World Comparison

Albania vs Iran – Country Comparison

Albania and Iran are two countries that are located in different regions of the world, but they share some interesting similarities and differences. In this article, we will explore these two countries and compare them in various aspects, including region, government form, and annual GDP.


Albania is a small country located in Southeastern Europe. It has an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers, making it one of the smallest countries in Europe.

Tirana is the capital and largest city of Albania. On the other hand, Iran is a large country located in Western Asia.

It has a much larger area compared to Albania, with approximately 1,648,195 square kilometers. Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran.

Official Language and Currency:

Albania has Albanian as its official language. This Indo-European language is spoken by the majority of the population.

The official currency of Albania is the Albanian lek. Iran, on the other hand, has Persian as its official language.

Persian, also known as Farsi, is an Indo-Iranian language and is widely spoken in Iran. The official currency of Iran is the Iranian rial.

Government Form:

Albania is a parliamentary republic, which means that it is a democratic form of government where the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The President is elected by the Parliament, while the Prime Minister is appointed by the President.

Iran, on the other hand, is an Islamic republic. It has a Supreme Leader who is the highest-ranking political and religious authority in the country.

The Supreme Leader is appointed for life and has the final say in major political decisions. Annual GDP:

When it comes to the annual GDP, there are some noticeable differences between Albania and Iran.

GDP per Capita:

In terms of GDP per capita, Albania has a higher GDP per capita compared to Iran. In 2020, Albania’s GDP per capita was approximately $5,700, which is considered low by global standards.

On the other hand, Iran had a lower GDP per capita of approximately $5,000 in 2020. This is also relatively low compared to many other countries.

Inflation Rate:

The inflation rate is another important economic indicator that can give us insights into the stability of a country’s economy. Inflation occurs when the general prices of goods and services rise over time, causing the purchasing power of a currency to decrease.

In 2020, Albania had an inflation rate of approximately 1.2%. This indicates a relatively stable economy with low inflation.

Iran, on the other hand, had a much higher inflation rate in 2020. The inflation rate in Iran was approximately 30.6%, indicating a higher level of price instability.

In conclusion, Albania and Iran are two countries that have their own unique characteristics and qualities. From their geographic regions to their government forms and economic indicators, there are various aspects that differentiate them from each other.

By exploring these differences, we can gain a better understanding of the similarities and distinctions between these two nations. Population:

When it comes to population, Albania and Iran both have significant numbers, but with notable differences in various indicators.

Life Expectancy:

Life expectancy is an important indicator of the overall health and quality of life in a country. In Albania, the average life expectancy is approximately 78 years.

This has shown a steady increase over the years, indicating improvements in healthcare and living conditions. Iran, on the other hand, has a slightly higher average life expectancy compared to Albania.

The average life expectancy in Iran is approximately 77 years. This can be attributed to the advancements in healthcare and the overall socio-economic development of the country.

Unemployment Rate:

Unemployment is a critical issue that affects the economic stability and social well-being of the population. In Albania, the unemployment rate stands at around 11%.

This means that around 11% of the working-age population is without employment. Efforts have been made by the government to reduce the unemployment rate through various measures, including job creation and economic reforms.

Iran, on the other hand, has a higher unemployment rate compared to Albania. The unemployment rate in Iran is approximately 16%.

This indicates that a significant portion of the population is not engaged in any formal employment. The government of Iran has also been working on strategies to address this issue and create more job opportunities.

Average Income:

Average income is an essential economic indicator that provides insights into the living standards and income distribution within a country. In Albania, the average income is around $7,500 per year.

This reflects the relatively low overall income levels in the country. In contrast, Iran has a higher average income compared to Albania.

The average income in Iran is around $12,000 per year. This indicates a relatively higher living standard, although it still falls behind the global average.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in the development and economic growth of a country. Let’s explore the infrastructure of Albania and Iran in terms of roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


Albania has made significant investments in its road infrastructure in recent years. The country has a well-developed road network that connects various cities and regions.

The main arterial roads are in good condition, and efforts have been made to upgrade and expand highways to improve connectivity and facilitate trade and tourism. In Iran, the road network is extensive and well-developed, covering a vast geographical area.

The country has a well-connected highway system that links major cities, facilitating the movement of goods and people. Iran has also invested in the construction of modern highways, reducing travel times and improving overall transportation efficiency.


Albania has a few major harbors, including the Port of Durres, which is the largest seaport in the country. The port plays a crucial role in trade and serves as a gateway for imports and exports.

Efforts have been made to improve the infrastructure and capacity of the port to accommodate larger ships and increase trade volumes. Iran, being strategically located along the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea, has several major ports that serve as important regional trade hubs.

The Port of Bandar Abbas, for example, is the largest and busiest port in Iran. It handles a significant portion of the country’s imports and exports, contributing to Iran’s economy and trade relations with other nations.

