World Comparison

Albania vs Peru – Country Comparison

Albania vs Peru: A Comparison of

Regions and Economic Indicators

When it comes to exploring new destinations or understanding the global economy, comparing different countries can provide valuable insights. In this article, we will embark on a journey to compare Albania and Peru, two countries located in different regions of the world.

By examining their area, capital, official language, currency, government form, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate, we hope to shed light on the unique characteristics and economic performance of these nations.


Starting with the basics, let’s take a look at the region in which these countries are located. Albania is a small country in Southeastern Europe, covering an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers.

Its capital, Tirana, serves as the cultural, economic, and political hub of the nation. On the other hand, Peru is a country situated in South America, with a considerably larger area of about 1,285,216 square kilometers.

Lima, the capital of Peru, not only holds administrative importance but also boasts a diverse culinary scene that attracts visitors from around the world.

Official Language and Currency

Language plays a critical role in defining a nation’s identity. In Albania, the official language is Albanian, which is spoken by the majority of the population.

The Albanian language belongs to the Indo-European language family and has its own distinct dialects. When it comes to currency, Albania uses the Albanian lek.

Meanwhile, in Peru, Spanish is the official language, but it coexists with many indigenous languages, reflecting the country’s rich cultural heritage. The official currency of Peru is the Peruvian sol, which is further divided into smaller units known as centsimos.

Government Form

The form of government can have a significant impact on a country’s political stability and economic development. Albania is a parliamentary republic, meaning that the Prime Minister serves as the head of government, while the President is the head of state.

The Albanian Parliament is responsible for passing laws and representing the interests of the people. Peru, on the other hand, adopts a constitutional republic system.

Similar to Albania, it has a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government. The Peruvian Congress plays a vital role in legislation and oversight.

Annual GDP

To gain a better understanding of the economic performance of these countries, it is crucial to examine their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) indicators. GDP is a measure of the total value of all goods and services produced within a country’s borders during a specific period.

In 2020, Albania’s GDP stood at approximately $15.18 billion, while Peru’s GDP reached about $224.87 billion.

GDP per Capita

While GDP gives us an overall picture of a country’s economic output, GDP per capita provides insight into the average wealth or income of each citizen. Inevitably, the population size plays a role in interpreting this indicator.

Albania, with a population of around 2.8 million, had a GDP per capita of about $5,443 in 2020. Conversely, Peru’s population of approximately 32.5 million resulted in a lower GDP per capita of around $6,912.

Inflation Rate

Another important economic indicator is the inflation rate, which measures the rate at which prices of goods and services are increasing. In 2020, Albania experienced an inflation rate of about 1.2%, indicating a relatively stable economic environment.

Peru, however, had a higher inflation rate of around 2.2%, reflecting a slightly higher level of price growth. By comparing regions, official languages, currencies, government forms, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rates between Albania and Peru, we gain a better understanding of their distinct characteristics and economic performance.

Albania, a small country in Southeastern Europe, has a parliamentary republic system, while Peru, a larger nation in South America, is a constitutional republic. Despite their differences, both countries have shown economic resilience, with Albania’s GDP per capita reaching $5,443 and Peru’s at $6,912 in 2020.

As we delve into the unique aspects of these nations, we discover the diversity and richness of our global community.


When comparing countries, population can provide important insights into the social structure and well-being of the people. Let’s explore two key indicators related to population for both Albania and Peru: life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income.

Life Expectancy

Life expectancy is a crucial indicator of the overall health and quality of life within a country. In Albania, the average life expectancy is approximately 77 years.

This figure has seen a significant increase over the past few decades, reflecting improvements in healthcare, living conditions, and overall well-being. Peru, on the other hand, has an average life expectancy of around 76 years.

Like Albania, Peru has also made progress in increasing life expectancy, but there is still room for further improvement.

Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rate is an essential economic indicator that reflects the job market dynamics and opportunities within a country. In Albania, the unemployment rate hovers around 13%, indicating a considerable number of individuals seeking employment.

The government has implemented various initiatives to tackle unemployment and stimulate economic growth, but persistent challenges remain. Peru, with an unemployment rate of approximately 6%, performs relatively better in this aspect.

The Peruvian government has put in place policies and programs that focus on job creation and training, contributing to a lower unemployment rate.

Average Income

Understanding the average income of the population provides valuable insights into the financial well-being and purchasing power of individuals. In Albania, the average income is around $5,500 per year.

While this may seem relatively low, it is important to consider the cost of living and other socio-economic factors within the country. Peru, with a higher average income of approximately $7,200 per year, offers slightly better economic opportunities for its citizens.

However, it is crucial to note that income disparity exists within both countries, with some individuals earning significantly higher incomes than the averages suggest.


Infrastructure plays a vital role in a country’s development, facilitating the movement of goods, services, and people. Let’s take a closer look at the infrastructure in Albania and Peru, specifically roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


In terms of roadways, both Albania and Peru have made significant progress in improving their transportation networks. Albania has an extensive road system, with around 18,000 kilometers of paved roads and 1,200 kilometers of expressways.

