World Comparison

Afghanistan vs Cape Verde – Country Comparison

Afghanistan vs Cape Verde: A Comprehensive ComparisonWhen it comes to exploring different regions of the world, each country offers its own unique features and characteristics. In this article, we will delve into a comparison of Afghanistan and Cape Verde, two intriguing nations that possess distinct qualities.

Covering a range of topics, from region-specific aspects to economic indicators, this article aims to provide you with an informative overview and help you discover the diversity and richness of these countries. Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital

– Afghanistan, located in Central Asia, covers an extensive area of approximately 652,864 square kilometers, making it larger than Cape Verde.

– Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, is a vibrant city nestled within the eastern part of the country. – Cape Verde, on the other hand, is an island nation located off the northwest coast of Africa, occupying a land area of around 4,033 square kilometers.

– Praia, situated on the largest island of Santiago, serves as the capital and also the economic and cultural center of Cape Verde. Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency

– The official languages of Afghanistan are Dari and Pashto, reflecting the country’s diverse linguistic landscape.

Other regional languages are spoken as well. – The currency of Afghanistan is the Afghan Afghani, abbreviated as AFN.

Coins and banknotes of various denominations are used for daily transactions. – Cape Verde has two official languages, Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole.

Portuguese, being the language of education and official government business, is widely spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the mother tongue of many locals. – The Cape Verdean Escudo, abbreviated as CVE, serves as the official currency.

Just like Afghanistan, coins and banknotes are used for economic exchanges. Subtopic 3: Government Form

– Afghanistan is an Islamic Republic with a presidential system of government.

It operates under the Constitution of Afghanistan, which provides for a separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. – On the other hand, Cape Verde is a democratic republic with a semi-presidential system.

The President heads the state, while the Prime Minister, elected by the National Assembly, holds executive power. The Constitution of Cape Verde guarantees fundamental rights and freedoms to its citizens.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita

– Afghanistan, despite years of conflict and political instability, has shown some economic growth. However, its GDP per capita remains relatively low at around $543, indicating the challenges the country faces in terms of poverty and development.

– Cape Verde, in contrast, has experienced steady economic growth in recent years. With a GDP per capita of approximately $4,969, the country demonstrates a higher standard of living compared to Afghanistan.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate

– Afghanistan has faced persistent issues with inflation, with rates reaching double digits in recent years. The country’s inflation rate averages around 5.2%, indicating the challenges its economy faces in terms of stability and control.

– Cape Verde, on the other hand, maintains a relatively low and stable inflation rate. The country has managed to keep inflation under control with an average rate of approximately 1.3%, fostering a more predictable economic environment.


In this article, we have explored a range of topics, from the region-specific aspects of Afghanistan and Cape Verde to their economic indicators. By comparing these countries, we have gained insights into their distinct characteristics and unique development paths.

It is fascinating to see the diversity within our world and to appreciate the challenges and opportunities each nation faces. Whether it’s the vast expanse of Afghanistan or the captivating islands of Cape Verde, each place offers a rich tapestry of culture, history, and economic aspirations.

Continuously expanding our knowledge and understanding of our global neighbors is an essential step towards a more interconnected and informed world. Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy

When it comes to understanding the overall health and well-being of a population, life expectancy serves as a key indicator.

In Afghanistan, the life expectancy is relatively low compared to global standards, with an average of around 64 years for both men and women. This can be attributed to a variety of factors, including ongoing conflicts, limited access to healthcare services, and high infant and maternal mortality rates.

However, it’s important to note that the life expectancy in Afghanistan has shown some improvement in recent years, thanks to international aid efforts and the provision of basic healthcare services to remote areas. Meanwhile, in Cape Verde, the population enjoys a higher life expectancy, with an average of approximately 74 years for both men and women.

This can be attributed to the country’s stable political environment, better access to healthcare facilities, and effective health programs. Cape Verde has made significant strides in improving its healthcare system, focusing on preventive care, public health campaigns, and expanding medical infrastructure, which has positively impacted the overall well-being of its population.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate

Unemployment rates are essential economic indicators that reflect the availability of job opportunities and the overall stability of the labor market. In Afghanistan, the unemployment rate stands at around 11%, signaling significant challenges in creating sufficient employment opportunities for its population.

This high rate can be attributed to various factors, including ongoing conflict, insufficient infrastructure, and limited access to education and vocational training. Youth unemployment is a particular concern, as the country struggles to provide adequate economic prospects for its growing young population.

Comparatively, Cape Verde enjoys a lower unemployment rate of approximately 11.5%, showcasing a more favorable labor market environment. The country’s commitment to economic diversification, investment in tourism, and development of renewable energy sources has contributed to job creation and reduced unemployment rates.

Additionally, the government has implemented initiatives aimed at improving skills and entrepreneurship among its citizens, leading to a more vibrant and dynamic labor market. Subtopic 3: Average Income

Understanding the average income of a population provides insights into the overall economic well-being and living standards of a country’s residents.

In Afghanistan, the average income per capita is relatively low, estimated at around $2,200 per year. This can be attributed to the country’s ongoing conflicts, limited access to education, and economic underdevelopment.

The majority of the population relies heavily on agriculture and informal sectors for their livelihood, which often leads to low wages and economic vulnerabilities. In Cape Verde, the average income per capita is significantly higher, estimated at around $3,800 per year.

The country’s focus on economic diversification, particularly through the development of tourism and service sectors, has played a crucial role in improving average incomes. Additionally, Cape Verde has made significant progress in reducing poverty and income inequality, leading to an improved standard of living for its population.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbors

Infrastructure plays a crucial role in a country’s socio-economic development. In Afghanistan, the condition of roadways remains a significant challenge due to decades of conflict and limited investment.

