World Comparison

Algeria vs Austria – Country Comparison

Algeria vs Austria: A Comparative Analysis


When it comes to comparing different countries, understanding their regional characteristics and factors is essential. Let’s take a closer look at Algeria and Austria in terms of their area, capital, official language, currency, and government form.

Area and Capital:

– Algeria, situated in North Africa, is the largest country in the continent, covering an area of approximately 2.38 million square kilometers. – On the other hand, Austria is a landlocked country located in Central Europe.

With an area of around 83,879 square kilometers, it is significantly smaller than Algeria. – The capital of Algeria is Algiers, a bustling city located on the Mediterranean coast.

In contrast, Vienna serves as the capital of Austria and is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and stunning architecture. Official Language and Currency:

– Arabic is the official language of Algeria, reflecting its historical background and cultural identity.

However, French is widely used and serves as the primary language for business and administration. – In Austria, the official language is German, which is predominantly spoken by the majority of the population.

– The currency used in Algeria is the Algerian dinar (DZD), while Austria adopted the Euro (EUR) after joining the European Union. Government Form:

– Algeria is classified as a semi-presidential republic, wherein the President serves as the head of state and the Prime Minister as the head of government.

The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. – Austria, on the other hand, is a federal parliamentary republic.

It follows a democratic model where the President is elected by popular vote for a six-year term, while the Chancellor holds the executive power and governs the country.

Annual GDP

Examining countries’ annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) allows us to gain insights into their economic performance. Let’s delve into the GDP per capita and inflation rate for both Algeria and Austria.

GDP per Capita:

– In recent years, Algeria has seen a steady growth in its GDP per capita. As of 2021, it stands at an estimated $4,046.

This figure indicates the average economic output per person in the country. – Austria boasts a significantly higher GDP per capita, reaching around $51,164 as of 2021.

This demonstrates a higher level of economic prosperity within the country. Inflation Rate:

– The inflation rate refers to the annual percentage increase in prices, typically used as an indicator of economic stability.

In Algeria, the inflation rate for 2021 is expected to be around 2.4%, reflecting a relatively stable economy. – On the other hand, Austria is renowned for its economic stability and has maintained a low inflation rate of around 0.5% in recent years.

This indicates the country’s ability to manage and control price fluctuations effectively. In conclusion, despite Algeria and Austria having contrasting regional characteristics and economic indicators, each country has its strengths and unique qualities.

While Algeria boasts a larger land area and a distinct cultural heritage, Austria shines with its strong economic performance and stable government. Understanding these differences allows us to appreciate the diverse world we live in and fosters a global perspective.


The population of a country plays a crucial role in understanding its social dynamics and overall development. Let’s explore Algeria and Austria’s population, including their life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income.

Life Expectancy:

– Life expectancy provides an insight into the quality of healthcare and overall well-being of a nation. In Algeria, the average life expectancy is around 76 years, showcasing considerable progress in healthcare services over the years.

– Austria, known for its high standard of living and healthcare, boasts an impressive life expectancy of approximately 81 years. This reflects the country’s robust healthcare system and focus on overall population well-being.

Unemployment Rate:

– The unemployment rate indicates the percentage of the labor force that is jobless and actively seeking employment. In Algeria, the unemployment rate as of 2021 is relatively high at around 12.2%.

This can be attributed to various factors such as a rapidly growing population and limited job opportunities. – In contrast, Austria maintains a significantly lower unemployment rate, standing at around 5% as of 2021.

This reflects the country’s strong job market and stable economy, offering ample employment opportunities for its citizens. Average Income:

– Analyzing the average income provides insights into the financial well-being of the population.

In Algeria, the average income per person is estimated to be around $4,000. This figure highlights the economic challenges faced by many Algerians, even though the country possesses vast natural resources.

– Austria, renowned for its affluent economy and high standard of living, boasts an average income per person of approximately $46,000. This significantly higher figure reflects the better financial stability and opportunities available to the people of Austria.


The infrastructure of a country plays a crucial role in its economic development and connectivity. Let’s delve into Algeria and Austria’s infrastructure, focusing on their roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


– Algeria has made significant investments in its road network, featuring modern highways that connect major cities and provinces. The country’s roadways span a vast area, covering around 180,000 kilometers.