The country has also invested in upgrading its infrastructure, particularly in connecting different regions and improving access to neighboring countries. Peru, with its vast territory, boasts over 100,000 kilometers of roads.

The government has been working to enhance the road network, especially in remote areas, to promote economic development and connectivity.


Given their geographical locations, both Albania and Peru have access to harbors, which play a crucial role in trade and economic activities. Albania has several ports, with the Port of Durres being the largest and most important.

This port serves as a gateway for goods entering and leaving the country, contributing significantly to Albania’s economy. Peru, with its long coastline along the Pacific Ocean, has several major ports, including the Port of Callao near Lima.

Callao is the largest and busiest port in the country, making it a key trade hub for Peru.

Passenger Airports

Airports are vital for international travel and tourism, as well as domestic connectivity. Albania has a few major airports, with Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza being the busiest.

The airport serves as the primary gateway to the country, connecting Albania to various international destinations. Peru, with its booming tourism industry, has multiple international airports.

The Jorge Chvez International Airport in Lima is the busiest airport in Peru, offering connections to numerous destinations around the world. Additionally, there are several regional airports in Peru that connect different parts of the country, assisting in domestic travel and tourism.

By exploring population indicators such as life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income, we gain valuable insights into the social and economic well-being of Albania and Peru. With increasing life expectancies and efforts to combat unemployment, both countries are working towards improving the quality of life for their citizens.

Regarding infrastructure, Albania and Peru have made significant investments in roadways to improve connectivity, and their harbors and airports play critical roles in facilitating trade and tourism. As these nations continue to develop and grow, their populations and infrastructure will continue to evolve, shaping the future of these vibrant countries.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Examining the level of corruption within a country can provide valuable insights into the transparency, accountability, and governance of its institutions. One indicator that is commonly used to evaluate corruption is the

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). Let’s explore this indicator, along with two other related indicators for both Albania and Peru: population below the poverty line and the

Human Freedom Index.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)


Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a measure that evaluates the perception of corruption in the public sector of a country. It ranks countries on a scale from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating lower levels of corruption.

In the latest CPI, Albania scored 36 out of 100, suggesting a moderate level of corruption perception. The government of Albania has recognized the need to combat corruption and has implemented measures to improve transparency and accountability in its institutions.

Peru, on the other hand, scored 37 out of 100, also indicating a moderate level of corruption perception. The Peruvian government has been actively working to implement anti-corruption measures and strengthen its institutions to enhance governance and transparency.

Population below the Poverty Line

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is an important socio-economic indicator. It reflects the percentage of individuals living in conditions of extreme poverty, often lacking access to basic necessities and resources.

In Albania, approximately 14% of the population lives below the poverty line. The Albanian government has taken steps to address poverty through social welfare programs and initiatives aimed at improving living standards and income equality.

Peru, on the other hand, has a higher percentage of its population below the poverty line, with around 20% living in poverty. The Peruvian government has implemented various measures to tackle poverty, including social programs and economic development strategies in rural and marginalized areas.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index attempts to capture the degree of personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a country. It assesses a range of indicators, such as the rule of law, freedom of expression, and economic freedom.

In the latest index, Albania ranked 67th out of 162 countries, indicating a moderate level of overall freedom. The country has made progress in areas such as civil liberties and economic freedom, but ongoing efforts are needed to further enhance human rights and individual freedoms.

Peru, on the other hand, ranked 98th out of 162, signifying a moderate level of freedom as well. The Peruvian government has taken steps to strengthen legal frameworks and protect human rights, but challenges remain in ensuring the full realization of individual freedoms.

Percentage of Internet Users

As technology continues to advance, access to the internet has become increasingly important for individuals to connect, access information, and participate in the global digital economy. The percentage of internet users provides a glimpse into the level of digital connectivity within a country.

In Albania, around 71% of the population are internet users. The government has been promoting digital literacy and infrastructure development to improve access and connectivity across the country.

Peru, with a larger percentage of its population having access to the internet, has approximately 69% of its people as internet users. The Peruvian government has also recognized the significance of digital connectivity and has been working towards expanding internet access, particularly in rural and remote areas.

English Speaking Percentage

The ability to speak and understand English has become increasingly important in the globalized world we live in today. It not only enables communication with a wider audience but also opens up educational and job opportunities.

In Albania, approximately 63% of the population can speak or understand English to some extent. This proficiency in English has helped Albanians to engage in various sectors such as tourism, business, and education.

In Peru, the percentage of English-speaking individuals is slightly lower, with around 45% of the population having some knowledge of the language. The Peruvian government has emphasized the importance of English language education and has implemented initiatives to improve English proficiency among its citizens.

By examining indicators such as the Corruption Perceptions Index, population below the poverty line, the

Human Freedom Index, percentage of internet users, and English speaking percentage, we gain a deeper understanding of the socio-economic and cultural aspects of Albania and Peru. While both countries face challenges, they have implemented various measures to address corruption, poverty, and promote freedom.

Additionally, efforts to improve digital connectivity and English language proficiency have the potential to open up new opportunities for individuals. As these nations continue to advance and evolve, ongoing commitment and collaboration will be important for sustainable development and inclusive growth.

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