensive road network, with approximately 13,034 kilometers of paved roads.

This network connects various parts of the island, including remote areas that showcase Iceland’s awe-inspiring natural beauty. Harbors are also essential in Iceland, supporting its fishing industry, which remains a significant contributor to the country’s economy.

Passenger Airports

Algeria is home to numerous passenger airports, with the most prominent being Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers. This international airport serves as the country’s primary gateway, connecting Algeria to the world.

Other major airports, such as Oran Es Snia Airport and Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport, provide essential connections within the country and international travel options. In Iceland, Keflavik International Airport serves as the main passenger airport, catering to both domestic and international flights.

The airport plays a crucial role in supporting Iceland’s booming tourism industry, which has experienced significant growth in recent years. Other regional airports, such as Reykjavik Domestic Airport, provide additional air travel options for domestic travel within Iceland.

In conclusion, population dynamics, infrastructure, and economic indicators shed light on the distinct characteristics of Algeria and Iceland. While Algeria grapples with employment challenges and strives to create more opportunities for its citizens, Iceland boasts a well-developed economy and a high standard of living.

Similarly, their infrastructure, from road networks to airports, serves to connect people and facilitate economic growth. By examining these aspects, we gain a deeper understanding of the unique societal landscapes of these two captivating nations.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)


Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) provides valuable insights into the extent of corruption within different countries. It measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption based on expert assessments and surveys.

Let’s examine how Algeria and Iceland perform on the CPI, along with their respective populations below the poverty line and human freedom index.

Population below the Poverty Line

Algeria faces significant challenges in combating poverty and reducing its population below the poverty line. As of 2021, approximately 25% of the Algerian population lives below the poverty line.

This figure reflects the need for targeted poverty alleviation measures and improved access to quality education, healthcare, and social welfare programs. Addressing income inequality and providing equal opportunities for all citizens remain critical to uplift those struggling with poverty.

In contrast, Iceland has a significantly lower percentage of its population below the poverty line. With robust social welfare programs and a well-developed safety net, Iceland has managed to minimize poverty rates.

As of 2021, only around 7% of Iceland’s population lives below the poverty line. These figures demonstrate Iceland’s commitment to social justice and equitable wealth distribution, contributing to its high standard of living.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index (HFI) measures the overall level of human freedom within a country, considering various indicators such as the rule of law, individual rights, and economic freedom. Examining the HFI allows us to assess the overall freedom enjoyed by the citizens of Algeria and Iceland.

Algeria performs moderately on the HFI, highlighting room for improvement in certain areas. Factors such as restrictions on freedom of expression and limited political and civil liberties contribute to Algeria’s lower ranking in terms of overall human freedom.

However, it is noteworthy that Algeria has made progress in recent years, with a growing civil society and increased recognition of human rights. In contrast, Iceland consistently ranks high on the HFI, indicating a strong commitment to protecting individual liberties and upholding human rights.

The country’s liberal democratic system, robust legal framework, and respect for civil liberties contribute to Iceland’s reputation as one of the freest nations globally. Citizens enjoy a wide range of individual freedoms, including freedom of speech, assembly, and association.

Percentage of internet users

The digital revolution has transformed the way people communicate, access information, and engage with the world. Examining the percentage of internet users allows us to assess the extent to which individuals in Algeria and Iceland have integrated into the digital age.

In Algeria, the percentage of internet users is around 61% as of 2021. While this figure portrays a significant increase compared to previous years, it also highlights the digital divide that persists within the country.

Factors such as limited infrastructure, unequal access to technology, and high costs can hinder widespread internet connectivity, especially in rural areas. Nevertheless, efforts are being made to bridge this gap and promote digital inclusion across the nation.

In Iceland, the percentage of internet users is significantly higher, with approximately 98% of the population having access to the internet. Iceland has invested heavily in building a robust digital infrastructure, ensuring widespread connectivity throughout the country.

This enables citizens to reap the benefits of the digital age, from online education and e-commerce to remote work opportunities. The high percentage of internet users in Iceland underscores its commitment to technological advancement and fostering a digitally inclusive society.

English Speaking Percentage

English has emerged as a global language, connecting individuals from various backgrounds and facilitating international communication. Assessing the percentage of English speakers within Algeria and Iceland sheds light on their linguistic landscapes and their ability to engage in global conversations.

In Algeria, English is taught as a secondary language, but proficiency levels vary among individuals. As of 2021, the English speaking percentage in Algeria is around 18%.

While this figure may appear relatively low, it is important to acknowledge that Algeria is a predominantly Arabic and French-speaking country. However, efforts are being made to promote English language learning, recognizing its importance in the globalized world.

In contrast, Iceland exhibits a higher percentage of English speakers, standing at approximately 90%. English proficiency is emphasized in the educational system, and Icelanders generally have a high command of the language.

This linguistic ability not only facilitates communication with individuals from diverse backgrounds but also contributes to Iceland’s global outlook and its participation in international affairs. In summary, examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, population below the poverty line, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and English speaking percentage provides valuable insights into the social, economic, and cultural aspects of Algeria and Iceland.

While both countries face distinct challenges, such as poverty and corruption, they also showcase strengths, such as human freedoms and digital connectivity. By understanding these aspects, we gain a deeper understanding of the dynamics shaping these nations and their place within the global community.

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