World Comparison

Albania vs Tajikistan – Country Comparison

Albania and Tajikistan are two countries located in different regions of the world with distinct characteristics. In this article, we will compare and contrast these two nations in terms of their region, government form, official language, currency, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate.

By the end of this article, you’ll have a better understanding of the similarities and differences between these two fascinating countries.


Albania, a small nation in the Balkans, covers an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers. Its capital, Tirana, is a vibrant city known for its rich history and colorful buildings.

On the other hand, Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, spanning an area of 143,100 square kilometers. Dushanbe, Tajikistan’s capital, is known for its impressive architecture, particularly the Palace of Nations.

Official Language and Currency

The official language of Albania is Albanian, a unique language that has roots in Illyrian and Latin. In Tajikistan, Tajik is the official language, which belongs to the Persian language family.

As for their currencies, Albania uses the Albanian Lek (ALL), while Tajikistan employs the Tajikistani Somoni (TJS).

Government Form

Albania and Tajikistan have different government forms. Albania is a parliamentary republic, where the President is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.

On the other hand, Tajikistan is a presidential republic, where the President serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

Annual GDP

When it comes to the annual GDP, Albania and Tajikistan have varying economic situations. In 2020, Albania had a GDP of $15.2 billion, while Tajikistan had a GDP of $8.9 billion.

This indicates that Albania has a stronger economy compared to Tajikistan.

GDP Per Capita

The GDP per capita is a measure of the average economic well-being of individuals in a nation. In Albania, the GDP per capita in 2020 was $5,267, while in Tajikistan, it was $1,045.

This demonstrates that Albania has a higher standard of living compared to Tajikistan.

Inflation Rate

The inflation rate is an important economic indicator that measures the general increase in prices over time. In Albania, the inflation rate in 2020 was 1.4%, whereas in Tajikistan, it stood at 11.3%.

This reveals that Tajikistan has higher inflation compared to Albania, indicating potential economic instability. In summary, Albania and Tajikistan differ in various aspects, from their region and government forms to their official language, currency, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate.

Albania, located in the Balkans, has a parliamentary republic government, uses the Albanian Lek as its currency, and has a higher GDP and GDP per capita compared to Tajikistan. On the other hand, Tajikistan, situated in Central Asia, is a presidential republic, uses the Tajikistani Somoni, and has a higher inflation rate.

These comparisons highlight the unique characteristics and economic situations of both countries.


One of the key aspects in comparing and contrasting countries is their population. Albania and Tajikistan have distinct characteristics in terms of their population, which we can analyze through indicators such as life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is an essential indicator that reflects the overall health and well-being of a population. In Albania, the average life expectancy is around 78 years, which is relatively high compared to other countries in the region.

This can be attributed to improvements in healthcare, access to medical services, and a focus on public health initiatives. On the other hand, Tajikistan has a lower life expectancy of around 72 years.

This can be attributed to various factors, including limited access to healthcare services in remote areas and a lower standard of living.

Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate is another crucial factor that showcases the employment opportunities and overall economic health of a country. In Albania, the unemployment rate stands at around 11%.

Although this figure is higher than desired, it has been steadily decreasing in recent years due to investments, economic reforms, and efforts to promote entrepreneurship and job creation. Similarly, Tajikistan also faces challenges in terms of unemployment, with an unemployment rate of approximately 8%.

However, the country has made progress in reducing unemployment through initiatives that promote skill development and economic diversification.

Average Income

The average income provides insights into the economic well-being of the population in a country. In Albania, the average income is around $6,900 per year.

While this figure may seem low compared to some Western countries, it is important to consider the cost of living and purchasing power in relation to the local economy. On the other hand, Tajikistan has a lower average income of around $1,500 per year.

This is reflective of the fact that Tajikistan is one of the poorest countries in Central Asia, and economic development and poverty reduction remain significant challenges.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s development and connectivity. In this aspect, Albania and Tajikistan have their own strengths and challenges.

Roadways and Harbors

Albania has made significant strides in improving its road infrastructure in recent years. It boasts a well-connected road network that allows for efficient transportation within the country and to neighboring countries.

The Port of Durres, as the largest seaport in Albania, serves as a vital gateway for international trade, contributing to the economic growth of the country. In contrast, Tajikistan faces challenges in terms of road infrastructure due to its mountainous terrain.

However, efforts have been made to develop and improve key roadways, such as the Pamir Highway, to enhance connectivity. Regarding harbors, Tajikistan is a landlocked country and does not have direct access to international sea routes, limiting its opportunities for maritime trade.

