World Comparison

Albania vs Bangladesh – Country Comparison

Albania vs Bangladesh Comparison: Exploring the Similarities and DifferencesIn today’s globalized world, understanding different countries and their unique characteristics is crucial. This article aims to provide you with a comprehensive comparison between Albania and Bangladesh, two countries with distinctive features and histories.

We will delve into various aspects of these nations, such as their regions, government forms, official languages, currencies, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rates. By the end of this article, you will have gained valuable insights into the similarities and differences of Albania and Bangladesh.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital

Let’s begin by analyzing the geographical aspects of these nations. Albania, located in Southeastern Europe, covers an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers.

Tirana, its capital and largest city, sits amidst a picturesque landscape surrounded by mountains. On the other hand, Bangladesh lies in South Asia and boasts a larger area of about 147,570 square kilometers.

Dhaka, the capital and economic hub, is known for its vibrant culture and bustling cityscape. Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency

Language plays a vital role in fostering a country’s identity.

Albanian is the sole official language of Albania, spoken by the majority of its population. Meanwhile, Bangladesh recognizes both Bangla (Bengali) and English as its official languages.

This linguistic diversity reflects the country’s rich cultural heritage and international connections. In terms of currency, Albania uses the Lek (ALL) as its official currency, denoted by the symbol “L”.

Conversely, Bangladesh employs the Bangladeshi Taka (BDT), represented by the symbol “”. Both currencies operate independently and are subject to fluctuations in the global market.

Subtopic 3: Government Form

The structure of the government significantly impacts a nation’s development and governance. Albania operates as a parliamentary democracy, with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government.

Its political system emphasizes the separation of powers, ensuring a balance of authority among the branches of government. Similarly, Bangladesh also embraces a parliamentary democracy.

The President serves as the ceremonial head of state, while the Prime Minister holds the real executive power. This system allows a democratic ethos to thrive while providing checks and balances within the government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

Now, let’s shift our focus to the economic aspects of these nations. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) per capita acts as a measure of the average economic well-being of individuals in a country.

In 2021, Albania had an estimated GDP per capita of around $5,344. This places Albania in the lower middle-income category, as per the World Bank’s classification.

In sharp contrast, Bangladesh exhibits a lower GDP per capita, hovering around $2,227 in 2021. However, it is essential to consider the significant population disparity between the two countries.

Bangladesh, with its dense population, faces unique challenges in balancing economic growth with the needs of its people. Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

The inflation rate is an influential economic indicator that affects a country’s purchasing power and standard of living.

Albania has historically maintained relatively low inflation rates. As of 2021, the inflation rate stands at approximately 2%.

This stability provides a favorable environment for domestic and foreign investments, encouraging economic growth. Meanwhile, Bangladesh faces higher inflation rates, with an estimated rate of around 5% in 2021.

This inflation, although relatively moderate, poses challenges to the country’s economic stability and the purchasing power of its citizens.


Understanding the similarities and differences between countries nurtures a global perspective and promotes a healthy exchange of ideas. Albania and Bangladesh, despite their geographical and economic disparities, share common ground in their governmental structures and aspirations for development.

Albania’s lower-middle-income status and moderate inflation rate contrast with Bangladesh’s challenges stemming from its population density and lower GDP per capita. By delving into such comparisons, we can truly appreciate the diversity and distinctiveness of each nation, fostering a more interconnected and understanding world.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When examining population statistics, one crucial measure of a country’s overall well-being is its average life expectancy. In Albania, the average life expectancy is around 78 years, a figure that reflects the progress the country has made in terms of healthcare and quality of life.

Factors such as improved access to medical services, advancements in healthcare technology, and better public health initiatives have contributed to this positive trend. On the other hand, Bangladesh has made significant strides in improving its life expectancy over the years.

Currently, the average life expectancy stands at approximately 73 years, signaling notable progress in healthcare and an increase in the overall standard of living for its citizens. Government initiatives aimed at improving healthcare infrastructure, increasing access to healthcare services in rural areas, and expanding public health programs have played a pivotal role in this advancement.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate serves as a measure of a country’s labor market dynamics and economic stability. In Albania, the unemployment rate was recorded at around 11% in 2021.

The government has been actively working to address this issue by implementing policies that stimulate job creation across various sectors and promote entrepreneurship. Initiatives to increase foreign direct investment have also played a significant role in generating employment opportunities and reducing the unemployment rate over time.

Conversely, Bangladesh faces a more significant challenge in combatting unemployment due to its rapidly growing population and limited job opportunities. The unemployment rate in Bangladesh currently hovers around 4.5%.

The government has been implementing various strategies to address this concern, including promoting vocational training and skill development programs, encouraging investment in labor-intensive industries, and fostering entrepreneurship and self-employment opportunities. Subtopic 3: Average Income

Examining the average income provides insights into the economic well-being of individuals in a country.

In Albania, the average income is approximately $5,000 per year. While this is lower compared to many developed nations, the country has experienced steady economic growth over the years, leading to an increase in average income levels.

Efforts to attract foreign direct investment, diversify the economy, and promote tourism have played a significant role in raising average income levels. In Bangladesh, the average annual income is around $1,700 per year.

The country’s lower average income reflects the challenges it faces in terms of poverty alleviation and income inequality. The government has been working to address this issue through various poverty reduction initiatives, social safety net programs, and targeted economic development projects aimed at creating employment opportunities and increasing income levels for the population.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors

The infrastructure of a nation plays a crucial role in its connectivity, trade, and economic development. Albania has made significant strides in improving its infrastructure, including its roadways and harbors.

The country has an extensive road network spanning over 18,000 kilometers, connecting various regions and facilitating trade and transportation. Additionally, Albania has several well-equipped harbors, including the Port of Durres, which serves as a vital gateway for trade and maritime activities.

