World Comparison

Albania vs Bhutan – Country Comparison

Albania vs Bhutan: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to comparing different countries, we often focus on the more well-known nations of the world. However, hidden gems like Albania and Bhutan also have fascinating stories to tell.

In this article, we will delve into the similarities and differences between these two unique nations, shedding light on their regions, government forms, and economic situations. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of what makes Albania and Bhutan stand out.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital


– Area: With an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers, Albania is smaller than the size of Maryland in the United States. – Capital: Tirana, the capital of Albania, is home to more than 420,000 people and is the economic and cultural center of the country.


– Area: Bhutan stretches across roughly 38,394 square kilometers, making it larger than Switzerland. – Capital: Thimphu, the capital city of Bhutan, is located in western Bhutan and has a population of around 110,000 people.

Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency


– Official Language: Albanian is the main language spoken in Albania, with two major dialects – Gheg and Tosk. English is widely used in urban areas and by the younger population.

– Currency: The official currency of Albania is the Albanian lek (ALL), with 1 USD approximately equal to 100 lek. Bhutan:

– Official Language: Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan, widely spoken by its citizens.

English is also taught in schools and is used for official purposes. – Currency: The Bhutanese ngultrum (BTN) is the national currency, and it is pegged to the Indian rupee on a 1:1 basis.

Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Government Form: Albania operates under a parliamentary republic system. The country has a unitary government, with the President serving as the head of state and the Prime Minister as the head of government.


– Government Form: Bhutan follows a unique form of government known as a constitutional monarchy. The King is the head of state, while the Prime Minister, elected by the National Assembly, is the head of government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP Per Capita


– GDP Per Capita: As of 2020, Albania’s GDP per capita is estimated to be around $5,950. This places Albania among the lower middle-income countries according to the World Bank classification.


– GDP Per Capita: In 2020, Bhutan’s GDP per capita was approximately $3,412. Bhutan is classified as a lower middle-income country as well.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– Inflation Rate: The inflation rate in Albania has been relatively stable in recent years, ranging from around 1% to 3% annually. This stability is attributed to prudent monetary policies implemented by the government.


– Inflation Rate: Bhutan has experienced an average inflation rate of about 5% in recent years. This moderate level of inflation can be attributed to factors such as government spending and import prices.


By exploring the regions, government forms, and economic situations of Albania and Bhutan, we can appreciate their unique characteristics and the factors that shape their societies. Both countries, despite their differences, offer rich cultural experiences and distinctive landscapes.

Whether it’s Albania’s vibrant capital or Bhutan’s commitment to preserving its cultural heritage, these nations have much to offer. So, if you’re seeking to expand your knowledge and explore lesser-known countries, Albania and Bhutan should definitely be on your radar.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy


Albania has made significant improvements in life expectancy over the years. As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Albania is around 78 years, thanks to improved healthcare services and living conditions.

The country has invested in healthcare infrastructure and services, leading to better access to medical facilities and a decline in mortality rates. Bhutan:

Bhutan also boasts a commendable life expectancy rate.

As of 2020, the average life expectancy in Bhutan is approximately 71 years. Although slightly lower than Albania, Bhutan has made notable progress in improving healthcare services, nutrition, and sanitation, contributing to longer and healthier lives for its citizens.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate


Albania has faced some challenges in reducing its unemployment rate in recent years. As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Albania stands at approximately 12%, indicating that one in eight individuals is without a job.

However, the government has been implementing strategies to address this issue, such as promoting investments, fostering entrepreneurship, and improving vocational training opportunities. Bhutan:

Bhutan has also been working towards tackling unemployment, although it faces unique circumstances due to its geographical isolation and limited resources.

As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Bhutan is around 3%, demonstrating the country’s efforts to create job opportunities through sectors such as tourism, agriculture, and hydropower. Subtopic 3: Average Income


The average income in Albania has been gradually increasing in recent years, contributing to the country’s economic growth and development.

As of 2020, the estimated average income in Albania is around $5,600. While this figure may be modest compared to some wealthier nations, it reflects the progress Albania has made in reducing poverty and improving the living standards of its citizens.


Bhutan, too, has experienced growth in average income over the years. As of 2020, the estimated average income in Bhutan is approximately $3,481.

While lower compared to Albania, it is important to consider that Bhutan follows a unique philosophy of measuring prosperity through Gross National Happiness (GNH) rather than purely economic indicators. Bhutan’s focus on sustainable and equitable development ensures that the benefits of economic growth are shared across the population.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors


Albania has been investing in its infrastructure, including roadways and harbors, to support economic development and improve connectivity within the country. The road network in Albania has improved significantly, with highways linking major cities and regions.

