World Comparison

Albania vs Algeria – Country Comparison

Albania vs Algeria: A Comparative Analysis

When it comes to exploring different countries around the globe, Albania and Algeria are two nations that often spark curiosity among travelers and researchers alike. Situated at the crossroads of Europe and the Balkans, Albania stands as a vibrant country with a rich history.

On the other hand, Algeria, the largest country in Africa, captivates with its diverse landscapes and cultural heritage. Join us as we delve into an in-depth comparison of these countries’ regions and annual GDP.



Albania, covering an area of approximately 28,748 square kilometers, may appear small on the world map, but it is certainly abundant in natural beauty. Algeria, on the other hand, beholds a vast expanse of over 2.38 million square kilometers, making it the largest country on the African continent.


Tirana, the capital city of Albania, is a bustling metropolis that harmoniously combines historical landmarks with modern architecture. In contrast, Algiers reigns as the heart and soul of Algeria, known for its stunning coastal views and architectural marvels.

Official language and currency:

In Albania, the official language is Albanian. This unique language, with its Indo-European roots, serves as a symbol of national identity.

The currency used in Albania is the Albanian lek (ALL). Algerians, on the other hand, primarily speak Arabic, as it is the official language of the country.

Additionally, Algeria’s currency is the Algerian dinar (DZD). Government form:

Both Albania and Algeria have different forms of government.

Albania is a parliamentary republic, with a president as the head of state. Meanwhile, Algeria operates under a semi-presidential system, with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.

Annual GDP

GDP per capita:

The GDP per capita is a significant indicator of a country’s economic well-being. In terms of GDP per capita, Albania ranks as a developing nation with a per capita income of approximately $5,200 (USD).

Algeria, with its vast oil and gas reserves, boasts a higher GDP per capita of around $11,400 (USD). Inflation rate:

The inflation rate is crucial in understanding a country’s economic stability.

Albania experiences a low inflation rate of around 1.4%, which indicates a relatively controlled economy. Conversely, Algeria faces a higher inflation rate of approximately 4%, which poses challenges for the government to maintain price stability.

In conclusion, Albania and Algeria each possess their own unique characteristics that distinguish them on the global stage. While Albania surprises with its natural beauty and rich history, Algeria stands out as the largest country in Africa, boasting diverse landscapes and cultural heritage.

When it comes to economic indicators, Albania maintains a lower GDP per capita and inflation rate compared to Algeria. Nevertheless, both countries offer a rich tapestry of experiences for those seeking to embark on an educational and enriching adventure.


As we continue our comparative analysis of Albania and Algeria, it is essential to delve into the countries’ population dynamics. Understanding factors such as life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income provides further insight into the living standards and socio-economic conditions of these nations.

Life expectancy:

Life expectancy is a significant indicator of the overall well-being and healthcare accessibility within a country. In Albania, the average life expectancy stands at approximately 78 years, reflecting the nation’s improving healthcare system and quality of life.

On the other hand, Algeria boasts an average life expectancy of around 76 years, indicating a slightly lower but still commendable standard of living. Unemployment rate:

Unemployment rates shed light on a country’s labor market and economic stability.

In Albania, the unemployment rate hovers around 11%, which portrays a relatively stable job market. Despite some fluctuations, the government has implemented policies to stimulate employment opportunities and reduce this rate further.

In contrast, Algeria faces a more significant challenge, with an unemployment rate of approximately 12%. This figure underscores the need for continued efforts to create sustainable job opportunities and reduce dependence on the hydrocarbon sector.

Average income:

Examining the average income helps us understand the purchasing power and living standards of the population. In Albania, the average monthly income stands at around $500.

While this amount may seem modest, it reflects the lower cost of living in the country compared to its Western European counterparts. In Algeria, the average monthly income is slightly higher, at around $650.

This figure, combined with the country’s higher GDP per capita, highlights the potential for economic growth and development.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s progress and development. Let’s explore the infrastructure of Albania and Algeria, focusing on their roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.


Albania has made significant strides in recent years to improve its road infrastructure. The country has been investing in the construction and modernization of highways, particularly the major north-south corridor that connects Albania with neighboring countries.

This investment has not only improved domestic connectivity but has also strengthened Albania’s role as a transit route in the region. Algeria boasts an extensive road network, with over 108,000 kilometers of paved roads and highways.

The country’s highway system is well-developed, connecting major cities and facilitating both domestic and international travel. Furthermore, Algeria has invested in road safety measures, aiming to increase efficiency and reduce accidents on its roadways.


Albania, with its Adriatic coastline, is home to several seaports. The Port of Durres, located in the country’s largest city, is not only a major commercial hub but also a popular destination for cruise ships.

