World Comparison

Albania vs Papua New Guinea – Country Comparison

Albania vs Papua New Guinea: A Comprehensive ComparisonAlbania and Papua New Guinea may be located thousands of miles apart, but they both have unique characteristics that make them fascinating to explore. In this article, we will delve into various aspects of these two countries, including their region, government form, official language, currency, and their annual GDP.

By the end of this read, you will have a deeper understanding of what makes these nations distinct and interesting. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital

– Albania: Nestled in the Balkan Peninsula of Europe, Albania covers an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers.

Its capital, Tirana, rests in the western part of the country and serves as its political and cultural hub. – Papua New Guinea: Located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, Papua New Guinea boasts an extensive territory of around 462,840 square kilometers.

Its capital, Port Moresby, lies on the southeastern coast and serves as the nation’s economic and administrative center. Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency

– Albania: The official language of Albania is Albanian, a unique Indo-European language that has its roots in ancient Illyrian.

The currency used in the country is the Albanian Lek. – Papua New Guinea: With over 800 languages spoken across its diverse population, Papua New Guinea holds the Guinness World Record for the most languages spoken in a single country.

However, English is the official language used for government and education. The currency used in Papua New Guinea is the Papua New Guinean Kina.

Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Albania: Albania operates under a parliamentary democracy. The country follows a republican political system, in which the President serves as the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Albania has been making steady progress towards democratic consolidation since the fall of communism in the early 1990s. – Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea is a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as the ceremonial head of state.

However, the country operates as a parliamentary democracy, with a multi-party system. The Prime Minister is the head of government, and the Parliament holds significant political power.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

– Albania: As of 2021, Albania’s GDP per capita stands at around $5,149. Despite its transition from a centrally planned to a market-oriented economy, the country faces challenges such as unemployment and corruption.

However, tourism and remittances play a significant role in Albania’s economy. – Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea, with its diverse natural resources, has one of the most robust economies in the Pacific region.

However, income inequality remains a major challenge. The GDP per capita in Papua New Guinea is around $2,555.

Subtopic 2: Inflation rate

– Albania: Over the past few years, Albania has maintained a relatively low inflation rate. As of 2021, the inflation rate stands at approximately 1.6%.

The government’s commitment to fiscal discipline and prudent monetary policies has contributed to this stability. – Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea has experienced higher inflation rates compared to Albania.

In recent years, the inflation rate has averaged around 4%. Factors such as supply chain disruptions and fluctuations in commodity prices have contributed to this inflationary pressure.

In the diverse world we live in, it’s enriching to explore the unique characteristics of different countries. Albania and Papua New Guinea, though geographically distant, offer fascinating insights into their regions, government forms, official languages, currencies, and economic standing.

Albania, a country in the heart of Europe, boasts a parliamentary democracy and uses the Albanian Lek as its currency. Meanwhile, Papua New Guinea, a nation in the Pacific, operates as a parliamentary democracy with English as its official language and uses the Papua New Guinean Kina.

In terms of GDP, Albania has a higher GDP per capita at around $5,149, while Papua New Guinea’s stands at approximately $2,555. Additionally, Albania maintains a lower inflation rate of around 1.6% compared to Papua New Guinea’s average rate of 4%.

By studying and comparing countries like Albania and Papua New Guinea, we gain a broader understanding of our global community. Understanding the different political, social, and economic systems within nations allows us to appreciate the diversity that exists in our world.

Whether we are drawn to Albania’s rich history or Papua New Guinea’s cultural tapestry, exploring these unique countries helps us foster a more inclusive and knowledgeable society. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to life expectancy, there are clear differences between Albania and Papua New Guinea.

In Albania, the average life expectancy currently stands at around 78 years. Factors such as improved healthcare and access to education have contributed to the nation’s increased life expectancy.

The government has prioritized healthcare policies and invested in healthcare infrastructure, leading to better medical services and increased life expectancy for its citizens. In contrast, Papua New Guinea faces significant challenges in terms of life expectancy.

