World Comparison

Algeria vs Djibouti – Country Comparison

Algeria vs Djibouti: A Tale of Two African NationsAfrica, the second-largest continent in the world, is home to a diverse range of countries, each with its own unique characteristics and qualities. In this article, we will explore two African nations – Algeria and Djibouti – and compare various aspects, including their region, government form, and economic indicators.

Join us on this journey as we delve into the fascinating world of Algeria and Djibouti. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital

When it comes to the size of their land areas, Algeria takes the lead.

With an impressive area of approximately 2.38 million square kilometers, it is the tenth-largest country globally. In contrast, Djibouti is much smaller, covering an area of around 23,200 square kilometers, making it one of the tiniest nations on the African continent.

Both countries boast vibrant capitals, each with its distinctive charm. Algiers, the capital of Algeria, is perched on the Mediterranean coast and blends ancient history with contemporary architecture.

Djibouti City, the capital of Djibouti, offers a contrasting experience with its bustling port and cosmopolitan atmosphere. Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency

Algeria and Djibouti also differ in terms of their official languages and currencies.

Algeria’s official language is Arabic, a testament to its historical ties with the Arab world. Meanwhile, Djibouti has two official languages: French and Arabic, reflecting its colonial history.

Currency-wise, Algeria uses the Algerian dinar (DZD), while Djibouti’s official currency is the Djiboutian franc (DJF). Both currencies have experienced fluctuations over the years, influencing their respective economies.

Subtopic 3: Government Form

In terms of governance, Algeria and Djibouti follow different paths. Algeria is a presidential republic, with executive power vested in the President, who is both the head of state and the head of government.

The President is elected for a five-year term by popular vote. On the other hand, Djibouti practices a semi-presidential republic system.

The President, as the head of state, holds significant power, while the Prime Minister functions as the head of government. The President is elected by popular vote for a six-year term.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita is a fundamental indicator of a country’s economic prosperity. In this regard, the two nations again demonstrate notable variations.

Algeria boasts a higher GDP per capita compared to Djibouti. As of 2020, Algeria’s GDP per capita stands at approximately $4,212, bolstered by its rich natural resources such as oil and gas reserves.

In contrast, Djibouti’s GDP per capita measures around $3,790, reflecting its smaller economy and limited resources. Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

Inflation, the rate at which general prices rise and purchasing power erodes, is a critical economic indicator.

Djibouti faces moderate inflation, with an average annual rate of around 3.7%. As a result, prices are relatively stable, and the country enjoys a healthy economic environment.

Algeria, however, has struggled with high inflation rates. In recent years, the country has battled inflation rates reaching as high as 8.89%.

This has posed challenges to the Algerian economy, affecting consumer purchasing power and stability.


As we conclude this comparative analysis of Algeria and Djibouti, it is evident that these two African nations are vastly different in various aspects. From their land area and capital cities to their official languages, currencies, and government systems, Algeria and Djibouti offer unique and distinct experiences.

The economic realm also showcases significant disparities, with Algeria’s larger GDP per capita overshadowing Djibouti’s smaller economy. Similarly, Algeria faces the hurdle of high inflation rates, while Djibouti enjoys a more stable economic environment.

Through this exploration, we hope to have shed light on the fascinating diversity found within the continent of Africa. As each country showcases its own strengths and challenges, it is imperative to celebrate the tapestry of nations and appreciate their individual contributions to the African continent’s vibrant tapestry.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to the health and well-being of their populations, both Algeria and Djibouti have made significant strides. In Algeria, the average life expectancy stands at around 77 years, indicating a relatively healthy population.

This is partly attributed to the country’s investment in healthcare infrastructure and services. Meanwhile, Djibouti has reported an average life expectancy of approximately 66 years, reflecting the challenges faced by a smaller and less developed nation.

However, the government of Djibouti has been working to improve healthcare access and quality, aiming to increase life expectancy in years to come. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment is a pressing issue that affects individuals, families, and national economies.

In Algeria, the unemployment rate hovers around 12%, indicating a significant portion of the population seeking job opportunities. The government has taken steps to address this issue by implementing various employment programs and initiatives.

Djibouti faces a higher unemployment rate, with approximately 22% of the population unable to find work. This is partly due to the country’s limited economic diversification, as it heavily relies on its port services and limited natural resources.

Efforts are being made to stimulate job creation and attract investment to reduce the unemployment rate. Subtopic 3: Average Income

The average income in a country reflects the economic well-being of its citizens.

In Algeria, the average income is approximately $5,824 per year, which is relatively high compared to many African nations. However, income inequality remains a challenge, as certain regions and social groups still face economic disparities.

In Djibouti, the average income is lower, with individuals earning around $2,522 per year. Like Algeria, Djibouti also struggles with income inequality, with a significant portion of the population living below the poverty line.