This port serves as a gateway for Albania’s imports and exports, contributing to the country’s economic growth. Algeria benefits from its extensive coastline along the Mediterranean Sea, which grants the country access to several major ports.

The Port of Algiers, located in the capital city, serves as the primary gateway for international trade in Algeria. Other notable ports, such as the Port of Oran and the Port of Annaba, enhance Algeria’s position as a vital maritime center in the region.

Passenger Airports:

Albania has seen significant improvements in its aviation sector, with the development of several modern airports. Tirana International Airport Nn Tereza, the country’s main international airport, has undergone renovations and expansion to accommodate the growing number of visitors.

Additionally, airports in cities like Gjirokastr and Kor have enhanced regional connectivity. Algeria boasts a well-developed aviation infrastructure, with numerous international and domestic airports.

Houari Boumediene Airport in Algiers serves as the main gateway to the country, welcoming millions of passengers each year. Other major airports include Oran Es Snia Airport and Constantine Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport, providing improved connectivity to different regions of Algeria.

In summary, the population dynamics of Albania and Algeria shed light on the countries’ healthcare systems, labor markets, and living standards. Albania displays a higher life expectancy and slightly lower unemployment rate, while Algeria boasts a higher average income.

When examining infrastructure, both countries have made significant strides in developing their roadways and harbors. Additionally, a strong network of passenger airports ensures efficient domestic and international travel.

These factors contribute to the overall development and progress of Albania and Algeria, making them captivating destinations for both travelers and researchers alike.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Understanding the level of corruption within a country is crucial when assessing its governance and integrity. The

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) provides insights into the perceived levels of corruption in different nations.

Let’s explore the CPI, along with other related factors such as the population below the poverty line and the human freedom index, in the context of Albania and Algeria. Corruption Perceptions Index:

According to the latest CPI rankings, Albania and Algeria occupy different positions.

Albania holds a CPI score of around 36, indicating a moderate level of corruption perception. While the country has made progress in fighting corruption through various reforms and initiatives, there is still room for improvement.

On the other hand, Algeria holds a CPI score of approximately 33, also reflecting a moderate corruption perception. Like Albania, Algeria has taken steps to combat corruption and enhance transparency, although further efforts are required to create a more accountable system.

Population below the poverty line:

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is an important measure of economic inequality and social welfare. In Albania, around 13.4% of the population lives in poverty.

While this figure indicates a relatively low poverty rate, it highlights the need for continued efforts to support vulnerable communities and promote inclusive economic growth. Algeria, on the other hand, faces a higher poverty rate, with approximately 23% of the population living below the poverty line.

This signifies the challenges of ensuring equitable distribution of wealth in the country and emphasizes the importance of poverty alleviation measures to improve living conditions for a significant portion of the population. Human Freedom Index:

The Human Freedom Index measures the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms in a country.

In Albania, the Human Freedom Index score stands at around 7.6 out of 10, indicating a relatively high level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms. This reflects the country’s progress in ensuring individual liberties and allowing its citizens to exercise their rights.

Algeria, likewise, has a score of approximately 5.9 on the Human Freedom Index. While this suggests a moderate level of freedom, there is room for improvement in certain areas to enhance individual liberties and foster a more open and inclusive society.

Percentage of internet users:

In today’s digital age, access to the internet and online resources is crucial for economic development, education, and connectivity. In Albania, approximately 81% of the population are internet users.

This high percentage indicates widespread access to the internet, contributing to the country’s digital development and engagement with the global community. In Algeria, the percentage of internet users stands at around 49% of the population.

While this figure is lower compared to Albania, it still showcases significant progress, considering the vast size of the country and the challenges of providing internet connectivity in remote areas. English Speaking Percentage:

English has become a global language of communication and commerce.

Assessing the percentage of English speakers in a country is essential for understanding its international engagement and capacity for communication in a globalized world. In Albania, English proficiency is relatively high, with around 52% of the population speaking English to some degree.

This proficiency level enables Albanians to interact with people from different backgrounds, attracting foreign investment and fostering cultural exchange. Algeria, on the other hand, has a lower percentage of English speakers, with around 15% of the population having some level of English proficiency.

Despite this, the Algerian government has recognized the importance of English in international relations and is taking steps to improve English language education and proficiency. In conclusion, the Corruption Perceptions Index sheds light on the level of corruption in Albania and Algeria, with both countries displaying moderate scores.

Additionally, the population below the poverty line showcases the economic disparities present in these nations, along with efforts to improve social welfare. The Human Freedom Index indicates varying levels of personal and civil liberties, highlighting the need for further progress in ensuring individual freedoms.

Moreover, the percentage of internet users and English speakers reflects Albania’s and Algeria’s digital engagement and international connectivity. These factors play crucial roles in shaping the socio-economic landscapes and global integration of the two countries.

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