Passenger Airports

Both Albania and Tajikistan have international passenger airports that provide connections to various destinations. Albania has the Tirana International Airport, located near the capital city, which serves as a major hub for domestic and international flights.

This airport has witnessed significant growth in recent years, catering to the increasing tourism and business interests in Albania. Tajikistan also has international airports, with the Dushanbe International Airport being the largest and busiest.

It serves as the primary gateway to Tajikistan and offers connections to several international destinations. Other airports in cities like Khujand and Kurgan-Tyube provide regional connectivity within the country.

In conclusion, the countries of Albania and Tajikistan showcase unique characteristics and challenges in terms of their population and infrastructure. Albania has a higher life expectancy, while Tajikistan faces difficulties in this regard.

Both countries have unemployment rates that, while not ideal, have seen improvements. In terms of average income, Albania outperforms Tajikistan due to variations in their economies.

Albania boasts a well-developed infrastructure, with a good road network and a major seaport, while Tajikistan faces challenges due to its mountainous terrain and landlocked status. Both countries have international passenger airports that facilitate connectivity to various destinations.

By considering these factors, we gain a deeper understanding of the similarities and differences between Albania and Tajikistan.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Corruption is a global issue that can have significant impacts on a country’s development and the well-being of its citizens. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) provides a measure of the perceived levels of corruption in different countries.

Let’s explore how Albania and Tajikistan fare in this regard, as well as examine the percentage of their populations living below the poverty line and their human freedom index scores.

Population Below the Poverty Line

The percentage of a population living below the poverty line is an important indicator that reflects the level of economic inequality and social well-being in a country. In Albania, approximately 25% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This figure, although relatively high, has been steadily decreasing over the years. Albania has implemented various social welfare programs and economic reforms aimed at reducing poverty and improving the lives of its citizens.

In Tajikistan, around 32% of the population lives below the poverty line. This highlights the significant challenges the country faces in addressing poverty and creating an inclusive and equitable society.

Efforts have been made to alleviate poverty through social assistance programs and measures to promote economic growth and employment opportunities. However, the unique geographic and socio-economic conditions in Tajikistan present ongoing obstacles to poverty reduction.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index (HFI) measures various dimensions of human freedom, including personal freedom, economic freedom, and the rule of law. This index provides insights into the level of political and civil liberties enjoyed by individuals in a country.

In Albania, the HFI score is relatively high, indicating a relatively liberal and open society. The country has made strides in safeguarding individual freedoms, promoting democratic institutions, and protecting human rights.

Tajikistan, on the other hand, has a lower HFI score, suggesting limitations on personal liberties and governance issues. The country has been working towards enhancing human freedom, but challenges such as political restrictions and limited civil liberties persist.

Efforts to strengthen democratic institutions and promote human rights remain ongoing priorities for Tajikistan.

Percentage of Internet Users

In today’s interconnected world, access to the internet plays a vital role in the socioeconomic development of a country. It grants individuals the opportunity to access information, engage in e-commerce, and connect with others globally.

In Albania, approximately 85% of the population are internet users. The country has made significant progress in terms of connectivity and digital infrastructure, fostering a vibrant online community and contributing to its economic growth.

Tajikistan, however, lags behind, with only around 31% of the population being internet users. Limited infrastructure and low connectivity levels pose challenges to widespread internet access in the country.

However, efforts are being made to improve access, particularly in urban areas, through government-led initiatives and investments in digital infrastructure.

English Speaking Percentage

English is widely recognized as the international language of business, education, and diplomacy. Proficiency in English can provide individuals with better opportunities for employment, education, and cross-cultural communication.

In Albania, around 30% of the population speaks English to some degree. The country has emphasized English language education, particularly in schools and universities, to equip its citizens with language skills that can enhance their professional prospects.

In Tajikistan, the percentage of English-speaking individuals is lower, with around 5% of the population having some level of proficiency in English. Tajik is the primary language spoken in the country, and there are fewer resources allocated to English language education.

However, there is growing recognition of the importance of English proficiency for international communication, and efforts are being made to promote English language learning. In conclusion, when considering the Corruption Perceptions Index, Albania scores relatively well compared to Tajikistan.

Both countries face challenges in terms of poverty reduction, but Albania has made more significant progress in this regard. In terms of the

Human Freedom Index, Albania has a higher score compared to Tajikistan, suggesting a more liberal society.

Albania also outperforms Tajikistan in terms of the percentage of internet users and English-speaking population. These factors highlight the varying levels of development and opportunities available to the citizens of these two countries.

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