The average life expectancy in the country is around 66 years, which is lower than the global average. This lower life expectancy is primarily due to factors such as limited access to quality healthcare, inadequate infrastructure in remote areas, and high rates of communicable diseases.

Additionally, limited education and awareness about healthcare practices contribute to the lower life expectancy. Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates provide insights into the job market and the economic opportunities available in a country.

In Albania, the unemployment rate has been a major concern. As of 2021, the unemployment rate hovers around 12%.

Although this rate is gradually decreasing, it still poses challenges for the Albanian government in terms of job creation and economic growth. Efforts have been made to diversify the economy and attract foreign investment, which can potentially lead to more employment opportunities in various sectors.

In Papua New Guinea, the unemployment rate is significantly higher. Currently, the country faces an unemployment rate of around 25%.

Factors such as limited job opportunities, limited access to education and training, and a lack of infrastructure in rural areas contribute to the high unemployment rate. Addressing these issues and creating sustainable economic growth will be crucial in reducing the unemployment rate in Papua New Guinea.

Subtopic 3: Average Income

Income levels play a vital role in assessing the standard of living and economic well-being of a country’s population. In Albania, the average income stands at around $6,200 per year.

While this may seem modest compared to some other countries, it is important to note that Albania has experienced steady economic growth over the past decades. The country has focused on attracting tourism and foreign investment, which has positively impacted income levels for its citizens.

However, income inequality remains a challenge, with some regions and marginalized communities still facing lower income levels. In Papua New Guinea, the average income is significantly lower, with an average of approximately $2,700 per year.

The country’s economy heavily relies on natural resources such as agriculture, minerals, and oil. However, income inequality remains a pressing issue, with a significant portion of the population living in poverty.

Improving income levels and reducing income disparities will require sustainable economic diversification and inclusive growth strategies. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors

Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s development and connectivity.

In terms of roadways and harbors, both Albania and Papua New Guinea have their unique characteristics. Albania has been making significant investments in its road infrastructure.

The country has been improving the quality and connectivity of its roadways, benefiting not only its citizens but also enhancing trade and transport links with neighboring countries. The development of the Thuman-Kashar and Tirana-Durrs highways has significantly improved transportation efficiency, promoting economic growth and tourism.

On the other hand, Papua New Guinea faces challenges in terms of its road infrastructure. The country’s rugged terrain and remote regions make it difficult to maintain a well-connected road network across the entire country.

However, effort is being put into developing and upgrading key roadways, especially to connect major population centers and facilitate trade and transportation. Regarding harbors, Albania’s primary port is located in the city of Durrs.

The Port of Durrs serves as a significant gateway for trade and maritime activities in the region. Its strategic location provides access to the Adriatic Sea, facilitating trade with neighboring countries and international partners.

In Papua New Guinea, Papua New Guinea Ports Corporation Limited operates several ports throughout the country, including Port Moresby and Lae. These ports are crucial for facilitating international trade, supporting the export of commodities such as minerals, coffee, cocoa, and palm oil.

Continued investment and improvement in port infrastructure are essential for Papua New Guinea’s economic development. Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Airports are essential for domestic and international connectivity, facilitating tourism, trade, and business activities.

Albania’s main international airport is the Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza. Located near the capital city of Tirana, the airport serves as the primary gateway for international flights to and from Albania.

The airport has undergone several expansions and improvements, increasing its capacity and enhancing passenger comfort and convenience. In Papua New Guinea, Jacksons International Airport in Port Moresby serves as the country’s primary international gateway.

It handles a significant number of international flights and acts as a vital hub for domestic air travel. The airport has recently undergone expansion projects, improving its facilities and capacity to handle the increasing passenger traffic.


