World Comparison

Algeria vs Costa Rica – Country Comparison

Algeria and Costa Rica are two fascinating countries located in different regions of the world. While Algeria is situated in North Africa, Costa Rica is located in Central America.

Despite their geographical distance, these countries share a few similarities and differences that make them unique. In this article, we will explore various aspects of both nations, including their region, government, language, currency, and economic indicators such as GDP per capita and inflation rate.


Algeria is the largest country in Africa, occupying an area of over 2.3 million square kilometers. It is bordered by Tunisia and Libya to the east, Niger and Mali to the south, and Morocco and Western Sahara to the west.

Its capital city is Algiers, which is located on the Mediterranean coast. Algiers is a vibrant city known for its historic sites, such as the Casbah and the Algiers Cathedral.

On the other hand, Costa Rica is a small country situated in Central America. It covers an area of approximately 51,000 square kilometers and is bordered by Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the south.

Its capital city is San Jos, which is nestled in a fertile valley surrounded by mountains. San Jos offers a mix of modern amenities and traditional charm, with its vibrant cultural scene and historic buildings.

Official Language and Currency

In Algeria, the official language is Arabic, which is spoken by the majority of the population. French is also widely spoken as a second language, particularly in business and government sectors.

The official currency is the Algerian dinar (DZD), which is used for all transactions within the country. In Costa Rica, Spanish is the official language and is spoken by nearly all citizens.

English is also spoken by a significant number of people, especially in popular tourist areas. The official currency is the Costa Rican coln (CRC), named after Christopher Columbus.

While the coln is the main currency, the United States dollar is widely accepted in most tourist destinations.

Government Form

Algeria is a semi-presidential republic, which means it has both a president and a prime minister. The president serves as the head of state, while the prime minister is responsible for the day-to-day governance of the country.

The president is elected for a five-year term, and the current president is Abdelmadjid Tebboune. In contrast, Costa Rica operates under a presidential system, where the president serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

The president is elected for a four-year term and can serve a maximum of two consecutive terms. The current president of Costa Rica is Carlos Alvarado Quesada.

Annual GDP

When comparing the annual GDP of both countries, it is important to consider the GDP per capita, which provides a measure of the average economic output per person. In 2020, Algeria’s GDP per capita was approximately $4,115, reflecting the country’s significant oil and gas reserves.

However, it is worth noting that the COVID-19 pandemic and the drop in global oil prices have had a negative impact on Algeria’s economy. On the other hand, Costa Rica had a GDP per capita of approximately $11,397 in 2020.

The country’s economy is diverse, with industries such as agriculture, tourism, and technology playing a crucial role. Costa Rica has invested heavily in renewable energy and is known for its commitment to environmental sustainability.

Inflation Rate

Inflation is an important economic indicator that measures the general increase in prices over time. In 2020, Algeria experienced an inflation rate of approximately 1.9%.

This relatively low inflation rate can be attributed to the government’s efforts to control price fluctuations and stabilize the economy. Costa Rica had a slightly higher inflation rate of approximately 1.6% in 2020.

The country has implemented measures to control inflation, such as a flexible exchange rate regime and prudent monetary policies. In conclusion, Algeria and Costa Rica are two unique countries with distinct characteristics and attributes.

While Algeria is located in North Africa and has a diverse economy dependent on oil and gas, Costa Rica is a small Central American nation with a focus on environmental sustainability and a diverse economy. Understanding the nuances of each country’s region, government, language, currency, and economic indicators such as GDP per capita and inflation rate provides valuable insights into their respective cultures and societies.


The population of a country is a significant factor in understanding its social and economic dynamics. Let’s explore the population aspects of Algeria and Costa Rica, including life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is an important indicator of a country’s well-being and healthcare system. In Algeria, the average life expectancy is around 76 years, according to World Bank data.

This indicates that, on average, Algerians can expect to live a relatively long and healthy life. Costa Rica, on the other hand, boasts an impressive life expectancy of around 81 years.

This can be attributed to the country’s focus on healthcare and the overall quality of life. Costa Rica has a well-developed public healthcare system, which ensures accessibility to healthcare services for its citizens.

Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate is a critical factor in measuring a country’s economic health and the level of job opportunities available for its population. In Algeria, the unemployment rate stands at approximately 12.3%, as reported in 2020.

This indicates some challenges in the labor market, which the government aims to address through various economic reforms and initiatives. Costa Rica, on the other hand, has a lower unemployment rate of around 8.2%.

The country’s economy benefits from a diverse range of industries, such as tourism, agriculture, and technology, which contribute to job creation and opportunities for its citizens.

Average Income

The average income reflects the economic well-being of a country’s population. In Algeria, the average income is around $5,400 per year.

