World Comparison

Albania vs Indonesia – Country Comparison

Albania vs Indonesia: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to comparing countries, there are numerous factors to consider. In this article, we will delve into a comparison between Albania and Indonesia – two countries that may not be on everyone’s radar but certainly offer unique perspectives.

We will explore their regions, annual GDPs, and other key aspects that define their character. By the end of this article, you will have an insightful understanding of Albania and Indonesia, gaining knowledge that will enlighten your view of the world.

Topic 1: Region

1.1 Area and Capital:

– Albania, nestled in Southeast Europe, covers an area of 28,748 square kilometers. Its capital, Tirana, is the country’s largest city and cultural hub.

– Indonesia, on the other hand, is a sprawling archipelago in Southeast Asia. It boasts an impressive land area of 1,904,569 square kilometers.

The capital of Indonesia is Jakarta, a bustling metropolis that serves as the economic and political epicenter of the country. 1.2 Official Language and Currency:

– Albania’s official language is Albanian.

This language, rooted in the Illyrian tribes, is spoken by the majority of the population. – In Indonesia, Bahasa Indonesia is the official language.

It serves as a unifying force among the diverse ethnic groups scattered across the archipelago. The currency used in Indonesia is the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR), while Albania uses the Albanian Lek (ALL).

1.3 Government Form:

– Albania operates under a parliamentary republic system, with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government. – Indonesia, on the other hand, follows a presidential system with a directly elected President as both the head of state and government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

2.1 GDP per Capita:

– Albania, a small nation with an emerging economy, had a GDP per capita of $5,388 in 2020.

– Indonesia, with its vast population and diverse industries, had a considerably higher GDP per capita of $4,061.

2.2 Inflation Rate:

– Albania experienced an average inflation rate of 1.3% from 2015 to 2020. This relatively stable inflation rate indicates a well-managed economy.

– Indonesia, with its larger and more complex economy, had an average inflation rate of 3.48% during the same period. While higher than Albania’s, this rate still reflects a reasonably controlled inflation level.


Comparing countries like Albania and Indonesia provides us with valuable insights into the diverse world we live in. Their unique characteristics, from their regions to their annual GDPs, paint a picture of how different countries can be from one another.

By examining such details, we can broaden our horizons and gain a deeper appreciation for the rich tapestry of human existence. Topic 3: Population

3.1 Life Expectancy:

– Albania has made significant strides in improving its healthcare system in recent years.

As a result, the life expectancy in the country has steadily increased. In 2020, the average life expectancy in Albania was 79.4 years, reflecting the overall well-being and healthcare access for its population.

– Indonesia, with its large population and diverse geographic landscape, has a lower life expectancy compared to Albania. As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Indonesia stood at 73.8 years, showcasing the need for further improvements in healthcare infrastructure and access.

3.2 Unemployment Rate:

– Unemployment is a pressing issue for any country. In Albania, the unemployment rate has been a challenge in recent years, particularly among the youth population.

As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Albania was around 12.15%, reflecting the need for policies and initiatives to boost job opportunities and economic growth. – Indonesia faces similar unemployment challenges, given its vast population and competition for jobs.

In 2020, the unemployment rate in Indonesia was approximately 5.78%. While lower than Albania’s, this rate still indicates the need for continued efforts to create more employment opportunities.

3.3 Average Income:

– The average income in Albania has been steadily increasing, reflecting the country’s economic growth. As of 2020, the average monthly income in Albania was around $450.

While this may seem low compared to other countries, it is essential to consider the cost of living and purchasing power parity in the region. – Indonesia, with its larger economy and diverse industries, offers a higher average income.

As of 2020, the average monthly income in Indonesia was approximately $420, reflecting the higher economic opportunities available in the country. Topic 4: Infrastructure

4.1 Roadways and Harbors:

– Albania has been investing in improving its road infrastructure in recent years, with a focus on connecting rural areas to urban centers.

The road network in Albania spans approximately 18,000 kilometers, with major highways linking important cities and regions. Additionally, Albania has several ports, including the Port of Durres, which serves as a vital gateway for trade and transportation.

– Indonesia, with its vast geography and numerous islands, faces unique challenges in its infrastructure development. The country has been investing heavily in road construction and maintenance, aiming to connect its various regions.

The total road network in Indonesia spans an impressive 575,000 kilometers, making it one of the longest networks in the world. Moreover, Indonesia has numerous well-equipped harbors, such as the Port of Tanjung Priok in Jakarta, enabling efficient maritime trade and transportation.

