World Comparison

Afghanistan vs Nigeria – Country Comparison

Afghanistan and Nigeria are two countries that are geographically and culturally diverse, yet share some commonalities. In this article, we will explore various aspects of these two nations, including their region, government form, official language and currency, as well as their annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate.

By delving into these topics, we hope to paint a comprehensive picture of these countries and provide valuable insight to our readers.


When it comes to region, Afghanistan and Nigeria are located in different parts of the world. Afghanistan is situated in Central Asia and shares borders with Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China.

On the other hand, Nigeria is located in West Africa and is bordered by Niger, Chad, Cameroon, and Benin. These contrasting locations contribute to the diverse cultures and landscapes found in each country.

Area and Capital

In terms of area, Afghanistan spans approximately 652,230 square kilometers, making it slightly smaller than the US state of Texas. Its capital city is Kabul, which also serves as the country’s economic and cultural center.

Nigeria, on the other hand, covers a much larger area of about 923,768 square kilometers, making it roughly twice the size of California. Its capital city is Abuja, a purpose-built city nestled in the central region of the country.

Official Language and Currency

Afghanistan and Nigeria differ in terms of their official languages. In Afghanistan, Dari and Pashto are the country’s official languages.

Dari, also known as Afghan Persian, is the language of the majority of the population, while Pashto is primarily spoken in the southern and eastern regions. In Nigeria, English is the official language, introduced during the colonial era by the British.

This linguistic diversity within the country is due to its vast number of ethnic groups, each with its own native language. Regarding currency, Afghanistan uses the afghani, denoted by the symbol “”, as its official currency.

Nigerian naira, signified by the symbol “”, is the official currency of Nigeria. Both currencies have experienced fluctuations due to political and economic factors, impacting the countries in different ways.

Government Form

Afghanistan and Nigeria have different forms of government. Afghanistan is an Islamic Republic, with a president serving as the head of state and government.

The president is elected through a democratic process, and the country’s political system is guided by the principles of Islamic law. Nigeria, on the other hand, operates under a federal republic system, with a president serving as both the head of state and government.

Similar to Afghanistan, Nigeria also holds elections to ensure a democratic process.

Annual GDP

The annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is an essential economic indicator that measures the total value of goods and services produced in a country within a specific time frame. When comparing Afghanistan and Nigeria in terms of annual GDP, Nigeria holds a significant advantage due to its larger population and more diverse economy.

GDP per Capita

While Nigeria has a higher overall GDP, Afghanistan has a higher GDP per capita. GDP per capita is a valuable measure of a country’s standard of living, as it takes into account the size of the population.

Afghanistan’s GDP per capita, although lower compared to Nigeria, reflects the economic conditions and challenges faced by the population.

Inflation Rate

The inflation rate is yet another important economic indicator that measures the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services rises. It directly affects the purchasing power of a country’s currency.

Afghanistan and Nigeria have experienced varying levels of inflation over the years, influenced by factors such as political instability and economic fluctuations. In conclusion, this article has provided an overview of Afghanistan and Nigeria, focusing on their region, government form, official language and currency, annual GDP, GDP per capita, and inflation rate.

These countries may differ in various aspects, but they both have unique histories, cultures, and economic landscapes. By understanding these differences, readers can gain a broader perspective on the countries’ strengths, challenges, and opportunities for growth.


The population of a country is a vital aspect of its identity and development. Afghanistan and Nigeria are home to significant populations with their own unique characteristics.

Life Expectancy

When comparing the life expectancy between Afghanistan and Nigeria, there is a noticeable difference. In Afghanistan, the average life expectancy is approximately 64 years for men and 67 years for women.

This is primarily due to various factors such as limited access to quality healthcare, ongoing conflict, and high infant mortality rates. On the other hand, Nigeria has an average life expectancy of around 54 years for men and 56 years for women.

Like Afghanistan, Nigeria faces challenges in providing adequate healthcare to its population, particularly in remote and rural areas.

Unemployment Rate

Unemployment is a pressing issue in both Afghanistan and Nigeria. In Afghanistan, the unemployment rate stands at around 23%.

This high unemployment rate is often attributed to limited job opportunities, particularly for young people, as well as a lack of economic diversification. In Nigeria, the unemployment rate is approximately 27%.

Factors such as rapid population growth, a mismatch between skills and available jobs, and limited investment in key sectors contribute to the high unemployment rate in the country.

Average Income

The average income in Afghanistan and Nigeria varies significantly. In Afghanistan, the average income per person is around $615 per year.

This low average income can be attributed to various factors such as limited job opportunities, ongoing conflict, and underdeveloped infrastructure. In Nigeria, the average income is higher at approximately $2,200 per year.

This is primarily due to Nigeria’s larger economy, which provides a wider range of employment opportunities and a more diversified economy compared to Afghanistan. However, it is important to note that the average income figures do not accurately represent the income distribution within each country, with significant disparities between the rich and poor.


Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s development and its ability to provide essential services to its population. Both Afghanistan and Nigeria face challenges in developing and maintaining robust infrastructure.

Roadways and Harbors

In Afghanistan, the road network is relatively limited and underdeveloped, particularly in rural areas where access to basic services can be challenging. However, efforts are being made to improve road connectivity across the country.

In Nigeria, the road network is more extensive, benefiting from its larger economy and population. Despite this, the road infrastructure still faces challenges such as poor maintenance, traffic congestion, and inadequate road safety measures.

Both countries have opportunities for improvement in their road networks to enhance transportation and connectivity. As landlocked countries, Afghanistan does not have direct access to harbors or coastlines.

This limits its ability to engage in international trade and necessitates relying on neighboring countries for importing and exporting goods. Nigeria, on the other hand, has a significant coastline along the Gulf of Guinea, which has allowed for the development of various harbors and ports.

This maritime advantage is crucial for Nigeria’s trade, as it facilitates both domestic and international commerce, boosting the country’s economy.

Passenger Airports

Both Afghanistan and Nigeria have multiple airports catering to domestic and international passengers. In Afghanistan, the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul serves as the country’s main international airport, connecting Afghanistan to the rest of the world.

Other international airports include Herat International Airport and Mazar-e-Sharif International Airport. Nigeria boasts a more extensive network of airports, with Murtala Muhammed International Airport in Lagos being the busiest and most important, serving as a major hub for both domestic and international flights.

Other notable airports include Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport in Abuja and Malam Aminu Kano International Airport in Kano. In conclusion, we have explored the aspects of population and infrastructure in Afghanistan and Nigeria.

The population characteristics, including life expectancy, unemployment rate, and average income, shed light on the challenges faced by these nations. Furthermore, the analysis of infrastructure, including roadways, harbors, and passenger airports, highlights the efforts and opportunities for improvement in transportation and connectivity.

Understanding these factors contributes to a comprehensive understanding of the countries and their unique contexts, providing valuable insights for readers.

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)


Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a widely recognized indicator that measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in different countries. It provides valuable insights into the transparency and accountability of governance systems.

Let’s explore the CPI scores for Afghanistan and Nigeria, as well as other related factors.

Population Below the Poverty Line

The percentage of the population living below the poverty line is a crucial indicator of socioeconomic well-being. In Afghanistan, poverty remains a significant issue, with an estimated 54% of the population living below the poverty line.

Factors such as ongoing conflict, political instability, limited access to education and healthcare, and a high unemployment rate contribute to this high poverty rate. Nigeria also faces significant poverty challenges, with approximately 40% of its population living below the poverty line.

Factors such as income inequality, regional disparities, and limited access to quality education and healthcare contribute to Nigeria’s poverty rate.

Human Freedom Index


Human Freedom Index measures the degree to which individuals in a country enjoy personal freedoms, such as freedom of speech, religion, and association, as well as economic freedoms. It provides insights into the level of fundamental rights and civil liberties in a country.


Human Freedom Index score is relatively low, primarily due to the ongoing conflict, political instability, and restrictions on civil liberties. Nigeria’s

Human Freedom Index score is also lower compared to many developed countries, mainly due to constraints on freedom of speech, limited government transparency, and corruption.

Percentage of Internet Users

The percentage of internet users is an important indicator of a country’s digital connectivity, access to information, and participation in the global digital economy. In Afghanistan, the percentage of internet users is relatively low at around 15% of the population.

This is primarily due to limited infrastructure, high costs, and security challenges that hinder the development and accessibility of internet services. Nigeria, on the other hand, has a higher percentage of internet users at approximately 50% of the population.

The country benefits from a larger economy, more developed infrastructure, and a growing technology sector, which have contributed to increased internet accessibility.

English Speaking Percentage

English is an essential language for communication, business, and educational opportunities globally. In Afghanistan, English proficiency is relatively low compared to Nigeria, with only a small percentage of the population speaking English fluently.

The official languages of Afghanistan, Dari and Pashto, are predominant in daily interactions. However, efforts have been made to expand English education and proficiency to enhance global connectivity and economic opportunities.

In comparison, Nigeria has a higher percentage of English speakers due to its historical ties with Britain and the use of English as the official language. English is widely spoken in Nigeria, particularly in urban areas, educational institutions, and business settings.

English proficiency provides Nigerians with a competitive edge in the global job market and facilitates communication within the country’s diverse ethnic groups. In conclusion, the

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), population below the poverty line,

Human Freedom Index, percentage of internet users, and English-speaking percentage provide valuable insights into the social, economic, and political landscapes of Afghanistan and Nigeria.

These factors reflect the challenges and opportunities faced by each country, affecting governance, socioeconomic development, digital connectivity, and global participation. In understanding and analyzing these indicators, readers can gain a comprehensive understanding of the strengths, weaknesses, and potential growth areas for Afghanistan and Nigeria.

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