– Austria, despite its smaller geographical size, boasts a well-maintained road network. The country is renowned for its efficient transport system, including an extensive network of highways and expressways that facilitate easy travel between cities and neighboring countries.


– Due to its extensive coastline along the Mediterranean Sea, Algeria possesses several important harbors that play a crucial role in its trade and economic activities. The Port of Algiers, Annaba, and Oran are among the notable harbors in the country.

– Although landlocked, Austria has navigable rivers that provide alternative avenues for trade and transport. The Danube River, which flows through the country, allows for the efficient movement of goods and passengers via ports such as Vienna.

Passenger Airports:

– Algeria boasts several international airports, including Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers, which serves as the primary gateway to the country. Other major airports include Oran Es-Snia and Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf Airport.

These airports cater to both domestic and international travelers. – Austria, with its strategic location in Central Europe, has multiple international airports that contribute to its robust tourism industry and connectivity.

The Vienna International Airport is the busiest and largest airport in the country, serving as a major hub for both passenger and cargo flights. Other airports, such as Salzburg Airport and Innsbruck Airport, cater to regional and international travelers.

In conclusion, understanding a country’s population and its infrastructure is vital in painting a comprehensive picture of its socio-economic landscape. Algeria and Austria showcase unique characteristics in terms of their population dynamics, with differences in life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income.

Similarly, their infrastructure, including roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, reflects their geographical and economic contexts. These factors contribute to the distinct identities and development paths of both countries, making them intriguing subjects of comparison and analysis.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)


Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is an essential measure to evaluate the levels of corruption within countries. Let’s examine the CPI scores for Algeria and Austria, and also explore the percentage of the population living below the poverty line and the human freedom index for both countries.

Corruption Perceptions Index:

– The CPI scores countries on a scale from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating a lower perception of corruption. In the latest CPI report by Transparency International, Algeria received a score of 35 out of 100.

This places Algeria in the category of countries with significant corruption challenges. – On the other hand, Austria fares much better on the CPI, with a score of 75 out of 100.

This reflects Austria’s strong anti-corruption measures and transparent governance practices.

Population Below the Poverty Line:

– The percentage of the population living below the poverty line provides insights into a country’s socio-economic conditions. In Algeria, approximately 23% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This highlights the need for further efforts to address income inequality and improve living standards. – In contrast, Austria’s poverty rate is significantly lower, with only about 9% of the population living below the poverty line.

This indicates a higher level of economic prosperity and social welfare within the country. Human Freedom Index:

– The Human Freedom Index measures personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a country.

Algeria received a score of 4.37 out of 10, signifying a lower level of overall human freedom. This includes factors such as individual rights, rule of law, and economic freedom.

– Conversely, Austria boasts a higher Human Freedom Index score of 8.16 out of 10, indicating a higher level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms. This reflects Austria’s commitment to individual rights, democratic institutions, and economic opportunities.

Percentage of Internet Users:

Access to the internet has become increasingly important in the digital age. Let’s explore the percentage of internet users in both Algeria and Austria, along with the English-speaking population percentage.


– As of the latest available data, approximately 69% of the Algerian population has access to the internet. This demonstrates significant progress in recent years, as the country has prioritized expanding digital access and connectivity.

– While Arabic is the primary language in Algeria, the country also has a significant percentage of English-speaking individuals, particularly among the younger generation and those involved in international business and education. Austria:

– Austria boasts a higher percentage of internet users, with around 90% of the population having access to the internet.

This highlights the country’s strong digital infrastructure and widespread connectivity. – English proficiency among the Austrian population is relatively high, particularly among the younger generation and those engaged in business and academia.

English is widely taught in schools, contributing to a higher percentage of English-speaking individuals in the country. In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index, the percentage of the population living below the poverty line, the human freedom index, and the percentage of internet users shed light on important societal indicators for Algeria and Austria.

While Algeria faces challenges in areas such as corruption and poverty, Austria excels in areas such as transparency, socio-economic welfare, and digital connectivity. Understanding these factors allows for a comprehensive analysis and a deeper appreciation of the cultural, economic, and social landscapes of both countries.

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