World Comparison

Algeria vs Cyprus – Country Comparison

Algeria vs Cyprus: A Comparative Overview


When it comes to comparing countries, it is essential to take into account their respective regions. Algeria, a vast country located in North Africa, covers an area of approximately 2.38 million square kilometers.

Its capital city is Algiers, a bustling metropolis overlooking the Mediterranean Sea. On the other hand, Cyprus, an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean, has a much smaller land area of around 9,251 square kilometers.

Its capital city is Nicosia, which is divided between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities.

Official Language and Currency

Language is a significant aspect of a country’s identity. In Algeria, the official language is Arabic.

However, due to its historical ties with France, French is also widely spoken and used in official documents. In Cyprus, the official languages are Greek and Turkish, reflecting the country’s divided nature.

Greek is spoken by the majority of the population, while Turkish is predominantly spoken by the Turkish Cypriot community. When it comes to currency, Algeria uses the Algerian dinar (DZD).

One Algerian dinar is divided into 100 centimes. On the other hand, Cyprus is part of the Eurozone and uses the euro (EUR) as its currency.

The euro is divided into 100 cents. It is worth noting that the adoption of the euro in Cyprus took place in 2008 as a measure to further integrate with the European Union.

Government Form

The government form of a country plays a crucial role in shaping its political landscape. Algeria is a presidential republic, where the President serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The country also has a bicameral parliament, consisting of the National People’s Assembly and the Council of the Nation.

In contrast, Cyprus has a unique political system due to its divided nature. The Republic of Cyprus, recognized internationally, is a presidential republic similar to Algeria.

However, the northern part of the island, occupied by Turkish Cypriots, declared its independence in 1983 as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus but is only recognized by Turkey. This division has led to complex dynamics and ongoing efforts to find a solution acceptable to both communities.

Annual GDP

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country provides insight into its economic performance. Considering the annual GDP allows us to grasp a nation’s overall economic status.

GDP per Capita

Algeria has a relatively higher GDP per capita compared to Cyprus. In 2020, Algeria’s GDP per capita was around $4,047, whereas Cyprus reported a much higher figure of approximately $29,494 during the same year.

The difference in GDP per capita can be attributed to various factors, including economic activities, productivity, and employment rates.

Inflation Rate

Inflation is a critical economic indicator that measures the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services rises, eroding purchasing power. In recent years, both Algeria and Cyprus have experienced relatively low inflation rates.

In 2020, Algeria’s inflation rate stood at around 2%. This moderate rate was achieved due to the government’s efforts to stabilize prices and manage the country’s economy effectively.

Similarly, Cyprus recorded a low inflation rate of approximately 0.3%.


In conclusion, Algeria and Cyprus might differ significantly in terms of their region, official language, currency, and government form. When it comes to economic indicators such as GDP per capita and inflation rate, Cyprus appears to have a stronger economic performance.

However, it is crucial to consider the unique historical, geopolitical, and socio-economic factors that shape each country’s present state. By understanding these differences, we can better appreciate the diverse nature of our global community.


The population of a country is a key aspect to consider when comparing nations. Let’s delve into the population statistics of Algeria and Cyprus, focusing on factors such as life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is a crucial indicator of the overall health and well-being of a population. In Algeria, the average life expectancy was estimated to be around 77 years in 2020.

This indicates significant progress in healthcare and living conditions, contributing to a longer life span for the Algerian population. On the other hand, Cyprus boasts an even higher life expectancy.

In 2020, the average life expectancy in Cyprus was approximately 81 years. This demonstrates that the Cypriot population enjoys a longer life span, which can be attributed to several factors, including access to quality healthcare, a Mediterranean diet, and an overall high standard of living.

Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates are essential indicators of economic health and labor market conditions within a country. In Algeria, the unemployment rate stood at around 12% in 2020.

Although this figure indicates a significant proportion of the population facing joblessness, it is worth mentioning that Algeria has been actively working to combat unemployment and create more job opportunities for its citizens. Comparatively, Cyprus performed better in terms of unemployment, reporting an unemployment rate of approximately 7.4% in 2020.

This lower unemployment rate suggests a relatively stronger job market and a higher level of economic stability within the country.

Average Income

The average income of a country’s population provides insights into the overall standard of living and economic prosperity. In Algeria, the average income is approximately $5,000 per year.

This figure highlights the importance of improving economic opportunities and income distribution within the country to enhance the living standards of the Algerian people. In contrast, Cyprus enjoys a higher average income, with an annual per capita income of approximately $25,000.

This higher income level reflects the country’s economic stability and prosperity, providing its citizens with a higher standard of living.


The infrastructure of a country is fundamental for economic development and connectivity. Let’s explore the infrastructure of Algeria and Cyprus, focusing on roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


Algeria has an extensive road network, covering approximately 180,000 kilometers. The country has made notable investments in enhancing its road infrastructure, connecting urban centers and rural areas.

This extensive network includes major highways and secondary roads, facilitating trade, transportation, and tourism within Algeria. In comparison, Cyprus has a well-developed road infrastructure, covering over 19,500 kilometers.

