World Comparison

Albania vs United Kingdom – Country Comparison

Albania vs United Kingdom: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to comparing two countries, one can’t help but marvel at the differences that exist between them. Albania and the United Kingdom are two fascinating nations located in different regions of the world, each with its own unique characteristics.

In this article, we will delve deep into various aspects of the two countries, including their regions, government form, official language, currency, and annual GDP. By the end of this comprehensive analysis, we hope you will have gained a better understanding of these two remarkable nations.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital:

– Albania, located in southeastern Europe, spans an area of 28,748 square kilometers. – Its capital and largest city is Tirana, known for its vibrant culture and historical sites.

– On the other hand, the United Kingdom covers an area of approximately 242,500 square kilometers. – London, its capital and largest city, is renowned as a global financial center and a melting pot of diverse cultures.

Subtopic 2: Official language and currency:

– Albanian is the official language of Albania and is spoken by the majority of the population. – The national currency is the Albanian lek (ALL).

– While Albanian is a less commonly spoken language internationally, the United Kingdom boasts English as its official language. – The British pound sterling (GBP) is its national currency, a symbol of the country’s robust economy and historical significance.

Subtopic 3: Government form:

– Albania has a parliamentary republic system, where the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. – The United Kingdom, on the other hand, operates under a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy.

– Queen Elizabeth II serves as the ceremonial head of state, while the Prime Minister holds substantial political power. Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita:

– In terms of GDP per capita, Albania is considered a lower-middle-income country.

– As of 2020, its per capita GDP stood at around $5,628. – On the other hand, the United Kingdom is classified as a high-income country, with a significantly higher GDP per capita.

– In the same year, it recorded a per capita GDP of approximately $39,899. Subtopic 2: Inflation rate:

– Inflation rates play a crucial role in determining the stability of a country’s economy.

– Albania has been grappling with high inflation for a significant period of time. – In 2020, its inflation rate was estimated to be around 1.5%.

– Conversely, the United Kingdom has typically maintained a relatively low inflation rate. – In the same year, it experienced an inflation rate of approximately 0.9%.

In conclusion, Albania and the United Kingdom exhibit numerous disparities when it comes to their regions, government form, official language, currency, and annual GDP. While Albania is smaller in size, it has its own charm that lies in its rich history and cultural heritage.

The United Kingdom, on the other hand, is a larger nation with a robust economy and global influence. By exploring these differences, we can appreciate the uniqueness of each country and gain invaluable knowledge about the diverse world we live in.


1. CIA World Factbook – Albania:


CIA World Factbook – United Kingdom:

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life expectancy:

Life expectancy is a critical indicator of a nation’s overall well-being and healthcare system. In Albania, the average life expectancy is approximately 78.6 years.

Despite being a lower-middle-income country, Albania has made significant strides in improving its healthcare services, resulting in an increase in life expectancy over the years. On the other hand, the United Kingdom boasts a higher average life expectancy of around 81.2 years.

This can be attributed to the country’s well-developed healthcare system, access to advanced medical treatments, and public health initiatives. Subtopic 2: Unemployment rate:

The unemployment rate is an essential factor in evaluating a country’s economic stability and the availability of job opportunities.

Albania faces the challenge of a relatively higher unemployment rate compared to the United Kingdom. As of 2020, Albania’s unemployment rate stood at approximately 12.2%.

This is partially due to the country’s transition from a centrally planned economy to a market-based system. In contrast, the United Kingdom has a lower unemployment rate, estimated to be around 4.8% in the same year.

The country’s diverse economy and strong job market contribute to this comparatively lower rate. Subtopic 3: Average income:

Average income provides insight into the purchasing power and economic prosperity of a nation’s citizens.

Albania’s average income is considerably lower compared to the United Kingdom. As of 2020, the average income in Albania was around $6,500.

The country has been undergoing economic reforms to boost its income levels and improve the standard of living for its citizens. In contrast, the United Kingdom has a significantly higher average income of approximately $48,500.

This higher income level reflects the country’s strong economy and the availability of well-paying job opportunities across various sectors. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors:

Infrastructure plays a vital role in facilitating economic growth and connectivity.

In Albania, the road network has undergone significant development in recent years. The country has invested in upgrading its main highways, connecting major cities and regions.

However, due to the mountainous terrain, some rural areas still face challenges in terms of road accessibility. Albania also boasts several modern harbors, including the Port of Durres, which serves as a major commercial gateway for the country.

These harbor facilities have contributed to the growth of trade and tourism in Albania. In comparison, the United Kingdom has a well-developed and extensive road network.

It is known for its motorways and major road arteries that connect various regions. The country also invests in maintaining and improving its road infrastructure to accommodate the increasing traffic demands.