Passenger Airports:

Albania has a few international airports, with Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza being the primary gateway for international travel. The airport has undergone expansions and upgrades to enhance its capacity and accommodate the increasing number of passengers.

There are also a few smaller regional airports that serve domestic flights within Albania. In Iran, there are several international airports, with Imam Khomeini International Airport in Tehran being the largest and busiest.

It handles a vast number of international flights, connecting Iran to various destinations worldwide. Additionally, Iran has several other international airports in major cities like Mashhad, Isfahan, and Shiraz, ensuring convenient air travel for both domestic and international passengers.

In conclusion, Albania and Iran, despite being located in different regions, share similarities and differences in various aspects. From population indicators like life expectancy and unemployment rate, to economic factors such as average income, and infrastructure developments in terms of roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, both countries have their own unique characteristics.

Exploring these similarities and differences allows us to gain a deeper understanding of the socio-economic landscapes of Albania and Iran and appreciate the diversity and complexities within them. Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI):

The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a global indicator that measures the perceived level of corruption in the public sector of various countries.

It is published annually by Transparency International, a non-profit organization that focuses on promoting transparency and accountability. When it comes to the CPI, both Albania and Iran face challenges in combating corruption, although they have different rankings.

Albania ranks relatively low on the CPI, with a score of 36 out of 100 in the 2020 index. This indicates a moderate level of perceived corruption in the country.

The government of Albania has recognized the need to address corruption seriously and has taken steps to improve transparency and combat corruption through various anti-corruption initiatives and legal reforms. Iran, on the other hand, faces a higher level of perceived corruption.

In the 2020 CPI, Iran scored 25 out of 100, indicating a significant challenge in tackling corruption. The government of Iran has also recognized the issue and has implemented anti-corruption measures and laws to combat corrupt practices.

However, there is still much work to be done to improve transparency and accountability in the country. Population Below the Poverty Line:

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is an important socio-economic indicator that reflects the level of poverty and inequality within a country.

Let’s explore the situation in Albania and Iran. In Albania, approximately 14% of the population lives below the poverty line.

This means that a significant portion of the population faces economic challenges and struggles to meet their basic needs. The government has implemented social protection programs and economic reforms to reduce poverty and improve the living conditions of those affected.

In Iran, the percentage of the population below the poverty line is higher compared to Albania. Approximately 20% of the population in Iran lives below the poverty line.

This indicates a higher level of poverty and economic disparity within the country. The Iranian government has also launched various initiatives and implemented policies to alleviate poverty and improve the standard of living for the affected population.

Human Freedom Index:

The Human Freedom Index is a measure of the overall freedom enjoyed by individuals within a country. It takes into account various factors, including civil liberties, personal choice, and economic freedom.

Albania, with its democratic government and commitment to human rights, ranks relatively higher on the Human Freedom Index compared to many other countries. The country’s commitment to freedom of speech, press, and civil liberties contributes to its overall higher ranking on this index.

Iran, on the other hand, faces challenges in terms of human freedom. With restrictions on freedom of expression, limited political freedoms, and strict government control over media and civil society, Iran ranks lower on the Human Freedom Index.

However, it is important to note that Iran has a rich cultural and historical heritage, and efforts are being made by individuals and organizations within the country to advocate for greater freedom and human rights. Percentage of Internet Users:

The percentage of internet users in a country is an important indicator of connectivity, access to information, and technological development.

In Albania, internet usage has been rapidly growing over the years. As of 2021, approximately 76% of the population in Albania are internet users.

This reflects the increasing importance of digital communication and the accessibility of information through the internet. The government has also invested in improving internet infrastructure to ensure widespread access.

Iran, too, has witnessed significant growth in internet usage. As of 2021, approximately 82% of the population in Iran are internet users.

This indicates a high level of connectivity and access to online resources. Iran has made efforts to expand internet infrastructure and provide affordable access to its citizens, enabling them to access information, communicate, and participate in the digital economy.

English Speaking Percentage:

English is considered a global language and plays a significant role in communication, business, education, and international relations. The percentage of English speakers in a country can shed light on its language proficiency and international connections.

In Albania, English is taught in schools and is relatively widely spoken, especially among the younger generation. However, the percentage of English speakers is relatively lower compared to some other European countries.

Approximately 30% of the population in Albania can speak English to some degree. In Iran, English is also taught in schools and universities.

However, the percentage of English speakers is comparatively lower than in Albania. Approximately 10% of the population in Iran can speak English, primarily in urban areas and among the educated population.

In conclusion, comparing Albania and Iran in terms of corruption perceptions, poverty levels, human freedom, internet usage, and English language proficiency provides insights into their socio-economic and technological landscapes. Both countries face unique challenges, while also making efforts to address these issues and improve the overall well-being of their populations.

Understanding these factors helps paint a comprehensive picture of Albania and Iran and the complexities they face on their respective paths toward development and progress.

Popular Posts