The road network connects the island’s major cities, towns, and tourist destinations, ensuring convenient mobility for both residents and visitors. Furthermore, Cyprus has made efforts to improve road safety and reduce traffic congestion through various initiatives.


Algeria benefits from several major harbors, strategically located along its extensive coastline. The Port of Algiers is one of the busiest harbors in the country, serving as a crucial maritime gateway for commercial trade.

Other significant ports include the Port of Oran, Annaba, and Skikda, all contributing to Algeria’s maritime trade and economic development. Similarly, Cyprus boasts several important harbors that play a vital role in its economy.

The Port of Limassol stands out as the principal port, serving both as a commercial hub and a cruise ship destination. Additionally, the Port of Larnaca and the Port of Famagusta contribute to the island’s maritime activities and trade links.

Passenger Airports

Both Algeria and Cyprus have well-established passenger airports for domestic and international travel. Algeria operates several major airports, including the Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers, which serves as the primary gateway for international travelers.

Other significant airports include Oran Es-Senia Airport, Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport, and Annaba Rabah Bitat Airport. These airports allow convenient air travel within Algeria and connect the country to various global destinations.

Cyprus is also well-served by passenger airports. The primary international airport in Cyprus is Larnaca International Airport, which welcomes millions of tourists each year.

The other major airport is Paphos International Airport, providing an additional entry point for visitors to the island. These airports ensure easy accessibility to Cyprus and contribute significantly to the country’s tourism sector.

In conclusion, understanding the population statistics, including life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income, provides valuable insights into the well-being and economic conditions of Algeria and Cyprus. Additionally, analyzing the infrastructure, such as roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, sheds light on their connectivity, accessibility, and potential for economic growth.

By considering these factors, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the contrasting characteristics and unique strengths of these two nations.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Assessing corruption levels within a country is essential for understanding its governance and transparency. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a widely recognized measure that quantifies the perceived levels of public sector corruption in various nations.

Let’s examine the CPI, along with the population below the poverty line and the human freedom index, to gain a comprehensive view of Algeria and Cyprus.

Population below the Poverty Line

The population below the poverty line indicates the portion of a country’s population living in poverty. In Algeria, approximately 24% of the population was reported to be below the poverty line in 2020.

This figure highlights the challenges facing a significant portion of the Algerian population and underscores the importance of continued efforts to alleviate poverty and promote economic development. Cyprus, on the other hand, reported a lower percentage of its population below the poverty line.

Approximately 16% of Cypriots were below the poverty line in 2020. This relatively lower percentage suggests a higher level of economic well-being and social support within the Cypriot society.

However, it is worth noting that addressing poverty in any nation requires ongoing attention and targeted interventions to ensure equal opportunities and improved living conditions for all.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index (HFI) provides insights into the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a country. Unfortunately, data specifically measuring the HFI for Algeria and Cyprus is limited.

However, both countries generally demonstrate a commitment to upholding human rights and freedoms. Algeria, with its focus on democratic governance, has taken steps towards political reforms and ensuring civil liberties.

Freedom of expression, assembly, and association are generally respected in the country. However, challenges persist, and continued efforts are required to enhance human freedom and consolidate democratic institutions further.

Cyprus, recognized as a democratic nation, upholds fundamental rights and freedoms. The country ensures freedom of speech, the press, and assembly, contributing to its strong democratic framework.

Additionally, Cyprus respects the rule of law, promoting human rights protection and equal opportunities for its citizens.

Percentage of Internet Users

In today’s globally interconnected world, access to the internet plays a crucial role in various aspects of life, including education, communication, and economic opportunities. Let’s explore the percentage of internet users in both Algeria and Cyprus.

Algeria has witnessed significant growth in its internet penetration rate in recent years. As of 2020, approximately 61.4% of the population in Algeria were internet users.

This substantial increase in internet usage reflects the country’s efforts to expand digital infrastructure and improve connectivity. In Cyprus, internet usage is even more prevalent.

As of 2020, around 89.8% of the population were internet users. This high percentage indicates a strong digital presence and a technologically advanced society.

Cyprus has made notable progress in developing a robust digital infrastructure and promoting internet accessibility.

English Speaking Percentage

The ability to communicate in English has become increasingly valuable in today’s globalized world. Let’s explore the English-speaking percentage in Algeria and Cyprus.

In Algeria, English is not widely spoken, as Arabic and French are the dominant languages. Despite this, there has been a growing interest in English education, particularly in urban areas and among younger generations.

Efforts to promote English language learning are gradually gaining traction, reflecting its importance in international communication and business. In Cyprus, English is widely spoken and understood.

The country’s historical ties with Britain, as well as its popularity as a tourist destination, have contributed to the prevalence of English language skills among Cypriots. Moreover, English has been extensively taught in schools, ensuring that a significant portion of the population is proficient in the language.

In conclusion, examining the

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), the population below the poverty line, and the human freedom index allows us to assess the governance, transparency, and socio-economic conditions in Algeria and Cyprus. Additionally, considering the percentage of internet users and the prevalence of English-speaking individuals provides insights into the digital connectivity and linguistic abilities of these nations.

By understanding these facets, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of the unique characteristics and challenges faced by both Algeria and Cyprus.

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