However, it is important to note that income disparities exist within the country, with significant variations between urban and rural areas. Costa Rica, with its higher GDP per capita, has an average income of around $11,700 per year.

This indicates a comparatively higher standard of living and economic opportunities. It is worth noting that Costa Rica’s efforts to promote equality and social protection programs have played a role in improving the quality of life for its citizens.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in facilitating economic growth, trade, and connectivity within a country. Let’s discuss the infrastructure aspects of Algeria and Costa Rica, including roadways, harbours, and passenger airports.

Roadways and Harbours

Algeria has an extensive road network that covers over 113,655 kilometers. The roadways connect major cities and towns, facilitating transportation and trade.

The country also has several well-equipped harbours, such as the Port of Algiers and the Port of Oran, which serve as significant gateways for international trade and transportation. Costa Rica, despite its smaller size, has invested in developing a robust roadway system.

The country has an extensive network of highways and roads that connect various regions, including its capital city, San Jos. Additionally, Costa Rica has two major harbours, Puerto Limn and Caldera, which serve as important hubs for maritime commerce and trade.

Passenger Airports

Air travel plays a crucial role in promoting tourism, business, and connectivity. Algeria has numerous airports across the country, with the Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers being the busiest.

This airport serves as the main international gateway, connecting Algeria to various destinations around the world. Costa Rica has two main international airports: the Juan Santamara International Airport in San Jos and the Daniel Oduber Quirs International Airport in Liberia.

These airports facilitate easy access to the country’s popular tourist destinations, such as the beaches on the Pacific coast and the lush rainforests. In conclusion, understanding the population dynamics of Algeria and Costa Rica sheds light on various aspects of their social and economic well-being.

Life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income provide insights into the quality of life and economic opportunities available to the citizens. Additionally, infrastructure, including roadways, harbours, and passenger airports, plays a vital role in facilitating connectivity and driving economic growth.

By examining these aspects, we gain a comprehensive understanding of these two nations and their unique characteristics and attributes.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Corruption is a pressing issue that affects the social, economic, and political fabric of a country. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a tool used to assess the level of corruption in various nations.

Let’s examine the CPI of Algeria and Costa Rica, along with other relevant factors such as the population below the poverty line and the human freedom index.

Population below the Poverty Line

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is an important measure of income inequality and social welfare. In Algeria, around 23.5% of the population lives below the poverty line, according to World Bank data.

This indicates a significant number of people struggling with economic hardships and limited access to basic necessities. Costa Rica, on the other hand, has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty levels.

Approximately 20% of the population in Costa Rica lives below the poverty line, demonstrating the country’s commitment to social welfare and poverty alleviation programs.

Human Freedom Index

The human freedom index provides insights into the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms in a country. Algeria ranks 132nd out of 162 countries on the

Human Freedom Index, indicating a relatively low level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms.

Factors such as restrictions on freedom of speech, limited political rights, and a lack of transparency contribute to this ranking. In contrast, Costa Rica ranks significantly higher on the

Human Freedom Index, securing the 51st position out of 162 countries.

Costa Rica takes pride in its democratic institutions, freedom of expression, respect for civil liberties, and overall political stability. These elements contribute to a higher level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms for its citizens.

Percentage of Internet Users

The percentage of internet users is an important indicator of a country’s technological advancement and connectivity. In Algeria, around 61.9% of the population uses the internet, according to the latest data available.

The country has made significant progress in improving access to the internet, particularly in urban areas, where connectivity is more prevalent. Costa Rica has a higher percentage of internet users, with approximately 81.3% of the population connected to the internet.

The country has invested in building a strong digital infrastructure, which has contributed to increased internet accessibility and usage across the country. This connectivity has also provided opportunities for e-commerce, online education, and remote work, enabling Costa Ricans to participate in the digital economy.

English Speaking Percentage

English is widely regarded as a global language and is essential for international communication and business. In Algeria, although Arabic and French are the official languages, English proficiency is relatively low, with only a small percentage of the population speaking English fluently.

However, efforts are being made to improve English language education to meet the demands of a globalized world. In Costa Rica, there is a higher percentage of English speakers due to the country’s emphasis on education and its booming tourism industry.

English language skills are considered an asset in the job market, particularly in the tourism and service sectors. Many Costa Ricans are bilingual, with a strong command of both Spanish and English.

In conclusion, the

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) sheds light on the level of corruption in different countries, with Algeria and Costa Rica experiencing varying degrees of corruption. Moreover, the percentage of the population below the poverty line and the human freedom index provide insights into social welfare, income inequality, and personal liberties.

Looking at the percentage of internet users and English speaking percentage allows us to understand the technological progress and language proficiency within these nations. By examining these aspects, we gain a deeper understanding of the overall socio-economic landscape of Algeria and Costa Rica.

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