World Comparison

Afghanistan vs Cambodia – Country Comparison

Afghanistan vs Cambodia: A Closer Look at Two Diverse NationsIn a world full of unique countries, Afghanistan and Cambodia stand out as fascinating destinations with rich histories and diverse cultures. While these countries may be thousands of miles apart, they share some similarities and striking differences worth exploring.

In this article, we will delve into various aspects of Afghanistan and Cambodia, ranging from their regions and governments to their economies. Get ready for an enlightening journey through these two captivating nations.

Topic 1: Region

Subtopic 1: Area and Capital


– Afghanisthan, situated in South Asia, is a landlocked country bordered by Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and China. – With an area of approximately 652,230 square kilometers, it is the 41st largest country globally.

– Kabul, nestled in the eastern part of the country, serves as Afghanistan’s capital. Cambodia:

– Cambodia, located in Southeast Asia, shares borders with Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam.

– It has a land area of around 181,035 square kilometers, making it roughly one-fourth the size of Afghanistan. – Phnom Penh, nestled on the banks of rivers Mekong, Bassac, and Tonle Sap, serves as Cambodia’s capital.

Subtopic 2: Official Language and Currency


– The official languages of Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. – Afghan Afghani (AFN) is the country’s official currency.


– The official language of Cambodia is Khmer. – The Cambodian Riel (KHR) is the country’s official currency.

Subtopic 3: Government Form


– Afghanistan operates under a presidential Islamic republic form of government. – The President, the head of state and government, is elected through nationwide elections.


– Cambodia follows a constitutional monarchy form of government. – The country’s King serves as the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.

Topic 2: Annual GDP

Subtopic 1: GDP per capita


– As of 2020, Afghanistan’s GDP per capita stands at approximately $584. – It is important to note that Afghanistan is still classified as a low-income country, facing economic challenges due to ongoing conflicts and political instability.


– In contrast, Cambodia has experienced steady economic growth over the past few years. – With a GDP per capita of around $1,677 as of 2020, Cambodia is classified as a lower-middle-income country by the World Bank.

Subtopic 2: Inflation Rate


– Afghanistan has struggled with high inflation rates in recent years. – In 2020, the inflation rate in Afghanistan reached approximately 4.6%.


– On the other hand, Cambodia has managed to maintain a relatively stable economy. – In 2020, the inflation rate in Cambodia was around 2.8%, showing commendable economic management.


In this article, we have explored various aspects of Afghanistan and Cambodia, shedding light on their regions, governments, and economies. Despite their disparities, both countries possess unique characteristics that contribute to their allure.

Whether one seeks the rugged beauty of Afghanistan or the cultural richness of Cambodia, these nations offer an abundance of experiences for curious travelers. Now armed with a deeper understanding of these captivating destinations, readers can embark on their own exploration of Afghanistan and Cambodia.

Topic 3: Population

Subtopic 1: Life Expectancy


– Life expectancy in Afghanistan is relatively low compared to other countries, primarily due to the impact of ongoing conflicts and limited access to healthcare. – As of 2021, the average life expectancy in Afghanistan is around 64 years, with a slightly higher expectancy for women compared to men.


– Cambodia has made significant strides in improving healthcare and increasing life expectancy. – Currently, the average life expectancy in Cambodia is approximately 71 years, reflecting improvements in public health infrastructure and access to medical services.

Subtopic 2: Unemployment Rate


– The unemployment rate in Afghanistan has been a significant challenge, further compounded by political instability and economic constraints. – As of 2020, the unemployment rate in Afghanistan stands at around 7.9%, affecting a significant portion of the population and posing socioeconomic challenges.


– Cambodia has experienced a decrease in its unemployment rate over the years, thanks to a growing economy and increasing job opportunities. – In 2020, Cambodia’s unemployment rate was approximately 2.3%, reflecting a more favorable employment landscape compared to Afghanistan.

Subtopic 3: Average Income


– The average income in Afghanistan remains low, primarily due to the prevailing economic challenges and ongoing conflicts. – As of 2020, the average income in Afghanistan is around $550 per year, reflecting the need for improved economic opportunities and income growth.


– Cambodia has experienced significant economic growth, leading to improved average income levels and reduced poverty rates. – As of 2020, the average income in Cambodia is approximately $1,600 per year, showcasing an upward trend in economic prosperity.

