World Comparison

Algeria vs Croatia – Country Comparison

Algeria and Croatia are two countries with distinct characteristics and unique identities. In this article, we will delve into various aspects of these nations, including their geographical location, official languages, government systems, and economic indicators such as GDP per capita and inflation rates.

By exploring these topics, we aim to provide readers with a comprehensive overview of Algeria and Croatia, enhancing their understanding of these fascinating countries.


Area and Capital

– Algeria is the largest country in Africa, spanning an area of approximately 2.38 million square kilometers. Its capital is Algiers, which is located on the Mediterranean coast.

– Croatia, on the other hand, is a smaller country with an area of approximately 56,594 square kilometers. Its capital is Zagreb, situated in the north-central part of the country.

Official Language and Currency

– Arabic is the official language of Algeria, while Croatia’s official language is Croatian. – The currency of Algeria is the Algerian dinar (DZD), while Croatia uses the Croatian kuna (HRK) as its currency.

Government Form

– Algeria is a presidential republic, where the President holds significant power and is the head of state and government. – Croatia, on the other hand, is a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system.

The President is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Annual GDP

GDP per Capita

– Algeria’s GDP per capita is estimated to be around $4,019.16, reflecting the country’s wealth and development. – In comparison, Croatia has a higher GDP per capita, which is estimated to be around $16,486.02.

Inflation Rate

– Algeria has experienced moderate inflation in recent years, with an average annual rate of around 4.4%. – Croatia’s inflation rate has been relatively low, averaging around 1.1% annually.

Examining these key factors provides valuable insight into the contrasting nature of Algeria and Croatia. Algeria’s vast land area and diverse population, coupled with its presidential republic system and lower GDP per capita, contribute to its unique identity.

Croatia, on the other hand, stands out for its smaller size, parliamentary republic structure, higher GDP per capita, and lower inflation rate. In conclusion, Algeria and Croatia showcase distinct characteristics that make them fascinating countries to study and explore.

From their geographical features to official languages, government systems, and economic indicators, these nations offer a rich tapestry of diversity and uniqueness. By delving into these topics, we hope to have shed light on the various aspects of Algeria and Croatia, enabling readers to gain a deeper understanding of these captivating countries.


Algeria and Croatia are not only characterized by their geography and economic indicators but also by their unique populations. In this section, we will explore different aspects such as life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income, which provide valuable insights into the quality of life in these countries.

Life Expectancy

– Algeria has made significant progress in improving life expectancy over the years. As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Algeria is around 75 years for both males and females.

This increase can be attributed to advancements in healthcare, improved living conditions, and better access to education and information. – Croatia also boasts a relatively high life expectancy rate, with an average of around 78 years for males and 83 years for females.

This is a testament to Croatia’s well-developed healthcare system and strong emphasis on promoting a healthy lifestyle among its citizens.

Unemployment Rate

– Algeria has been grappling with high unemployment rates for some time. As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Algeria stood at around 11.7%.

Factors such as population growth, limited job opportunities, and underutilization of human resources contribute to this persistently high rate. – Croatia, on the other hand, has made significant improvements in reducing its unemployment rate in recent years.

As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Croatia was approximately 10.2%. This decrease is attributed to various government initiatives aimed at boosting employment, including investment in key sectors and support for entrepreneurship.

Average Income

– The average income in Algeria varies across different sectors and regions. As of 2020, the average monthly income in Algeria is around $359.52.

However, it is important to note that income disparities exist, with significant differences between urban and rural areas. – In Croatia, the average income is generally higher than in Algeria.

As of 2020, the average monthly income in Croatia is approximately $1,376.42. Croatia’s stronger economy, higher living standards, and more diverse job opportunities contribute to this comparatively higher average income.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in the development of any nation. In this section, we will explore Algeria and Croatia’s infrastructure, focusing on their roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


– Algeria has an extensive road network that connects various parts of the country. The total length of paved roads in Algeria is estimated to be around 106,560 kilometers, with major highways and expressways linking cities and towns.

The government has invested in improving road infrastructure to promote transportation and trade. – Croatia also boasts a well-developed road system.

The country has approximately 29,626 kilometers of paved roads, which facilitate easy transportation and connectivity between regions. Croatia’s well-maintained highways, such as the A1 and A3, contribute to efficient travel for both locals and tourists.


– Algeria boasts several important harbors along its approximately 998-kilometer coastline. Algiers, Oran, and Skikda are among the main ports in Algeria, handling a significant portion of the country’s maritime trade.

Algeria’s harbors serve as vital gateways for both imports and exports. – Croatia, with its beautiful Adriatic Sea coastline, also has notable harbors.

The Port of Rijeka, located in the northern part of the country, is Croatia’s largest port and a significant hub for international trade. Other important harbors include Split and Ploe, which contribute to Croatia’s thriving maritime industry.