Efforts are being made to improve income distribution and create opportunities for economic growth. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbours

Infrastructure plays a vital role in a country’s development and connectivity.

Algeria boasts an extensive road network, with over 112,000 kilometers of paved roads, allowing for efficient transportation across the country. This network connects major cities and facilitates the movement of goods and services.

Djibouti, with its strategic location on the Red Sea, has invested heavily in port infrastructure. The Port of Djibouti is one of the busiest in East Africa and serves as a vital gateway for trade, linking landlocked countries in the region to global markets.

The country has also made significant investments in improving its road systems to support economic growth and regional connectivity. Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Air travel is an essential mode of transportation for both domestic and international travelers.

Algeria has an extensive network of airports, with several major airports located in cities such as Algiers, Oran, and Constantine. Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers serves as the primary international gateway, connecting Algeria to the rest of the world.

Similarly, Djibouti boasts an international airport, DjiboutiAmbouli International Airport, which serves as the country’s main aviation hub. It provides connections to various international destinations, facilitating travel and trade for Djibouti and the region.


As we explore the population and infrastructure aspects of Algeria and Djibouti, it becomes clear that each country faces unique challenges and opportunities. While Algeria demonstrates higher life expectancy and income levels, Djibouti is working towards improving these indicators.

Additionally, both nations have made significant investments in infrastructure, with Algeria focusing on its road network and Djibouti excelling in port and airport facilities. By understanding these differences, we gain a deeper appreciation for the diverse nature of Africa’s nations.

Each country has a story to tell, and through this exploration, we hope to shed light on the various aspects that shape Algeria and Djibouti’s identities. As both nations continue to progress and face their respective challenges, it is crucial to acknowledge and celebrate their contributions to the African continent’s development and growth.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line

Corruption is a critical issue that can hinder a country’s development and exacerbate socio-economic inequalities. When examining the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for Algeria and Djibouti, we gain insights into the levels of corruption within their governments and public sectors.

It is important to note that a higher CPI score indicates a lower level of perceived corruption. In Algeria, the CPI score in recent years has shown improvement, indicating efforts to combat corruption.

However, challenges persist, particularly in areas such as public procurement and public administration. The government has implemented anti-corruption measures and created specialized institutions to promote transparency and accountability.

Djibouti, on the other hand, faces a greater challenge in addressing corruption. The country has a lower CPI score, suggesting a higher level of corruption within its public institutions.

This can significantly impact the delivery of public services and hinder economic growth. The government of Djibouti has acknowledged this issue and has expressed its commitment to fighting corruption through various initiatives.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

Human freedom encompasses various aspects of individual rights and liberties, including political rights, civil liberties, and economic freedom. The Human Freedom Index provides valuable insights into the level of freedom enjoyed by the citizens of Algeria and Djibouti.

Algeria demonstrates a moderate level of human freedom, with a particular focus on civil and political rights. The country has made strides in ensuring freedom of expression, assembly, and association.

However, challenges remain in areas such as judicial independence and corruption, which can impact the overall freedom experienced by Algerian citizens. Djibouti faces a lower level of human freedom compared to Algeria.

The country’s political landscape is marked by limited political competition and restricted freedom of expression. However, efforts are being made to enhance human rights and expand civil liberties, with the government expressing its commitment to progress in these areas.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage

In today’s interconnected world, access to the internet plays a crucial role in a country’s development and global engagement. Examining the percentage of internet users in Algeria and Djibouti provides insights into their digital landscapes and access to online resources.

Algeria’s internet penetration rate stands at approximately 59%, indicating significant progress in recent years. The percentage of English-speaking internet users is relatively low in Algeria, given that Arabic and French are the dominant languages.

However, efforts are being made to promote digital literacy and increase access to online resources in English. Djibouti has made notable strides in expanding internet access, with an internet penetration rate of around 30%.

Similar to Algeria, the percentage of English-speaking internet users is relatively low. However, the government has recognized the importance of digital connectivity and is working to improve access and promote multilingual online resources.

Expanding digital infrastructures and access to the internet can have transformative effects, opening doors to educational opportunities, e-commerce, and global connections. As both Algeria and Djibouti continue to invest in their digital landscapes, the percentage of internet users is expected to rise, fostering greater digital inclusivity and participation.


As we dive into the topics of corruption perceptions, human freedom, and internet usage, it becomes evident that Algeria and Djibouti face unique challenges and opportunities. While Algeria demonstrates progress in combating corruption and promoting human freedom, Djibouti acknowledges the need for improvement in these areas.

Both countries are investing in digital infrastructure to increase internet access, although English-speaking internet users remain relatively low. Understanding these aspects allows us to gain a comprehensive perspective on the socio-economic and political landscapes of Algeria and Djibouti.

By highlighting their strengths and areas for improvement, we can foster dialogue, collaboration, and development that ultimately contribute to a brighter future for these African nations.

Popular Posts