As we explore the characteristics of Albania and Papua New Guinea, we gain a deeper appreciation for the diverse factors that shape a country’s population and its infrastructure. While Albania enjoys a higher life expectancy, lower unemployment rate, and higher average income compared to Papua New Guinea, it is essential to recognize that both countries face their unique challenges.

Improving infrastructure, promoting sustainable economic growth, and addressing social and economic inequalities will contribute to the overall development and well-being of the populations in Albania and Papua New Guinea. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line

The level of poverty within a country can provide insights into the economic well-being of its population.

Let’s explore the population below the poverty line in Albania and Papua New Guinea. In Albania, approximately 14.3% of the population falls below the poverty line.

While this percentage may seem relatively low, it is important to note that poverty rates can differ across regions within the country. Generally, rural areas experience higher poverty rates compared to urban centers.

The Albanian government has implemented various social welfare programs and initiatives to combat poverty, with a focus on improving access to education, healthcare, and employment opportunities. On the other hand, Papua New Guinea faces higher levels of poverty, with around 40% of the population living below the poverty line.

Factors such as limited access to basic services, inadequate infrastructure, and income inequality contribute to the high poverty rates. Addressing poverty in Papua New Guinea requires targeted interventions, such as improving education and healthcare systems, enhancing rural infrastructure, and promoting economic diversification.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index measures the level of personal and economic freedom within a country. Let’s explore how Albania and Papua New Guinea fare according to this index.

Albania ranks relatively well in terms of the Human Freedom Index, reflecting a reasonable level of personal and economic freedom. The country has made significant progress since its transition from a communist regime to a democratic system.

Albania scores high in areas such as rule of law, property rights, and freedom of expression. However, challenges remain, particularly in areas such as government integrity and judicial effectiveness, which can impact overall human freedom in the country.

Papua New Guinea faces challenges in achieving a high level of human freedom. The country scores lower on the Human Freedom Index, reflecting limitations in personal and economic freedoms.

Factors such as political instability, corruption, and limitations on civil liberties contribute to a lower score. Promoting a stronger rule of law, engaging in anti-corruption efforts, and protecting fundamental rights are essential steps towards enhancing human freedom in Papua New Guinea.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English-Speaking Percentage

Internet usage has become increasingly important in today’s interconnected world. Here, we will explore the percentage of internet users and the English-speaking population in Albania and Papua New Guinea.

In Albania, approximately 71% of the population uses the internet. Internet usage has increased significantly in recent years, driven by enhanced infrastructure, affordable data plans, and the growing availability of internet-enabled devices.

The Albanian government has also been proactive in promoting digital literacy and expanding broadband access in rural areas. However, it is worth noting that English is not widely spoken in Albania, which can present some language barriers for online content in English.

In Papua New Guinea, the percentage of internet users is relatively low, with around 12% of the population having access to the internet. Limited infrastructure, particularly in rural and remote areas, poses significant challenges to internet connectivity.

Efforts are being made to address this issue, including the expansion of mobile networks and the implementation of government initiatives to improve digital literacy. Additionally, English is one of the official languages in Papua New Guinea, which facilitates access to online content in English and enhances communication on digital platforms.


Examining additional aspects of Albania and Papua New Guinea provides a more comprehensive understanding of these countries. In terms of corruption perceptions, Albania and Papua New Guinea face different challenges, with Albania having a lower corruption index and a relatively lower population below the poverty line compared to Papua New Guinea.

When it comes to human freedom, Albania demonstrates a higher level of personal and economic freedom, while Papua New Guinea faces limitations in this regard. Alternatively, internet usage and English-speaking populations are more prominent in Albania compared to Papua New Guinea.

However, both countries are actively working towards improving internet connectivity and digital literacy. Understanding these factors helps shed light on the unique social, economic, and political contexts of Albania and Papua New Guinea.

It also highlights the steps that can be taken to address challenges and promote development in these countries. Whether it is tackling corruption, reducing poverty, enhancing human freedom, or improving internet access, the efforts made by these nations play a vital role in shaping their futures.

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