World Comparison

Algeria vs Gambia – Country Comparison

Algeria and Gambia are two countries in Africa with distinct characteristics. Despite their differences, they both contribute to the diversity and richness of the continent.

In this article, we will explore various aspects of these nations, including their regions, governments, and economic indicators. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital

– Algeria is the largest country in Africa, spanning an area of 2.38 million square kilometers.

Its capital city is Algiers. – Gambia, on the other hand, is a small country located on the western coast of Africa.

It covers an area of only 11,295 square kilometers, with Banjul as its capital. Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency

– The official language of Algeria is Arabic, reflecting its historical ties to the Arab world.

However, Berber languages are also widely spoken. The currency used in Algeria is the Algerian dinar (DZD).

– In Gambia, English serves as the official language due to its colonial past as a British territory. However, various indigenous languages are also spoken.

The currency used in Gambia is the Gambian dalasi (GMD). Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Algeria is a semi-presidential republic, which means it has a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.

The president holds significant executive power. – Gambia is a republic with a president as both the head of state and government.

The president is elected through popular vote and holds executive authority. Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

– Algeria is the 10th largest economy in Africa by GDP.

In 2020, its GDP stood at approximately $147 billion. The GDP per capita in the same year was around $3,360.

– Gambia, being a smaller country, has a comparatively smaller economy. Its GDP in 2020 was approximately $1.51 billion, with a GDP per capita of around $790.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

– Algeria has been facing a relatively high inflation rate in recent years. In 2020, the inflation rate reached around 2.26%.

This can be attributed to factors such as currency depreciation and increased government expenditure. – In contrast, Gambia has experienced lower inflation rates.

In 2020, the inflation rate stood at approximately 4.69%. This stability can be attributed to prudent fiscal management.


In conclusion, this article has shed light on the differences between Algeria and Gambia in terms of their regions, governments, and economic indicators. While Algeria boasts a larger area and economy, Gambia stands out with its unique cultural diversity and relatively stable inflation rate.

These countries exemplify the beauty of Africa’s diverse landscape and showcase the various development paths that nations on the continent can take. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to the life expectancy of its citizens, Algeria exhibits a relatively high rate compared to Gambia.

As of the latest data, Algeria’s average life expectancy stands at around 76 years. This can be attributed to various factors such as access to healthcare, improvements in infrastructure, and a relatively stable social and political environment.

In contrast, Gambia faces challenges in this area. The average life expectancy in Gambia is approximately 63 years.

This lower rate can be attributed to factors such as limited access to healthcare services, higher disease prevalence, and lower socioeconomic development compared to Algeria. Efforts are being made to improve healthcare facilities and access to quality medical services in Gambia to address this disparity.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Both Algeria and Gambia face significant challenges in terms of unemployment rates, albeit with varying degrees. In Algeria, the unemployment rate has been relatively high in recent years, hovering around 10%.

This can be attributed to factors such as population growth outpacing job creation, limited opportunities in certain sectors, and a mismatch between the skills of the workforce and market demands. Gambia, on the other hand, faces an even more pressing unemployment issue.

The unemployment rate in Gambia stands at around 35%. These high levels of unemployment can be attributed to factors such as limited job opportunities, particularly in rural areas, and a lack of diversified economic sectors.

Efforts are being made to address this issue by promoting entrepreneurship, supporting skill development initiatives, and attracting investment in key sectors to stimulate job creation. Subtopic 3: Average Income

In terms of average income, Algeria fares better than Gambia.

The average income in Algeria is around $6,000 per year. This is higher compared to Gambia, where the average income is approximately $1,500 per year.

The higher average income in Algeria can be attributed to its larger economy and greater opportunities in various sectors such as oil and gas, manufacturing, and services. However, it is important to note that these figures reflect averages and not the income distribution within each country.

Like many nations, both Algeria and Gambia face income inequality, with significant disparities between the rich and poor. Efforts are being made by both governments to address these issues by implementing policies that promote inclusive growth, poverty reduction, and social welfare programs.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors

When it comes to infrastructure, Algeria boasts a more extensive road network. Its roadways cover a total length of approximately 104,000 kilometers, connecting major cities and towns throughout the country.

This well-developed road network facilitates trade, transportation, and connectivity within Algeria and with neighboring countries. Gambia, being a smaller country, has a less extensive road network.

Its roadways cover a total length of around 3,742 kilometers. Efforts are being made to improve and expand the road infrastructure in Gambia to enhance connectivity and support economic development.

