World Comparison

Albania vs Syria – Country Comparison

Albania vs Syria: A Comparative Analysis

When it comes to comparing countries, it is often fascinating to explore their similarities and differences. Today, we will focus our attention on Albania and Syria two nations geographically located in different regions of the world, but sharing some interesting features.

In this article, we will delve deep into various aspects such as region, government form, and economic indicators, shedding light on what sets them apart and what unites them.


First, let’s turn our gaze towards the region in which these two countries reside. Albania, surrounded by Montenegro, Kosovo, North Macedonia, and Greece, is spread across an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers.

Its capital is Tirana, a vibrant city known for its colorful buildings, bustling markets, and rich history. On the other hand, Syria, located in the Middle East, shares borders with Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Israel.

It covers a much larger area, spanning about 185,180 square kilometers. The capital of Syria is Damascus, an ancient city that holds the distinction of being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

Official Language and Currency

Language plays a vital role in shaping a country’s culture and identity. In Albania, the official language is Albanian.

It is spoken by the majority of the population, serving as a unifying force for the diverse ethnic groups residing within the country’s borders. As for the currency, Albania uses the Albanian lek (ALL), which is subdivided into 100 qindarka.

Syria, on the other hand, has Arabic as its official language. This language is not only spoken within the country but also widely understood across the Arab world.

In terms of currency, the Syrian pound (SYP) is used as the legal tender, with 100 piastres forming one pound.

Government Form

Moving on to the political landscape, Albania and Syria diverge in terms of their government forms. Albania follows a parliamentary system, wherein the President represents the country as the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

The Parliament consists of the Assembly (Kuvendi) with 140 seats. This form of government allows for a representative democracy where various political parties compete to secure seats and form coalitions to govern.

In Syria, however, the government functions in a different manner. It is formally known as the Syrian Arab Republic, with the President holding significant power as the head of state and the head of government.

The President is elected through a popular vote, and the executive branch is vested with extensive authority. The Parliament, called the People’s Council, is a unicameral legislative body consisting of 250 seats.

Annual GDP

Shifting our focus to the economic indicators, let’s explore the countries’ Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is a significant measure of their economic health.

GDP Per Capita

Albania has made remarkable strides in recent years. As of 2020, the World Bank reported its GDP per capita as $5,140.

This figure indicates the average income per person in the country. Albania’s economy has experienced notable growth, driven by sectors like tourism, agriculture, and infrastructure development.

In contrast, Syria’s GDP per capita stood at around $930 in 2020. It is important to note that these numbers do not adequately reflect the economic challenges faced by the nation due to a devastating and protracted civil war, which has impacted all aspects of life, including the economy.

Inflation Rate

Another vital economic indicator is the inflation rate, which measures the overall rise in prices of goods and services. In 2020, Albania had an inflation rate of mere 1.4%, indicating a stable economy with controlled prices.

This bodes well for the citizens, as it ensures their purchasing power remains intact. On the other hand, Syria’s inflation rate skyrocketed to a staggering 42.4% in 2020.

This alarming figure reflects the economic turmoil and instability faced by the nation, with soaring prices eroding the purchasing power of the population, exacerbating the already dire conditions. In conclusion, Albania and Syria showcase both similarities and differences across multiple domains.

They differ in terms of region, government form, and economic indicators, providing unique characteristics that make them distinct. Albania’s parliamentary system, relatively stable economy, and higher GDP per capita stand in contrast to Syria’s authoritarian government, war-torn economy, and significant inflation rate.

By understanding these similarities and differences, we gain valuable insights into the challenges and potential opportunities that shape these two nations. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is a crucial indicator of a country’s overall well-being and healthcare system.

In Albania, the average life expectancy is 78.6 years, according to data from the World Bank. This can be attributed to improvements in healthcare services, access to clean water, and a focus on healthy lifestyles.

The Albanian government has made significant efforts to invest in healthcare infrastructure and increase health awareness among its population. Syria, however, has faced significant challenges due to the ongoing civil war.

The life expectancy in Syria is 72.5 years, showing a slight decrease compared to previous years. The conflict has resulted in considerable damage to healthcare facilities, limited access to medical services, and a strain on healthcare professionals.

These conditions have undoubtedly impacted life expectancy in the country. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates provide insights into the job market and the economic opportunities available to the population.

In Albania, the unemployment rate is around 12.8%, as reported by the World Bank in 2020. While this figure indicates that there is still room for improvement, Albania has made progress in reducing unemployment rates over the years.

Efforts have been made to create a business-friendly environment, attract foreign investments, and promote entrepreneurship. In Syria, the prolonged civil war has had a catastrophic impact on the economy, leading to soaring unemployment rates.

According to the latest available data, the unemployment rate in Syria has reached a staggering 49.1% in 2020. The war has resulted in the destruction of infrastructure, businesses, and job opportunities, leaving a large portion of the population without any means of income.

The situation is further compounded by the displacement of millions of Syrians, making it even more challenging to address the unemployment crisis. Subtopic 3: Average Income

The average income of a country’s population sheds light on the standard of living and economic well-being.

In Albania, the average income is approximately $5,500 per year. This figure indicates that while the country has made progress in recent years, it still faces challenges in achieving higher income levels for its citizens.

However, it is important to note that Albania has implemented various economic reforms, attracting foreign investments and promoting industries such as tourism and agriculture, which are gradually contributing to improving the average income. On the other hand, Syria’s ongoing conflict has severely impacted its economy and average income.

The average income in Syria is estimated to be around $2,000 per year, highlighting the economic hardships faced by the population. The war has disrupted industries, businesses, and livelihoods, leaving many Syrians struggling to make ends meet.