4.2 Passenger Airports:

– Albania has a few international airports, with Tirana International Airport being the busiest and most well-known. This airport connects Albania to various destinations around the world, facilitating tourism and business travel.

Other important airports in the country include Mother Teresa International Airport in Tirana and Kukes Airport. – Indonesia, with its extensive archipelago, boasts a vast network of airports.

The country has numerous international airports, including Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Jakarta, which is one of the busiest airports in Southeast Asia. Other notable airports in Indonesia include Ngurah Rai International Airport in Bali, Juanda International Airport in Surabaya, and Hasanuddin International Airport in Makassar.

These airports play a crucial role in supporting tourism and trade, connecting Indonesia’s diverse regions with both domestic and international flights. By exploring the population and infrastructure aspects of Albania and Indonesia, we gain a comprehensive understanding of their societal dynamics and development.

From life expectancy and unemployment rates to average income and infrastructure, these factors greatly influence the quality of life and economic opportunities offered by each country. Ultimately, by learning about different countries and their unique characteristics, we enhance our global perspective and promote a more inclusive world.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

5.1 Population below the Poverty Line:

– Albania has made significant progress in reducing poverty levels over the past decades. As of 2020, the percentage of the population below the poverty line in Albania was around 18.7%.

This improvement can be attributed to various initiatives and economic reforms that aimed to alleviate poverty and enhance social welfare programs. – Indonesia, with its vast population and diverse socio-economic landscape, faces a greater challenge in reducing poverty levels.

As of 2020, approximately 25.95% of the population in Indonesia lived below the poverty line. Despite this, the country has implemented several poverty reduction programs, focusing on improving infrastructure, education, and access to basic services in rural and marginalized areas.

5.2 Human Freedom Index:

– The Human Freedom Index provides insight into a country’s commitment to individual freedoms, including civil liberties and economic rights. In Albania, the Human Freedom Index score for 2021 was 7.79 out of 10, indicating a relatively high level of personal freedom and economic freedom.

The country has implemented democratic reforms, promoting freedom of expression, assembly, and economic liberties. – Indonesia, while also striving for advancements in human freedom, had a slightly lower score of 6.48 on the Human Freedom Index for 2021.

The country has placed efforts to improve civil liberties, but continuous progress is required to enhance individual freedoms further. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

6.1 English Speaking Percentage:

– Albania, with its focus on education and embracing linguistic diversity, has seen an increase in English proficiency among its population.

As of 2021, around 47.4% of the Albanian population speaks English to some degree. This has facilitated communication with international partners and contributed to Albania’s growing integration into the global economy and culture.

– In Indonesia, English proficiency is not as widespread compared to Albania. As of 2021, around 18.9% of the Indonesian population speaks English.

This lower percentage can be attributed to various factors, including a focus on local languages and a large population living in rural areas with limited access to English education. However, English is still widely used in major cities, tourist areas, and business hubs, facilitating communication in those areas.

Expanding our analysis to include the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), the percentage of the population below the poverty line, the Human Freedom Index, and the percentage of internet users, we gain further insights into the societal and developmental aspects of Albania and Indonesia. The Corruption Perceptions Index provides a measure of perceived corruption levels in a country’s public sector.

It reflects the effectiveness of government institutions and transparency in governance. In the latest CPI report, Albania scored 35 out of 100, indicating a moderate level of corruption perception.

The country has implemented anti-corruption measures, but there is still room for improvement to strengthen integrity and combat corruption effectively. Indonesia’s CPI score for the same period was 37 out of 100, also indicating a moderate level of corruption perception.

The government has undertaken initiatives to address corruption and enhance transparency. However, ongoing efforts are required to further strengthen institutions and build public trust.

In addition to corruption levels, we examined the percentage of the population below the poverty line. While both Albania and Indonesia have made progress in reducing poverty, Indonesia faces a greater challenge due to its larger population and diverse socio-economic landscape.

Looking at the Human Freedom Index, we found that Albania scored relatively high in terms of personal and economic freedom. The country’s commitment to democratic reforms and individual liberties has contributed to its overall score.

Indonesia, while also making efforts to improve civil liberties, has room for further progress in enhancing individual freedoms. Lastly, exploring the percentage of internet users, we found that Albania has a higher percentage of English-speaking individuals compared to Indonesia.

This proficiency in the English language has facilitated international communication and integration for Albania. In Indonesia, while English proficiency is not as widespread, it is still widely used in specific areas and industries.

By examining these factors, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the societal dynamics, governance, and technological advancements in Albania and Indonesia. These insights allow us to appreciate the challenges and progress made by each country, contributing to our global perspective and fostering a more informed and inclusive world.

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