The ports of Durrs and Vlor serve as crucial maritime gateways, facilitating trade and transportation along the Adriatic Sea. Bhutan:

Bhutan’s mountainous terrain presents challenges for infrastructure development, but the country has made efforts to improve its road network.

The East-West Highway, spanning approximately 1,400 kilometers, connects major towns and serves as a vital lifeline for trade and travel. Bhutan, being a landlocked country, does not have harbors, but it relies on neighboring countries like India for transit trade through their ports.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports


Albania has made significant progress in upgrading its airports to accommodate the growing number of tourists and enhance international connectivity. Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza, located near the capital city, is the country’s main international airport.

It offers direct flights to major European cities and serves as the gateway for international visitors to explore Albania’s rich history and natural beauty. Bhutan:

Bhutan has limited air connectivity due to its geographic location and the need to balance tourism with environmental considerations.

Paro International Airport, nestled amidst the picturesque Paro Valley, is the only international airport in Bhutan. It is known for its challenging landing approach, surrounded by the Himalayan mountains.

The government follows a sustainable tourism policy to ensure that Bhutan’s fragile ecosystem is preserved for future generations. Conclusion:

Albania and Bhutan, despite their unique characteristics and distinct regions, share common goals in terms of improving the quality of life for their citizens.

While Albania has made strides in economic development and infrastructure, Bhutan focuses on sustainable and equitable growth. Both countries have made significant progress in healthcare, with increasing life expectancy rates.

Despite challenges, efforts to address unemployment and provide decent income opportunities are evident in both nations. Whether it is Albania’s investments in modern infrastructure or Bhutan’s emphasis on preserving its natural beauty, these countries continue to evolve and offer enriching experiences for visitors and residents alike.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line


Albania has made significant progress in reducing poverty over the years. According to recent data, approximately 14% of the population in Albania lives below the poverty line.

This improvement can be attributed to various factors, including economic growth, social welfare programs, and foreign investments. The government has also focused on promoting inclusive development and addressing income inequality to uplift those living in poverty.


Bhutan has made remarkable strides in reducing poverty and improving the well-being of its citizens. As of the latest data, less than 8% of the population in Bhutan lives below the poverty line.

The government has implemented several poverty alleviation initiatives, including rural development projects, access to healthcare and education, and agricultural programs. Bhutan’s commitment to Gross National Happiness extends to its efforts in eradicating poverty and ensuring the well-being of its people.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index


Albania has made significant progress in terms of human freedom and individual rights. The country transitioned from a communist regime to a democracy in the early 1990s, allowing for greater political freedoms and human rights.

The Human Freedom Index, which measures personal, civil, and economic freedoms, ranks Albania at a respectable position. The country emphasizes the rule of law, freedom of expression, and equality, contributing to the overall well-being and freedom of its citizens.


Bhutan, too, places importance on human freedom while also balancing it with the preservation of its unique cultural heritage. The country follows a unique development philosophy known as Gross National Happiness, which aims to measure progress beyond economic factors.

Bhutan ranks well in terms of personal freedoms, considering factors such as political rights, freedom of expression, and social tolerance. The government of Bhutan has ensured that its citizens’ freedom and happiness are protected through policies that promote cultural preservation and sustainable development.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage


English proficiency and internet usage are closely linked in Albania. Over the years, the country has witnessed a significant increase in internet penetration, with approximately 81% of the population having access to the internet.

In terms of English language proficiency, Albania ranks relatively high compared to other non-English-speaking countries. This proficiency is attributed to the emphasis on English education in schools and universities, as well as the exposure to English through media and tourism.


Bhutan has been gradually expanding its internet infrastructure and increasing access to the digital world. As of recent data, approximately 61% of the population in Bhutan has internet access.

While not as high as Albania, the government of Bhutan has made efforts to bridge the digital divide and ensure that a significant portion of the population can benefit from online connectivity. In terms of English-speaking percentage, Bhutan has been focusing on English language education to facilitate communication and interaction in the global arena.


Albania and Bhutan may be distinctively different in their geographical and cultural aspects, but they share the common goal of improving the well-being and freedoms of their respective populations. Both countries have made tremendous progress in reducing poverty and ensuring access to critical services such as healthcare and education.

Similarly, both Albania and Bhutan prioritize human freedom and individual rights, albeit through different approaches. Albania has emphasized democratic principles, while Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness philosophy encompasses the holistic development of its people.

Furthermore, the adoption and expansion of the internet have played an integral role in connecting these nations to the wider world. Albania has achieved high levels of internet penetration, with a substantial number of its population proficient in English.

Bhutan, though with a relatively lower percentage of internet users, is committed to narrowing the digital divide and fostering English language education to facilitate global communication. These topics shed light on the progress made by Albania and Bhutan in various areas and highlight the positive strides they have taken toward social, economic, and human development.

By examining these dimensions, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the unique qualities and achievements of these two fascinating countries.

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