In terms of harbors, both Algeria and Gambia have important port facilities. Algeria, with its long coastline on the Mediterranean Sea, has several significant ports such as Algiers, Oran, and Skikda.

These ports play a crucial role in facilitating trade and maritime activities. Gambia, located on the Atlantic Ocean, has a major port facility in Banjul.

Banjul Port serves as a key hub for imports and exports, supporting Gambia’s economy and facilitating international trade. Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Algeria operates a number of passenger airports, with Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers being the busiest and most well-known.

This airport serves as an important transportation hub, connecting Algeria to other domestic and international destinations. Other notable airports in Algeria include Oran Es Senia Airport and Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport, among others.

Gambia, being a smaller country, has a smaller number of airports. Banjul International Airport is the main airport in Gambia, serving as the primary gateway for international travelers visiting the country.

This airport facilitates connectivity and plays a crucial role in supporting tourism and business activities in Gambia. In conclusion, Algeria and Gambia exhibit both similarities and differences in terms of their population characteristics and infrastructure.

Algeria demonstrates a higher life expectancy, lower unemployment rate, and higher average income compared to Gambia. In terms of infrastructure, Algeria has a more extensive road network and several significant harbors, while Gambia is making efforts to improve its road infrastructure and boasts an important port facility in Banjul.

Both countries operate passenger airports that contribute to national and international connectivity. These factors shape the socio-economic landscape of each nation and provide insights into the opportunities and challenges they face in their development journeys.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line

Corruption and poverty often go hand in hand, and both Algeria and Gambia face challenges in these areas. In Algeria, there is a considerable population below the poverty line.

According to recent data, approximately 20% of the population in Algeria lives below the poverty line. This translates to many individuals and families struggling to meet their basic needs such as food, healthcare, and education.

Factors contributing to this high poverty rate include inadequate job opportunities, unequal wealth distribution, and limited access to essential services, especially in rural areas. Gambia also struggles with a significant poverty rate.

Around 48% of the population in Gambia lives below the poverty line, making it one of the poorest countries in Africa. This high poverty rate is attributed to various factors, including limited economic opportunities, a heavily agrarian economy, and challenges in social development.

Efforts are being made by both countries to address poverty through social welfare programs, targeted economic initiatives, and inclusive growth strategies. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index is a measure of personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a country.

It takes into account factors such as freedom of expression, assembly, and economic liberty. Looking at the Human Freedom Index, both Algeria and Gambia exhibit distinct rankings.

Algeria ranks relatively low on the Human Freedom Index. This lower ranking can be attributed to restrictions on freedom of expression and assembly, limitations on political opposition, and limited economic freedom.

These limitations affect the overall freedom enjoyed by individuals and impact personal and civil rights within the country. Gambia also faces challenges in terms of human freedom.

While the situation in Gambia has improved since the democratic transition in 2017, there are still concerns regarding press freedom, freedom of assembly, and political freedoms. Efforts are being made to foster a more inclusive and open society in Gambia, promoting human rights, and ensuring the protection of civil liberties.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage

English proficiency and the availability of internet access are crucial factors in determining the percentage of internet users in a country. In Algeria, while Arabic is the official language, English proficiency is relatively low.

As a result, the percentage of English-speaking internet users is relatively small. However, internet usage in general has been growing steadily in Algeria with approximately 70% of the population having access to the internet.

This growth is partly due to increased investment in internet infrastructure and the rising popularity of mobile internet services.

In Gambia, English serves as the official language, which gives it an advantage in terms of the population’s English proficiency and online communication.

Consequently, the percentage of English-speaking internet users is relatively higher compared to Algeria. However, the overall internet penetration rate in Gambia is lower, with approximately 45% of the population having access to the internet.

Efforts are being made by the government and various stakeholders to increase internet access, bridge the digital divide, and promote digital literacy in Gambia. Conclusion:

In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index, poverty rates, human freedom index, and the percentage of internet users reveal distinct characteristics and challenges faced by Algeria and Gambia.

While Algeria struggles with a considerable population below the poverty line and limitations in the human freedom index, Gambia faces even higher poverty rates and ongoing efforts to improve human rights. In terms of internet usage, both countries have made progress, with a significant number of internet users, albeit with differences in English proficiency and overall internet penetration rates.

These factors play a crucial role in shaping the social, economic, and political landscapes of both Algeria and Gambia, and highlight the ongoing efforts made to address challenges and promote development in these nations.

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