Passenger Airports

– Algeria is served by numerous airports, with the country’s main international airport located in Algiers. Houari Boumediene Airport connects Algeria to various domestic and international destinations, playing a crucial role in facilitating travel and trade.

Other notable airports include Oran, Constantine, and Annaba. – Croatia is known for its well-connected network of passenger airports, with Zagreb International Airport being the busiest and most prominent.

Other major airports in Croatia include Split Airport, Dubrovnik Airport, and Zadar Airport. These airports serve as gateways for international tourists and play a vital role in Croatia’s booming tourism industry.

In summary, the population and infrastructure of Algeria and Croatia offer valuable insights into the quality of life and development of these countries. Life expectancy rates, unemployment rates, and average incomes shed light on the socio-economic conditions of the population, while roadways, harbors, and passenger airports demonstrate the investments made in infrastructure development.

By exploring these aspects, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of what makes Algeria and Croatia unique and captivating nations. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an important metric that measures the perceived levels of corruption in different countries.

In this section, we will explore the CPI scores for Algeria and Croatia, along with other related topics such as the population below the poverty line and the human freedom index.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

– According to the Corruption Perceptions Index, Algeria’s score in 2020 was 34 out of 100, indicating a moderate level of perceived corruption. This score reflects the challenges Algeria faces in combating corruption and improving transparency in its public institutions.

While efforts have been made to address corruption, further measures are needed to enhance accountability and promote integrity. – Croatia, on the other hand, performed better in the CPI, scoring 47 out of 100 in 2020.

This suggests a relatively lower perception of corruption compared to Algeria. Croatia’s efforts to combat corruption and strengthen anti-corruption institutions have contributed to its improved ranking.

However, ongoing efforts are required to maintain this positive trajectory and continue fostering a corruption-free environment.

Population Below the Poverty Line

– Poverty is a significant issue that affects populations in many countries. In Algeria, a considerable portion of the population falls below the poverty line.

As of 2020, approximately 25% of Algerians live below the poverty line. This represents a considerable challenge in terms of ensuring adequate access to education, healthcare, and basic necessities for a significant portion of the population.

– Croatia, on the other hand, has a lower percentage of its population below the poverty line. As of 2020, around 19.5% of Croatians live below the poverty line.

This relatively lower percentage can be attributed to Croatia’s stronger economy, higher average income levels, and more robust social welfare systems.

Human Freedom Index

– The

Human Freedom Index is a measure that assesses the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms experienced by individuals in different countries. In terms of human freedom, both Algeria and Croatia have their own unique considerations.

– Algeria has faced challenges in ensuring a high level of human freedom, with restrictions on freedom of speech and expression. This is reflected in its

Human Freedom Index score, which was 4.38 out of 10 in 2020.

While the government has taken steps towards creating a more inclusive and democratic society, further improvements are needed to enhance human rights and freedom. – In comparison, Croatia has a higher score on the

Human Freedom Index, with a score of 7.66 out of 10 in 2020.

This reflects the country’s commitment to upholding civil liberties, democratic values, and individuals’ rights. Croatia’s legal framework and respect for human rights contribute to its higher score on the index.

Percentage of Internet Users

– Access to the internet has become increasingly important in today’s interconnected world. Algeria has seen significant growth in the number of internet users in recent years, with the percentage of the population using the internet standing at approximately 61.8% in 2021.

This increase can be attributed to various factors, including improved internet infrastructure and increased affordability of smartphones and internet services. – Croatia, on the other hand, has a higher percentage of its population using the internet.

As of 2021, approximately 81.5% of Croatians are internet users. This can be attributed to Croatia’s well-developed telecommunications infrastructure, higher average incomes, and a strong focus on digital literacy and technology adoption.

English Speaking Percentage

– English proficiency is an important skill in today’s globalized world. In Algeria, English is not widely spoken, with only a small percentage of the population having proficiency in the language.

As of 2021, approximately 13% of Algerians speak English. – In Croatia, English proficiency is relatively higher, with a larger percentage of the population having a good command of the language.

As of 2021, around 32% of Croatians speak English, reflecting the country’s emphasis on foreign language education and its integration into the global community. In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index, population below the poverty line, human freedom index, percentage of internet users, and English speaking proficiency shed light on different aspects of Algeria and Croatia.

The CPI scores indicate the levels of corruption perceived in each country, while the percentage of the population below the poverty line reflects socioeconomic challenges. The human freedom index assesses civil liberties and individual rights.

Furthermore, the percentage of internet users and English speaking proficiency provide insights into technological development and language skills. Together, these aspects contribute to our understanding of the unique characteristics and dynamics of Algeria and Croatia.

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