In Bangladesh, the road network has undergone rapid expansion and development in recent years. With a road network exceeding 374,000 kilometers, the country has significantly improved its connectivity and transportation infrastructure.

The government has invested heavily in the construction of highways, bridges, and expressways to enhance mobility and facilitate trade both domestically and internationally. Bangladesh also boasts several major ports, such as the Chittagong Port, which is the busiest seaport in the country and serves as a vital link in global trade routes.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Efficient and well-connected airports are crucial for facilitating international travel, tourism, and trade. Albania has several passenger airports, with Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza being the busiest and most significant in the country.

The airport offers direct flights to major European cities, contributing to Albania’s tourism industry and promoting economic growth. Bangladesh also boasts several passenger airports that cater to domestic and international travel.

The Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport in Dhaka serves as the primary gateway to the country, connecting Bangladesh to numerous destinations around the world. Other international airports, such as the Shah Amanat International Airport in Chittagong and the Osmani International Airport in Sylhet, further enhance connectivity and play a vital role in promoting trade and tourism.


By exploring the population and infrastructure aspects of Albania and Bangladesh, we gain further insights into the strengths and challenges these nations face. While Albania experiences a higher average income but slightly higher unemployment rate, Bangladesh grapples with a lower average income and a rapidly growing population.

Both countries have made considerable progress in improving their infrastructure, with Albania boasting well-connected roadways and harbors, and Bangladesh investing in extensive road networks and passenger airports. These comparisons shed light on the diverse characteristics shaping these nations, fostering a greater understanding and appreciation for their unique qualities.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line

Examining the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) provides valuable insights into the level of corruption perceived within a country’s public sector. In recent years, Albania has made significant progress in combating corruption and improving transparency.

According to the CPI, Albania’s score has gradually improved, reflecting the government’s efforts to address corruption issues and strengthen governance. Additionally, the country has taken steps to implement anti-corruption measures, enhance judicial independence, and promote accountability in public administration.

Bangladesh, on the other hand, continues to face challenges in the fight against corruption. The country’s CPI score remains relatively low, indicating a higher perceived corruption level.

However, it is important to note that Bangladesh has been actively working to improve its governance and anti-corruption measures. The government has taken steps to establish institutions and enact laws aimed at curbing corruption, increasing transparency, and enhancing accountability.

Despite these efforts, there is still work to be done to further improve the perception of corruption in the public sector. When considering the population below the poverty line, Albania has made progress in reducing poverty levels over time.

According to recent data, around 21% of the population in Albania lives below the poverty line. The government has implemented various poverty reduction strategies, targeted social assistance programs, and investments in education and healthcare to alleviate poverty and improve the overall well-being of its citizens.

In Bangladesh, the population below the poverty line remains a significant concern. Approximately 24% of the population falls below the poverty line, indicating the need for continued efforts to reduce poverty and provide economic opportunities for marginalized communities.

The government has implemented social safety net programs, microfinance initiatives, and rural development projects to alleviate poverty and promote inclusive growth. However, addressing the complex challenges of poverty requires sustained efforts across multiple sectors.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index is a comprehensive measure that assesses the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a country. In recent years, Albania has made notable progress in promoting human freedoms.

The country scored relatively well in terms of personal freedom, civil liberties, and economic freedom. Albania’s commitment to democratic principles, protection of individual rights, and free market economy have contributed to its relatively high ranking on the Human Freedom Index.

In comparison, Bangladesh faces challenges in certain aspects of human freedom. The country scores lower on the Human Freedom Index, reflecting limitations in personal freedom and civil liberties.

However, it is important to consider the socio-cultural context and the progress Bangladesh has made in recent years. The government has taken steps to strengthen human rights, promote freedom of speech and expression, and advance gender equality.

Efforts are also being made to improve economic freedom and create an enabling environment for entrepreneurship and business activities. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English-speaking population

Access to the internet has become increasingly essential in today’s interconnected world.

In Albania, the percentage of internet users has been steadily increasing. As of recent data, approximately 84% of the population has access to the internet.

The government has actively worked to improve internet infrastructure and connectivity across the country, facilitating greater access to information, communication, and online services. Bangladesh has also witnessed a significant rise in internet usage in recent years.

Currently, around 55% of the population has internet access. The government has taken steps to expand internet coverage, particularly in rural areas, to bridge the digital divide and promote digital inclusion.

Efforts are being made to leverage technology for various sectors, including education, healthcare, and e-commerce, to unlock the potential of the digital economy. When considering the English-speaking population, Albania has a relatively low percentage of English speakers.

English is not widely spoken as a first language, as Albanian remains the predominant language in the country. However, there is a growing interest in learning English, particularly among the younger generation and those involved in the tourism and business sectors.

This increasing proficiency in English enhances communication and facilitates international connections. In Bangladesh, English is recognized as an important language and is widely taught in schools and universities.

While it is not the first language for most Bangladeshis, a significant portion of the population has a working knowledge of English. This proficiency enables Bangladeshis to engage in international trade, business, and communication, positioning them advantageously in the global arena.


By examining the Corruption Perceptions Index, poverty levels, human freedom, and internet usage, we gain a comprehensive understanding of the unique characteristics and challenges faced by Albania and Bangladesh. Albania has made strides in improving transparency, reducing poverty, and promoting human freedoms.

Bangladesh, although facing some challenges, has been actively addressing issues of corruption, poverty, and human rights. Both countries have witnessed growth in internet usage, ensuring greater connectivity and access to digital resources.

Understanding and appreciating these facets foster a deeper knowledge and appreciation for the diverse dynamics shaping these nations.

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