World Comparison

Albania vs Angola – Country Comparison

Albania vs Angola: A Comparative AnalysisWhen it comes to exploring the diverse cultures and economies of the world, countries like Albania and Angola often find themselves in the spotlight. These two nations, located in different regions of the globe, have unique characteristics that make them intriguing subjects of comparison.

In this article, we will delve into various aspects of Albania and Angola, ranging from their geographical features and political systems to their economic indicators. By examining these factors, we aim to provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of these nations, fostering a deeper appreciation for their distinctiveness.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area, Capital


– Area: Albania, located in Southeast Europe, covers an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers. – Capital: The capital city of Albania is Tirana, situated in the central part of the country.


– Area: Angola, located in Southern Africa, spans an extensive area of around 1,246,700 square kilometers. – Capital: Luanda, the largest city and capital of Angola, sits on the country’s western coast.

Subtopic 2: Official Language, Currency


– Official Language: The official language of Albania is Albanian. – Currency: The official currency used in Albania is the Albanian Lek (ALL).


– Official Language: Portuguese is the official language of Angola, a direct influence from the country’s colonial history. – Currency: The official currency of Angola is the Angolan Kwanza (AOA).

Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Government Form: Albania operates under a parliamentary republic system, where the President is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government. Angola:

– Government Form: Angola follows a presidential republic system, with the President serving as both the head of state and government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP Per Capita


– GDP Per Capita: As of 2021, Albania’s GDP per capita is approximately $5,932. Angola:

– GDP Per Capita: Angola’s GDP per capita is estimated to be around $3,458.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– Inflation Rate: In recent years, Albania has maintained a relatively low inflation rate, which stood at 1.4% in 2020. Angola:

– Inflation Rate: Angola has experienced higher inflation rates, reaching 25.2% in 2020.

By considering these statistics, we can gain insights into the economic situations and living standards of these nations. Albania, with its higher GDP per capita, signifies a relatively higher average income compared to Angola, although the latter has undergone significant economic growth in recent years.

While Albania enjoys a lower inflation rate, Angola has faced challenges in controlling rising prices. In conclusion, the comparison between Albania and Angola reveals the diverse nature of our world.

From the geographical features and political systems to economic indicators, each country showcases its unique characteristics. Albania’s smaller size and parliamentary republic form of government differ from Angola’s larger territory and presidential republic system.

Furthermore, when examining their economic outlooks, Albania displays a higher GDP per capita along with a lower inflation rate, while Angola has made remarkable strides in economic development, yet with a relatively lower GDP per capita and higher inflation rate. Ultimately, understanding these distinctions opens doors to appreciating the nuances and complexities of nations across the globe.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy


– Life Expectancy: The average life expectancy in Albania is about 78 years. The healthcare system in the country has made significant progress over the years, contributing to improved life expectancy.


– Life Expectancy: Angola has a lower average life expectancy compared to Albania, with an estimated life expectancy of around 62 years. This can be attributed to various factors, including limited access to healthcare services and socio-economic challenges.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate


– Unemployment Rate: Albania has experienced fluctuations in its unemployment rate over the years. As of 2021, the unemployment rate stands at approximately 11%.

Efforts have been made to combat unemployment through various government initiatives and foreign investments. Angola:

– Unemployment Rate: Angola has faced challenges in reducing its unemployment rate.

As of 2021, the country’s unemployment rate hovers around 26%. The government has implemented measures to promote job creation and address this issue.

Subtopic 3: Average Income


– Average Income: The average income in Albania is around $6,000 per year. It is important to note that this is an average figure, and income disparities exist within the country.

Urban areas tend to have higher average incomes compared to rural areas. Angola:

– Average Income: Angola’s average income is approximately $4,100 per year.

Similar to Albania, income disparities exist within Angola, with urban areas generally offering higher average incomes compared to rural regions. Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways, Harbors


– Roadways: Albania has invested in developing its road infrastructure in recent years.

The country has a total road network of about 18,000 kilometers, with improvements made to major highways and expressways connecting different regions. – Harbors: Albania has several harbors that facilitate maritime trade and transportation.

The Port of Durres, located along the Adriatic Sea, is the largest and busiest port in the country. Angola:

– Roadways: Angola has an extensive road network, covering approximately 51,429 kilometers.

The government has prioritized infrastructure development, particularly in connecting major cities and improving transportation links across the country. – Harbors: Angola boasts several significant ports along its coastline.

The Port of Luanda, which is the largest and busiest port in Angola, serves as a vital hub for international trade and plays an essential role in the country’s economy. Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports


– Passenger Airports: Albania has a well-developed air transportation system, with several airports located across the country.

The Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza, located near the capital city, serves as the main international gateway, connecting Albania with various destinations worldwide.


– Passenger Airports: Angola has a number of international airports, including the Quatro de Fevereiro Airport, also known as the Luanda International Airport.

This airport serves as the primary international gateway, connecting Angola with numerous destinations across the globe. By exploring the population characteristics and infrastructure of Albania and Angola, we gain a deeper understanding of these nations.

The average life expectancy in Albania is higher compared to Angola, reflecting the progress in healthcare services. However, both countries face challenges in addressing unemployment, though efforts have been made to combat the issue.

In terms of average income, Albania exhibits a slightly higher figure than Angola, yet income disparities persist within both nations. Turning our attention to infrastructure, both Albania and Angola have invested in road development, improving connectivity and transportation within their respective regions.

Albania’s harbors, such as the Port of Durres, play a crucial role in facilitating maritime trade. Angola, with its extensive coastline, boasts significant ports like the Port of Luanda, contributing to the country’s economic growth.

Additionally, both countries have passenger airports that serve as important gateways for domestic and international travel. In conclusion, examining the population demographics and infrastructure of Albania and Angola further illuminates the unique aspects of these nations.

Albania showcases higher life expectancy and average income figures, along with a lower unemployment rate. In contrast, Angola faces challenges in these areas but has made strides in infrastructure development, particularly in roadways and harbors.

By understanding these nuances, we can appreciate the diverse characteristics that shape these nations and their contributions to the global landscape. Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population Below the Poverty Line


– Population Below the Poverty Line: In Albania, approximately 12.4% of the population lives below the poverty line.

The government has implemented various social welfare programs to alleviate poverty and improve the living standards of vulnerable communities. Angola:

– Population Below the Poverty Line: Angola faces a significant poverty challenge, with around 41% of the population living below the poverty line.

Poverty reduction efforts are central to the government’s agenda, with a focus on improving access to education, healthcare, and employment opportunities. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index


– Human Freedom Index: According to the Human Freedom Index, Albania scores moderately in terms of personal, civil, and economic freedoms.

The country has made progress in recent years, particularly in strengthening democratic institutions, promoting transparency, and protecting individual rights. Angola:

– Human Freedom Index: Angola faces challenges in terms of human freedom, with a lower score on the Human Freedom Index.

Efforts are underway to improve governance, enhance freedom of expression, and safeguard human rights within the country. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking %


– English Speaking %: English proficiency in Albania is gradually increasing, with an estimated percentage of around 14% of the population being fluent in English.

English is primarily taught in schools and is commonly spoken in urban areas, particularly among the younger generation. Angola:

– English Speaking %: Angola has a relatively lower percentage of English speakers, with around 2% of the population speaking English fluently.

Portuguese remains the dominant language due to historical colonial ties, and efforts to promote English education are gradually gaining momentum. Expanding our analysis to include the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) sheds light on the state of corruption, poverty, and freedom within Albania and Angola.

Albania demonstrates a relatively low population below the poverty line, highlighting ongoing efforts to mitigate poverty and improve socio-economic conditions. Angola, on the other hand, faces a higher percentage of its population living in poverty, reflecting the need for comprehensive poverty reduction strategies.

When examining the Human Freedom Index, Albania shows positive scores, indicating progress in personal, civil, and economic freedoms. Efforts to strengthen democratic institutions and protect individual rights have contributed to improved human freedom within the country.

Angola, while facing certain challenges, is also working towards enhancing governance, freedom of expression, and human rights protection. Moving on to the percentage of internet users, access to the internet has become increasingly vital in today’s digital era.

Albania has a growing population of internet users, with a rising number of individuals gaining access to the internet for various purposes. While the percentage of English speakers is relatively low, English proficiency is gradually increasing, particularly among the younger generation.

As for Angola, the percentage of internet users is also on the rise, opening doors to opportunities for communication, education, and economic growth. While English proficiency is lower, efforts to promote English education are gaining traction.

In conclusion, an examination of the Corruption Perceptions Index, population below the poverty line, human freedom index, and percentage of internet users provides valuable insights into the respective situations in Albania and Angola. Albania showcases lower poverty rates, positive scores on the Human Freedom Index, a growing population of internet users, and increasing English proficiency.

Angola faces challenges such as higher poverty rates and lower scores on the Human Freedom Index but is making progress in expanding internet access and promoting English education. Understanding these factors contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of these nations, their unique challenges, and their efforts to achieve a brighter future for their citizens.

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