Additionally, the United Kingdom has numerous important harbors, such as the Port of Dover, which is one of the busiest passenger and freight ports in Europe, providing essential links to the continent. Subtopic 2: Passenger airports:

Air travel has become an integral part of modern transportation, connecting people across the globe.

Albania has one international airport, the Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza, located near the capital city. This airport serves as a hub for both domestic and international flights, facilitating travel for tourists and business visitors to Albania.

Over the years, the airport has witnessed improvements in infrastructure and services to accommodate the growing demand for air travel. The United Kingdom, being a larger country, has a more extensive network of passenger airports.

Some of the notable airports include London Heathrow, London Gatwick, Manchester Airport, and Edinburgh Airport, among others. These airports cater to millions of passengers each year and serve as major hubs for international travel.

The United Kingdom’s airports are known for their efficiency, modern facilities, and connectivity to various destinations worldwide. In conclusion, when examining the population and infrastructure aspects, Albania and the United Kingdom demonstrate significant differences.

Albania has made remarkable progress in terms of healthcare access, despite facing challenges such as a higher unemployment rate and lower average income. The United Kingdom’s healthcare system, on the other hand, has contributed to a higher life expectancy for its citizens.

Regarding infrastructure, both countries have invested in developing their road networks, but the United Kingdom has a more extensive and well-connected system. Additionally, while Albania has a notable international airport, the United Kingdom’s passenger airport network is larger and more advanced.

These disparities reflect the unique circumstances and priorities of each country, shaping the lives and experiences of its population. Sources:


World Bank – Albania:

2. World Bank – United Kingdom:

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the poverty line:

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a measure used to assess the level of corruption in a country’s public sector.

Both Albania and the United Kingdom have been evaluated and ranked on this index. When it comes to the percentage of the population living below the poverty line, Albania faces a greater challenge compared to the United Kingdom.

In Albania, approximately 30% of the population lives below the poverty line. This disparity can be attributed to various factors such as high unemployment rates, income inequality, and challenges associated with transitioning to a market-based economy.

On the other hand, the United Kingdom has a lower percentage of the population below the poverty line, estimated to be around 16%. The country’s robust welfare system, minimum wage laws, and social safety nets contribute to reducing poverty rates and ensuring a certain standard of living for its citizens.

Nevertheless, poverty remains a complex issue that requires ongoing efforts and initiatives to address its root causes and provide support to those in need. Subtopic 2: Human freedom index:

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) is a comprehensive measure of personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a nation.

When assessing the HFI, both Albania and the United Kingdom showcase notable differences. Albania, despite its progress in areas such as democratization and building a market economy, still faces challenges in terms of protecting and advancing personal freedoms.

The country’s ranking on the HFI indicates that there is room for improvement in areas such as rule of law, freedom of speech, and civil liberties. In contrast, the United Kingdom is regarded as a country that promotes and upholds personal freedoms.

With a robust legal system, freedom of speech, and strong protection of civil liberties, the United Kingdom consistently ranks higher on the HFI. The country’s commitment to human rights and individual freedoms is exemplified through legislation and societal norms that value diversity, equality, and the right to express oneself freely.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English-speaking percentage:

The internet has revolutionized the way we communicate, access information, and conduct business globally. While both Albania and the United Kingdom have significant percentages of internet users, one notable difference lies in the English-speaking population.

In Albania, English is not widely spoken compared to the United Kingdom, where English is the primary language. In Albania, English proficiency is relatively low, with around 38% of the population reporting the ability to speak English to some extent.

This can be attributed to historical factors, including limited access to English education and the dominance of the Albanian language in daily life. However, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of English language skills, especially with the rise in tourism and international business opportunities.

Conversely, the United Kingdom has a high percentage of English-speaking individuals, close to 100% of the population. English serves as the primary language for communication, education, and business, making the internet easily accessible and understandable for the majority of its citizens.

This linguistic advantage gives the United Kingdom a competitive edge in terms of global connectivity, trade, and cultural exchange. In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), percentage of population below the poverty line, and the Human Freedom Index (HFI) shed light on the socio-economic and political aspects of Albania and the United Kingdom.

While Albania faces challenges in terms of corruption and poverty rates, the United Kingdom showcases lower levels in these areas due to its effective governance systems and social welfare policies. Additionally, the United Kingdom’s commitment to personal freedoms has been instrumental in securing a higher ranking on the HFI.

Regarding the percentage of internet users, while Albania and the United Kingdom both have significant populations accessing the internet, the language barrier is more prevalent in Albania, where English proficiency is relatively lower compared to the primarily English-speaking United Kingdom. Sources:


World Bank – Albania:

2. World Bank – United Kingdom:


Corruption Perceptions Index:

4. Human Freedom Index:

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