The high inflation rate further exacerbates the challenges, making it more difficult for ordinary citizens to afford basic necessities. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbours

Efficient transportation infrastructure is vital for a country’s economic development and connectivity.

In Albania, significant investments have been made in recent years to improve road networks. The country has an extensive road system, with a total length of approximately 18,000 kilometers.

Efforts have been made to upgrade and modernize major highways, facilitating both domestic and international transportation and trade. Additionally, Albania boasts several well-developed harbors, including the ports of Durres, Vlora, and Saranda.

These harbors play a crucial role in facilitating maritime trade. Syria, despite the ongoing conflict, has a reasonably well-developed road network.

However, the war has heavily damaged infrastructure, including roads, bridges, and tunnels. The country’s transportation infrastructure faces significant challenges in terms of maintenance and restoration.

Prior to the conflict, Syria had several major harbors, including the Port of Latakia, which played a vital role in facilitating maritime trade and supporting the economy. However, the conflict has significantly disrupted these operations, affecting both import and export activities.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Airports serve as gateways for international travel, tourism, and transportation of goods. In Albania, the main international gateway is Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza, located near the capital city.

It is the largest and busiest airport in the country, connecting Albania with various international destinations. The airport has undergone significant expansions and modernization to accommodate the increasing number of passengers.

In Syria, several airports played vital roles in connecting the country to the rest of the world. However, the civil war has severely impacted the aviation sector, causing the closure of a number of airports and disrupting air travel.

The Damascus International Airport, which previously served as a major hub for the region, has also been affected by the conflict, leading to limited international flights and reduced connectivity. In conclusion, Albania and Syria differ significantly in terms of their population, infrastructure, and economic indicators.

Albania enjoys a higher average life expectancy, lower unemployment rate, and relatively better economic prospects compared to Syria. Moreover, Albania has made substantial investments in roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, enhancing connectivity and facilitating trade.

On the other hand, Syria faces numerous challenges due to the ongoing civil war, resulting in lower life expectancy, higher unemployment rates, and a deteriorating infrastructure. These differences paint a clear picture of the contrasting situations and possibilities that exist within these two nations.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in countries around the world. It is an important indicator that reflects the transparency, accountability, and efficiency of a country’s governance.

In Albania, the CPI score for 2020 was 36 out of 100, indicating that corruption remains a challenge. While Albania has made progress in combatting corruption in recent years, there is still work to be done to further improve governance and reduce corruption levels.

The population below the poverty line is another crucial factor that reflects the economic inequality within a country. In Albania, approximately 25.7% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This figure highlights the need for targeted social programs and economic reforms to address poverty and ensure equal opportunities for all citizens. Syria, unfortunately, faces a different reality due to the ongoing civil war.

The country’s CPI score for 2020 was a mere 14 out of 100, suggesting high levels of corruption. The conflict has resulted in economic devastation, institutional breakdown, and a lack of effective governance mechanisms.

As a result, the population below the poverty line has significantly increased, with an estimated 82.5% of Syrians living in poverty. This staggering figure underscores the urgent need for humanitarian aid and long-term reconstruction efforts to alleviate poverty and ensure sustainable development in Syria.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index (HFI) provides insights into a country’s respect for civil liberties and personal freedoms. In Albania, the HFI score for 2020 was 7.61 out of 10, indicating a moderate level of personal freedom.

Albania has made significant strides in political freedoms, press freedom, and rule of law since the fall of communism. While challenges remain, particularly in terms of judicial independence and protection of human rights, Albania has demonstrated a commitment to fostering a free and open society.

In contrast, Syria faces severe limitations on personal freedoms due to the ongoing conflict and authoritarian rule. The HFI score for Syria in 2020 was a concerning 2.91 out of 10, highlighting the lack of civil liberties in the country.

The war has resulted in widespread human rights abuses, restrictions on freedom of expression, and limited political participation. Rebuilding an environment that upholds human freedoms and democratic values is a critical component of Syria’s long-term stability and development.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage

The percentage of internet users in a country reflects its level of technological advancement and access to information. In Albania, about 82% of the population were internet users as of 2021, according to World Bank data.

This high percentage demonstrates that Albania has made significant progress in terms of internet connectivity and access to digital technologies. The government has implemented policies to promote digital literacy and ICT infrastructure development, enabling greater participation in the digital economy and access to a wide range of information and services.

In terms of English-speaking proficiency, Albania has relatively high levels compared to many non-English-speaking countries. English is taught as a second language in Albanian schools, and many young people in urban areas are proficient in English due to exposure through media and international connections.

Approximately 42% of Albanians aged 15-24 can communicate in English, contributing to the country’s global engagement and potentially attracting foreign investments and partnerships. In Syria, despite the challenges imposed by the conflict, approximately 31% of the population were internet users in 2020.

While this figure is lower compared to Albania, it is still significant considering the difficult circumstances in which Syrians find themselves. Internet access is crucial for communication, information sharing, and accessing various online resources.

However, it is important to note that access to the internet is not equitable throughout the country, with certain areas facing greater limitations and challenges. Regarding English-speaking proficiency, English is taught as a foreign language in Syrian schools.

The level of proficiency varies depending on individual exposure and opportunities for language learning. As English is considered a global language, proficiency in English can enhance educational and employment opportunities, as well as facilitate international communication and collaboration.

In conclusion, Albania and Syria differ significantly in terms of corruption levels, human freedoms, percentage of internet users, and English-speaking proficiency. Albania has made progress in combatting corruption, promoting human freedoms, and enhancing internet connectivity, which has contributed to its overall development.

On the other hand, Syria’s ongoing conflict has had a devastating impact on governance, personal freedoms, and infrastructure, including internet access. Understanding these differences helps us comprehend the challenges and opportunities that each country faces on its unique path of development and recovery.

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