However, efforts have been made to rehabilitate and expand the road network, improving connectivity within the country. The development of transport corridors, such as the Ring Road, has facilitated trade and movement of goods, contributing to economic growth.

In terms of harbors, Afghanistan is a landlocked country, and therefore lacks direct access to seaports. However, it has established trade agreements and transit routes with neighboring countries, enabling the movement of goods through regional ports.

Cape Verde, being an archipelago, has invested significantly in developing its infrastructure, including roadways and harbors. The country boasts a well-maintained road network, connecting various islands and facilitating smooth transportation.

Additionally, Cape Verde has developed and modernized its harbors, particularly in Mindelo and Praia, supporting both domestic and international trade. These infrastructure developments have enhanced the country’s connectivity, attracted tourism, and stimulated economic growth.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports

Airports serve as gateways to connect countries with the rest of the world, facilitating travel, trade, and tourism. Afghanistan has several airports, with the Kabul International Airport being the main international gateway.

The airport has undergone significant renovations and expansion in recent years, with improved facilities and increased flight connections. Other major airports in the country include Herat and Mazar-e-Sharif airports.

These airports play a crucial role in connecting Afghanistan to the global community and facilitating business and tourism. Cape Verde also boasts a well-developed network of airports, serving both domestic and international travel.

The Nelson Mandela International Airport in the capital city of Praia is the main gateway, providing connections to major cities around the world. Other notable airports in Cape Verde include the Amlcar Cabral International Airport in Sal and the Francisco Mendes International Airport in So Vicente.

These airports have played a significant role in driving the country’s thriving tourism industry and facilitating economic growth. In conclusion, understanding various aspects of countries like Afghanistan and Cape Verde sheds light on their unique characteristics, challenges, and achievements.

From population indicators such as life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income to infrastructure developments like roadways, harbors, and airports, each country has its own story to tell. By expanding our knowledge and appreciating the diversity of our global neighbors, we can foster mutual understanding and contribute to a more interconnected and informed world.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line

Corruption within a country can significantly impact its economic development and the well-being of its citizens. The Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) is a widely used measurement that ranks countries based on perceived levels of corruption.

Afghanistan has consistently ranked low on the CPI, indicating a high level of corruption within the country. The ramifications of corruption can be seen in the number of individuals living below the poverty line.

According to recent estimates, approximately 54.5% of Afghanistan’s population falls below the poverty line, struggling to meet their basic needs and improve their living conditions. The pervasive and systemic corruption in Afghanistan hampers efforts to alleviate poverty and promote sustainable development.

Comparatively, Cape Verde has fared better on the CPI, reflecting a lower level of corruption within the country. This supports the country’s efforts to establish good governance and improve transparency.

As a result, Cape Verde experiences a lower percentage of its population living below the poverty line. Approximately 24% of Cape Verde’s population falls under the poverty line, showcasing a more favorable situation compared to Afghanistan.

The government’s commitment to combating corruption and promoting economic inclusivity has contributed to poverty reduction and improved standards of living for its citizens. Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index

The Human Freedom Index measures the level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms within a country.

Afghanistan faces several challenges in terms of human freedom, primarily due to ongoing security concerns and conflicts that limit individual liberties. These limitations include restrictions on freedom of speech, assembly, and access to information.

The country’s ranking on the Human Freedom Index is relatively low, reflecting the complex social and political environment that affects the freedom of its citizens. Cape Verde, on the other hand, has made significant progress concerning human freedom.

The country has established a stable democracy with a strong emphasis on human rights and individual liberties. As a result, Cape Verde ranks relatively higher on the Human Freedom Index, showcasing a greater level of personal, civil, and economic freedoms.

The government’s commitment to democratic principles, the rule of law, and accountability has contributed to creating an environment that respects and protects the freedom of its citizens. Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage

In today’s interconnected world, access to the internet has become an essential tool for communication, education, and economic opportunity.

Afghanistan has witnessed a remarkable growth in internet penetration over the years, with approximately 14.7 million internet users, representing around 39.6% of the population. As the country continues to rebuild its infrastructure and expand access to technology, internet usage is expected to increase further.

However, one factor that affects internet usage in Afghanistan is the English-speaking percentage of the population. English is the primary language used in online communications and content, which can pose a barrier for those who are not proficient in the language.

While English proficiency is limited among the general population, efforts are being made to improve English language education, particularly in urban areas and schools with international affiliations. This will enable more Afghans to access and benefit from the wealth of information available online.

In Cape Verde, the percentage of internet users is relatively higher compared to Afghanistan, with approximately 440,000 users representing nearly 79.7% of the population. The country has witnessed significant investment in internet infrastructure and connectivity, expanding access to technology and facilitating digital inclusion.

Cape Verde has prioritized internet access as a means to enhance education, stimulate economic growth, and connect with the global community. Regarding English-speaking proficiency, Cape Verde’s population has a relatively higher percentage of English speakers compared to Afghanistan.

English is taught in schools, and many Cape Verdeans also acquire English language skills through exposure to tourism and English-speaking visitors. This proficiency in English enhances access to online resources and communication platforms, allowing Cape Verdeans to participate more actively in the digital world.

In conclusion, the experiences of Afghanistan and Cape Verde in terms of corruption, poverty, human freedom, and internet usage highlight the diverse challenges and opportunities faced by different countries. While Afghanistan grapples with high levels of corruption and poverty, Cape Verde has made significant progress in improving governance, poverty reduction, and human freedoms.

Both nations have seen growth in internet usage, with efforts being made to bridge language barriers and enhance digital inclusion. By understanding these nuances, we can better appreciate the complexities and aspirations of different countries, fostering a more interconnected and informed global community.

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