Topic 4: Infrastructure

Subtopic 1: Roadways and Harbours


– Afghanistan’s road infrastructure has seen improvements in recent years, with ongoing efforts to expand and upgrade the road network. – The major highways, including the Kabul-Kandahar Highway, have been crucial for connecting different regions and facilitating transportation across the country.

– Afghanistan is a landlocked country and does not have any major harbors for sea trade. Cambodia:

– Cambodia has focused on developing its road infrastructure, particularly in urban areas and tourist destinations.

– The improvement of national highways, such as the Phnom Penh-Sihanoukville Highway, has played a significant role in facilitating transportation and boosting economic activities. – Cambodia is blessed with multiple harbors along its coastal areas, including Sihanoukville Port, serving as crucial gateways for maritime trade.

Subtopic 2: Passenger Airports


– Afghanistan has multiple international airports, with the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul being the busiest and most significant. – Other major airports include Kandahar International Airport and Herat International Airport, serving as vital connections for domestic and international flights.


– Cambodia boasts several international airports, with the Phnom Penh International Airport and Siem Reap International Airport being the busiest and most well-known. – These airports serve as gateways to the country’s popular tourist destinations, attracting visitors from around the world.

In this expanded article, we have delved into additional aspects of Afghanistan and Cambodia, covering population-related factors such as life expectancy, unemployment rates, and average income. Additionally, we explored the infrastructure of these nations, focusing on roadways, harbors, and passenger airports.

By examining these critical facets, we gain a more comprehensive understanding of the socio-economic dynamics and development in Afghanistan and Cambodia. From the challenges faced to the progress made, these countries continue to evolve and shape their future, captivating the global audience with their unique stories and potential for growth.

Topic 5: Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Subtopic 1: Population below the Poverty Line


– Afghanistan faces significant challenges in tackling poverty and addressing income disparities. – As of 2021, an estimated 54% of the population lives below the poverty line, struggling to meet their basic needs and access essential services.

– Poverty rates have been affected by ongoing conflicts, political instability, and limited economic opportunities, particularly in rural areas. Cambodia:

– Cambodia has made considerable progress in reducing poverty rates and improving living conditions.

– As of 2021, the percentage of the population below the poverty line in Cambodia stands at around 13.5%. – The government and various organizations have implemented programs to alleviate poverty, focusing on rural development, education, and inclusive growth.

Subtopic 2: Human Freedom Index


– Afghanistan faces challenges in terms of human freedom and individual liberties due to political conflicts and limited access to justice. – The country has been ranked lower in the Human Freedom Index, which measures civil liberties, individual rights, and the rule of law.

– Factors such as gender inequality, restrictions on freedom of speech, and limited access to education contribute to the lower ranking. Cambodia:

– Cambodia has made gradual improvements in terms of human freedom and individual freedoms.

– While challenges remain, the country has seen progress in areas such as freedom of expression, press freedom, and access to education. – Efforts to strengthen institutions and promote human rights have contributed to Cambodia’s higher ranking in the Human Freedom Index compared to Afghanistan.

Topic 6: Percentage of Internet Users

Subtopic 1: English Speaking Percentage


– English proficiency in Afghanistan is relatively low compared to other countries due to limited access to quality education and language training. – As of 2021, it is estimated that around 11% of the population in Afghanistan speaks English to some degree.

– Efforts are being made to enhance English language instruction and promote digital literacy, providing more opportunities for individuals to access the internet and participate in the global digital landscape. Cambodia:

– English proficiency in Cambodia has been steadily increasing over the years.

– Currently, it is estimated that around 25% of the population in Cambodia can speak English to some degree. – The government and educational institutions have recognized the importance of English as a global language and have implemented programs to improve English language education and enhance digital literacy.


In this expanded article, we have delved into additional aspects of Afghanistan and Cambodia, focusing on the Corruption Perceptions Index, poverty rates, human freedom index, and the percentage of internet users. We explored the challenges and progress made in each area, providing a comprehensive understanding of the socio-economic and governance dynamics in these nations.

As both Afghanistan and Cambodia continue to evolve, there is a shared commitment to addressing poverty, improving governance, and enhancing access to education and technology. By understanding these critical aspects, we gain insights into the potential for growth, development, and global engagement in Afghanistan and Cambodia.

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